Thursday, September 21, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 21 Coup plot by PM Razzaq vs Pres Arif discovered Led to Baathist purge from govt



1941 PM Midfai resigned over argument with Finance Min Kamal

1965 Coup plot by PM Razzaq discovered He fled to Egypt Pres Arif purged 3,000 Baathists

from govt afterward

1965 Abdul al-Bazzaz became PM 1st civilian PM since 1958 coup Bazzaz said he would

reverse socialist policies of PM Yahya Tried political liberalization but failed Opposed to legalizing political parties because would mean legalizing Communists

1966 PM Talib said he would follow through with ex-PM Bazzaz’s 12 point program with

Kurds Was actually opposed to plan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1968 Provisional constitution drafted by three jurists and presented to Pres Bakr Included return of


1980 Iranian Task Force 421 created to command Iranian Navy and commercial shipping

during war with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq Naval War, Volume 1: Opening Blows September-November 1980)

1980 Iraq letter to UN outlined steps it took to try to work out outstanding issues with new

revolutionary govt in Iran

1990 Revolutionary Command Council said it would not retreat from Kuwait and was ready for

mother of all battles

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

2001 1st CIA report on Iraq and 9/11 found no connection but two had contacts in 1990s Said didn’t

think 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraq intel officer in Prague in 2001 Bush was briefed on findings

2001 DIA analyst at Pentagon’s Office of Special Plans on CIA report Said info good but findings of

no Iraq-Al Qaeda ties should be ignored

2001 Under Sec of Def Feith sent DIA criticism of CIA report that there were no Iraq-Al Qaeda ties

to Dep Def Sec Wolfowitz and Def Sec Rumsfeld

2001 CIA Dir Tenet told Bush CIA Czech office questioned whether 9/11 hijacker Atta met Iraqi

intel officer in Prague Story false

2001 Admin officials told Wash Times Saddam talked with bin Laden just before 9/11

(Musings On Iraq Iraq, 9/11 And The Bush Administration)

(Musings On Iraq From 9/11 To The Invasion of Iraq: Analysis of Bush Administration Decision Making)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2001 INC provided Iraqi defector claimed Iraq was training terrorists to take over airplanes

at Salman Pak Been dismissed by US intel because claimed he fled Iraq because he was tortured but he had no marks on his body Story proved false

2002 NY Times article said Bush received detailed Iraq war plan

2003 French Pres Chirac called for US to immediately hand over sovereignty to Iraqis

2003 Report mid to low level Baathists being assassinated in Baghdad

2003 Iraqi Governing Council said they were under increasing attack after 1 member ambushed and

shot in Baghdad

2003 Under Sec Def Feith wrote memo calling for early return of sovereignty to Iraq and giving

power to Iraqi Governing Council

2004 Head of Fallujah Shura Council Janabi said city didn’t need Zarqawi Differentiated between

resistance vs occupation and Zarqawi who led terrorists Janabi said resistance wasn’t about killing innocent Iraqis and Zarqawi had harmed the insurgency and cost it support

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2005 Anti-occupation demonstration by police in Basra City after Sep 19 battle between UK troops

and police and Mahdi Army

2005 Basra council voted for non-cooperation with British forces in province until compensation paid

for casualties in Sep 19 battle between UK troops and police and Mahdi Army  

2005 Sec State Powell wrote PM Blair Said Coalition facing strategic failure and perhaps defeat in

Iraq Could withdraw in 2006 and hand over responsibilities to Iraqi govt not up to task or change strategy by reaching out to Sunnis Found Sunnis willing to reconcile Continue to fight insurgency Integrate military and political operations Back new Iraqi govt and then withdraw

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 9.4 June 2005 To May 2006)

2006 US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey said war shifting from insurgency against US to war between Iraqis

for power

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

2006 US military turned over Dhi Qar 2nd province to the Iraqi forces

2006 US and Iraqi forces conducted raids on Sadrists in Najaf and Baghdad Arrested Najaf

spokesman Sheikh Salah al-Obaidy Mahdi Army mobilized in Najaf in response

2006 UN reported 3,590 civilians killed in Iraq in July and 3,009 in August

2007 Mahdi Army commander assassinated in Baghdad’s Washash neighborhood Militia retaliated

killing 5-20 Sunnis and driving 30 Sunni families out Violence continued into next day

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2008 Kurds made another deal with PM Maliki to evacuate govt buildings in Khanaqin dist Diyala

Maliki was attempting to pressure Kurds and assert control of disputed areas

(Musings On Iraq Cold War Between Baghdad and Kurds Turns Hot)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 Report Sheikh Hayes Sheikh Abu Risha Sheikh Sulaiman formed Anbar Salvation Council to run

in 09 elections Was Awakening sheikh’s attempt to gain political control of Anbar from Islamic Party

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2009 KRG suspended work of DNO for 6 wks Claimed it hurt KRG’s reputation Came after KRG

Natural Resource Min Hawrami implicated in insider trading deal involving DNO

(Musings On Iraq Oil Scandal Hits Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Will Suspend All Oil Exports)

(Musings On Iraq Norwegian Company Has Final Word In Kurdish Oil Scandal)

2010 Ninewa Gov Nujafi announced his Hadbaa Party and Kurdish Ninewa Brotherhood List

reached agreement on all their issues except security Kurds boycotted Ninewa govt after 09 elections where Hadbaa took all the positions

2012 Report ISI carried out 7 waves of major attacks since US military withdrawal in Dec 2011 Major

attacks in at least 10 cities in 1 day Jul 2012 new ISI head Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi announced Destroying Walls campaign Wanted to release prisoners Return to areas it’d lost On Jul 23 attacks with 30 car bombs in 20 cities killed more than 115 Aug and Sep attacks in 19 cities with over 100 dead each time

2012 Fmr Jordanian Media Min said he helped suicide bombers get into Iraq

2012 Iraq and Jordan discussed building oil and gas pipelines Never happened

2012 Report Shell thought about signing oil deal with KRG Inspired by Exxon and Total working

there had 2 talks with KRG in 2007 and 2011 KRG offered better terms than Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Will Shell Take The Leap Into Iraq’s Kurdistan?)

2012 Report Exxon Total Chevron Gazprom faced little retaliation from Baghdad for signing deals

with KRG Baghdad still controlled pipeline to Turkey for exports Forced KRG to smuggle oil to Turkey Baghdad said Exxon wouldn’t be able to work in south Iraq if worked in KRG Exxon threatened to sue Iraqi govt

(Musings On Iraq The State Of The Kurdish Regional Government In Iraq, An Interview With National Defense Univ’s Dr Denise Natali)

2012 Police raided book sellers on Mutanabi St Baghdad Claimed they were breaking the law Critics

claimed Maliki govt going after social and cultural areas

2012 PM Maliki went to Sulaymaniya to meet PUK Party was trying to get Maliki and Pres Barzani to


2013 Elections for KRG parliament held KDP won Gorran 2nd PUK 3rd

(Musings On Iraq KRG Elections Change Region’s Politics, But Will It Change The Government?)

(Musings On Iraq Complete 2013 Kurdistan Regional Government Election Results)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s patriotic Union Of Kurdistan Faces The Abyss)

2014 IS captured Saqlawiya Attacked Dujail Salahaddin ISF broke siege of Sjar in Anbar where 400

soldiers were trapped

(Musings On Iraq The Latest Military Fiasco In Iraq The Fall of Camp Saqlawiya, Anbar)

2014 Report IS smuggled up to 80,000 bar/day in oil Controlled 4 oil fields in Iraq Turkey and

KRG said it was cracking down on smuggling Doubted would be enforced KRG didn’t want gas prices to rise if smuggling ended

2015 Protest in Irbil by govt workers over KRG salary cuts

2015 Pres Barzani rejected opposition proposal for presidency to be elected by people with reduced

power or be elected by parliament with full powers

2015 Several Trade Min bodyguards arrested for assassinating reporter Also accused of killing staff

of ministry

2015 Report Argument between ISF and Hashd continued over Anbar Op Hashd took over op

Ended campaign to free Ramadi and shifted to Fallujah over ISF objections

2015 Report Ruling parties blocked PM Abadi’s reforms Upset with losing govt offices

2016 Report Cafes in Basra bombed for hiring women One had flyer posted saying “house of the

devil” Attacks started Jul Casinos also attacked Religious parties blamed

2016 Parliament voted out Finance Min Zebari Was opposed by PM Abadi Split between KDP

PUK Gorran meant Kurds couldn’t stop vote Maliki led vote against Zebari

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Sacks Its Finance Minister)

2016 Amnesty Intl sent PM Abadi details on 105 disappearances of people from 2012-16 in Anbar

Baghdad Diyala Salahaddin Govt did nothing

2016 2 women from Salahaddin village said Hashd had destroyed 100s of homes in area

2017 Ana in west Anbar freed from IS while Shirqat in northern Salahaddin and Hawija in south

Kirkuk attacked by Iraqi forces

(Musings On Iraq Shirqat Freed, Clearing In Anbar, Hawija In The Offing)

(Musings On Iraq Ana Freed In Anbar While Shirqat And Hawija Attacked)

2017 Report Pres Barzani issued decree Jun setting up KRG independence referendum His term

ended 2 yrs ago Kurdistan Islamic Union and KDP only parties to support vote KRG parliament met Sep and majority voted for referendum Included disputed areas that included Arabs and Turkmen Decree said non-Kurdish people would be included in KRG if majority of voters approved referendum Shiite Turkmen Hashd in Kirkuk said Arabs and Turkmen needed to resist vote Sunni Turkmen called for Abadi to declare martial law in Kirkuk and send ISF to stop vote Sep protests in Diyala against vote PM Abadi said vote unconstitutional

(Musings On Iraq What’s Next For Kurdistan After The Referendum?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2019 Report PM Abdul Mahdi approved new structure for Hashd Included 4 aides to run

operations 25 district and 7 operations commands Dep Chairman of Hashd Commission dissolved which was held by Abu Muhandis Head of Comm Fayad didn’t really run it Muhandis did

2020 Report Climate change predictions had Iraq getting less rain higher temperatures prolonged

and worse droughts while population growing Since 1980s water on Tigris and Euphrates declined 30% due to dam and irrigation projects in Turkey and Syria Expected to decline another 50% by 2030 2/3 of potable water pumped leaked and lost Farming took up to 85% of water resources

2020 3 groups issued joint statement that they would continue protests in KRG if teachers and

govt workers not paid full salaries and on time KRG not paid salaries due to oil/budget dispute with Baghdad

2020 Protests in Baghdad Diwaniya demanding govt jobs

2020 Report KRG Minister of State said Baghdad hadn’t sent monthly budget payment as part of

new deal Apr PM Kazemi stopped payments because KRG not following budget deal Aug 2 sides made new deal

2021 MP called on Kazemi govt to stop power station contract in Basra Chinese company got

contract to build 3000mw station Plant only had capacity of 300mw and cost $5 bil twice original price Financed by UK loan

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