Thursday, June 15, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 15 PM Nuri al-Said made cover of Time magazine Was Prime Minister of Iraq 9 times


1920 War Min Churchill wrote UK Cabinet that he was ready to give up Mosul province to save


(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1947 Mustafa Barzani revolt against govt put down and he fled to Soviet Union

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1947 Regent went to London to start negotiating new Anglo-Iraq Treaty

1948 Elections ended under martial law strict censorship of press concentration camps for opponents

violence and cheating Opposition National Democratic Party won 2 seats Independence Party 4 Liberal Party 1

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

1957 PM Nuri al-Said made cover of Time magazine

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Under General Nuri, My Recollections of Nuri al-Said, 1954-1958)

1959 National Democratic Party organized protest in Baghdad against Communists Was attacked

by Communists leading to riot

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1965 Iraqi pilot in Texas for training killed Likely by Mossad that was trying to get Iraqis to defect

and fly MiG-21 to Israel

1965 PM Bazzaz said govt would recognize Kurdish nationalism and rights

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1966 KDP defeated govt forces near Hendrin

1966 PM Bazzaz made national speech saying Baghdad ready to recognize Kurdish nationalism and


1968 Amid growing anti-Arif govt activity PM Yahya resigned but was asked to stay on

1985 War of Cities ended as both sides ran low on missiles

1985 From Mar to Jun 1985 43 Iraqi air raids on Tehran Only 12 Iranian SCUDs hit Baghdad in

response Iraq caused little damage in war of cities and failed to push Iran towards peace talks

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1988 Iraqi counterattacks pushed Iran Op Beit al-Moqaddas 7 in Basra back to starting point

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 Asst Sec State Kelly told Congress White House against sanctioning Iraq over human

rights abuses

1994 Fighting broke out between PUK and KDP in Sulaymaniya during funeral leaving 12 dead

more than 40 wounded

2003 Sadrist march in Basra against British occupation

2003 US scheduled elections for Najaf cancelled because worried Sadrists might win

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 11

Restoring Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

2003 Report British looked at captured Iraq trailers and found not mobile WMD labs

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Sr British official said that the CPA was chaotic

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq review Bad Days In Basra, My Turbulent Time as Britain’s Man in Southern Iraq)

2003 US started Op Desert Scorpion to hunt down insurgents from Baghdad to Kirkuk

2003 CPA began spending Iraqi money placed in Development Fund for Iraq Didn’t have same

regulations as U.S. funds so easier to spend Much of it wasted as a result

2004 Bush said Zarqawi was best evidence that Saddam had connections to Al Qaeda

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2004 Sec State Powell said White House stuck with claims of Iraq-Al Qaeda connections

2005 Report US recorded Peshmerga arresting hundreds of Arabs and Turkmen in

            Kirkuk and putting them in KRG prisons

2006 Marine report murder of Iraqi civilians was covered up by unit and commanders

            didn’t show any interest in investigating

2009 Gen Odierno said foreign fighters coming to Iraq down and Syria trying to regulate border

2011 KRG opposition parties welcomed Pres Barzani’s reform proposals Never followed through


2011 Sadrists dared PM Maliki to try to form a majority govt

(Musings On Iraq Interview A Look At Iraq’s 2014 Election Interview With Reidar Visser)

2012 Sadrist MP said movement now not for removing PM Maliki anymore Due to pressure from


(Musings On Iraq What Does Iraq’s Sadr Want?)

(Musings On Iraq Iran Tries To Mediate Iraq’s Political Crisis, But Can They Overcome The Deep Divisions In The Country?)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadrist Back Off Attacks Upon Prime Minister Maliki For Now)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 Speaker Nujafi rejected US proposal to reconcile with PM Maliki VP Biden’s office tried to

end no confidence move vs Maliki

2012 PM Blair spokesman Campbell’s book published Blair wanted to deal with Iraq through UN VP

Cheney and Def Sec Rumsfeld against Rupert Murdoch lobbied both Blair and Bush to go to war with Iraq Said his news company would support them Blair supported new UN weapons inspections Had to lobby Bush to back inspections who was opposed US wanted 1st sign of non-cooperation with inspectors to be excuse for war Blair against Nov 02 Bush was talking about going to war Blair wanted 2nd UN resolution to OK war Said necessary for public support Bush said public against war Was tired of diplomacy Bush felt Iraq using UN to delay war Agreed to 2nd UN resolution to back Blair but if failed he would go to war Sec State Powell told UK were members of White House that didn’t care about UK Blair blamed US for failure of 2nd UN resolution Blair did get parliament to back war

2012 Fuel shortage and technical problem knocked out Iraq’s electricity grid for 2 hrs

2013 ISIS’ Baghdadi said he would not follow Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri’s decision to break

with Al-Nusra Front in Syria

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Baghdadi issued audio message saying ISIS was going to create caliphate

2014 ISIS began posting pictures online of Camp Speicher massacre

(Musings On Iraq How Northern Iraq Fell To The Insurgency)

2014 Insurgents attacked power plant that supplied electricity to most of Anbar Driven off

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Western Front Is Anbar Next To Fall?)

2014 Insurgents attacked and turned back at Tal Afar, Ninewa 50 prisoners executed in Tal Afar by

govt forces

2014 ISF fled Qara Tapa, Diyala and peshmerga moved in

2014 Report 60 villages in northern and northeast Diyala under insurgent control Nashibandi Islamic

Army Revolutionary Tribes helping ISIS

2014 Yazidi leader in Sinjar district asked KRG for protection from insurgents

2014 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq leader Khazali blamed ISIS Baathists Kurds regional countries for security

crisis in Iraq Claimed Pres Barzani worked with Baathists in army to help take Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Interview Iran And Its Shiite Militias Mobilize In Iraq Interview With Phillip Smyth)

2014 Report Militias had been fighting alongside ISF for months in Anbar Baghdad Diyala Babil

Militias still trained in Iran Kataib Hezbollah leader said Sunni politicians helped ISIS

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2014 Report Maliki govt made partial budget payments to KRG in Jan and Feb No payments from


2014 Report Soldiers and Federal Police said they were ordered to withdraw from Mosul Not told

where to withdraw to Many switched to civilian clothes and left Mosul police heard army and Federal Police withdrawing and fled 1 brigade didn’t get order to withdraw and wiped out by insurgents PM Maliki blamed Sunni and Kurdish politicians and senior army cmdrs for fall of Mosul

2015 First displaced families returned to Tikrit after its liberation

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Government Offensive In Anbar And Salahaddin Dragging On For Weeks Or Put On Hold)

2015 Report Obama admin admitted it didn’t have complete strategy vs IS Didn’t commit means to

achieve goals

(Musings On Iraq review Airpower in the War Against ISIS)

(Musings On Iraq review Degrade And Destroy, The Inside Story Of The War Against the Islamic State, From Barack Obama To Donald Trump)

2015 Report Sunni Hashd brigades formed in Diyala Anbar Salahaddin Connected to Badr Kataib

Hezbollah Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Jun al-Imam Ali Akbar Brigade Kataib Sayid Shuhada Could get immediate access to weapons through Hashd Nothing from govt Analyst thought Hashd trying to co-opt Sunnis

2015 Area around Garma Anbar declared freed of IS

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Government Offensive In Anbar And Salahaddin Dragging On For Weeks Or Put On Hold)

(Musings On Iraq Heavy Fighting In Four Of Iraq’s Provinces During Start Of July 2015)

2016 Zankura in Ramadi dist declared freed from IS

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq, Jun 15-21, 2016)

2017 Report Liwa al-Shabak Hashd unit affiliated with Badr controlled east Mosul From Ninewa

Plains Christian areas of Qaraqosh being secured by Ninewa Plains Protection Unit and Kataib Babilyun both Christian groups Kataib Babilyun connected to pro-Iran Hashd Fmr Ninewa Gov Nujafi’s Ninewa Guards in Mosul Rapid Reaction Div and Federal Police full of men from Badr Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Dawa Sadr’s Saraya al-Salam

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 243 Jun 16 2017)

2017 Report 16th Div suffered heavy casualties in west Mosul ISF relied on more air strikes as a

result Led to more destruction in city and higher civilian casualties

2017 Report Ex-Syrian general said that land route from Iran through Iraq to Syria would be easier

to send Iranian supplies to support Assad Came after pro-Iran Hashd cleared west Ninewa neighboring Syria

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 242 Jun 15 2017)

2018 World Bank Iraq facing job crisis Govt and private sector couldn’t provide enough work 2.5 mil unemployed Mostly young Youth unemployment 36% Rapid population growth In 13yrs would be 100-180% growth in young needing jobs Continued migration from rural to urban areas for work Many Iraqis lacked job skills 33% of young illiterate or semi-literate Only 33% finished primary school 28% finished middle/high school 7% finish college Labor participation rate for women only 19% Structural changes to economy needed Needed private sector growth Fight corruption Encourage investment Reform banks Increase power supply Oil dependent No jobs will lead to instability Govt not doing enough to change

(Musings On Iraq World Bank Warns Iraq Facing Massive Job Crisis)

2019 Ayatollah Sistani rep criticized PM Abdul Mahdi for corruption and lack of services

and jobs

2020 PM Kazemi repeated past orders that Hashd not to take part in politics

2020 Report Shiite Endowment and Hashd units were seizing property in Mosul

2020 Pro-Iran groups fired rockets at Baghdad Intl Airport

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s PM Gives Warning To Kataib Hezbollah To Stop Rocket Attacks In Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq While PM Kazemi Visits Pres Trump Pro-Iran Groups Target US And Kill Protesters To Embarrass Govt)

2021 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali threatened continued attacks upon US until it withdrew from


(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2021 Amnesty International Report Called on KRG to end arbitrary arrests Harassment of protests

Aug 2020 protests began in Sulaymaniya Dohuk Irbil over corruption lack of services govt not paying salaries KRG responded by mass arrests including journalists

2021 Parliament’s finance comm and Finance Min Allawi complained KRG not following 2021

budget Not exporting oil in return for monthly budget payments Cabinet approved budget payments anyway PM Kazemi wanted Kurdish support for his govt

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