Thursday, May 12, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - May 12 Sec State Albright said if 500,000 Iraqi children died under sanctions would be worth it to contain Saddam

(CNN)
 

1920 US protested to UK about San Remo agreement that divided up Iraq’s oil between UK and

France saying London promised open door policy in region

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1941 Soviet Union recognized PM Gaylani’s govt

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)

1941 British reinforcements from Palestine and Transjordan attacked by a German bomber

1941 German air force liaison officer killed while trying to land in Baghdad during dog fight between

Iraqi and British fighter planes

1941 PM Gaylani told German ambassador to Turkey Ankara made offer to be middleman with England

Gaylani feared Turkey would intervene in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1948 Iraqi air force deployed to Transjordan for Arab-Israeli War

1948 Armed clash between Independence Party and tribesmen loyal to Nuri al-Said and fmr PM Jabr 5

dead 47 wounded

1954 National Front formed from National Democratic Party and Independence Party Called for civil

liberties Cancellation of Anglo-Iraq Treaty Closure of UK bases Cancellation of oil concessions

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1958 Parliament ratified Arab Hashemite Union with Jordan

1962 Barzani cut off police battalion in Dohuk area

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1969 Dispute over Shatt al-Arab discussed at UN after Iran protested Iraq expelling 10,000 Iranians

1982 Iranian Op Bait al-Moqaddas Reached Khorrmashahr across from Basra Drove Iraqi forces out of

Susangerd area

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1986 US intel report Iraq was talking with China to build a covert nuclear power plant

1990 Italy said it seized parts headed for Iraq to make a 130 ft long supergun UK Turkey

Greece also found parts for gun

1991 Baghdad took journalists to mass grave with 100 bodies it claimed were killed by Iranians and

Shiite rebels in southern Iraq

1996 Sec State Albright interviewed on 60 Minutes Was asked whether 500,000 Iraqi children dying as a

result of sanctions was worth it Albright said yes

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

2003 Paul Bremer arrived in Iraq to take over new CPA During meeting Bremer suggested shooting

looters Remark leaked angering Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 Only 4000 Iraqi police on duty in Baghdad to cover 7 mil inhabitants

(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq) 

2003 UK ForSec Straw said that Coalition failed to restore order in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Report on INC defector ex-nuke scientist Hamza Saddam’s son-in-law Kamil called Hamza a

liar Hamza and former UN inspector Albright tried to get book published on Iraq’s nuke program Said Iraq failed to build bomb Not published Hamza got new book published Saddam’s Bombmaker claiming Iraq was closer to building a bomb than anyone knew

2004 1800 new pictures of prison abuse at Abu Ghraib released

2004 Sec Def Rumsfeld told Senate US interrogation methods used in Iraq were legal and cleared by

Pentagon lawyers

2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq kidnapped Anbar Gov Mahalawi and his son Governor’s body found 3

weeks later

2006 Bush invited 10 former Secretaries of State and Defense to ask them opinions about Iraq war

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2007 Report US GAO found 100,000-300,000 barrels of oil missing each day Worth est $5-$15 mil

Smugglers likely culprit

2007 Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq dropped revolution from its title Also said that

it would look towards Ayatollah Sistani more than Ayatollah Khamenei Party was trying to distance itself from its pro-Iran history

2008 PM Maliki told Amb Crocker and Gen Petraeus that Iran was helping criminal elements in Basra

and Iraqis were sick of Tehran’s interference

2008 Sadr issued another ceasefire to try to stop govt offensive against Mahdi Army

2008 United Iraqi Alliance and Sadrists agreed not to attack each other politically after ceasefire

announced

2008 Report US judge who headed anti-corruption effort in Iraq in 07 said State Dept undermined effort

and allowed corruption to continue US embassy State Justice Depts and Iraqi govt ignored effort Jul 07 Amb Crocker told Iraqi official stole $1 bil in medical supplies and sold them on black market and to Syria US did nothing Judge worked on report on corruption Congress asked for copy State classified report and blocked testimony on it Embassy blocked Congress from interviewing anti-corruption officials in Iraq PM Maliki fired Sunnis on Integrity Comm and top investigator Head of Comm Judge Rahdi wouldn’t follow Maliki’s orders When Rahdi asked for asylum in US due to threats US Embassy wouldn’t help him

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2008 Deputy head of US anti-corruption effort said US did nothing as PM Maliki worked to subvert

Integrity Commission

2008 Iran came out against Iraq signing Status of Forces Agreement with US

2009 PM Maliki had head of Ghazilia Baghdad Sawha arrested Was tortured by ISF

2009 Tribal march in Mosul for Hadbaa list and against Peshmerga and Asayesh presence in province

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)

(Musings On Iraq Arab-Kurdish Divide Over New Ninewa Provincial Council)

2009 Mass grave in Qadisiyah found with 100 Kurds killed during Anfal campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

2009 Report PM Maliki set pattern of turning on his allies Started with Sadr in 08 Sadr put him in

power Then turned on Kurds Sent army into disputed area of Diyala Both aimed at increasing Maliki’s nationalist credentials Created Tribal Support Councils that angered ISCI and Kurds

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2010 US general warned Sadrists carrying out attacks extortion intimidation in southern Iraq

2011 Parliament elected 3 VPs after 2010 elections Mahdi Hashemi and Khuzai

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Completes Another Pieces Of The Government Puzzle By Voting On Vice Presidents)

2011 PM Blair’s communication dir Campbell told Chilcot Inquiry Sep 02 WMD dossier was not case for

war vs Iraq but why Blair concerned about Saddam Min of Defense dir of general intelligence Gen Laurie said dossier was to promote war Said previous drafts rejected because didn’t make strong enough case vs Iraq Said Defense Min under pressure to get more on Iraq to make argument for war Said in final draft every point was edited to make it as strong as possible Said conclusion of dossier was not supported by intel

2011 MI6 told PM Blair’s foreign policy adv Manning Dec 01 that there was no intel linking Iraq to

jihadists Said removing Saddam important to secure oil supplies Would lead to secular state that would help against extremists Said Saddam could be removed in a coup Another memo from April 05 said Iraq war had radicalized many and increased terrorist threat Said made terrorists more determined to attack West Expanded Al Qaeda’s reach Had radicalized Muslims in UK

2011 Report Survey found 50% of graduating primary students went to higher education Many schools

broken down More than 20% of primary kids around 4 mil students drop out each yr South Iraq up to 65% of kids don’t go to school Girls have least education

2011 Sadrist leaders said 2/3 vote in parliament needed to approve US troop extension

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadr Could Be Backing Off Threat To Revive Mahdi Army If U.S. Doesn’t Withdraw)

2011 ISCI leader Hakim called on Arab govts to end tension with Iran and form regional organization to

normalize relations with Tehran

(Musings On Iraq Two Iraqi Leaders Praise Iran)

2012 KRG complained about PM Maliki holding cabinet meeting in Kirkuk Listed all grievances with

Baghdad over oil Article 140 etc

(Musings On Iraq Maliki’s Visit To Kirkuk Meant To Divide Iraqi National Movement And Kurdish Coalition)

2012 KRG Natural Resource Min said if Baghdad didn’t deliver region’s share of budget it would truck

oil for exports independently

2013 Iraqi paper got memo showing PM Maliki okayed purchase of fake bomb detectors

2013 Sadrists Supreme Council and Fadhila agreed to form coalition in 7 new provincial govts in south and

Baghdad

2014 Ground forces cmdr Gen Ghidan said Amiriya Fallujah had been cleared of insurgents

2014 Report Election observers found parties replaced ballots and forged them in Anbar Election Com

accepted ballot boxes that were marked for violations and others without counting contents

2015 Report ISCI claimed Kataib Hezbollah Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and other Hashd challenging

future of National Alliance Wanted to turn success in war vs IS into political power Accused Kataib Hezbollah of attacking ISCI offices in Basra Baghdad and other provinces

(Musings On Iraq Intra-Shiite Rivalaries In Iraq As Kataib Hezbollah Raids ISCI Office)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2015 Diyala integrity comm called for court to dismiss Diyala governor for stealing funds for

displaced

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on Iraq’s fight with corruption) 

(Musings On Iraq interview with former anti-corruption official Vincent Foulk)

2015 Report Rumailfa oil field had budget cut by $1 bil Oil production not grown as fast as

predicted Was talk of Iraq producing 13 mil/bar/day 2015 Iraq was producing 3.7 mil/bar/day Oil Minister said early predictions unrealistic Said if Iraq reached 6-7 mil/bar/day by 2020 would be good Didn’t meet that mark Infrastructure years behind schedule

2015 Report Gorran came in 2nd in 2013 KRG elections Got ministries but didn’t control

bureaucracy staffed by PUK-KDP Was criticized for going from opposition to partner with ruling parties it criticized Decline of PUK led KDP to want to be sole leader in KRG Pres Barzani declared himself commander in chief and wanted all Peshmerga under his control Peshmerga still under control of leaders within PUK-KDP PUK turned to Iran for aid

2015 Report PM Abadi OK’d 6000 tribal fighters from Anbar Less than 1000 had signed up 40-

50% quit during training Badr accused some of the volunteers of being IS and program created by US

2016 IS began final assault on Ramadi with 12 suicide car bombs ISF morale broke and began

retreating

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2017 3 mass graves found outside Saqlawiya Anbar Contained ISF executed by IS

2017 Hashd op to free west Ninewa started

2018 Iraq held fifth election for parliament 44% voter turnout lowest since elections started in

2005 Sadr-Communist Sairoon list won most seats

(Musings On Iraq May 2018 Elections Triumph For Iraqi Democracy Failure Iraq’s Parties)

(Musings On Iraq Seat Allocation Announced For Iraq’s New Parliament)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Election Results All 18 Provinces)

(Musings On Iraq interview with IRIS-Chatham House’s Mansour on 2018 elections)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Edinburgh Univ PhD student Benedict Robin on Sadr-Communist alliance and May election)

2018 PUK attacked Gorran HQ in Sulaymaniya Widespread accusations of voting fraud in Sulaymaniya

and Kirkuk provinces

(Musings On Iraq Growing Crisis Over Elections In Kirkuk and Kurdistan)

2018 Iran’s Quds Force head Gen Suleimani arrived in Baghdad for elections Reportedly started talks

afterward to form anti-Sadr coalition

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2019 Report Saudis offered to re-open border crossing closed since 1990 Also re-open

embassy Offered to build sports stadium

2020 Report IS starting new phase in Iraq Trying to assert power over villages and suburbs

Operating in small cells instead of large groups

2021 Clash between protesters and police in Karbala after activist assassinated

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