Saturday, December 9, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 9 UN said Abdul Mahdi govt used excessive force and abused protesters While groups were abducting and killing activists


 

1914 Ottoman forces surrendered in Qurna, Basra 1,034 Ottomans taken prisoner End of 1st

            phase of Mesopotamian campaign

 

1915 Ottomans began attack upon British at Kut Repulsed Kut would become one of greatest

            defeats for UK during WWI

1931 PM Said sent army to surround Barzan but was beaten back by followers of Sheikh Ahmed

Barzani

1936 PM Sulaiman govt issued program which included widespread reforms and expansion of

armed forces

1958 Former PM Rashid Ali al-Gaylani arrested by Gen Qasim for plotting a coup Secret trial

            held for those involved Gaylani acquitted for lack of evidence Others got death

1985 Saudis announced attempts at talks with Iran to end Iran-Iraq War failed

1987 Iran launched new offensive in Maysan

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Report US military opposed White House plans to overthrow Saddam Didn't think would

            work

1992 US judge held press conference Said no cover up of US credits that were used by Iraq to buy

arms and tech for its WMD nuclear missiles programs Said nothing wrong with investigation into BNL bank in Atlanta that gave Iraq credit Blamed media for controversy Said CIA made mistakes trying to clear docs for investigations Said CIA did nothing wrong Admitted he didn’t look into whether CIA knew about Iraq loans Also didn’t look into whether arms were exported to Iraq Denied govt pressured prosecutors not to indict BNL in Italy in case Everything he said was a lie

(Musings On Iraq review Spider’s Web, The secret history of how the White House illegally armed Iraq)

1998 Iraq blocked 3rd inspection This one at Baath Party office believed to be hiding missile        

            materials

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2001 VP Cheney told NBC 9/11 hijacker Atta meeting with Iraq intel officer in Prague was pretty

much confirmed Story false Said Iraq hosting terrorists and developing WMD

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The One Percent Doctrine, Deep Inside America’s Pursuit Of Its Enemies Since 9/11)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2002 UK Foreign Office legal adv Sir Wood wrote paper saying UN Resolution 1441 did not

authorize war with Iraq

2002 UK Foreign Office officially asked Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith for legal advice on whether

            2nd UN resolution needed to use force against Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 5 Advice On The Legal Basis For Military Action, November 2002 To March 2003)

2002 Blair ForPolAdv Manning MI6 head Dearlove met NatlSecAdv Rice Said start 03 US

            would go to UN and argue for military action vs Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

2002 UN inspectors found Fallujah II chlorine plant out of service US listed it as WMD site

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Suicide Car bomb on Mosul camp wounded 41 US troops and 6 Iraqi civilians

2004 22 parties including Dawa SCIRI Sadrists INC announced formation of United Iraqi

Alliance for Jan 2005 elections Ayatollah Sistani helped form list to ensure Shiite rule

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

2004 Iraqi Islamic Party submitted 275 candidates for Jan 2005 elections Would be only major

            Sunni party to participate

2004 Bush told families his govt was getting best equipment for US troops in Iraq after Def Sec

            Rumsfeld downplayed complaints

2004 Al Qaeda in Iraq said Shiites were supporting crusaders Called Ayatollah Sistani a collaborator

Attacked Iraqi forces fighting in Fallujah Said that Kurds and Christians were working with the Shiites and called Iraqi Islamic Party hypocrites

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2004 UK intel report Iran supported resistance to occupation of Iraq no hard evidence Iran

behind attacks but likely was Said Iran backed elections while also violence of Iraqi militias

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 9.3 July 2004 To May 2005)

(Musings On Iraq Analysis Of Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq Interview With RAND’s Alireza Nader)

2005 Report Al Qaeda’s Libi’s intel about Iraq-Al Qaeda ties that proved false was acquired

while he was being tortured in Egypt Feb 02 DIA said it was skeptical of his intel while he was in Egypt Libi was highest level Al Qaeda member held by US at time Made statements about Iraq-Al Qaeda ties while in US custody but gave most detailed reports while in Egypt Those were later used by Bush administration in its case for war

2005 Report United Iraqi Alliance breaking up into factions after elections Complaints that it hadn’t

presented a vision for Iraq because not using qualified people

2006 NSC meeting Bush said Maliki was right when he complained didn’t have enough to do his job Said US

had to do more and take away excuses Said US goal in Iraq was victory Had to bring down violence so politics could work in Iraq US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey told Bush Maliki agreed to go after militias that broke law Casey said working on new Baghdad security plan that would put ISF more in the lead

2006 After 3 Sunni families killed by Mahdi Army mass exodus of Sunnis began out of

            Baghdad’s Hurriya

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2006 Pres Talabani called US training program a failure Denounced plans to increase trainers as

putting ISF under foreign control

2006 Report Chief Justice of Saudi Supreme Judicial Council was videotaped in govt mosque in

2004 calling on young Saudis to go fight US in Iraq because it was fighting Muslims

(Musings On Iraq The Saudi Role In The Iraqi Insurgency)

2006 Report Editorial by adv to Saudi Amb to US Said Saudis would back Sunnis against Shiites if US

withdrew

2007 Report Kurds squatting in Kirkuk city said they were told by Kurdish officials in 03 if they

            didn’t move back to city they would have their govt aid and support cut

2008 Ukraine withdrew its forces from Iraq

2009 Chilcot Inquiry Sir Meyer UK Amb to US said timetable for invasion decided before UN

inspectors went to Iraq Meant impossible to finish inspections before US would demand war Said US military told to be ready to invade Iraq by Jan 03

2009 Chilcot Inquiry Gen Viggers UK military rep in Iraq 03 Said UK didn’t know much

about Iraq before invasion Hadn’t done research Said only planned for humanitarian crisis Speed of invasion caught Coalition by surprise Said no sense of direction for occupation

2012 Report Natural Resource Min Hawrami said KRG wanted to export 10 bil cubic meters of natural gas

to Turkey by 2013 Dana Gas produced 10.2 mil metric cubic meters of gas per day Didn’t happen

2012 KRG Finance Min official said bank employee and private contractor stole $21.4 bil in Irbil

2013 Sheikh Issawi hit by sticky bomb in Ramadi dist in spate of attacks upon Anbar notables

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq’s Anbar Province December 2013)

2014 PM Abadi said corruption was as big a threat to Iraq as insurgency Said he was going to fight

it no matter what VP Maliki denied there were ghost soldiers Challenged Abadi to supply facts before accused anyone of graft Abadi did not fight corruption

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2015 Report Badr’s Amiri said Turkey was trying to restore Ottoman empire by deploying troops to

Ninewa Said Badr had right to respond Kataib Hezbollah threatened to attack Turkey Sep 16 Turkish workers kidnapped in Baghdad

2017 PM Abadi announced victory over the Islamic State

2019 Activist survived assassination attempt in Maysan Another escaped attempt in

Karbala and another one killed Doctor also lived after shooting  Activist kidnapped in Basra Journalist found dead in Baghdad

2019 Hashd claimed they were shot at by protesters in Baghdad and responded to save people Blamed

saboteurs for kidnapping protesters Said Sadr’s Sayara al-Salam were carrying weapons at site Came after Kataib Hezbollah attacked protest site and kidnapped people

2019 Entrance to Um Qasr port in Basra blocked again by protesters

2019 UN Abdul Mahdi govt used unlawful and excessive force vs protests Abuses after arrests Were

killings abductions arrests by unknown groups Oct 25 Court said protesters would be charged with terrorism Nov 24 Court reversed that ruling Nov 5 ISF shot at protesters in Um Qasr Basra Killed 2 Nov 5-8 66 protesters killed in Baghdad Nov 6-7 ISF fired at protesters to clear area outside govt building in Basra Burned tents at sit in site Nov 10-11 ISF killed 6 protesters in Baghdad with tear gas cannisters and rubber bullets Dec 1 court issued warrant for ISF commander in Baghdad for killings Nov 16 bomb at sit in site in Baghdad killed 6 Nov 24 ISF killed 4 more at Um Qasr Nov 27-30 Hashd killed 27 protesters in Najaf outside Hakim shrine Nov 27 Iranian consulate in Najaf burned Police withdrew giving Hashd control of city Nov 28 ISF killed 24 protesters in Dhi Qar Nov 29 Killed 17 outside Dhi Qar police station Dec 5 Hashd stabbed to death 9 protesters at sit in site in Baghdad Dec 6-7 Hashd attacked bridge in Baghdad killing 7 Series of assassinations of activists

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 Govt and Gorran offices burned and 1 protester killed in Chamchamal during protests Also

demonstrations in 6 other areas in Sulaymaniya and 2 in Dohuk over jobs services paying govt salaries

(Musings On Iraq Protests In Iraq’s Kurdistan Over Economic Conditions And Mismanagement)

2020 Iraq devalued dinar to help deal with economic crisis

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This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 23 1st Anfal Campaign began against PUK in Sulaymaniya

  1917 British seized Sannaiyat outside Kut after 6 days of fighting British had 1,996 casualties