Wednesday, October 5, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Oct 5 King Faisal accepted Anglo-Iraq Treaty that put Iraq under British hegemony for decades

(Wikipedia)

 

1915 6th Army created by Ottomans under command of German Gen von der Goltz to defend

Mesopotamia from British

1922 King Faisal accepted Anglo-Iraq Treaty

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1922 UK Sec of War Evans lobbied cabinet to withdraw from Mosul province

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

1953 PM Jamali legalized political parties

1963 Baath conference in Syria discussed Iraq-Syria union and joining Iraqi and Syrian Baath parties

1974 Kurdish parliament appointed by Baghdad took office

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1975 Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz went to Damascus to discuss uniting Iraq and Syria

1980 Iraq ended unilateral ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War after Iran didn’t follow suite and went back to

fighting

1982 Iranians regrouped during Op Muslim ibn Aql Attacked 5th time Broke through Iraqi lines and

reached Mandali Diyala

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1985 Iraq ended air strikes on Kharg Island Iran’s main oil terminal Hit 21 times but no lasting damage

1987 Iranian Op Zafar 2 KDP and Badr attacked behind Iraqi lines in Kirkuk

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Foreign Minister Tariq Aziz addressed UN saying Iraq wouldn’t compromise on Kuwait

1990 Soviet Arabist Primakov met with Saddam Suggested intl conference on Mideast to deal with Palestine

after Iraq withdrew from Kuwait

1998 UN Secretary Gen Annan made two phased proposal for future inspections and sanctions Said Iraq

should be determined whether threat to region or not instead of whether disarmed Wanted date set to end sanctions

2000 During VP debate Cheney said US might have to take military action to remove Saddam in future

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2002 Bush in weekly radio address said U.S. had found Saddam ordered field commanders to use

chemical weapons something Iraq denied it had

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 CIA Dir Tenet told White House to remove Iraq tried to buy uranium from Niger from Bush speech

Said intel was weak

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2002 Knight Ridder article quoted several intelligence officers that Bush admin ignored dissenting

opinions on aluminum tubes Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2004 Bremer said US never had enough troops in Iraq while he was running the CPA Said military

thought troop levels fine

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

2005 Parliament changed decision from actual voters back to registered ones for no vote on constitution

(Musings On Iraq How Faults With Iraq’s Constitution Undermines The Country, Interview with Constitutional Scholar Zaid Al-Ali)

2005 Suicide bomber hit mosque in Hillah, Babil killing 27 wounding 87

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2005 UK Amb to Iraq accused Iranian Revolutionary Guard and Hezbollah of providing EFPs to attack

UK troops in Basra Said attacks carried out by breakaway units from Sadr’s Mahdi Army

(Musings On Iraq How Iran Used Explosively Formed Projectiles (EFPs) To Influence events In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2005 UK Def Intel Chief report after trip to Iraq Said security worse despite political progress Said if

strategy not changed situation would not allow UK withdrawal

2006 UK Intel report on Maliki govt Coordination within govt poor Maliki wanted to keep Shiite support

Opposed Coalition action vs militias as a result Wanted political solution to that problem Little progress on reconciliation Govt full of distrust Sunni ministers felt excluded Shiite and Kurdish ministers questioned whether Sunnis willing to give up violence

2006 Sunni leaders told Sec State Rice Iraq breaking apart They were victims of sectarian violence and no

one protecting them

2006 SCIRI head Hakim told Sec State Rice Shiites tried to work with Sunnis but they were

obstructionists

2006 Sec State Rice told PM Maliki if there was no reconciliation US would leave and Maliki would end

up being hung

2006 Al Jazeera played tape by Islamic Army offering talks with US Said Iraq facing occupation by US

and Iranians and latter worse Said Zarqawi had made mistakes in Iraq

2006 Al-Bubaz tribe in Baghdad Diyala Salahaddin said it was going to start working with Al Qaeda in

Iraq

2006 Report Maliki govt sent envoys to Syria Egypt UAE Jordan to try to stop support for insurgency 

2006 Displacement Min 80,000 displaced registered with ministry July-Aug 40,000 families asked for

govt aid last 7 months Officials said real numbers higher Head of Intl Org for Migration said most displaced had no plans to return

2007 Natl Sec Adv Rubaie said Iran increased arms shipments to militias and infiltrations into Iraq

Said number of arms found by US was only tip of iceberg Said sending more advanced weapons Policy ordered by Ayatollah Khamanei Said Iranian influence pervasive throughout Iraq Came week after PM Maliki claimed Iran stopped all support for militias

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2007 Report ISI carrying out assassination campaign vs Anbar Awakening leaders

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2008 Egyptian Foreign and Oil Ministers visited Iraq 1st Egyptian official visit since 1990 Said would re-

open mission Closed offices in July 05 after diplomat kidnapped and killed by Al Qaeda in Iraq

2008 Report Govt raised salaries 50-75% to try to keep professionals More than 7000 doctors fled Iraq 600

came back Higher Educ Min said 6700 professionals left 150 came back

2008 Displacement Min trying to close displacement camp in Najaf Maliki govt wanted to close all camps

to claim displacement over

2009 UN report 71% of Iraqis lived in urban areas Of those 57% lived in slum conditions

(Musings On Iraq Almost Half Of Iraqis Live In Slum Conditions)

2010 Report 14 US companies visited Iraq Said Iraqi regulations impediment to investment 1 CEO

said rules weren’t clear Some seemed made up Were questions whether goods shipped to Um Qasr Port would arrive US Under Sec of Commerce said a lot had to change to improve business environment

2010 Dana Gas and Crescent Petroleum said producing 200 mil cubic ft/day of natural gas and

delivering 180 mil cubic ft/day to 2 power plants

2012 Genel Energy said it might stop exporting oil from KRG because not paid Maliki govt made new

export deal with KRG and sent money to Irbil Genel Energy not paid for exports in 2009 and 2011

2013 Protests in Baghdad Basra Maysan Najaf Babil Qadisiya Anbar Ninewa Karbala Diyala Kirkuk Dhi

Qar Wasit Muthanna over govt cutting pensions

(Musings On Iraq Anti-Pension Protests Return To Iraq)

2014 PM Abadi told cabinet had been billions stolen from Interior and Defense Mins under PM

Maliki Said contracts and tenders used by ministries and intel services with no legal controls Mentioned fake bomb detectors as an example

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2014 Anbar Ops Command said ISF withdrew from areas north of Fallujah which were then taken by

IS ISF also withdrew from most of Ramadi IS seized Kubaisa and Muhammadawi in Anbar after Hit fell

2016 Report Judges investigating money laundering said millions taken out of Iraq by money traders

and banks using fake companies and money transfers Central Bank dollar auctions manipulated Some bought dollars and then re-sold them on black market Fake companies made to buy dollars and then sent money out of Iraq Money laundering only misdemeanor so no real punishment for these actions

2016 Teachers and govt workers marched in Sulaymaniya over delayed and cut salaries by KRG

2016 Report KRG cut govt salaries by 50% in Sep 2015 Not paid them since Jul

2016 Hashd were sending fighters to Syria to help Assad in battle for Aleppo Since Sep more than

100 Iraqis went to Syria Were 4000 already in Aleppo area Al-Nujaba commander said his group sent 1000 fighters

2016 Report Amnesty Law allowed criminals and corrupt officials to get off Was passed as

reconciliation move towards Sunnis Before law passed PM Abadi warned changes would let criminals go 1 article said kidnappers could apply for pardons if didn’t kill 1 said prisoners could be released with consent of victims Terrorists that didn’t kill could be pardoned Corrupt officials could be released if paid back stolen money Those that attacked Coalition before 2011 could be pardoned

2017 Riyad and Hawija in Kirkuk liberated from Islamic State

(Musings On Iraq Center of Hawija Taken As Operations Reaches Final Phase)

(Musings On Iraq Town of Hawija Liberated From the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Forces Finish Hawija Now On To Western Anbar Again)

2017 Turkey’s President Erdogan threatened to close border and air space to Kurdistan

            in retaliation for KRG independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq review Quicksilver War, Syria, Iraq and the Spiral of Conflict)

2018 Health Min Inspector Gen said 45 bil dinars spent on incentives and bonuses to people

who didn’t work for ministry Ministry tried to cover up case

2019 Baghdad people tried to march on Tahrir Square Shot at by police killing 7 Clashes with ISF in

Zafaraniya 1 killed Police tried to shut off Sadr City leading to clashes Mortar fired into area 2 killed in Shula 5 TV stations in Baghdad attacked likely by Hashd Basra protesters arrested Nasiriya Saraya Khorasani Badr Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Dawa Communists Fadhila ISCI Hikma offices all burned in city 5 killed Police shot at crowd in Diwaniya killing 6 Kut people tried to burn dep gov’s house with 1 killed

(Musings On Iraq Govt Violence Reducing Number Of Protests In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Khorasani Brigade Another Iraq Militia That Returned Home From Syria To Fight The Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi said he stood behind ISF after they killed protesters Interior Min

denied it attacked any demonstrations Abdul Mahdi said killed and wounded at protests would receive compensation

2020 Report 2014 Oryx Petroleum started working in KRG Donated $40 mil to Kurdistan

Children’s Hospital in Irbil whose trustees include brother of fmr Dep Pm Shaways Hospital never built Became private for profit hospital with links to Barzani family Audit of hospital found $54.4 mil missing

2020 Report Kataib Hezbollah believed to be behind most rocket attacks in Baghdad Head of

group’s security threatened attacks on US Israel Saudi Arabia When PM Kazemi went to US in Jul Kataib Hezbollah said PM was colluding with occupiers and he would be held accountable 07 Kataib Hezbollah created by Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani to attack US Used Abu Muhandis to form group Got training from Hezbollah and Iran Chief of staff of Hashd Comm from Kataib Hezbollah Controlled offices in Commission Turned Jurf al-Sakhr in Babil into large base Created youth group Supported vilayet al-faqih Ran religious schools Attacked Saudi Arabia May 2019

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2020 Report Govt needed 6.6 tril dinars/mo to cover govt salaries and expenses Was borrowing from

            Central Bank to cover wages

2020 PM Kazemi met with protests in Nasiriya Said killers of activists would be held accountable

Nothing happened

2021 Report Iraq ranked 3rd in Pandora docs in number of offshore companies used for illegal

activities Political financier and Azm list head Khamis al-Khanjar had companies in UK Virgin Islands Khanjar worked with Saddam and Uday in 90s to smuggle in products to get around sanctions After 03 expanded into manufacturing banking financing real estate 2015 warrant issued for him for connections with IS Dec 2019 sanctions by US for corruption

2021 Report Bombs and threats being used in election campaigning Shop in Nasiriya bombed when

refused to put up poster of Sadr Recording posted of Sadrists threatening person if didn’t put up party posters PKK kept parties out of their areas in Sinjar

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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