Wednesday, June 28, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 28 CPA disbanded and sovereignty returned to Iraq

(NBC News)


1914 Ottomans agreed to oil concessions for British and Germans in Mosul and Baghdad

provinces Never happened because WWI

1920 Was meeting in Mishkhab Najaf to plan for revolt against British

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1940 Italian Amb told Iraq it wanted an independent Syria Lebanon and Iraq as well

Ambassador didn’t check with foreign office beforehand

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1946 Communist Anti-Zionist League organized march in Baghdad for Palestine Demanded

UK troops withdraw from Iraq Police fired into crowd Killed 5 PM Umari suspended opposition papers

(Musings On Iraq review A People’s History Of Iraq, The Iraqi Communist Party, Workers’ Movements, and the Left 1924-2004)

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

1961 Kuwait brought up Iraq claims to Kuwait with UN Security Council

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1961 British intel concluded that Iraq was going to invade Kuwait after Qasim claimed Kuwait

part of Iraq

1969 Baath created Dohuk province as part of 1966 June Declaration on Kurdish rights

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1973 Kurdish villages in Sheikhan forced to cede land to Arabs and population expelled

1981 Iraq offered Ramadan ceasefire but rejected by Iran

1982 Saddam dismissed all the members of the Revolutionary Command Council

1986 Iraqi planes attacked Sardasht Iran using mustard gas 1st civilian town attacked by WMD

133 killed

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Use Of Chemical Weapons In Iran-Iraq War And Their Western Origin)

1987 Iran accused Iraq of killing and wounding 650 Kurdish civilians in mustard gas attack in

northwest Iran

1988 Iraq gained bridgehead in Iranian territory for 2nd time that year 3,000 Iranians dead 8,000

wounded 4,000 captured Defeat at Faw and Majnoon led to collapse of morale in Iran Revolutionary Guard asked govt to end war

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 UN inspectors denied access to Fallujah nuclear site while trucks took equipment out

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Hide And Seek, The Search For Truth In Iraq)

1992 Report 2 yrs before Gulf War US intel was warning about Iraq’s WMD nuclear/missile

programs Jan 89 Congress got briefing on Iraq’s weapons procurement programs Spring/summer 89 intel reports warned about Iraq’s networks Nov 89 CIA told Bush White House Iraq using front companies to buy tech for nuke program Had no effect on Bush’s policy to improve relations with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Outlaw State, Saddam Hussein’s Quest for Power and the Gulf Crisis)

(Musings On Iraq review Spider’s Web, The secret history of how the White House illegally armed Iraq)

1995 Sec State Albright warned UN inspectors about their credibility if they pushed ending


(Musings On Iraq review The Regime Change Consensus, Iraq In American Politics 1990-2003)

2004 CPA disbanded Iraqi sovereignty returned to interim govt led by Premier Allawi

(Musings On Iraq The Coalition Provisional Authority’s Inauspicious End)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2004 Bremer said CPA accomplished almost everything it set out to do including a peaceful

democratic and pluralistic society

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

2004 US created Multi National Security Transition Command Iraq to train Iraqi forces

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 13 The Changing Of The Guard, Again Spring-Summer 2004)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency,

Civil War, 2003-2006)

2004 Ayatollah Sistani fatwa said no guarantee US process would create constitutional

convention that represented the Iraqi people

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

2005 Bush gave speech at Fort Bragg saying war in Iraq was about fighting terrorism, creating

democracy, advancing freedom in Middle East Rejected timetable for withdrawal Said when Iraqi forces stood up US forces would stand down meaning withdraw

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 9.4 June 2005 To May 2006)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To

The Sectarian War of 2006)

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Strongest Tribe, War, Politics, and the Endgame in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2008 Accountability and Justice law amended to stop former ISF officers from being fired for Baathist past and those that quit could now get jobs with govt

(Musings On Iraq DeBaathification and Elections Update)

2008 PM Maliki met with Ibadah tribe Offered it limited autonomy in return for joining Tribal

Support Council to support him

2008 Baghdad-Irbil formed committee to work out oil law Nothing came of it

2008 ISF arrested head of Sadr office in Amara Maysan Part of PM Maliki’s crackdown on Sadrists

2008 Sahwa in Adhamiya Baghdad protested after army arrested their leader on kidnapping charges

Part of PM Maliki intimidation campaign vs Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Update)

(Musings On Iraq What’s In The Future For The Sons of Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 Female suicide bomber in Baquba killed 13 wounded 30

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2009 Battalion from Iraqi army’s 7th Div moved towards Makhmour disputed area of Ninewa

Stopped by Peshmerga Led to 24 hr standoff Ended with US mediation

2010 Protests in Diyala and Babil over electricity shortages Some called for PM Maliki to step


(Musings On Iraq Electricity Protests Continue In Iraq As Government Attempts To Crackdown On Them)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Government Banned Electricity Protests)

2011 Report State of Law sources said PM Maliki ordered Dawa to use Tribal Support Councils to

            suppress any protests

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Maliki Using Infiltrators And Tribal Support Councils Against Demonstrators)

2012 Report Economic comm said Iran flooding Iraq with its products to get around sanctions

2012 Iraq signed deal to import 25 mil sq meters of natural gas per day from Iran to fuel power plants

            for 5 yrs

2012 Leading Sadrist assassinated in Basra 2nd of 5 murders Believed to be part of tit for tat killings

between Sadrists and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2012 Sadrists said they never intended for a no confidence vote against PM Maliki Joined critics of

Maliki but backed him at same time

(Musings On Iraq What Does Iraq’s Sadr Want?)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadrist Back Off Attacks Upon Prime Minister Maliki For Now)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 Report KRG moved ahead with independent oil pipeline to Turkey Said would allow KRG to

be paid directly Claimed it would share profits with Baghdad Didn’t happen

2013 Report Oil Min said it would earn $500 bil from natural gas by 2023 Govt planned on investing

$40 bil into project Around 1000 cubic ft of gas burned a day costing around $7.3 bil/yr Project only partially completed

2014 Political financier Khamis Khanjar praised ISIS taking Mosul on Al-Arabiya TV

2014 Human Rights Watch report IS told 950 Shiite Turkmen from 2 villages in Ninewa they had to

leave Destroyed 7 Shiite shrines in Tal Afar Took 60 Turkmen hostage

2014 Report Supreme Court said oil dispute between Baghdad and Irbil had to be resolved politically

Didn’t rule on emergency injunction against independent KRG oil exports Said couldn’t ban exports until they were found illegal Oil Min sued KRG for its oil exports and contracts Went nowhere because KRG didn’t show up in court Asked for arbitration against Turkey that was helping KRG’s exports Threatened legal action against oil companies that work in KRG 2022 Supreme Court finally ruled KRG oil law and contracts unconstitutional

2014 Report Maliki govt claimed Tikrit freed Untrue Attacked Tikrit Univ Stalled due to IEDs Tikrit

not freed until Mar 2015 Maliki wanted a victory before parliament met to form new govt

2014 Latifiya south Baghdad Jurf al-Sakhr north Babil ISIS strongholds Continued fighting in Jurf

al-Sakhr despite govt claiming it was cleared twice

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Southern Front Babil Province Where The Islamic State Has Free Reign)

(Musings On Iraq Twelve Security Operations Later And Iraq’s Northern Babil Is No Less Safe)

2014 Obama authorized several hundred US troops be sent to protect US embassy in Baghdad

2015 PM Abadi said KRG not following budget Cut its oil exports for Baghdad to increase its own


(Musings On Iraq Iraq Reaches Another New High In Oil Exports As Budget Deal With Kurds Breaks Down)

2016 Anbar council voted to dismiss Gov Rawi from Iraqi Islamic Party Was trying to expand its

base Control reconstruction in Anbar Supported by Solution List of Karbuli Opposed by Sunni Endowment and Sheikh Abu Risha Rawi rejected dismissal

(Musings On Iraq Political Battle For Control of Iraq’s Anbar Province)

2017 KRG Pres Barzani wrote OpEd in Wash Post to lobby US to support KRG independence

referendum Said referendum would be binding Said not a threat to Mideast Would strengthen relationship between Arabs and Kurds in Iraq Went through Kurdish victimization in Iraq since its creation Said post-03 political system failed Said independence would be negotiated with Baghdad after vote

(Musings On Iraq What’s Next For Kurdistan After The Referendum?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 Report UN began rebuilding east Mosul Had 200 projects

2019 Report US found May drone attack upon Saudi oil facility came from Iraq not Yemen

as originally believed US told PM Abdul Mahdi had to stop these attacks Govt questioned story Done by Kataib Hezbollah

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s PM Gives Warning to Kataib Hezbollah To Stop Rocket Attacks In Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq PM Abdul Mahdi Orders Fuller Integration Of Hashd In Response To Attacks By Iranian Backed Groups In June)

(Musings On Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Becoming A Regional Force For Tehran)

2021 Electricity Min Hantoosh resigned over power outages Iran stopped electricity and natural

gas exports because Iraq owed $4 bil Led to huge drop in power output

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Electricity Grid Shuts Down During Summer Heat)

2021 Iraqi military spokesman condemned US airstrikes on Kataib Hezbollah and Kataib Sayid al-

Shuhada Said breach of Iraqi sovereignty 4 Hashd killed Was response to Hashd attacks upon US forces in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s PM Gives Warning to Kataib Hezbollah To Stop Rocket Attacks In Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2021 Report Pro-Iran Hashd met in Baghdad Agreed to halt attacks upon US in Iraq Didn’t happen

2021 Report 2020 KRG sold oil for $28.10 per bar vs $41.96 Brent price Paid $1.76 bil to oil

companies $1.114 bil in fees tariffs interest to pipeline operators KRG made $2.345 bil

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Iraq’s Oil Exports And Revenue Drop In May

In May Iraq suffered a drop in international oil prices. Its exports dipped as well.