Saturday, September 30, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 30 Qasim passed Agrarian Reform Law Broke up power of landlords who had ruled Iraq since Mandate


 

1922 PM Naqib Gaylani named new cabinet Was to pass new Anglo-Iraq Treaty before

            parliament formed so it wouldn’t be debated Ensured British control of Iraq

1924 Frontier Commission appointed to determine border between new nation of Turkey and

            Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1945 UK Ambassador to Iraq Sir Cornwallis said PM Said was no longer interested in his govt

and might be dangerous as a result Sir Cadogan of Foreign Office asked if Said should be removed as a result

(Musings On Iraq review ‘Independent Iraq’ The Monarchy & British Influence, 1941-1958)

1958 Agrarian Reform Law issued by Gen Qasim in attempt to redistribute land from large

            landowners to peasants Broke up power of landlords

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Burdens, Oil, Sanctions and Underdevelopment)

1958 Gen Qasim removed Col Arif as Dep PM and Interior Minister because he was a rival Arif

called for Revolutionary Command Council as means to maintain govt office but Qasim refused

1960 Communists banned for 9 months by Military Tribunal after a sympathizer was killed in

Khadimiya

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1980 Ayatollah Khomeini refused all talks with Iraq to end war Demanded Saddam step down

Iraq had to admit it was aggressor Pay reparations Basra was to come under Iranian control until Iraq paid debt Referendum in Kurdistan or autonomy or joining Iran

1980 Iranian air force launched Op Scorch Sword attacking Iraq’s Osirak nuclear facility Only

minimal damage Iran also bombed Baghdad

1980 Iraqis were stopped outside Dezful Ahvas and Abadan in Khuzistan province Allowed Iran

            to re-supply and have access to Shatt al-Arab

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1980 Soviet’s Brezhnev said Iran and Iraq both friends of USSR 2 needed to negotiate end to war

            Soviets main military supporter of Iraq

1980 State Dept told Italy’s Foreign Ministry that USSR turned down request by Iraq for

            additional military equipment

1981 Plane crash killed Iran’s Defense Minister Air Force chief Chief of general staff

1982 Iranian Op Muslim ibn Aqil Attacked between Qasr e-Shirin and Sumer in center Goal was

to invade Diyala take Baquba and threaten Baghdad 60,000 Iranians vs 36,000 Iraqis Only advanced 6 mi before counterattacked by Iraq forced withdrawal

1984 Iran Op Val Fajr 7 attacked Meimak Heights central front to stop Iraqi shelling of area

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

2001 Report Al Qaeda defector said bin Laden did not like Saddam because of his attacks upon

            Muslim civilians

2001 Iraqi defector told Sunday Telegraph Saddam started crash program to produce WMD in

            six months

2001 CIA interviewed Iraqi defector Abu Zainab Qairy who claimed Iraq trained terrorists at

Salman Pak in Baghdad CIA did not believe his story Abu Zainab Qairy then went to INC who got his story into the press

2002 Iraq and UN negotiated new weapons inspections in Vienna but blocked 8 presidential sites

            US rejected deal

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 NYTimes OpEd by Clinton era counterterrorism official Benjamin said Saddam thought

            bin Laden a threat and 2 didn’t cooperate

2002 UK Special Planning Group paper raised concerns that US not adequately planning for

postwar Iraq Worried deBaathification could undermine any new govt Warned about maintaining law and order Said more planning was needed

2003 UN Sec Gen Anan said that UN would only renew its role in Iraq if sovereignty passed to

            an interim govt

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld aide ate with Pentagon Def Policy Board member Gingrich and Dep Sec

            Def Wolfowitz who were lobbying against Bremer

2003 Def Policy Board member Gingrich would later say Bremer at CPA was biggest foreign

            policy disaster in recent times

2003 Bush told Justice Dep investigating possible unauthorized disclosure of undercover CIA

official fmr Amb Wilson’s wife VP Cheney’s office had leaked her name to press to discredit Wilson

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 Constitutional preparatory committee came up with 3 ways to name delegates to

            constitutional committee Couldn’t agree on which to use

2003 Iraqi Governing Council ordered top 4 levels of Baathists be fired with no exceptions US

            had been giving exceptions

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 8 – Muddling Through August-October 2003)

(Musings On Iraq The Baathist Purge In Post-Saddam Iraq, A Short History Of DeBaathification)

2004 Iraq Survey Group final report said Saddam considered Iran existential threat to Iraq

            Thought only way to deter Tehran was WMD

(Musings On Iraq Was Iraq An Imminent Threat To The West?)

2004 Iraq Survey Group said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were for rockets not centrifuges

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2004 UK intel report said Sunnis did not believe in politics because didn’t gain anything Said

majority of Sunnis supported insurgency Felt loss of power fear of Shiite rule Iranian influence United by opposition to occupation Sunnis believed armed struggle rather than politics could achieve their goals

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 9.3 July 2004 To May 2005)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency In Iraq)

2005 UK Defense and Foreign Offices assessment of Sep 19 Basra fighting Said challenged UK

policy in south Said political parties and militias greatest threat and UK had few options to deal with them Suggested Baghdad crackdown on south Replace Basra police chief Accelerate UK withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 9.4 June 2005 To May 2006)

2007 Report Sahwa expanded 30,000 tribesmen organized by US so far included 8,000 in

            Mansour and Abu Ghraib in Baghdad 3,500 in Diyala

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 Sheikh announced 20 Tribal Support Councils created in Dhi Qar by PM Maliki Support

            Councils led to attacks upon sheikhs in political rivalry between ISCI and Dawa

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

(Musings On Iraq Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils Appear To Be Paying Off)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 Def Sec Gates criticized US military for mishandling Iraq Said military was slow to adapt

            to counterinsurgency Pentagon got in the way of commanders who tried to change

2008 Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon reported that due to Amnesty Law 690 corruption cases had

            been stopped

2008 Report Baghdad Sahwa afraid of govt take over Afraid of arrests US told Maliki govt

couldn’t enforce any warrants from last 6 months US said 3400 of 54000 Sahwa in Baghdad had been integrated into ISF

2009 Protest in Mosul against Peshmerga being in Ninewa

2009 Report Sadrists said they were against 2nd term for PM Maliki

2009 PM Maliki released over 100 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq members in deal where group said it

renounced violence and would run in 2010 elections Didn’t do either

(Musings On Iraq League Of Righteous Breaks Off talks With Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2009 Poll by Integrity Comm 79% said they had to pay bribes to officials 20% said they offered

money to officials

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2009 Report Sahwa complained about govt arresting members Said US abandoned them Maliki

govt said only arresting criminals Member of National Sec Council claimed power struggles within sahwa led to members quitting

2010 Report Nabucco group said Iraq would be a main supplier of natural gas exports to Europe

Said more reliable than Turkmenistan or Azerbaijan KRG also signed deal to export natural gas with German company Neither happened

2010 Report Special Groups cmdr Sheibani back to work Supported by Iran to attack US before

2011 withdrawal Also backed by Hezbollah

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran Activates Another Shiite Special Group)

2010 IMF asked Iraq where $40 bil from budget surplus went Maliki govt claimed it was for

repaying loans and advances Finance Min never gave details to IMF

2012 Report KRG had 17,112 foreign domestic workers registered Were from Nepal Indonesia

India Pakistan Irbil had most with 13,596 Run by 4 companies Some brought in illegal foreign workers Some involved in prostitution and smuggling Foreign workers sent $62 mil back to their home countries Economist said would’ve been better to give jobs to Kurds who would spend money in domestic economy

2012 Report Iraq would randomly check Iranian flights to Syria that stopped in Iraq Came after

US protested that Iran sent weapons to Syria over Iraqi airspace Iraq denied that but it was happening with support of Maliki govt

2013 Wife of Pres Talabani Hero Ibrahim Ahmed gave up head of PUK in Sulaymaniya Part of

            power struggle within party and election defeats

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Patriotic Union Of Kurdistan Faces The Abyss)

2014 UK launched first air strikes on IS

2014 Cabinet authorized govt to provide weapons, equipment, salaries to Hashd

2014 Report IS controlled around 40% of Iraq’s wheat farming areas Deprived Christians and

Yazidis of food Seized crops mills and livestock Was controlling farmers who sold products to govt

2015 Report 16 Turkish workers kidnapped in Baghdad by Hashd released Happened after

            Shiites allowed to leave 2 Syrian villages that were under siege

2015 Report ISF said around 50 people kidnapped by Hashd on highway from KRG to Baghdad

Some ransomed Some killed May 4 bodyguards of Pres Masum kidnapped and not seen again

2017 Iraqi military said it was going to take over Kurdish border posts by stationing troops on

            Turkish and Iranian side in retaliation for independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 Iraq-Iran formed committee to discuss building pipeline to deliver Kirkuk oil to Iranian

refinery never happened

2018 KRG held parliamentary elections Had low voter turnout 58.4% Gunmen stormed voting

center in Sulaymaniya and stole ballots and boxes Results KDP 45 seats PUK 21 Gorran 12

(Musings On Iraq New KRG Elections Unlikely To Change Politics In Iraq’s Kurdistan)

2018 US govt report IS controlled Iraq-Syria border Still involved in drug trafficking extortion

Attacked electricity infrastructure Brought in people from Syria IS focusing upon rural-mountain areas  ISF had poor intel operational security corruption top down leadership to counter IS ISF still relied upon US for intel reconnaissance Poor command meant ISF leadership didn’t know what units were doing Still human rights abuses State Dept said Iraq slow to rebuild after war Slowed returns of displaced

2019 Report Interior Min bought 4000 Mitsubishi trucks Was stopped by inspector general

over corruption questions Went ahead and then Interior Min officials were arrested afterward for inflating prices

2019 Oil Min facing new corruption charges by parliament Wanted to know about high

percentage of water and impurities in oil Stalled Faw port project Lack of accounting with Basra and South Gas companies

2019 Report IS families moved from Baiji to Tikrit to Shirqat in Salahaddin Were towns in

Suleiman Beq Amerli and 40 villages in surrounding area that were 100% destroyed

2020 Hezbollah Al-Nujaba said US embassy was a military target and Iraq would not accept US

occupation

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sheikh Akram Al-Kaabi and Hezbollah al-Nujaba)

2020 Iraqi MP warned 3 mil voting cards were missing and could be used to cheat in 2021

            election

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi MP Warns Of Potential Voter Fraud In 2021, Does It Matter?)

2020 Report After Abu Muhandis and Quds Force Cmdr Gen Suleimani assassinated in Jan pro-

Iran Hashd changed Many new groups announced that took credit for attacks on US rather than main groups Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Kataib Hezbollah Hezbollah al-Nujaba etc

2020 Pro-Iran group fired rockets at Irbil from Ninewa

2021 Report Halbusi elected speaker in deal with Fatah and Iran Didn’t follow through with

promises so Iran dropped support and gave it to Khamis Khanjar Halbusi went to UAE for support

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