Sunday, October 1, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 1 Saddam halted military ops in Iran for 1 wk Sign invasion gone wrong

(Getty Images)


1920 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra as new British high commissioner of Iraq Was told to

prepare for Iraqi independence

1967 Law No 123 gave Iraqi National Oil Company more power and right to develop north Rumaila

oil field Attempt to break hold of Iraqi Petroleum Company over Iraq’s oil

1968 Bakr govt and Kurds started fighting once again

(Musings On Iraq Pres Bakr, Saddam, And Iraq’s Kurds Before The Anfal Campaign)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1972 US opened Interests Section in Baghdad after diplomatic relations were ended in 1967

1978 Iraq Revolutionary Command Council said it would get Arab League to reject Egypt-Israeli

peace deal

1978 Iraq offered to send military forces to Syria to replace Egyptians that withdrew under Camp

David Accord

1980 Saddam halted military operations in Iran for one week

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1980 Iran declared maritime blockade of Iraq

1980 Iran letter to UN blamed Iraq for war claiming it violated Algiers Treaty Supported anti-

revolutionary groups Gave them weapons and sent agents into Iran for sabotage Expelled 40000 Iraqis Said Tehran not willing to follow UN calls for ceasefire

1980 Iraq retaliated for Iranian bombing of Osirak reactor and Baghdad by bombing Hamadan air


1982 Iran attacked again in Op Muslim ibn Aqil in central front and broke through Iraqi lines Iraq

counterattacked and drove them back once again

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 After international pressure France said it would delay shipping 5 Super Etendard fighter

bombers to Iraq but went ahead secretly

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1997 Inspectors went to Special Security Org and Special Republican Guard facilities but found they had just

been turned into presidential offices Interviewed Special Sec Org officers about WMD docs found but wouldn’t cooperate Head inspector Butler ordered inspection of their offices

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2001 Weekly Standard article argued Iraq connected to 9/11 and Saddam had to be removed

2001 William Safire OpEd in New York Times claimed Al Qaeda operative was armed by Iraq

2001 Badr met with Barzani and KDP officials in Irbil Badr asked Barzani about US intentions in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Early Report On Iran’s Activities In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2002 Head UN inspector Blix met with Iraqi delegation Iraq agreed to UN Res 1284 and new

unconditional inspections Iraq gave CDs on its nuclear facilities to IAEA

2002 Bush said military option wasn’t first choice with Iraq but disarming country was Part of

strategy to privately work on war plans while publicly denying it

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2002 Bush and VP Cheney met with Congressmen to lobby them over Iraq

2002 White House spokesman Fleischer said that assassinating Saddam would be cheaper way out of

Iraq crisis

2002 Natl Intel Estimate (NIE) on Iraq released Said Iraq had WMD Reported renewed production of

mustard, sarin, cyclosporine, VX Reports Iraq bought chemicals and equipment for limited chemical weapons production Had little info on chemical stockpiles, but could be 100-500 metric tons Said all parts of biological weapons program active Had low confidence Iraq would use WMD and no intel that Iraq planning to attack US Speculated that in desperation Iraq might use Al Qaeda for WMD attack on US State Dept had 11 page annex with disagreements with NIE’s findings Said US intelligence community had no compelling case Iraq had active nuclear program Didn’t believe Iraq-Niger uranium story Said Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for centrifuges Sign of renewed nuclear program State and Energy Depts disagreed that aluminum tubes were for centrifuges Air Force intelligence didn’t think UAVs for WMD but rather for reconnaissance

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq The CIA’s Shoddy Pre-War Intelligence Reporting: The Case Of Iraq’s Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs))

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 CPA Governor of Anbar Mines told Bremer CPA and military should work together to create a

new Iraqi security force

2004 Start of Operation Baton Rouge to clear Samara of insurgents before Jan 2005 elections

2005 Marines launched Op Iron Fist aimed at Qaim border region of Anbar

2006 Health Ministry released partial figures for 1,089 civilian deaths in Aug 06 Passed previous high

of 1,065 in Jul 06 UN counted 6,559 deaths from July-Aug 06

2006 Natl Sec Adv Hadley ordered drafting of new strategy for Iraq

2006 Report US public and private assessments of Iraq different Publicly said things improving

Privately talked about violence increasing into 07 Had been getting message Iraq getting worse since 04 and yet had no strategy to win war and being told that was only possible outcome

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2006 26 workers at a shop kidnapped in Amil neighborhood 10 of their bodies later found

Police said 50 bodies found in Baghdad in 24 hours 22 Sunnis from Rashid Baghdad kidnapped by 2nd Natl Police Div

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2009 PM Maliki announced new State of Law list to run in 2010 elections without any prominent

Sunni member Would not join other Shiite parties in National Alliance

(Musings On Iraq Malik’s New State Of Law List May Not Be Enough)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Shiite Parties Unite To Sideline Allawi, Up Next Maliki)

2009 US Iraq cmdr Gen Odierno said when US military left in 2011 probably couldn’t declare

victory in Iraq Said would take 5-10 years afterward to tell how Iraq turned out

2009 Report Oil Min told China’s Sinopec would be excluded from next oil field auction Told

SKorea’s SK Energy couldn’t buy oil from Iraq anymore Was because both did work in KRG

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Ready To Blacklist Major Chinese Oil Company and Maybe South Korean One As Well)

2010 National Alliance picked PM Maliki as its candidate for premier due to Sadr switching to back

Maliki under Iranian pressure

(Musings On Iraq Sadr’s Conditional Support For Maliki)

(Musings On Iraq Sadr’s Decision To Support Maliki And Its Effect Within And Without Iraq)

2010 Report Ayatollah Haeri in Iran issued fatwa to support PM Maliki for 2nd term Believed that

was reason why Sadr switched from opposing Maliki to supporting him

2010 KRG Natural Resource Min said KRG had enough natural gas for domestic use and export to

Europe via Nabucco pipeline Baghdad said it would provide natural gas for Nabucco Neither happened

2011 Police training transferred from US military to State Dept State couldn’t handle it because of lack

of money and personnel

(Musings On Iraq How The State Department’s Iraq Police Training Program Turned Out To Be A Flop)

2013 Report WHO and Iraqi govt report on birth defects found no connection with Coalition use of

depleted uranium munitions Survey asked mothers about births since 1980s Birth defects went from 7.6 per 1000 births in 1988 to 26.2 per 1000 in 2003 Criticized because not based upon health records many of which didn’t exist but interviews Also for not including enough districts

2013 Electricity Min said it would end power crisis by end of 2013 Said would reach 13000mw

capacity by end of yr and 20000mw capacity by end of 2014 Claimed major cities were receiving 20 hrs of power/day Blamed Oil Min for not providing enough fuel for generators Also stealing of electricity Didn’t reach goals

2013 Report PUK’s Hero Ibrahim was still on party’s politburo after resigned being head of PUK

            in Sulaymaniya Was still a leader within PUK Part of power struggle within PUK

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Patriotic Union Of Kurdistan Faces The Abyss)

2014 US sent Apache helicopters to Iraq to protect forces there and later offensive ops against IS

(Musings On Iraq review Degrade And Destroy, The Inside Story Of The War Against the Islamic State, From Barack Obama To Donald Trump)

2014 Report Peshmerga said Hashd carried out revenge attacks in Salahaddin Went into village and

destroyed Sunni homes and businesses Badr cmdr in Suleiman Beq said they were fighting jihad against IS Said had right to kill Sunnis and take their property if with IS Harassed Kurds as well

2014 ISF Hashd Peshmerga worked to clear 5 villages in Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin Army cleared

Fallujah Univ south of city Peshmerga freed Rabia Ninewa

2016 100 of 136 principals in Halabja joined strike over not being paid by KRG

2017 Gorran blamed Pres Barzani for crisis between Irbil and Baghdad saying he ignored warnings

about independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Quicksilver War, Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict)

2017 KRG announced Referendum Committee was becoming Kurdistan Region’s Supreme Political


2017 UN offered to mediate between Baghdad and Irbil over KRG independence referendum

2018 Gorran and New Generation claimed fraud in KRG election

2019 Protests in Baghdad Basra Maysan Qadisiya Dhi Qar Wasit Muthanna Babil Karbala Najaf Four

killed by security forces in Baghdad and Nasiriya Govt building in Nasiriya set on fire Demands went from jobs and services to PM Abdul Mahdi resigning by end of day

(Musigns On Iraq Iraqi Security Forces Kill At Least 4 Protesters Creating Crisis Govt Was Hoping To Avoid)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2019 Report Aug Abdul Mahdi govt closed Mandali border crossing between Diyala-Iran Said

informal crossing Reports that it was used for smuggling drugs Controlled by Hashd Ninewa border crossings to Syria controlled by pro-Iran Hashd US signed deal with Abadi govt to have US companies manage and secure Baghdad-Jordan highway Iran and its Iraqi allies blocked deal PKK and YPG in Sinjar controlled border crossings KDP controlled 2 border crossings Badr and Kataib Hezbollah controlled Basra-Iran crossing

2020 Marches in Baghdad Basra Dhi Qar Muthann Maysan Wasit Kirkuk to mark one year

anniversary of protest movement in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iraqis Mark One Year Anniversary Of Protest Movement And Voice Frustration)

2020 Kazemi govt said it arrested people for rocket attack upon Irbil Nothing happened to them

2022 Activists protested in Baghdad Basra Najaf Diwaniya Wasit Dhi Qar Muthanna Maysan to mark

anniversary of movement Sadrists joined in Baghdad Were clashes with police in Baghdad and Basra

(Musings On Iraq Protesters Mark 3 Yr Anniversary Of Movement Marred By Sadrists)

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 24 Treaty of Lusanne said League of Nations would decide whether Mosul vilayet went to Iraq or Turkey

  1920 France occupied Syria Defeated King Faisal’s forces leading him to flee Would set sites on Mesopotamia afterward ...