Monday, December 11, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 11 Gen Qasim nationalized 99% of Iraq Petroleum’s concessions and created Iraq National Oil Company


1922 UK Colonial Office wrote only reason King Faisal accepted in Iraq was because he was

backed by British


1961 Law 80 Govt took land not used for oil production Was 99.5% of Iraq Petroleum Company’s

concession Created Iraq National Oil Company IPC demanded arbitration Led to talks

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1998 Chief UN inspector Butler met with Natl Sec Adv Berger Said US would strike Iraq

Clinton wanted to send message to Saddam over inspections

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

2001 VP Cheney said that Saddam needed to be careful and see what happened to the Taliban in


(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2002 Pentagon started another post-war planning group just 3 months before invasion

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood Money, Wasted Billions, Lost Lives, and Corporate Greed in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

2002 PM Blair told US impatient and thinking of invading Iraq by mid-Feb 03 Adviser said US

concerned inspectors would find nothing

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 4.3 Iraq WMD Assessments, October 2002 to March 2003)

2002 IAEA went to Tarmiya facility where Iraq had worked on enriched uranium before Gulf War

Found it destroyed US listed it as major nuclear site

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Pentagon audit announced Kellogg Brown & Root overcharged $61 mil for fuel imports to Iraq

2005 Report French intel told CIA several times in 2002 that no evidence to support Iraq-Niger

uranium story

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

2005 National Dialogue Council’s Salah al-Mutlaq called for US to bring back Saddam era police

and soldiers that didn’t have blood on their hands

2005 Sunni sheikhs and clerics in Salahaddin and Baghdad said they would not boycott the Dec 15

elections like they did in January

2005 Report Sunnis connected to insurgency said US withdrawal wouldn’t stop fighting Said civil war

would breakout Islamic Army Mujahadeen Army 1920 Revolution Brigades joined together

2006 Stephen Biddle Eliot Cohen Barry McCaffrey Wayne Downing Frederick Kagan Jack Keane

briefed Bush on options for Iraq Cohen said failure of Vietnam was not having a strategy debate Said Iraq cmdr Gen Casey needed to be replaced by Gen Petraeus McCaffrey and Downing were against Surge Biddle Kagan Keane argued for troop surge Said Bush’s national security team had failed on Iraq and should be replaced

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Strongest Tribe, War, Politics, and the Endgame in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

2006 Report US intel and Pentagon not investing resources to fully understand insurgency and

militias in Iraq

2006 Saudi imams called on Sunnis around the world to mobilize against Iraqi Shiites

(Musings On Iraq The Saudi Role In The Iraqi Insurgency)

2006 Report Iraq not developing economy Ministries spent as little as 15% of investment budgets

Officials blamed anti-corruption codes for not signing contracts Iraq Study Group said most ministries just paid salaries

2006 Bush was involved in talks to push Sadr out of govt US didn’t want PM Maliki to rely on Sadr Bush

met with Hakim and VP Hashemi Lobbied Saudis Jordan Egypt to get Accordance Front to back new governing coalition

2007 Bremer responding to Fmr Dep Def Sec Feith claim that Bremer’s long term policy for

political transition in Iraq responsible for problems said it was Bush who okayed his strategy

2007 Report ISCI’s Hakim appealed to Iran who assured him they would rein in support for Sadr

after series of clashes between Mahdi Army and Badr across south Iraq

2007 Report US military wanted to reform National Police rather than disband it as suggested by US

Jones report ordered by Gen Petraeus because of role in sectarian violence

2007 Report Sadr tried to gain control of Mahdi Army during freeze Wanted to vet fighters

Had special groups that went after rogue elements Had them march in Baghdad and south to keep them in public eye

2008 07 rainfall down 40% Agriculture Min said Iraq losing 5% of arable land/yr Meant increased food

imports Barley crop down 60% Farmers leaving land US Agriculture Dept said Iraq facing disaster

2009 Oil Min started second auction for international energy companies to invest in oil fields 3

bids accepted Were for Majnoon Qayara Halfaya fields

(Musings On Iraq First Day Of New Bidding Round On Iraqi Oil Fields)

(Musings On Iraq 2nd Round of Bidding On Iraq’s Oil Fields Ends As A Success)

2011 Human Rights Min found mass grave in Basra from Saddam era

2012 Report US didn’t want Turkey to sign oil deal with KRG Afraid of KRG independence Turkish

company talking with KRG about oil natural gas exports plus pipeline 03 Turkey against KRG independence 07 PM Erdogan changed Kurdish policy Started relations with KRG Turkey wanted to become energy hub of MidEast and Europe

2013 Anbar govt told sheikhs to take down protests camps until after election Claimed was done so

politicians didn’t exploit protests Was because govt wanted to end protests

2015 Banker said IS made $25 mil/mo from Central Bank of Iraq auctions US Treasury Dept and

Fed Reserve made investigation of auctions Central Bank made changes afterward IS still used auctions IS sent dinars from Mosul Banks to Jordan Then brought money in cash back into Iraq Sent it to exchange houses and Iraqi and Turkish banks that bought dollars in auctions IS then sold dollars at exchange for a profit

2016 VP Maliki went to meeting in Basra Stormed by protesters Forced Maliki to leave

2020 Activist assassinated in Baghdad Another stabbed Report around 20 activists faced

assassinations in last 2 months 11 killed in Baghdad Basra Maysan Karbala Dhi Qar

2020 Over last two days Kurdish security forces killed 7 protesters in Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq’s Kurdistan Over Economic Conditions And Mismanagement)


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