Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Islamic State Returns In Iraq With Ramadan Offensive


Violence surged in Iraq in April as the Islamic State launched its annual Ramadan offensive. Pro-Iran groups also picked up their operations. That led to the most incidents in 8 months.

 

There were a total of 111 security incidents recorded in Iraq in April. That was the most since 133 in August 2021.


 

Pro-Iran groups were responsible for 22 attacks during the month. April was unlike previous months however. Only 12 convoys working for the U.S. were bombed. Those usually make up the vast majority of incidents. There were 7 rocket attacks with a Turkish base in Ninewa being the favorite target being hit four times. Missiles were also fired at Irbil aimed a refinery, another Turkish camp in Dohuk, and Ain Al-Assad base in Anbar. There was a drone strike on Dohuk as well along with a drone being shot down over Ain Al-Assad and rockets being discovered in Baghdad. There were a total of 20 attacks by these factions up from 12 in March and 11 in February. As government talks have stalled these groups have picked up their activities.

 

There were 89 incidents by the Islamic State in April. There were 33 in March, 28 in February and 46 in January. 89 was the most attacks by IS since 103 in August 2020. The reason for the dramatic jump was the annual Ramadan offensive.

 

Those incidents were spread across Anbar (11), Babil (5), Baghdad (4), Diyala (23), Kirkuk (23), Ninewa (7), Salahaddin (15), and Sulaymaniya (1).

 

Those left 34 dead and 103 wounded. 7 civilians, 10 Hashd al-Shaabi, and 17 members of the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) were killed while 19 Hashd, 25 civilians and 59 ISF were injured.

 

Diyala had the most casualties with 42 followed by 27 in Anbar, 25 in Salahaddin and 21 in Kirkuk. The other provinces were in single digits.

 

It’s important to break down the types of attacks that were carried out during this campaign to see the state of the insurgency. In Anbar an army base was attacked and a checkpoint assaulted both in the Hit district in the center of the province. There were three bombings and a gun battle in Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr targeting the Hashd. In northern Baghdad mortars were fired at Camp Taji. A Shiite shrine was bombed and mortars were fired on two areas in Diyala. Two police stations were hit, there were three shootouts with the army, and there was an attempt on the life of the commander of the Federal Police’s 5th Division in Kirkuk. The militants attempted an attack on the outskirts of Mosul during a dust storm and an army unit was ambushed in Ninewa. In Salahaddin a Hashd base and an ISF camp were attacked. That was 20 offensive operations out of 89 incidents. That was only 22% of the total with the other 78% being the usual defensive operations to keep people and the government out of IS areas such as smuggling routes in western Anbar, Muqdadiya and Khanaqin districts in central and northeast Diyala, the Hamrin Mountains the straddle the Diyala-Salahaddin border, and southern Kirkuk. There was only one attack, a sticky bomb upon a government official in Tikrit that took place within an urban area. Otherwise, IS is limited to the rural, mountainous and desert regions of Iraq.








 

Overall, the Islamic State’s Ramadan offensive showed that the group still has plenty of cells and supplies to dramatically increase the number of attacks. At the same time, it’s mostly isolated in Iraq and has little affect upon the majority of the country and population.

 

Security Incidents In Iraq By Province

Province

Apr 1-7

Apr 8-14

Apr 15-21

Apr 22-28

Apr 29-30

Totals

Anbar

-

4/1 Pro-Iran

2

5/1 Pro-Iran

3/1 Pro-Iran

14/3 Pro-Iran

Babil

1

1 Pro-Iran

2

2

-

6/1 Pro-Iran

Baghdad

1 Pro-Iran

1 Pro-Iran

3/1 Pro-Iran

2

-

7/3 Pro-Iran

Dhi Qar

1 Pro-Iran

1 Pro-Iran

-

-

-

2 Pro-Iran

Diwaniya

-

1 Pro-Iran

1 Pro-Iran

-

-

2 Pro-Iran

Diyala

1

3

8

9

2

23

Dohuk

-

1 Pro-Iran

-

1 Pro-Iran

-

2 Pro-Iran

Irbil

1 Pro-Iran

-

-

-

-

1 Pro-Iran

Kirkuk

2

6

3

11

1

23

Muthanna

1 Pro-Iran

-

-

1 Pro-Iran

-

2 Pro-Iran

Ninewa

6/3 Pro-Iran

1

-

4/1 Pro-Iran

-

11/4 Pro-Iran

Salahaddin

2/1 Pro-Iran

2/1 Pro-Iran

5

8

-

17/2 Pro-Iran

Sulaymaniya

-

-

-

1

-

1

TOTAL

16/8 Pro-Iran

21/7 Pro-Iran

24/2 Pro-Iran

44/4 Pro-Iran

6/1 Pro-Iran

111/22 Pro-Iran

 

Casualties In Iraq By Province

Province

Apr 1-7

Apr 8-14

Apr 15-21

Apr 22-28

Apr 29-30

Totals

Anbar

-

6 (3K, 3W)

2 (1K, 1W)

14 (3K, 11W)

5 (1K, 4W)

27 (8K, 19W)

Babil

1 (1W)

-

3 (3W)

4 (4W)

-

8 (8W)

Baghdad

-

-

1 (1W)

5 (2K, 3W)

-

6 (2K, 4W)

Diyala

-

4 (1K, 3W)

19 (6K, 13W)

17 (3K, 14W)

2 (2W)

42 (10K, 32)

Kirkuk

-

15 (3K, 12W)

1 (1W)

4 (1K, 3W)

1 (1K)

21 (5K, 16W)

Ninewa

5 (5W)

-

-

3 (2K, 1W)

-

8 (2K, 6W)

Salahaddin

-

8 (1K, 7W)

6 (3K, 3W)

11 (3K, 8W)

-

25 (7K, 18W)

TOTAL

6 (6W)

33 (8K, 25W)

32 (10K, 22W)

58 (14K, 44W)

8 (2K, 6W)

137 (34K, 103W)

 

Attacks by Pro-Iran Groups

 

February Totals 11 (3)

3/1/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Dhi Qar, Diwaniya

3/4/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Salahaddin

3/8/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Dhi Qar

3/13/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Dhi Qar, Diwaniya

3/15/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Basra, Muthanna, Salahaddin

3/18/22

Rockets – Balad Air Base, Salahaddin

3/27/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Dhi Qar

3/30/22

Rockets – Turkish army base, Ninewa

 

March Totals 12

4/3/22

Rockets – Turkish army base, Ninewa

 

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Muthanna, Salahaddin

4/4/22

Rockets – Turkish army base, Ninewa

4/5/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Baghdad

4/6/22

Rockets – Turkish army base, Ninewa

 

Rockets – Khabat, Irbil

4/7/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Dhi Qar

4/8/22

Drone Shot Down – Ain Al-Assad Base, Anbar

4/10/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Dhi Qar, Diwaniya, Salahaddin

 

Drone Strike - Dohuk

4/13/22

Rockets Discovered - Baghdad

4/14/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Babil

4/17/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Diwaniya

4/21/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Baghdad

4/22/22

Rockets – Turkish army base, Dohuk

4/23/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Muthanna

4/24/22

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Anbar

 

Rockets – Turkish army base, Ninewa

4/30/22

Rockets – Ain al-Assad base, Anbar

 

April Totals 20 (2)

 

Security In Iraq 2021-22

Week

Security

Incidents

(Total/By IS)

Dead

(Total/By IS)

Wounded

(Total/By IS)

Jan 1-7

21/2

13

19

Jan 8-14

17/3

12

6

Jan 15-21

20/3

52

133

Jan 22-28

10/3

13

12

Jan 29-31

9/1

2

6

JAN

77/13

92

176

Feb 1-7

19/2

11

23

Feb 8-14

11/3

4

8

Feb 15-21

20/7

11

23

Feb 22-28

13/4

13

23

FEB

63/16

39

77

Mar 1-7

19/5

5

8

Mar 8-14

12/2

13

15

Mar 15-21

24/6

8

7

Mar 22-28

14/2

8

13

Mar 29-31

9/5

2

1

MAR

79/20

39

44

Apr 1-7

16/10

3

5

Apr 8-14

15/6

6

18

Apr 15-21

32/4

19

44

Apr 22-28

31/6

15

42

Apr 29-30

12/1

11

23

APR

107/27

54

132

May 1-7

36/8

33

37

May 8-14

31/5

14

25

May 15-21

15/2

3

3

May 22-28

20/9

3

24

May 29-31

11

6

11

MAY

113/24

59

100

Jun 1-7

12/5

6

29

Jun 8-14

22/10

7

7

Jun 15-21

24/4

14

14

Jun 22-28

19/2

10

17

Jun 29-30

5

-

21

JUN

83/21

36

87

Jul 1-7

38/9

11

35

Jul 8-14

25/4

7

17

Jul 15-21

20/1

48

75

Jul 22-28

10/1

10

7

Jul 29-31

16/5

30

30

JUL

110/20

106

164

Aug 1-7

44/5

12

19

Aug 8-14

31/6

17

23

Aug 15-21

25/8

12

18

Aug 22-28

21/9

8

10

Aug 29-31

12/2

5

12

AUG

133/30

54

82

Sep 1-7

21/3

12

24

Sep 8-14

28/3

24

36

Sep 15-21

13/1

5

17

Sep 22-28

17/4

13

9

Sep 29-30

2

-

-

SEP

81/11

54

86

Oct 1-7

17

11

22

Oct 8-14

14/1

4

13

Oct 15-21

9/2

3

2

Oct 22-28

21/1/1

36

42

Oct 29-31

11/1

7

7

OCT

72/6/1

61

86

Nov 1-7

20/2

3

20

Nov 8-14

15/1

11

18

Nov 15-21

14/4

2

4

Nov 22-28

15/4

10

14

Nov 29-30

3/1

1

3

NOV

67/12

27

59

Dec 1-7

17/2

29

22

Dec 8-14

14/4

4

6

Dec 15-21

22/8

11

12

Dec 22-28

18/8

11

27

Dec 29-31

7/1

5

4

DEC

78/23

56

67

Jan 1-7, 2022

18/9

3

4

Jan 8-14

35/21

3

18

Jan 15-21

12/5

17

12

Jan 22-28

16/3

8

19

Jan 29-31

6/2

2

6

JAN

87/41

33

59

Feb 1-7

11/3

1

10

Feb 8-14

14/6

8

3

Feb 15-21

9/1

-

11

Feb 22-28

8/4

1

5

FEB

42/14

10

29

Mar 1-7

7/3

1

-

Mar 8-14

18/3/1

6

5

Mar 15-21

10/4

5

6

Mar 22-28

6/1

7

4

Mar 29-31

4/1

-

5

MAR

46/12/1

19

21

Apr 1-7

16/8

-

6

Apr 8-14

21/7

8

25

Apr 15-21

22/2

10

22

Apr 22-28

44/4

14

44

Apr 29-30

6/1

2

6

APR

111/22

34

103

 

Violence By Province Apr 2022

Province

Violence

2018 Avg

2019 Avg

2020 Avg

2021 Avg

2022 Avg

Anbar

14/3 Pro-Iran

8 Killed

3 Hashd

5 ISF

19 Wounded

2 Civilians

6 Hashd

11 ISF

 

7 Shootings

4 IEDs

1 Rockets

1 Drone

12.6 incidents/

month

8.6 incidents/ month

7.0 incidents/ month

4.6 incidents/ month

4.2.0 incidents/month

Babil

6/1 Pro-Iran Incidents

8 Wounded

3 Civilians

5 Hashd

 

1 Shooting

6 IEDs

4.0 incidents/month

3.0 incidents/month

2.75 incidents/month

2.5 incidents/month

2.5 incidents/month

Baghdad

7/3 Pro-Iran Incidents

2 Killed

2 ISF

4 Wounded

4 ISF

 

1 Shooting

3 IEDs

1 Suicide Bomber

1 Mortar

1 Rockets

33.0 incidents/month

11.6 incidents/month

7.3 incidents/month

5.6 incidents/ month

2.5 incidents/month

Dhi Qar

2 Pro-Iran Incidents

 

2 IEDs

 

 

 

 

 

Diwaniya

2 Pro-Iran Incidents

 

2 IEDs

 

 

 

 

 

Diyala

23 Incidents

10 Killed

2 Civilians

4 Hashd

4 ISF

32 Wounded

4 Hashd

12 Civilians

16 ISF

 

15 Shootings

7 IEDs

2 Mortars

34.5 incidents/month

30.0 incidents/month

30.6 incidents/month

23.2 incidents/month

14.0 incidents/month

Dohuk

2 Pro-Iran Incidents

 

1 Drone

1 Rockets

 

 

 

 

 

Irbil

1 Pro-Iran Incident

 

1 Rockets

 

 

 

 

 

Kirkuk

23 Incidents

5 Killed

1 Hashd

2 Civilians

2 ISF

16 Wounded

2 Hashd

5 Civilians

9 ISF

 

14 Shootings

4 IEDs

2 Mortars

36.5 incidents/month

18.6 incidents/month

13.9 incidents/month

11.6 incidents/month

11.25 Incidents/month

Muthanna

2 Pro-Iran Incidents

 

2 IEDs

 

 

 

 

 

Ninewa

11/4 Pro-Iran Incidents

2 Killed

1 Civilian

1 ISF

6 Wounded

1 Civilian

5 ISF

 

3 Shootings

2 IEDs

1 Suicide Bomber

4 Rockets

20.0 incidents/month

14.0 incidents/month

10.6 incidents/month

8.4 incidents/month

7.0 incidents/month

Salahaddin

17/2 Pro-Iran Incidents

7 Killed

2 Civilians

2 Hashd

3 ISF

18 Wounded

2 Civilians

2 Hashd

14 ISF

 

8 Shootings

6 IEDs

1 Suicide Bomber

1 Sticky Bomb

21.7 incidents/month

10.6 incidents/month

11.2 incidents/month

11.5 incidents/month

7.0 incidents/month

Sulaymaniya

1 Incident

 

1 Shooting

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCES

 

Bas News, "IS Carries out Three Attacks on Iraqi Army in Kirkuk," 4/25/22

- "IS Detonates a Shrine in Iraq," 4/18/22

- "Second Attack in 24 Hours Targets Turkish Base in Northern Iraq," 4/4/22

 

Iraq Oil Report, "Attack hits near Kurdistan's export pipeline," 4/12/22

 

Al Masalah, "The Iraqi army thwarted an attack with Katyusha rockets against vital installations in Baghdad," 4/13/22

- "A missile attack targeting a Turkish military base in Dohuk," 4/22/22

 

NINA, "An PMF Fighter Wounded North Of Babylon," 4/6/22

- "The PMF Thwart An Attack North Of Babylon," 4/20/22

- "A policeman killed south of Kirkuk," 4/22/22

- "The Popular Mobilization Forces Thwart An Infiltration Attempt By ISIS In Jurf al-Sakhr," 4/23/22

- "Three Fighters Of PMF Wounded In An IED Explosion North Of Babylon," 4/21/22

- "A Woman Seriously Injured By Mortar Shells in Baquba," 4/30/22

 

NRT, "Iraqi Soldier Killed In IS Attack," 4/25/22

- "Several Missiles Fired At Zilikan Base Near Mosul," 4/24/22

 

Reuters, "Missile lands near Iraq's Ain al-Asad air base," 4/30/22

 

Rudaw, "Erbil's Khabat district attacked with Katyusha rockets," 4/6/22

 

Shafaq News, "Al-Hashd Al-Shaabi mourns two of its fighters from a terrorist attack in Salahaddin," 4/16/22

- "In conjunction with a dust storm, ISIS attacks the army in Mosul, and the crowd enters into alert," 4/7/22

- "Renewed missile strikes on Zilkan base in Mosul," 4/6/22

 

Shilani, Mustafa, "ISIS launches 3 attacks in one night on Iraqi Security Forces," Kurdistan 24, 4/30/22

 

Al Sumaria, "A double attack targeting the Ain Al-Assad base," 4/8/22

- "A local official survived an assassination attempt in Tikrit," 4/6/22

- "Missile targets a Turkish base in Mosul," 4/3/22

 

Xinhua, "2 soldiers killed in IS attack in western Iraq," 4/9/22

- "3 mortar rounds hit military base near Baghdad," 4/26/22

- "3 soldiers, 2 IS militants killed in clashes in Iraq," 4/26/22

- "Iraqi forces thwart 2 IS attacks, kill 2 IS militants," 4/25/22

 

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