Tuesday, April 16, 2019

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 16


1941 Britain told Iraq that troops would be landing in Basra soon under Anglo-Iraq Treaty
1941 PM Gaylani agreed to allow British troops landing in Basra but demanded that they immediately set
out for Palestine or Egypt
1941 German letter arrived saying it would support Iraq revolt against British
(Musings On Iraq book review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1968 Baath Nasserites and other army officials called for coalition govt return of parliament dismissal of PM
Yahya
1969 Shah unilaterally voided 1937 treaty over Shatt al-Arab Iraq took issue to UN Iran refused to go to
court over matter probably knowing it would lose
1969 Shah decided to give military support ot Kurds to put political pressure on Pres Bakr over Shatt al-
Arab
1972 Bakr offered limited cultural rights to Assyrians under Law 251 in continued outreach program to
community considered important counter to Kurds and trying to split them away from KDP Govt didn't fully implement law
1987 Iraqi planes dropped poison gas on Sheikh Wasan and Balisan villages killing over 100 civilians
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
1988 Iraq offensive to recapture Fao Peninsula Basra from Iran began Largest Iraq land offensive since 1986
Used nerve and mustard gas
(Musings On Iraq article on the origins of Iraq’s WMD programs)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Iran-Iraq War)
1990 White House met to discuss limiting military equipment sales to Iraq
1991 Pres Bush said that US would set up relief camps in Kurdistan to help refugees after Saddam put
down revolt
1991 Bush said UN sanctions on Iraq would stay until Saddam removed from power
(Musings On Iraq article on how US encouraged 1991 uprising)
(Musings On Iraq book review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)
1991 State Dept met with Iraqi opposition including Ahmed Chalabi for first time
1991 Baghdad and Kurds announced ceasefire and start of talks
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq book review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
2002 NSC meeting talked about training Iraqi exiles for help with invasion
2003 Genk Franks issued declaration to Iraqi people saying US would only be there temporarily
2003 Gen Franks announced that Baath Party was no more in Iraq
2003 Gen Franks ordered withdrawal order for 60-120 days for US troops to drop from 175,000 to 30,000 by
Aug 03
2003 Gen Franks told his staff that an interim Iraqi govt would be created in 30-60 days
2003 US Central Command made official announcement that America was the authority in Iraq
2003 Congress appropriated $2.475 bil for rebuilding Iraq as part of Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)
2003 Report Kurds were forcing Arabs out of Kirkuk city
(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)
2003 INC’s Chalabi arrived in Baghdad and set up office in Hunting Club
2003 US forces captured Palestinian terrorist Abu Abbas Claimed proved Saddam backed terrorism
2003 Dep head of SCIRI Ayatollah Abdul Aziz al-Hakim returned to Iraq from Iran with 4,000-5,000 Badr
militiamen
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran using Badr in post-Saddam Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
2004 2 weeks 12,000 members of the Iraq Civil Defense Corps quit during insurgent offensive and Sadrist
uprising
2006 Report Iranian Revolutionary Guard set up camp in Diyala to train militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2006 CIA report Karbala police chief made deals with Sadr to attack US forces Gave them police IDs to get
through checkpoints
2006 GAO report US worried Iraq didn’t have money or know how to run 8,000 reconstruction projects
2006 GAO report As of June 2005 $52 mil of $200 mil completed large scale water projects not working or
below capacity due to looting lack of power no trained Iraqi staff
2006 GAO report $13.5 mil Karkh sewage treatment plant in Baghdad not operating $32 mil garbage
landfill in south Baghdad not operating after manager killed
2006 GAO report 40-60% of purified water never used in Baghdad because of leaks in system
2007 Sadrist ministers boycotted cabinet to protest US occupation
2007 3,000 protested in Basra over lack of services Demanded governor resign
2007 Report Mahdi Army moved into southwest Diyala Thousands of Shiites killed and displaced from
Baquba Sunnis kicked out of Baghdad by militias moved into Baquba US repeatedly reported ISF attacking Sunnis in Diyala
2007 Ret Gen Sheehan Wash Post OpEd on why he turned down Iraq-Afghan manager in Bush White
House Said after talking with officials found no Iraq strategy Said 3 separate views going on at once One was making incremental improvements over long period Another was focusing upon security with time constraint Third was placing Iraq within overall Middle East strategy
2008 Accordance Front announced that it would end its boycott of cabinet
2008 Integrity Committee said it was investigating corruption in arms deal with Serbia
2008 Around 50 Iraqi soldiers abandoned their units during fighting against Mahdi Army in Sadr City
2008 Maliki said $100 mil would be spent to rebuild Basra after Charge of Knights offensive
2008 Dep Foreign Min said Baghdad was worried about Iran’s support of Mahdi Amy and other militias
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2008 Maliki made major concessions to Kurds agreeing to change oil law and allow Kurds independent oil
deals Never happened
2008 Gen Petraeus told Congress that Charge of Knights was not well planned op by Iraqis
2010 Maliki said new government would include Allawi’s Iraqiya Iraqiya said it won so it should be only
party trying to put together new government
2010 State of Law said it and National Alliance would soon merge into one list
2011 Fin Min investigated charges of $17 bil dinars being embezzled from Central Bank of Iraq Nothing
came of inquiry
2011 Iraqiya accused Baghdad Operations Command of trying to limit protests
2011 Anbar council announced deal to end arbitrary arrests in province after negotiations with Maliki
2011 Iraqiya threatened no confidence vote against Maliki claiming his govt was a failure
2011 Allawi said Iraqiya would withdraw from govt if power sharing agreement wasn’t impelemented by
Maliki
2011 Kurdish security forces started arresting over 300 protesters in Sulaymaniya
(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)
2012 Report Maliki had shut out his adviser for Kurdish Affairs Adel Barwari
2012 Iraqiya in talks with Kurdish Alliance and members of National Coalition to remove Maliki
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2012 State of Law said it would run on its own and not with other Shiite parties in 2013 provincial vote
2012 Integrity committee said it voted on dismissing Baghdad’s mayor Issawi for wasting money on fake
contracts
2012 Dep PM Mutlaq announced that 1100 prisoners would be released as concession by Maliki
2013 500 protested at West Qurna 2 oil field demanding jobs and benefits from Lukoil that ran site
2015 PM Abadi said all the pictures of Iranian Gen Suleimani in Iraq sent the wrong message that Iran was
saving Iraq instead of Iraqis
2015 Anbar Governor Rawi called on Hashd to be sent to province to help fight IS 3000 Hashd sent to
Ramadi to help
2015 IS said to be in control of 70% of Ramadi

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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