Tuesday, April 28, 2020

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 28


1922 UK Iraq Commissioner Cox said King Faisal racially weak for disagreeing with him
1929 Tawfiq al-Suwaidi became premier of Iraq Would hold that office 3 times
1941 PM Gaylani and Golden Square officers decided to go to war with UK Asked Axis for military
and financial aid for second time to be used against British
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Boich World War II In Iraq and Syria)
1941 UK Amb to Iraq told PM Gaylani second contingent of UK troops landing at Basra Gaylani
refused them entry Amb ordered start of evacuation of UK civilians from Iraq
1941 364 UK troops airlifted to Habaniya air base in Anbar
(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)
(Musings On Iraq review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)
1947 Mustafa Barzani and 500 supporters returned to Iraq from Iran
1959 Communist paper editorial demanded positions in Qasim govt Turned down
(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)
(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)
1973 Iraq offered to talk with Kuwait over border dispute
1974 Iraq bombed Halabja killing 42 and wounding over 100 during KDP rebellion
(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)
(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
1990 Iraq hosted Arab summit Saddam attacked Kuwait for economic warfare vs Iraq
1990 Saddam asked Emir of Kuwait if Iraq could use two of its islands Emir said no
1991 US led Coalition created safe zone for Kurds near Dohuk after uprising put down
(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)
(Musings On Iraq Review The United States And Iraq Since 1990, A Brief History With Documents)
1992 Report CIA continued to give intel to Iraq until day it invaded Kuwait in Aug 90
1998 Inspectors report to UN said no progress in last 4 months due to confrontation with Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)
(Musings On Iraq article Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)
2001 Report 9/11 terrorist Mohammed Atta met with Iraqi intel officer in Prague Story false
2002 US military leaked story to press that Iraq invasion could use a force as small as 70,000 Was push
back against Sec Def Rumsfelds small invasion force
(Musings On Iraq article on war in the press over Rumsfeld’s invasion plan)
(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade Iraq)
2003 Protest in Fallujah led to shooting US troops killed 17 and wounded more than 70 Start of
insurgency in city
(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2003 ORHA Garner met with 350 Iraqis in Baghdad and told them they were in charge of Iraq said
would be meeting to create interim govt in 4 weeks Garner then left and meeting broke down into arguments
(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)
2003 Dep Sec of Def Wolfowtiz said US occupation of Iraq would not need as many troops as invasion
did
2003 Pentagon paper said interim Iraqi govt had not been decided upon
2003 Gen Franks asked UK to take control of 5 southern Iraqi provinces UK said could only handle 4
Basra Maysan Dhi Qar Muthanna
2003 UK report Iran sending in groups into southern Iraq to influence postwar situation
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2004 Fighting between US marines and insurgents continued in Fallujah while US commander claimed
ceasefire holding
2004 Marines began forming Fallujah Brigade to take over security of city
(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)
2004 UK intel assessment said another attack upon Fallujah would make political and security situation
in Iraq worse
(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
2004 UN Rep Brahimi reported to Security Council that interim govt would serve until elections held in
late 2004-early 2005
2004 General Mark Kimmitt deputy director of Coalition operations in Iraq told CBS News he was
disappointed in a few soldiers for Abu Ghraib scandal
2005 PM Jaafari’s cabinet approved by parliament 5 ministers and 1 dep PM either empty or temporary
pending deal with Sunnis Defense Oil Electricity and Human Rights Ministers not been named yet
2005 US pressured PM Jaafari to name partial cabinet because filling ministers was taking too long
2005 SCIRI head Abdul Aziz al-Hakim gave speech threatening to purge the security forces of former
regime members
(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
2005 MP Mishan al-Jabouri accused Shiites of dividing Iraq and Sunnis were marginalized
2006 New US military campaign plan issued continuing with withdrawal
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
2007 Report ex-CIA Dir Tenet’s book said WMD not main reason why US invaded Iraq but that Bush
wanted democratic change in Middle East Said Pentagon officials like Wolfowitz and Feith focused on Iraq before 9/11 Said on 9/11 Def Policy Board member Richard Perle said Iraq responsible for attack and had to pay Said State and Pentagon at war with each other over Iraq Said US had no postwar plan for Iraq other than to put Chalabi in power Said White House ignored warnings about insurgency and failing policies in Iraq in 03 Said White House called CIA defeatists
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)
2007 ISI set off bomb in front of Karbala shrine 58 killed 170 wounded
2008 ISCI and Dawa delegation went to Iran to meet Sadr and Iran Rev Guards Quds Force’s Gen
Suleimani to negotiate ceasefire to end Charge of Knights
(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)
2010 Court acquitted former Trade Min Sudani of corruption for lack of evidence after witnesses
disappeared or changed testimony under pressure from State of Law
2010 Accountability and Justice banned Iraqiya members of Diyala council for Baath past
2010 Baathists held meeting in Damascus trying to unify two factions of Mohammed Yunis and Izzat al-
Duri
2011 1920 Rev Brigades and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq agreed to disarm and join politics after talks with
National Reconciliation Min Didn’t happen
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
2011 Chief of staff of ISF Gen Zebari said Iraq would not be able to defend itself until 2020
2011 US Gen 25th Inf Div said Iranian backed Special Groups were attacking US forces
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
2011 Sadrists said that if US stayed passed end of year that would justify attacks upon them
2012 Pres Barzani Pres Talabani Sadr Speaker Nujafi and Allawi met in Irbil to discuss no confidence vote
against PM Maliki
2012 Sadr issued demands to PM Maliki saying he would be removed if didn’t submit to them
2012 Pres Talabani tried to moderate between Maliki Barzani and Allawi over having no confidence vote
against PM
(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
2013 Sheikh Abu Risha turned over 2 people said responsible for killing 5 soldiers at Fallujah protest site
2014 Ibrahim Jaafari said that PM Maliki’s mistakes led to deterioration in security
2014 ISIS seized control of 6 voting centers in Qara Tapa, Diyala
2014 Iran signed oil and natural gas deal with KRG
2014 Special voting started in national elections for parliament
2015 Badr’s Amiri said Hashd would not wait for permission to enter Anbar Were already there
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
2015 Sadr criticized Hashd trying to politicize fight against IS to gain power

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