Thursday, June 29, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 29 Nouri mosque in Mosul liberated where IS’s Baghdadi declared the caliphate Iraqi forces claimed Mosul freed but fighting continued


 

1915 US consulate report on anti-Turk riot in Karbala

1921 Faisal arrived in Baghdad 1st time in preparation to be crowned king

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

1923 Clerics Isfahani and Nayini arrived in Karbala in protest march against deportation of

cleric Khalisi for opposing parliamentary elections but only two other clerics joined them

1932 Assyrian leader Mar Shimun issued letter telling Assyrian Levies to stop resigning Not

all listened Over 400 still resigned

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1947 Baghdad hung four of Barzani’s lieutenants and arrested Sheikh Ahmed Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1948 PM Pachachi govt formed Maintained martial law using excuse of Arab-Israeli War

Went after opposition

(Musings On Iraq review Independent Iraq 1932-1958, A Study in Iraqi Politics)

1966 PM Bazzaz announced new deal with Kurds with decentralization instead of

autonomy Recognized Kurdish rights Ceasefire began Made against wishes of military

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1966 Some 10,000 killed and 80,000 displaced during fighting between Kurds and govt from

1961-1966

1966 Ex-Gen Razzaq attempted coup Seized air base and had 4th Division march on

Baghdad

1982 Iraq claimed it had withdrawn all its troops from Iranian territory Iraq still held border

areas between Qasr e-Shriin and Fakkeh in center across from Diyala

1988 Iraq continued push into Mawat Valley Sulaymaniya and then towards Iranian border

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Inspectors told Iraq it was obliged to divulge all info about its nuclear program

1991 Iraq’s Concealment Committee met over Calutrons being discovered by inspectors

Decided Iraq would have to admit it had a nuclear program but wouldn’t admit that it tried to build a bomb Decided on immediate re-concealment of docs and equipment and secret destruction of others

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Endgame, Solving The Iraq Crisis)

1992 Attempted coup by 4 officers in Republican Guard put down by Saddam 150

Republican Guard officers executed and dismissed in aftermath

2003 Report Sec State Powell misrepresented recording of Republican Guard in Feb 03 UN

speech to make it seem like they were trying to hide WMD

2003 FmrAmb Wilson claimed it unlikely British intel didn’t receive CIA reporting that Iraq-

Niger uranium papers were fake Claimed he saw fake Iraq-Niger docs He didn’t Also had no knowledge of CIA-British intel sharing

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 1st UN inspector chief Ekeus OpEd said Iraq’s strategic rationale for WMD was Iran not

US or west Said Iraq learned from Iran-Iraq War its chemical weapons quickly deteriorated Changed its WMD policy after Gulf War to stop producing and focus upon design and engineering Iraq started just in time WMD program to work on infrastructure and then produce chemical weapons right before war Said Iraq’s WMD threat was in its research know how and production facilities Said letting Saddam stay in power with WMD know how was a threat Iraq had stopped its WMD programs in 90s

2004 New PM Allawi announced Saddam and 11 others would face trial for their crimes

under Saddam’s govt

2006 VP Cheney stood by his claim that the insurgency was in its “last throes” in 2005 Said

people would look back at 2005 as a turning point in Iraq Said US underestimated the insurgency and damage Saddam’s rule did to Iraq

2006 US military said most captured foreign fighters in Iraq came from Egypt, Syria, Sudan,

Saudi Arabia in that order

(Musings On Iraq The Saudi Role In The Iraqi Insurgency)

2007 Bush speech mentioned Al Qaeda 27 times Said Al Qaed attacked US on 9/11 and was

now in Iraq Part of White House media campaign to gain support for Surge US military press releases on Iraq mentioned Al Qaeda 33 times in a week

2007 Iraqi Accordance Front ministers boycotted cabinet Demanded investigation into

Culture Min who had warrant for attempted assassination of a politician

2008 PM Maliki promised Jabouri tribe limited autonomy in return for their support and

joining Tribal Support Council

2008 Female suicide bomber hit Sahwa council in Baquba Part of ISI campaign vs sahwa

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Behind The Revival Of The Islamic State in Iraq, Interview With Naval War College Prof Craig Whiteside)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 US Army released history of 2003-05 occupation of Iraq Criticized Gen Franks for

withdrawing from Iraq right after invasion and turning over control to Gen Sanchez who didn’t have staff to manage war Army should’ve demanded better postwar planning but didn’t because made best case planning US didn’t have enough troops for occupation

2009 Iraq auctioned 8 oil and gas fields to international energy companies Rumaila only

field successfully auctioned Was considered a failure at 1st further hurting standing of Oil Min Shahristani that parliament was trying to remove

(Musings On Iraq 1st Oil Bidding Round Flops In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Continued Attempts To Develop its Oil Industry)

(Musings On Iraq Was The Iraq War About Oil?)

2009 Report ISF kidnapping Sahwa Holding them for ransom Baghdad Sahwa leader taken

by ISF Held in secret jail and told he had to pay $50,000 to be released Another Sahwa leader in Baghdad told by Def Min he would be arrested unless paid $15,000

2010 Fmr adv to Iraqi police in 2003 Brand testified to Chilcot Comm Said postwar plans for

Iraq’s police were unrealistic and lacked resources DeBaathification hurt rebuilding police US and UK didn’t prioritize effort

2010 Iraq approved $17 bil deal with Shell and Mitsubishi to exploit natural gas in Basra

(Musings On Iraq Shell-Mitsubishi Natural Gas Deal Inches Ahead)

2010 Report Foreign official said Um Qasr port worst in Mideast Ships lined up and waited

No machinery No service No system at work at port Oil companies struggled to get equipment to Iraq due to port Foreign companies complained about lack of capacity bad roads lack of infrastructure Govt had $6 bil plan for new port at Faw Never finished

(Musings On Iraq How Basra’s Port Holds Up Iraq’s Development)

2011 Report Def Sec Gates accused Special Groups of attacking US forces backed by Iran

Said 40% of US deaths since 2010 happened in last few months Said Iran and militias wanted to take credit for US withdrawal

2013 Report KRG 5 yr agricultural plan started in 09 failed Supposed to make KRG self-

sufficient in crops Fmr Agricultural Min said unqualified officials put in charge of planning Cabinet adv said KRG hadn’t funded program KRG remained oil dependent

2014 ISIS spokesman Adnani Promise of Allah statement said would form the caliphate

under Caliph Ibrahim/Abu Omar al-Baghdad Said that all Muslims had to give allegiance to the caliphate

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 ISF attacked Saqlawiya in Anbar Hashd attacked Bashir in Kirkuk ISF withdrew from

Tikrit Attack failed PM Maliki ordered op trying to retake Tikrit before parliament met to form new govt

2015 Report Anbar council accused Hashd of burning homes in Nukhaib Demanded Hashd

brigade removed from province

(Musings On Iraq Heavy Fighting In Four Of Iraq’s Provinces During Start Of July 2015)

2016 US gave Iraq $2.7 bil line of credit to buy military equipment

2016 ISF aviation intercepted convoy of several hundred IS vehicles fleeing Fallujah US

joined in Destroyed most of the vehicles

(Musings On Iraq Islamic State’s Highway of Death In Iraq’s Anbar)

2017 Nouri Mosque Mosul liberated by Iraqi forces where IS’s Baghdadi declared the

caliphate in 2014

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 256 Jun 29 2017)

2017 Golden Div claimed 60 IS fighters killed taking Nuri Mosque in Mosul Golden Div cmdr Gen

Asadi then claimed 600 IS fighters killed Before ISF claimed only 300-400 IS fighters left in city Golden Div spokesman claimed all of Mosul freed with only sporadic fighting Battle for city would continue for few more weeks

2017 Doctor working with ISF said over 200 civilians killed in last weeks of fighting for Old

City in Mosul

2017 1st protest of summer over services led by Sadrists in Najaf Burned building Led to

police shooting at crowd 4 dead 20 wounded

2017 Report IS lost 80% of its revenue over last 2 yrs Went from $81 mil/mo in 2015 to $16

mil/mo in 2017 Lost oil fields in Syria Lost cities and populations

2017 Canadian court issued warrant to seize tanker with KRG oil after lawsuit by Iraq

2019 Dir Sunni Endowment in Ninewa said demographic change being forced upon city Said

Shiite Endowment taking over Sunni mosques

2019 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali claimed US using Basra protests to try to overthrow govt

and turn Iraq into next Libya

2019 Report activists called for protests every Friday Sadr talked about protests in

Baghdad along with Communists

2019 Report Protest in Basra broken up by ISF Then went to homes of protesters and

arrested them

(Musings On Iraq Summer Is here And Iraqi Protests Met With Carrots And Sticks Again)

2020 Kataib Hezbollah members arrested for rocket attacks in Baghdad by Counter Terror

Service released by Hashd Security Directorate for lack of evidence

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s PM Gives Warning to Kataib Hezbollah To Stop Rocket Attacks In Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq While PM Kazemi Visits Pres Trump Pro-Iran Groups Target US And Kill Protesters To Embarrass Govt)

2020 Activists house in Dhi Qar bombed

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2020 KRG sent delegation to Baghdad to discuss budget dispute after 30 day deadline set by

PM Kazemi KRG rejected govt’s terms of restarting oil exports for Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq KRG Misses Deadline For Budget Deal With Iraqi Central Govt)

2021 Report Sadrists got control of secretary gen of PM’s office May 2019 sec gen said all

acting officials would be replaced by permanent ones Replaced by Sadrists that gained deputy ministers senior officials heads of state bodies that control contracts budgets appointments

2021 Secretary of KRG’s cabinet said debt rose to $31 bil due to advances by oil traders and

unpaid govt salaries Oct 2021 KRG debt was $28 bil

2021 Protests in Dhi Qar Basra Maysan over electricity shortages

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Electricity Grid Shuts Down During Summer Heat)

2021 Iranian electricity exports to Iraq stopped Natural gas exports to fuel power plants were

already reduced Done because Iraq owed billions to Tehran for exports

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 24 Treaty of Lusanne said League of Nations would decide whether Mosul vilayet went to Iraq or Turkey

  1920 France occupied Syria Defeated King Faisal’s forces leading him to flee Would set sites on Mesopotamia afterward ...