Tuesday, May 3, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History May 3 Saddam had Algerian Foreign Min assassinated after accusing Algeria of siding with Iran in Iran-Iraq War

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 1913 US consulate in Baghdad reported Ottomans ordered documents to be published in

Arabic and Turkish in Baghdad vilayet as concession to Arab demands

1921 Gertrude Bell wrote Mid-Euphrates tribes perplexed why UK picked Faisal to be King of Iraq

when he led revolt against them in Syria

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1941 2nd day UK bombing in Anglo-Iraq War Expanded to Iraqi air bases and supply lines in Baghdad

and Diyala

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 Iraqi air force bombed Iraqi army in Ramadi by accident in night raid

1941 Churchill ordered British troops to march from Palestine to Iraq

1941 UK Cmdr for Mid East Gen Wavell given command of Iraq Complained no forces to spare and

negotiations should be used instead

1941 UK Cmdr for Mid East Gen Wavell later said he could send a small force from Palestine to Iraq but

would threaten security in region and called for talks again

1941 PM Gaylani told Italian ambassador Iraq needed German and Italian air support to deal with British

Financial aid and a German military mission to work with Iraq General Staff

1941 German Foreign Min Ribbentrop supported sending special representative to Baghdad along with

military liaison officers to set up arrival of German aid

1941 German Foreign Min Ribbentrop suggested sending fighter and bomber squadrons to Iraq Hitler

agreed

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1941 Communists called on public to support Gaylani govt when war started Saw him as anti-

imperialist

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1964 New provisional constitution Was based upon Egyptian one as move towards unifying

2 countries Said democratic-socialist govt Kurds had national rights KDP demanded autonomy Barzani said constitution didn’t recognize Kurdish rights

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review People Without A Country, The Kurds and Kurdistan)

1982 Saddam ordered Algerian Foreign Minister’s plane shot down on trip to Iran during ceasefire talks

Saddam accused Algeria of siding with Iran Iran and Iraq blamed each other Led Algeria to drop out of talks

1983 Iraqi Op Salam launched in southern Iraq to capture and kill army deserters

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1988 Start of 4th Anfal campaign focused on Lesser Zab River, Sulaymaniya Kogtapa attacked with

chemical bombs

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1995 KDP told Turkey it would stop PKK activities in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

2003 UK PM’s office said Iraq had WMD and they would be found

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 White House said it was sure Iraq’s WMD would be found

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 Bush said Iraq’s WMD programs would be found would just take time Was change from previous

claims WMD stocks would be found

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

2003 UK intel said trailer found in Mosul could be mobile WMD lab Wasn’t

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Army Corps of Engineers ordered Kellogg Brown & Root to begin importing fuel to relieve shortages

in Iraq KBR would charge $2.64 per gallon when Pentagon was buying it for $1.08

2004 Mahdi Army attacked US base and a convoy in Najaf setting off hour long gun battle

2004 Heavy fighting between insurgents and US forces closed down road to Baghdad airport

2004 UN outlined plan to create Iraqi Election Commission to run 2005 voting

2004 US Marines said would replace Gen Latif head of Fallujah Brigade with Gen Saleh because Latif a

Baathist

2004 UK military memo to US Iraq command Said real problem in Maysan criminals who exploited crises

Attacking Mahdi Army would only empower Sadr

2004 Newsweek reported INC’s Chalabi told Iranians US broken Iranian intel codes and reading their

messages

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2005 PM Jaafari’s cabinet sworn in 2 deputy prime ministers and 7 important ministries vacant due to

political disputes including Oil and Defense Shiite parties rejected Sunni candidates for ministries at last minute

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 16 – Going West, April-August 2005)

2007 International Compact with Iraq meeting held in Egypt organized by PM Maliki and UN Was to

create strategy and benchmarks for Iraqi rebuilding reconciliation good governance Privately countries complained about Maliki govt

2007 Association of Muslim scholars called on bin Laden to fix rift between Sunnis and ISI Called

Awakening leader Sheikh Abu Risha a U.S. stooge

(Musings On Iraq Spiritual Leader To Iraq’s Insurgency Harith Dhari Dies In Exile)

2007 Anbar Awakening demanded all tribes in Anbar to stop supporting ISI

(Musings On Iraq Demise, But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2007 Reformist and Jihad Front formed out of Islamic Army Mujahadeen Army Ansar al-Sunna Called

on 1920 Revolution Brigades tribes and former soldiers to join Was challenge to ISI

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2007 Report ISI issued fatwa in Dora Baghdad for Christians to convert leave or be killed Families

immediately started leaving

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2008 PM Maliki announced govt would launch offensive in Mosul and would be last to secure Iraq

2008 300 ISI fighters held march in Diyala village

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

2008 Iraqi delegation to Iran presented evidence that Tehran was arming and training militias fighting

govt 

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

2008 2 Mahdi Army HQs in Sadr City destroyed by US

2009 Integrity Comm issued warrants for Trade Min Sudani his two brothers Grain Board Dir Dir

Gen of Foodstuffs Trading Company $4-$8 bil missing from ministry Bought expired food and charged Ministry full price Bought food and kept it for themselves to sell on black market Bought goods for double the prices Sudani signed contract with company owned by his son for $50 mil for old tea that was only worth $20 mil Bought contaminated milk from China Found $8 mil in expired food in warehouse Sudani’s brother and nephew got $40 in kickbacks from every ton of sugar imported by ministry Sudani used some of money to fund PM Maliki’s State of Law in 2009-10 elections

(Musings On Iraq Half Of Corruption Cases Against Iraq’s Former Trade Minister Dropped)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on Iraq’s fight with corruption) 

(Musings On Iraq interview with former anti-corruption official Vincent Foulk)

2009 2 Iraqi soldiers opened fire at U.S. troops at an outpost in Mosul killing 2 and wounding 3

Americans

2009 Sahwa in Iskandiriya Babil walked off job for not being paid in 4 months

(Musings On Iraq Budget Problems Affecting Integration of Sons of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

2010 Abu Abdullah al-Shafi emir of Ansar al-Sunnah was captured in Baghdad

2010 Baghdad started recount requested by Maliki after came in 2nd in election to Allawi State of Law

immediately complained about it

2010 Report Anbar Awakening broken up into different factions to run in 2010 vote Under attack

by ISI

2010 MP said no secret prisons in Iraq Said all prisons were under control of ministries or ISF

Came after secret prison found in Baghdad run by PM Maliki

2011 National Reconciliation Ministry said Asaib Ahl Al-Haq was joining reconciliation process

Didn’t happen

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2011 KRG parliament passed law to unite PUK and KDP Peshmerga Never completed

2011 National Alliance MP said PM Maliki asked Pres Talabani to veto the law cancelling Article 136b

used by ministers to block corruption cases Talabani no longer had veto powers

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Parliament Repeals Article Used To Block Corruption Investigations)

2011 Kurdistan Journalists Syndicate said that attacks on journalists increased last two months due to

protests Blamed security forces for attacks arrests beatings Journalism Freedom Observatory said no press freedom in Iraq

2012 Journalistic Freedom Observatory said Maliki govt harassing and arresting journalists Placing

restrictions on them ISF beat arrested and stopped reporters

2012 Report National Alliance had meeting and came out supporting PM Maliki against no confidence

move

2013 Police told AFP they had orders from Interior Ministry to use fake bomb detectors even though

knew they didn’t work

(Musings On Iraq Fallout In Iraq From Conviction Of Fake Bomb Detector Maker)

2013 Friday prayers at Fallujah protest site urged people to stay peaceful Demanded PM Maliki resign or

there might be civil war

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Protest Movement And Insurgency Split About Response To Hawija Raid)

(Musings On Iraq Understanding Iraq’s Protest Movements, An Interview With Kirk Sowell, Editor of Inside Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Protest Movement Splits Over Federalism)

2013 Friday prayers at Kirkuk protest site warned that Baghdad had ignored their demands and could

lead to civil war

2013 Samarra and Mosul protest sites demanded either PM Maliki resign or Salahaddin and Ninewa

would become federal regions

2013 Report PM Maliki lost support from 2009 to 2013 elections Wanted to form majority govt 2013 won

36% of Shiite vote in 2010 he won 50%

(Musings On Iraq Interview A Look At Iraq’s 2014 Election Interview With Reidar Visser)

2014 Report Ansar al-Sunna declared war on ISIS in Diyala

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq More Reports Of Insurgent In-Fighting In Iraq)

2014 Election Comm said over 100 ballot boxes tampered with in KRG Most were connected to PUK

2015 3rd day of protests in Basra over lack of electricity

2017 Report Sallyport Global paid almost $700 mil in bribes to secure contract to service Balad Air

Base Investigated for misconduct

2017 Ninewa admitted no plans to rebuild province or Mosul Jan when east Mosul freed some

residents complained they were getting little help to rebuild Ninewa official said province and Baghdad had plan for reconstruction They didn’t

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 199, May 3, 2017)

2018 Report Fmr Sec State Tillerson said US would help Iraq rebuild through development Export

Import Bank and Overseas Private Investment Corp were supposed to help investment Both said they had no plans for Iraq

2018 Report Exxon and PetroChina reached preliminary terms on South Integrated Water Project

to inject water into southern oil fields to help production Talks lasted 3 yrs Exxon would later withdraw from Iraq

2021 Parliament’s education comm said 90% of graduate degrees from abroad were forged MP said

people paid bribes to get degrees

2021 Kataib Sayid al-Shuhada split from Kataib Hezbollah Worked with Iran 2008 designated as

global terrorist group by US Oct 2014 it threatened Saudi Arabia July 2018 said it would send fighters to Yemen Claimed attacks on US in Iraq

2021 Report MPs threatening to amend election law over new district voting Start of attempts to

delay early vote by ruling parties

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Parties Try To Delay 2021 Vote Again)

2021 Report Political parties formed out of protest movement would participate in 2021 elections

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