Tuesday, December 12, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 12 Dawa members including Abu Muhandis bombed US & French embassies in Kuwait killing 8 Retaliation for air strikes in Lebanon


 

1922 Sir Herbert Samuel proposed UK create Arab state of Iraq Hijaz Palestine Trans-Jordan

maybe Najd Samuel believed Arab state would contain pan-Arabism and contain fears of increased Jewish presence in Palestine

 

1932 Shiite leaders told Yasin Hashemi they would back him for PM if they got majority of cabinet

posts

1938 PM Midfai’s cabinet used Seditious Propaganda Law to exile fmr PM Gaylani and his followers

to far off parts of Iraq Were setting off bombs in Baghdad to oppose govt

1969 Pres Bakr said no foreign agent or saboteur would remain in Iraq during show trials

and executions in Baghdad Meant to rally support for regime

1973 Govt offered new autonomy plan for Kurds but rejected by Mustafa Barzani and KDP

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1981 Iranian Op Matla al-Fajar attacked Qasr e-Shirin area in center across from Diyala Took Geilan

Zarb and Sar e-Pol e-Zahab

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Iraq fired missiles at 6 Iranian cities killing 24 and wounding 283

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1983 Dawa members including Abu Muhandis working for Iran set off 5 bombs at US and French

embassies and other targets in Kuwait killing 6 wounding 80 Was retaliation for US and French air attacks in Lebanon

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Transnational Shia Politics, Religious and Political Networks in the Gulf)

1991 Consignment of paper for hospitals and doctors for Iraq blocked by US in UN sanctions

committee

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

1996 Uday Hussein seriously injured in assassination attempt in Baghdad by Nahdah opposition group

Wasn’t released from hospital until June 97

1998 UN inspections were called off due to Iraq non-cooperation

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2001 Gen Franks briefed Def Sec Rumsfeld on invasion preparations and estimated costs with start

time in spring 2002

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 US Special Forces captured Mohammed Musslit who led them to Saddam

2003 CPA adv Diamond told Natl Sec Adv Rice that US should include UN in CPA’s plans to create

            new Iraqi govt Could alleviate Sistani’s demands for elections

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 11

Restoring Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2003 US guards at Abu Ghraib prison took pictures of themselves abusing Iraqi prisoners

2005 DIA report Insurgents recruiting networking training in Iraqi prisons Could be more dangerous

after release

2005 Def Sec Rumsfeld told US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey and US Iraq Amb Khalilzad insurgents

networking in Iraqi jails

2005 Report early 05 Islamist insurgents met with Al Qaeda in Iraq asking for a joint command Al

Qaeda in Iraq said no wanting control

2005 2nd meeting of Anbar Gov Alwani sheikhs and US Focused upon how to secure province

Decided creating police would be foundation of effort

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Before And After the Awakening Pt X, 2005-09 Governor Mamoun Alwani)

2005 Anbar security council met with Gen Casey and Def Min Dulaimi Council rejected Al Qaeda in

Iraq agreed to work with Baghdad and US Agreed to recruiting tribesmen into ISF

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2006 Report US pushing for new ruling coalition that would exclude Sadr Would include Kurds

Accordance Front ISCI PM Maliki was standoffish because Sadr put him in office and was afraid new coalition would replace him as PM

2006 Bush told NSC he was not going to announce Surge until Jan 07 Wanted new Def Sec Gates in

office

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 American Enterprise Institute released report on war by Frederick Kagan, Kenneth Pollack,

Gen. Keane Called for troop surge

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq Reassessing The US Surge, And Recognizing Iraqi Agency In Ending The 2005-2008 Civil War In Iraq An Interview With New America Foundation’s Douglas Ollivant)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

2006 Out going US ground forces cmdr Gen Chiarelli said Iraq couldn’t be won militarily Was

frustrated that was only thing US focused on Said Iraqi police infiltrated more by militias then he thought and would take longer to remove them Said bringing down unemployment in Iraq should have been a US priority

(Musings On Iraq From Bad To Worse How Military Moved Into The Iraqi Police Force And The United States Failed At Nation Building Part Two Of An Interview With Jerry Burke Former Advisor To The Baghdad Police And Interior Ministry)

2006 Car bomb in central Iraq targeted day laborers killed 71 and wounded 236

2008 Senate Armed Service Comm report blamed Def Sec Rumsfeld and other Bush admin officials

for Abu Ghraib prison scandal Rejected White House claim torture was necessary for national security Rejected Rumsfeld’s claims his orders on enhanced interrogation had nothing to do with Abu Ghraib

2009 Iraq ended 2nd auction for international energy companies to invest in oil fields 4 more bids

accepted for total of 7 Oil Min Shahristani claimed Iraq could reach 12 mil/bar/day in capacity in 6 yrs Would reach a quarter of that mark

(Musings On Iraq Will New Oil Deals Provide Jobs For Iraqis?)

(Musings On Iraq 2nd Round of Bidding On Iraq’s Oil Fields Ends As A Success)

(Musings On Iraq Analysts Say Impossible For Iraq To Reach Oil Production Goals)

2009 PM Blair said he would still have removed Saddam without WMD and that Saddam was a

threat to world no matter what

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Hans Blix Replies To Tony Blair)

2009 PM Maliki questioned by parliament over Baghdad bombings starting in August MPs

complained about lack of coordination by ISF

2009 Gorran member assassinated and another shot both in Sulaymaniya Rivalry with PUK suspected

2011 Nat Sec Adv Fayad announced NATO training mission would end close of 2011 because govt

would not grant trainers immunity

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Rejects NATO Trainers)

2011 Diyala sent request to PM Maliki’s cabinet to become autonomous region Said was due to neglect

by Baghdad

2012 Diyala council voted to hold a referendum on turning province into a region in response to

            Maliki govt

2012 Report Bureaucracy holding up oil companies expanding in KRG Delays in getting

equipment and visas Companies got inconsistent payments that didn’t cover costs because of KRG-Baghdad oil dispute KRG not creating skilled oil workers for future KRG had shortage of contractors and suppliers Natural Resource Min didn’t have capacity to deal with needs of companies

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2013 Iraq signed $1.1 bil deal to buy 24 FA-50 light fighter jets from South Korea By 2023 were not in

operation

2013 Parliamentarian called on govt to stop blockading Tarmiya Baghdad Said town had been on

lockdown for over a week

2013 Sheikh Dulaimi assassinated north of Ramadi in spate of attacks against Anbar notables

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq’s Anbar Province December 2013)

2014 Report crime wave and kidnappings in Baghdad blamed on Hashd ISF said kidnappers

wore ISF uniforms and drove govt vehicles

2016 Report Protests in Dhi Qar Maysan Basra against VP Maliki visiting Blamed him for attacks

on activists and return of IS

2016 Report IS took 250 people from town south of Mosul and forced them into city to be used as

human shields

2017 Report Baiji Salahaddin freed 2 yrs ago Completely destroyed Salahaddin councilman said no money for rebuilding No people returned By 2023 still empty of people

(Musings On Iraq 1/3 of Iraqi Voters Excluded From 2023 Elections Largely Due To Sectarian Cleansing)

2018 Report Hashd asked Abdul Mahdi govt for control of Syrian border Controlled Qaim

Anbar crossing

2019 KRG announced new deal with Baghdad over 2020 budget KRG would export

250,000 bar/day of oil for Baghdad in return for monthly payments

2019 Report Dec 6 Hashd attacked protest square in Baghdad Kidnapped dozens of people

who were beat stabbed and some killed Some thought up to 85 killed total Hashd let through checkpoints by ISF to and from square Abdul Mahdi govt claimed it was a clash between Hashd and Sadrists

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi created committee to investigate killings of protesters Nothing

happened

2020 Pro-Iran group fired mortars at Baghdad International Airport

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq Dec 8-14, 2020)

2020 Report Oct Iran told Iraqi allies to stop attacks on US fearing retaliation by Trump Admin

Asaib Ahl Al-Haq carried out attacks anyway

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2021 Report KRG owed almost $5 bil to electricity companies Hindered business and expansion

KRG Electricity Min said debts so big couldn’t pay them KRG also owed billions to oil traders and companies Turkey and creditors

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This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed