Friday, December 15, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 15 Elections held for Iraq’s 1st permanent parliament after 2003 invasion


1932 League of Nations Mandate Comm rejected Assyrian petition for autonomy Said Iraqi

govt would settle Assyrians within country or outside of it

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)


1940 Foreign Minister Said wrote memo to PM Gaylani and Regent that Iraq had to back England

during WW2

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1952 PM Mahmoud govt issued royal order that allowed for direct elections

1954 PM Said said Iraq would end unpopular 1930 Anglo-Iraq Treaty in 1957

1958 Fmr PM Gaylani brought back to court with new evidence against him for plotting coup

1958 US Assist Sec of State Rountree visited Iraq His car was attacked by mob

1981 Iraq said it was ready to end war if Iran recognized borders Iran rejected offer

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Saddam told officials that US started war against Iraq in 1986 when it sold weapons to Iran in

Iran-Contra Affair

1998 US told chief UN inspector Butler to remove his team from Iraq before imminent US strike

1998 UN inspector chief report to Security Council said Iraq not cooperating again Was released to

press before UN members got their copies

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

1998 White House told Congressional leaders that a military strike was being planned against Iraq

1998 Clinton told PM Netanyahu that inspection report would be bad and US would bomb Iraq

            as a result

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

1998 Clinton approved strike on Iraq Told PM Blair UK had to prepare

2003 Report Al Qaeda was going to divert fighters and funds from Afghanistan to Iraq

2004 Zarqawi bombing in Karbala killed 7 and wounded aide to Ayatollah Sistani

2005 Iraq held elections for a permanent parliament Some insurgent groups provided

security to make sure Sunnis could vote 75% voter participation Highest of 3 elections in 2005

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 18 – Defeated By Democracy, Winter 2005-2006)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 19 The Iraqi Civil War Comes Into The Open, January-June 2006)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2005 Secular candidate in Basra said afraid Shiite religious parties would use their militias and

police to carry out fraud during election

2005 Police in Najaf drove through city calling on people to vote for the United Iraqi Alliance

2005 Badr tore down election posters of rivals in Basra Maysan Muthanna Burned Allawi’s office

in Samawa Threatened rivals Removed ballots for Allawi in Basra and Amara Stuffed ballot boxes with votes for United Iraqi Alliance

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2006 Bush told PM Maliki to accept Surge as way to bring down violence Maliki said he would

announce it next day Didn't

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 US intel said PM Maliki against Surge Said he didn't like US forces and didn’t want more of

them in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq Reassessing The US Surge, And Recognizing Iraqi Agency In Ending The 2005-2008 Civil War In Iraq An Interview With New America Foundation’s Douglas Ollivant)

2006 Report US cmdr in Diyala said ISF making security situation worse Police accused of

corruption Army made mass arrests Were both almost all Shiite Commander said ISF driving tribes and politicians into hands of insurgents for protection

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

2006 Report Around 100,000 bar/day in oil smuggled in Iraq Political parties vying for control of oil

industry Putting followers into oil companies

2007 Report more than 6 mass graves found in last two months Half of them in Baghdad Thought to

be victims of militias

2007 Islamic Army spokesman said insurgent activity down due to fighting with ISI Said ISI had

declared war on insurgency and it was fighting back

2008 Sec State Rice claimed US crackdown made Iran backdown in Iraq Said Charge of Knights was

turning point

2009 UN report during 2009 elections candidates attacked in Babil Baghdad Diyala Ninewa 6 killed

2010 Report In return for supporting 2nd term for PM Maliki Kurds wanted oil concessions Revenue

sharing law in budget Oil law in 2011 Demanded KRG laws trump federal laws over energy

2010 Report 2011 budget included KRG exporting 150,000 bar/day of oil in return for 17% of

budget and audit of KRG revenues which KRG agreed to but never allowed to happen

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2011 U.S. announced withdrawal of its forces from Iraq

2011 ISF deployed outside homes of VP Hashemi, Fin Min Rafi Issawi and Dep PM Mutlaq in Green

Zone on orders of PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Finance Minister Next On Maliki’s Hit List?)

(Musings On Iraq Once Again Iraq’s Premier Maliki Goes After Former Finance Minister Issawi)

2011 PM Maliki suggested Dep PM Mutlaq be barred from entering parliament at meeting of

National Alliance Idea rejected by list

(Musings On Iraq Premier Maliki Lashes Out At His Political Rivals In The Iraqi National Movement)

2011 Militiamen sent by PM Maliki stormed Diyala council building Set up roadblocks throughout

province to intimidate local govt over move to make province federal region Head of Diyala council had his house set on fire and one of his bodyguards killed Call for region was to protest Maliki govt

(Musings On Iraq Push To Make Iraq’s Diyala Province An Autonomous Region Fades)

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Becoming A Dictator? An Interview With Kirk Sowell Of Inside Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

2012 Report Turkey’s Dep Energy Min said he expected KRG and Turkey to export oil and gas to

intl market in Dec KRG did export oil to Turkey in 2013 but not gas

2013 Sheikh Saadi spiritual leader of Anbar protests had his house shot at in Ramadi

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq’s Anbar Province December 2013)

2013 Report Anbar Gov Diab called people who wanted to defend protest sites idiots Said politicians and

media exploited protests Said police could protect Anbar Some leaders called for people’s army to protect protest sites after clashes with ISF and Hawija massacre by govt

2014 IS attacked Bahgdadi Anbar Stopped by air strikes Attacked Amiriya Fallujah

2015 Report Est IS spent 2/3 of its revenues on military Fighters got full benefits IS had centralized

budget run out of Mosul Spending decentralized Had regional budgets run by governors Had taxes and fines in each province Est spent $20 mil/mo on fighters $15-$20 mil/mo on locals and auxiliaries $10 mil/mo on services Coalition est 30,000 fighters with 50-70,000 members

2015 Obama approved using Apaches in special ops and increase US troops in Iraq

2017 Ayatollah Sistani’s rep called for Hashd to be integrated into the govt All weapons to be under state control Hashd to stay out of politics

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi said he would not apply US sanctions on Iraq-Iran figures in Iraq

2019 Report Mass grave with 643 people found in Anbar Thought to be displaced

kidnapped and killed by Hashd

(Musings On Iraq Missing 600 From Anbar’s Saqlawiya Finally Found Dead?)

(Musings On Iraq Crimes And Misdemeanors Of Kataib Hezbollah During War Vs ISIS Interview With Free Lance Journalist Jonathan Lee Krohn)

2019 Journalist and activist assassinated and 2 protesters kidnapped in Baghdad 2 activists

injured by sticky bomb in Diwaniya

2020 Report Sadr wanted to end protests and pressure Hashd rivals Joined 2019 protests but then

turned on them Joining activists gave him standing with avg Iraqis over other politicians

2020 Jul 2014 Pres Barzani set up commission for KRG independence Sep 2017 referendum held

Was massive failure for KDP and KRG Caused tension between KDP and PUK Barzani resigned KRG accepted Supreme Court that said referendum unconstitutional Tried to repair relations with Baghdad Feb 2020 Bafel and Lahur Talabani named new leaders of PUK 2018 KDP won 45 seats in KRG elections 21 for PUK 12 for Gorran Took 8 months to form new KRG Gorran gave up opposition and aligned with PUK to gain govt positions Tried to repair relations with Iran and Turkey by expanding economic ties and allowing attacks on Kurdish opposition

2020 Activist assassinated in Baghdad

2021 Protests in Najaf and Diwaniya Demanded governor and mayor resign

2021 Report PM Kazemi released Asaib Ahl Al-Haq cmdr arrested for assassination attempt on


(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2021 Report KRG in intl arbitration over gas contract with Genel Energy Hadn’t paid companies on

time followed schedules or repaid debts Led to decline in investment in KRG energy KRG didn’t have gas strategy Didn’t understand the business

2021 Report Human Rights Comm said 5 mil orphans in Iraq 4.5 mil children in poverty 1 mil kids

in labor market due to poverty

2021 Alliance for the People made up of New Generation and Imtidad parties announced Iraq’s

first post-03 opposition list

(Musings On Iraq Beginnings Of Iraq’s First Post-03 Opposition Party)

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

  1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under British influence