Tuesday, April 9, 2019

This Day In Iraq History - Apr 9

1922 Karbala conference led to call for war against Wahabis unless compensation paid for raid in
southern Iraq and Ibn Saud didn’t punish them
1922 Ikhwan invasion of south Iraq resolved by letters between Iraq and Saudis Ibn Saud apologized
1941 German Foreign Min Ribbentrop was told Gaylani govt was pro-Axis and Germany working on
getting it arms from region Ribbentrop okayed arms shipments to Iraq and sabotage in Iraq and region against UK
1941 Germany and Italy made joint statement of support for PM Gaylani promising military and
financial aid Statement to PM Gaylani encouraged him to confront UK
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1972 Pres Bakr signed 15 yr treaty of friendship with Soviet Union
1980 Saddam deported 9,700 Shiites claiming they were Iranians Later deported another 16,000
1985 UN Sec Gen deCuellar left Baghdad saying he had not been able to bridge divide between Iraq and
1986 Iraq made another attempt to re-capture Fao Peninsula
(Musings On Iraq book review of Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)
1987 Iran started Op Karbala 9 attacking Qasr e-Shirin central Iran to try to draw Iraqi forces away
from Basra but Iraq didn’t respond 
1987 Iran broke through Iraqi defenses west of Fish Lake Basra Iraq counterattack failed Used
chemical weapons
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1987 Dawa attacked Saddam’s motorcade outside of Mosul to commemorate execution of Ayatollah Baqir
1990 Saudi Amb to US Bandar told Pres Bush Saddam would not attack Israel but wanted guarantee that
Israel would not attack Iraq
1990 Bush told Saudi Amb Bandar that he didn’t understand Saddam’s threats unless he intended to attack
1990 Saddam wanted to make sure his western flank was protected from any Israeli action before he decided
to invade Kuwait
(Musings On Iraq article on Saddam’s motivation for threatening Israel before the Kuwait invasion)
2002 State Dept started Future of Iraq project bringing together 240 Iraqi exiles to chart out post-Saddam
(Musings On Iraq article on Part I Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)
2003 Abu Dhabi TV showed Saddam at Adhamiya Baghdad urging crowd to fight invasion Saddam Qusay
Uday left city that day
2003 Baghdad fell ending U.S. invasion Looting began in city
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
2003 Iraqis in Firdos Square pulled down Saddam statue with help of US Marines
(Musings On Iraq article on pulling down Saddam’s statue)
2003 Kurdish Peshmerga seized Kirkuk
2003 Gen Franks told Bush war going according to plan Bush wanted to collect info on life under Saddam
to compare with life after
2003 CENTCOM said war reached tipping point Iraqis realized Saddam was done
2003 VP Cheney said Iraqi govt collapsing showing criticism of war was wrong
2003 VP Cheney said with a little investment Iraq could produce 2-3 mil/bar/day of oil by end of 2003
2003 US intel report Baathists Fedayeen Iraqi forces operating independently of orders Would continue to
fight until eliminated
2003 Sadrists held first Friday prayers reviving tradition of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr
2003 US forces ordered Badr Brigade to disband but didn't
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran using Badr in post-Saddam Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
2004 Human Rights Minister Abdul Turki resigned saying Battle of Fallujah was a violation of human
2004 1 member of Iraqi Governing Council boycotted and two others threatened to resign over Battle of
2004 Bremer ordered end to 1st Battle of Fallujah because of negative publicly and complaints by Iraqi
(Musings On Iraq book review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2004 200,000 Sadrists and Sunnis rallied at Um al-Qura mosque run by Association of Muslim Scholars in
Baghdad against US occupation and in solidarity with Fallujah
2004 Bush called leaders of Poland, Italy and El Salvador to make sure they would keep troops in Iraq
2004 US contractor fuel convoy attacked in Abu Ghraib leading Brown & Root to suspend all its convoys in
2006 Babil police chief said if US troops left province would be civil war next day Said police not strong
enough to intervene between warring militias
2006 Gen Newbold wrote in Time problems in Iraq due to “casualness and swagger” by Bush administration
2007 1920 Revolution Brigades said ISI was killing civilians and other insurgents
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
2007 40 religious scholars formed Council of Ulema of Iraq in Jordan to be religious body for insurgents
2007 Abu Wael declared his Sharia Council was breaking away from Ansar al-Sunnah
2007 Barzani said Kurds main reason Iraq stayed unified
2007 Report militias burned Sunni neighborhoods in Babil Insurgents burned Sunni and Shiite homes
            in Diyala
2008 Fmr Under Sec of Def Feith claimed that differences between CIA and State Dept vs Pentagon over
Chalabi screwed up postwar Iraq
2008 Fmr UK Amb to US Greenstock said US had no real plans for postwar Iraq
2008 Head of Iraqi intelligence said Iran undermining Sahwa
2008 Iraqi general complained Iran interfering in Basra by supporting Mahdi Army during Charge of
Knights op
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2008 Sunni MPs called on peshmerga to be disbanded after Maliki said all militias in Iraq should disarm
2008 Sadr claimed he consulted with clerics who said he didn’t have to disarm Mahdi Army
2008 Ayatollah Sistani said he supported govt’s demand to disarm Mahdi Army
2009 Sadr had mass rally in Baghdad to mark fall of Saddam in 03 and called for US withdrawal
2009 Baghdad said it was committed to Sahwa but it would purge all those who were Baathist and ISI
2010 Sadrists held demonstration in Najaf to mark fall of Saddam and protested US occupation
2011 Protests started in Mosul calling on govt to release prisoners
2011 Protests in Babil started demanding provincial council disband and better services
2011 Protests started in Fallujah calling for Fallujah council to disband over corruption and poor services
2011 Sadr held anti-US demonstration in Baghdad threatened to bring back Mahdi Army if US forces didn’t
leave at end of year
2011 Dep PM Mutlaq compared PM Maliki to Saddam
2011 Speaker Nujafi said there was no power sharing in Iraq and PM Maliki concentrating authority in his
2012 KRG cabinet said that KDP and PUK Interior Ministries were going to unite
2012 ISF attacked nightclubs and alcohol shops in Baghdad and shut them down
2012 Pres Barzani said that Baghdad was marginalizing Kurds within ISF and that F-16s could be used
against KRG
2012 Iraqiya complained PM Maliki centralizing power
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2012 Parliament committee created to investigate mass arrests in Baghdad before Arab Summit Never made
2012 Parliament economic committee chairman accused foreign countries of pumping in counterfeit dinars
into Iraq
2013 Iran delivered bodies of Iraqi militiamen killed fighting for it in Syria
2013 Gorran rejected extending Pres Barzani’s term
2013 Turkey said it was ready to build a pipeline for Kurdish oil exports
2015 Hashd spokesman denied stories Hashd looting in Tikrit Blamed tribes and individuals
2015 Dep head of Anbar council said Kataib Hezbollah and Peace Brigades had deployed to Shjariya, Anbar
Hashd would later claim they were not in Anbar because of PM Abadi and US

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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