Friday, June 23, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 23 Faisal arrived in Iraq to become its first king

(The Economist)

 

1921 Faisal arrived in Basra and then went to Najaf and Karbala as gesture towards Shiite

clergy as preparation to be crowned king Clerics opposed him

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1949 Iraq and Persia signed agreement on mutual aid and good relations

1961 Qasim said Kuwait was a district of Basra province

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1965 Monarchist coup plot announced foiled by Arif govt

1991 US Gen said in opening day of bombing during Gulf War US tried to kill Saddam

1991 2nd International Atomic Energy Agency inspection team arrived in Iraq

1996 Iyad Allawi interviewed in WashPost Said Iraqi National Accord supported a military

uprising in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

1998 Jim Hoagland OpEd in Wash Post said Iraq lying about its WMD to UN inspectors Said

Iraq put VX in warheads but denied it Was based upon inspector report by Scott Ritter that he gave to Ahmed Chalabi who gave it to Hoagland Hoagland was a Chalabi ally Ritter’s report was false Convinced Iraq US would make up stories about WMD to maintain sanctions and therefore Iraq should stop cooperating with inspections

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

1998 Iraqis later told dep head UN inspectors Duelfer that Hoagland Wash Post OpEd was

turning point Thought story was planted by Clinton admin to spread disinformation about Iraq and maintain sanctions

2003 Ayatollah Sistani issued fatwa saying Iraqis should elect council to draft new

constitution vs CPA plan 

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter

11 Restoring Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2003 Oil Ministry made first foreign oil sale to Turkish company since invasion

(Musings On Iraq Review Iraq and the Politics of Oil, An Insider’s Perspective)

2003 Official claimed US found more evidence since Iraq invasion to prove Iraq-Al Qaeda

ties

2003 US defense official complained to press Iraq-Al Qaeda ties claims were based on

politics before war not based on intelligence

2003 Bush at NSC meeting asked why US wasn’t pushing elections in Iraq and maybe they

should come before writing constitution

2003 Cheney chief of staff Libby told NYTimes reporter Miller Fmr Amb Wilson’s wife

worked at CIA in retaliation against Wilson Implied Wilson’s wife set up her husband’s trip to Niger

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 Cheney chief of staff Libby complained that CIA was selectively leaking info to press

to lesson its role in claims about Iraq’s WMD

2003 Sadr returned from Iran where he met Ayatollah Haeri and commemorated death of

Ayatollah Khomeini Sadr went to Baghdad for 1st time since his father’s death Met by 1000s of followers

(Musings On Iraq Analysis Of Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq Interview With RAND’s Alireza Nader)

2004 Pentagon report said only 6% of Iraqi police had finished training Said ISF lacked

equipment

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq American Negligence In Iraq Or How The United States Failed To Plan For Security The Country Part One Of A Two Part Interview With Jerry Burke Former Advisor To The Baghdad Police And Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 11 The Gathering Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency,

Civil War, 2003-2006)

2004 Report were two waves of foreign fighters to Iraq one before and one after 2003

invasion

2004 Report cooperation between Baathist and jihadist insurgents in Iraq and international

terror networks including Al Qaeda

2004 DepDefSec Wolfowitz said what was going on in Iraq was not an insurgency Said it was

former regime elements who didn't want to give up

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2004 US delivered $1.4 bil in cash to KRG for administration Went unaccounted for

2005 15 Sunnis and 1 Sabean added to constitutional drafting committee and 10 more Sunnis

as advisers

(Musings On Iraq How Faults With Iraq’s Constitution Undermines The Country, Interview with Constitutional Scholar Zaid Al-Ali)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2005 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey told Def Sec Rumsfeld insurgency hadn’t changed It had Said

still had support but it wouldn’t increase Said support for Iraqi govt growing

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 15 – Transformation IN A Time Of War, January-April 2005)

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 16 – Going West, April-August 2005)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey briefed Bush on withdrawal plan Bush approved

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Strongest Tribe, War, Politics, and the Endgame in Iraq)

2008 Report govt came up with new displaced program to force squatters out of homes and

make them return to their original areas Were 2.7 mil displaced and 2.5 mil refugees

(Musings On Iraq Government’s Displaced Plan?)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2008 Report Interior Min complained Haswa Babil police chief was arresting too many

Shiites and had to arrest more Sunnis When he didn’t he was investigated and relieved of duty

2008 Report Iran cut power supply to Basra after Charge of Knights op cutting electricity to

only 6 hrs a day

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Influence In Iraq Update II)

2008 Report Amiriya Baghdad Sahwa leader said Maliki govt had arrest warrant out for him

Part of intimidation campaign vs Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Update)

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 PM Maliki announced 17 Tribal Support Councils would be formed in Maysan after Op

Promise of Peace Councils became part of Maliki’s patronage network to create support for Dawa/State of Law

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

(Musings On Iraq Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils Appear To Be Paying Off)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2009 Report UK urgently tried to get US to release Asaib Ahl Al-Haq members from prison

to get 3 remaining UK hostages released by group PM Brown said he would do anything to get them back 2 hostages released Both dead 5 Brits kidnapped in Iranian planned op

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq) 

2010 Protests in Ramadi Basra Karbala Baquba Nasiriya over lack of electricity PM Maliki

claimed it would take 2 yrs to solve Iraq’s electricity problems Didn’t happen Maliki accepted resignation of Electricity Min Hassan

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Forced To Respond To Public Protests Over Lack Of Electricity In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Basra Protest Over Lack Of Electricity Reflects Twenty Years Of Problems)

(Musings On Iraq Electricity Protests Continue In Iraq As Government Attempts To Crackdown On Them)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Government Banned Electricity Protests)

2011 Report Scientists believed southern pipeline completely disintegrated and only

concrete tube Oil Min didn’t test pipeline out of fear it would burst Signed contract with Australian company to build new pipeline by end of 2012 Almost all oil deals with intl energy companies had to be renegotiated because production goals weren’t possible due to poor infrastructure Oil Min Luaibi changed prediction from 7-8 mil/bar/day in production by 2017 to 2025 

2011 Report Baghdad threatened to cut KRG’s budget over control of Khurmala Dome oil

field in Kirkuk KRG claimed control of field 2008 KRG drove Oil Min workers away from field KRG Natural Resource Min Hawrami claimed field not in disputed area but KRG

2011 Report Eni and Saipem oil companies investigated in Rome for allegedly giving bribes

to win oil contracts in Iraq

2011 Iraq signed 1 yr deal to buy 1.5 mil liters of diesel fuel/day from Iran for power station

in Baghdad

2012 Report 2012 KRG budget added 17,000 govt workers 2011 budget added 25,000

2012 Report KDP and PUK agreed to no confidence vote vs PM Maliki but didn’t include

Pres Talabani Maliki countered by calling for no confidence vote vs Speaker Nujafi Sadr said withdrawing no confidence would please God

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadrist Back Off Attacks Upon Prime Minister Maliki For Now)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 Parliament amended 2008 Provincial Powers Law to decentralize authority but not

implemented Was changed to appease protests

2013 Report Interior Min officials in Najaf Karbala Diwaniya Muthanna Dhi Qar Babil Basra

handed out pistols and money to sheikhs for Dawa in return for votes

2014 ISIS held large military parade in Mosul after city fell

2014 Fighting between ISIS and Hawija Brigades in Hawija, Kirkuk for control

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Jihad and Reform Front agreed to work with ISIS in summer offensive Said tribal

revolutionaries would sweep over Anbar

2014 ISIS launched attack upon Baiji refinery Army officers worked out truce with ISIS Then

left without telling troops More than 400 soldiers fled afterward

2014 Babil Governor said police executed 69 prisoners they were moving to Baghdad after

convoy attacked Police sources said prisoners killed in prison

2015 Report Went over captured IS docs from 2010 US raid 1 said IS should set up

relationship with Sunni politicians to help with extortion rackets in Mosul 1 talked about extorting and skimming money from contracts in Mosul Got $4 mil from construction work Several Sunni politicians agreed to allow IS into govt contracts 1 said Communications Mnister Qadir and Dep head of Ninewa council Zebari resisted IS at 1st but then gave in and helped IS Qadir put 2 IS operatives in his ministry

2015 Intl Org for Migration found displaced passed 3 mil mark from Jan 2014-Jun 2015

(Musings On Iraq Number Of Displaced In Iraq Passes 3 Million Mark)

2015 Op to retake Ramadi still on hold Now waiting for tribal Hashd to finish US training

Anbar councilman and Dulaim sheikh went to Iran to ask for weapons

2015 Anbar Council asked ISF to stop shelling civilians in Fallujah Said city shelled

everyday causing civilian casualties

2016 Report KDP had 2 month blockade of Sinjar dist because it was controlled by PKK

Stopped aid from NGOs and Baghdad

2017 IS suicide bomber amongst displaced in west Mosul killed 12 wounded 20 3 suicide

bombers at Muthanna Market in east Mosul killed 15 wounded 30 5th suicide bomber killed

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 250 Jun 23 2017)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2020 PM Kazemi spokesman said 18,000 workers in Education Min getting double salaries

2021 64 of Sadr’s MPs were replaced in parliament Kataib Hezbollah’s Huquq Movement

also withdrew from parliament and had MPs replaced

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 24 Treaty of Lusanne said League of Nations would decide whether Mosul vilayet went to Iraq or Turkey

  1920 France occupied Syria Defeated King Faisal’s forces leading him to flee Would set sites on Mesopotamia afterward ...