Thursday, April 23, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 23


1917 British Samarra Offensive ended in victory over Ottomans British suffered 18,000
casualties
1920 Ataturk gave speech demanding Turkey’s southern territories include Mosul and Sulaymaniya
(Musings On Iraq article on how Mosul province became part of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Princeton’s Sara Pursley on Sykes-Picot and creation of Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)
(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)
1941 PM Gaylani asked for German military intervention in case of war with England
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
1941 London decided to land an entire division from India in Basra
(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1948 Kirkuk oil workers protested against Anglo-Iraq Treaty
1981 Iran began attack to retake Qasr e-Shirin central front
1986 Iran Op Al Fajr 9 in Kurdistan Overran Rawanduz Included KDP
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)
(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)
(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)
1989 Ali Hassan al-Majid’s special powers over northern Iraq for Anfal ended
(Musings On Iraq article on Anfal campaign)
1990 Report Iraq increased arms spending after Iran-Iraq War Largest arms importer in world since 1985
Accounted for 9% of world’s arms purchases
1991 Barzani said that guarantees would be needed for any deal with Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
2002 Pentagon memo said UN would hold a postwar conference to pick Iraqi leaders like what happened
in Afghanistan Said Iraqi exiles would be put in charge of POW camps for former regime members and would take over Iraqi military Said provisional govt would be set up as quickly as possible so US could withdraw
(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
2003 Iraq oil started flowing for fist time since US invasion Iraq shut down oil flow Mar 20
(Musings On Iraq Review Iraq and the Politics of Oil, An Insider’s Perspective)
2003 USAID official told Nightline rebuilding Iraq could cost US $1.7 bil and Iraqi oil and donors would
pay for rest
(Musings On Iraq article Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 4 Staging in Kuwait)
2003 ORHA head Garner came up with list of 9 objectives to accomplish for postwar Iraq including paying
salaries return police and ministries etc
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq and Back, Inside The War To Win The Peace)
(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)
2003 White House said confident Iraq’s WMD would be found
2003 NY Times article Iraqi scientists told US Iraq destroyed all its WMD equipment before invasion US
now looking for programs rather than WMD stocks Said US would be getting info on Iraq’s WMD from Chalabi and INC Was false
2003 Up to 3 mil participated in Arbaeen ceremony that had been banned under Saddam
2003 Protest in Kut Wasit blocked US convoy for 4 hours
2003 Report thousands of Arabs were being evicted from Kirkuk by Kurds and forming militias to protect
themselves
(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)
(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In
2003)
2003 1st US troops arrived in Fallujah 2 weeks after end of invasion
(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2004 Bremer TV speech said CPA had made mistakes Welcomed back ex-soldiers into army Said
complaints about deBaathification were legitimate US streamlining how it dealt with prisoners
(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2004 PM Blair and foreign policy adv Manning told Bush and Natl Sec Adv Rice to delay another attack
upon Fallujah
(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2004 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Sanchez ordered investigation into military intel practices due to Abu Ghraib
prison scandal
2005 UN Sec Gen Annan blamed US and UK for Iraq smuggling under Oil For Food program in 90s rather
than UN
2007 Report KRG starting nationwide ad campaign in US to promote Kurdistan as the “Other Iraq”
2008 Female suicide bomber attacked police station in Diyala killing 18
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)
2009 KRG Premier Barzani criticized Hadbaa party for monopolizing all the seats on Ninewa council
(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)
(Musings On Iraq Arab-Kurdish Divide Over New Ninewa Provincial Council)
(Musings On Iraq Ninewa Struggles Between Arabs and Kurds Continue)
(Musings On Iraq Troubles Continue In Ninewa Over Results Of Provincial Elections)
2009 Iraq claimed it captured IS leader Abu Omar Baghdadi Didn’t happen Coincided with new wave of
bombings in Baghdad Might have been PM Maliki’s attempt to claim his govt was doing something about new violence
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq’s claim to have arrested Baghdadi)
(Musings On Iraq on false story of arresting Baghdadi)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)
2009 AP est that 110,600 Iraqis died since 2003 invasion Said actual numbers might be 10-20% higher
59,957 were killed during 2006-07 civil war
(Musings On Iraq article on AP Iraqi death estimate)
2010 5 car bombs hit Shiite mosques in Baghdad 72 dead
(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)
2011 Karbala governor said province should think about becoming a federal region
2011 5,000 protested in Mosul demanding release of prisoners
2011 Sadrists marched in Baghdad against US occupation
2012 Iran tried to work out deal between PM Maliki and Sadr but failed Sadr moved into growing critic of
Maliki’s rule
2012 Iraq’s Foreign Ministry called in Turkey’s ambassador complaining about Ankara’s interference in
Iraqi politics
2013 PM Maliki ordered raid on Hawija protest camp run by Naqshibandi leading to over 40 dead and 70
wounded Violence spiked in Iraq after Hawija raid and helped mark return of insurgency
2013 Mohammed Abu Risha called for protesters to arm themselves after ISF attack upon Hawija protest
site
2013 Clash between protesters and ISF in Ramadi 6 soldiers killed
2013 Fighting broke out between ISF and insurgents in Suleiman Beq Salahaddin
2013 British court found maker of fake bomb detectors guilty of 3 counts of fraud Iraq govt continued to
use devices
2014 PM Maliki ordered Office of Commander in Chief to raise a popular army using militias to help with
security
2016 Fighting broke out again between Hashd, Turkmen vs Peshmerga Kurds in Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin

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