Friday, December 22, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History Dec 22 Ottoman Sultan Murad IV began siege of Baghdad


 

1638 Ottoman Sultan Murad IV began siege of Baghdad Captured it by end of year

Massacred Shiites

 

1916 British forces began digging lines towards Ottomans defenses at Khadairi Bend

1922 British cabinet said it wanted an independent Iraq and that Anglo-Iraq treaty would be best

way to maintain relationship

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1986 Iraqi intel reported Iranians preparing for major offensive in Basra Saddam ordered bombing

of assembly areas

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Chalabi appeared on 60 Minutes attacking King Hussein of Jordan for aligning with Saddam

Was actually meant as attack on Jordan for shutting Chalabi’s Petra Bank for corruption

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

1998 US said it would use its veto at UN to block ending sanctions on Iraq China Russia France

all wanted them to end

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

(Musings On Iraq review Invisible War, The United States And The Iraq Sanctions)

(Musings On Iraq review The Regime Change Consensus, Iraq In American Politics 1990-2003)

(Musings On Iraq How Did America Move From Containing Saddam To Removing Him? Interview With Joseph Stieb Asst Prof at the US Naval War College)

2002 Iraq invited CIA into country to find its WMD

2003 Kurds in Kirkuk marched for federalism

2004 Kurdistan Referendum Movement presented petition with 1.7 mil signatures to UN calling for

            referendum on Kurdish independence

2005 Iraqi Islamic Party National Dialogue Front Iraqiya threatened to boycott new parliament

Called elections fraudulent Demanded new vote

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 19 The Iraqi Civil War Comes Into The Open, January-June 2006)

2005 Report Dec election 55% turnout in Anbar Jan election only 1% voted Oct referendum on

constitution only 32% voted Insurgents split over Dec voting Some provided security for polling stations Some clerics called for people to vote Zarqawi threatened anyone that participated

2006 Ret Gen Keane told Natl Sec Adv Hadley US needed 5 brigade troop surge in Iraq not less

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

2006 PM Maliki spokesman said that Dawa and SCIRI close to agreement to crackdown on militias

Were also going to send delegation to Najaf to get Sadr back in govt

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2006 US Intel report Mahdi Army was planning to kidnap US soldiers in Baghdad to undermine PM

Maliki’s reconciliation program Was using Mahdi Army commander who had been trained in Iran by Hezbollah and IRGC

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

2007 ISI leader Baghdadi described the Awakening as agents of the cross and called on followers to

kill them

2007 Ghazilya Guardians sahwa group bombed Blamed militia and Iraqi army Said they wanted to

retaliate

2007 Def Min Obeidi said that after fighting over Sahwa would be disbanded Govt told US it would

integrate 25% of Sahwa into ISF and rest given jobs Interior Min agreed to hire 10,000 Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2007 Anbar Sheikh Suleiman claimed Islamic Party using Sahwa to regain popularity and claimed

            he would form Awakening group loyal to Baghdad

2007 Top State Dept official on Iraq said that Iran had decided to cut back support for militias

Evidence was reduction in EFP attacks upon US

(Musings On Iraq How Iran Used Explosively Formed Projectiles (EFPs) To Influence events In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2008 Oil Min Shahristani said only central govt had authority to sign deals to develop Iraq’s oil Was

criticism of KRG

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad-Kurdistan Rivalry Continues)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2008 Report ISF reported attacks down 86% from 07 to 08 Went from avg 180 per day in 07 to avg

10 per day in 08

2008 Electricity Min said power shortages would end in 2011 Early in yr said would take until 2012 Didn’t

happen

2009 Report Finance Min blocked govt from opening bank accounts with private banks Govt was

supposed to be supporting private banks but in practice wasn’t

2009 Report PM Maliki met with Pres Mubarak in Egypt Asked him to be mediator between Iraq

and Saudi Arabia King Abdullah refused to meet with Maliki claiming he had shut Sunnis out of govt Saudis rejected Shiite rule in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2010 PM Maliki’s second administration approved

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2010 KRG passed Rally Law that said activists needed prior approval from security forces to hold

protest Was meant to stop demonstrations

2011 Dep Electricity Min said Iraq would produce 22,000 mw of power by 2014 and would end electricity

shortages Didn’t happen

2011 Govt officials told press that Maliki govt would investigate Fin Min Issawi over allegations he

was connected to a militia in Fallujah that killed political opponents Some of Issawi’s bodyguards arrested as a result

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Finance Minister Next On Maliki’s Hit List?)

2011 Report Iraq owed Exxon $50 mil for 2 yrs of work at West Qurna 1 oil field 09 Exxon won

contract for field Was to be paid $1.90 per barrel after reaching production target Would barely cover costs Exxon and other oil companies agreed to terms because wanted to get into Iraq’s market which had been sanctioned since 1990 Shell said bureaucracy was holding up payments to oil companies Shell said was holding off work at Majnoon field until it was paid

2011 PM Maliki said he might give up national unity govt and form majority govt

2011 4 car bombs suicide car bomb and 11 IEDs in Baghdad Killed 63 Wounded 194

2012 KRG halted oil exports for Baghdad claiming oil companies not paid Said Baghdad paid companies

$650 mil out of $858 mil owed Baghdad wasn’t paying KRG because wasn’t meeting export quota

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2012 PUK elected Kosurt Rasul acting head of party after Pres Talabani hospitalized for stroke Barham

Salah named deputy head

2012 Iraqiya boycotted cabinet over arrest warrant for Fin Min Issawi

(Musings On Iraq Prime Minister Maliki Targets Another Member Of The Iraqi National Movement In An Act Of Political Intimidation)

2013 Maliki announced major military campaign in western Anbar desert region after IS killed

leadership of 7th Div Ordered protests to end Claimed Ramadi protests used by IS

2013 Sheikh Hayes said tribes Anbar governor and govt agreed to end protests Said it would cooperate in

fight vs IS

(Musings On Iraq Crackdown On Protest Site In Iraq’s Anbar Province Seemingly Averted)

2013 Ramadi and Fallujah protest leaders said they would take up arms against any forces trying to stop

demonstrations

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s PM Maliki Goes From Offensive Against Al Qaeda To Crackdown On Anbar Protestors)

2014 Fmr Communications Minister Allawi acquitted of corruption charges for lack of evidence

2015 Report US artillery supporting ISF fighting in Ramadi Another report said US special forces

and helicopters involved in Ramadi op

2015 KRG cabinet announced it was cutting pay for top officials due to financial crisis Didn’t make

cuts

2016 Report Heavy fighting in Mosul led up to 100 wounded civilians a day being sent to Irbil

hospital Irbil hospitals said treated 7,595 wounded from Mosul last 65 days

2016 Report Some Hashd leaders talked with Syria about supporting Syrian govt 1 Hashd leader

said 2000 fighters had gone to Syria over last week

2019 Activist in Maysan assassinated Activists hacked websites of cabinet Agriculture Min

and an MP 3rd time govt sites had been hacked

2020 Asayesh closed NRT office in Irbil and Sulaymaniya with no warrant for covering protests

2020 2 activists had houses bombed in Dhi Qar Blamed Sadrists

2020 Trump pardoned 4 Blackwater guards convicted in 2007 of killing 14 Iraqi civilians in

Baghdad

View the Iraq History Timelines 

No comments:

This Day In Iraqi History - Apr 21 Coalition Provisional Authority created to run post-war Iraq

  1802 Wahabi army from Arabia sacked Karbala 2,000-5,000 killed