Tuesday, June 13, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 13 Ayatollah Sistani called for men to defend Iraq after fall of Mosul to ISIS Led to Hashd al-Shaabi


1920 War Min Churchill wrote PM George that British army overextended in Mesopotamia

and asked whether UK should give up Mosul province because of costs

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1920 2nd protest calling for revolt in Karbala held this time in Imam Hussein shrine

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1963 Baath govt forces attacked Dohuk killing 165 Peshmerga

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1975 Iran-Iraq signed Reconciliation Treaty to resolve border issues

1997 UN complained about Iraq’s obstruction of weapons inspections

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

1998 UN inspectors met with Iraqi delegation led by Tariq Aziz

2002 UK Def Min paper said postwar planning needed to be made before taking military

action against Iraq UK never made plans Said worse scenario would be long term and expensive occupation of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 3.3 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options April to July 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 6.4 Planning and Preparation For A Post-Saddam Hussein Iraq, Mid-2001 to January 2003)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 US ground forces commander Gen McKirenan moved HQ from Iraq to Florida Denied

US forces remaining in Iraq

2003 Gen Eaton arrived in Baghdad to head US training program for new Iraqi army Found

Bremer didn’t believe US military should be in charge of effort Weren’t enough trainers or contractors to do job

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency,

Civil War, 2003-2006)

2005 US held 2nd secret talk with insurgents in Balad to try to break them away from foreign

fighters and Al Qaeda in Iraq

2006 Bush made surprise visit to Baghdad told Maliki US stood behind him Meant 2 day

meeting to review Iraq strategy meaningless

2006 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey told Bush US had to withdraw and make Iraqis take more

responsibility Bush did not agree but went along anyway

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency,

Civil War, 2003-2006)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Strongest Tribe, War, Politics, and the Endgame in Iraq)

2006 New Al Qaeda in Iraq war leader al-Masri issued statement saying he would follow

Zarqawi’s path Continue attacking Shiites Still loyal to bin Laden

(Musings On Iraq interview with former CIA analyst Nada Bakos that tracked Zarqawi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2007 ISI bombed Askari shrine in Samarra 2nd time Used agents in Iraqi police Ayatollah

Sistani and Sadr called for calm Some Sunni mosques attacked in Baghdad and Basra in retaliation

2007 US told PM Maliki to send seasoned ISF unit to Samarra after bombing He rejected

idea and sent unprepared unit because mostly Shiite Disintegrated when arrived in city

2007 Sadrists began boycott of parliament and pulled ministers from cabinet when PM

Maliki refused to set withdrawal date for US 

2007 Gen Dempsey said 25% of Iraqi soldiers on leave 25% stayed home when units

deployed to other areas Injured soldiers kept on payroll when couldn’t serve Corrupt officers created ghost soldiers to steal salaries US found 13,000 ghost police Karbala and Najaf hired 1000s more police than needed as job program and to steal salaries

2008 Report PM Maliki said Iraq had right to demand US withdraw if it wanted

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Asks US To Draw Up Withdrawal Plans: Move Towards Autonomy, Electioneering, Or Brinkmanship by the Maliki Government?)

2008 Sadr said that he was turning most of his movement into social and political

organization Disbanded most of Mahdi Army Would have special unit just to attack U.S.

(Musings On Iraq Sadr’s Leadership Or Lack Thereof)

2008 New England Journal of Medicine article Iraq Family Health Survey showed Iraq Body

Count data mostly correct IBC counted 91,358 civilians killed from 03 invasion to Jun 08

2009 Kurdish List in Ninewa said it was thinking of creating alternative administration of

districts that refused to work with provincial govt Part of Kurd-Al Hadbaa dispute

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat In Ninewa)

(Musings On Iraq Arab-Kurdish Divide Over New Ninewa Provincial Council)

(Musings On Iraq Update On Political Dispute In Ninewa)

2010 Iraq Central Bank attacked by ISI dressed in army uniforms Started with 7 suicide

bombers 25 killed 50 wounded Fire started during attack that destroyed records on corruption scheme within bank that cost $711 mil MPs thought bank employees started fire as cover up

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

(Musings On Iraq Al Qaeda In Iraq Takes Responsibility For Central Bank Attack In


(Musings On Iraq Was Attack Upon Iraq Central Bank To Cover Up Corruption Case?)

2011 Organization for Women’s Freedom in Iraq tried to hold press conference on women

beaten during Jun 10 protests Broken up by plain clothes police

2011 Report PM Maliki said public confused about his 100 day deadline for reform Said

people thought he would hold ministries accountable for problems He said that would take more time

2011 Report Under CPA US flew in $12 bil in US cash into Iraq US couldn’t account for $6.6

bil Auditors thought some of it was stolen Special Inspector General for Iraq Recon said it was “largest theft of funds in [US] history” Iraqi officials main suspects Pentagon claimed for 6 yrs it could find money but didn’t Was actually bad accounting by CPA

(Musings On Iraq The Missing $6.6 Billion In Iraq Reconstruction Funds)

(Musings On Iraq More On Iraq’s Missing Billions In Reconstruction Funds)

(Musings On Iraq Bad Record Keeping Not Corruption Behind Missing $6.6 Billion In Iraq Reconstructoin Funds)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” Chapter 8 “Treasury’s Triage”)

2011 Report Activists in Sulaymaniya said opposition didn’t speak for them and shouldn’t

be meeting with KDP-PUK over reforms Said KDP-PUK should talk to protesters

2011 Foreign and Transportation ministers signed deal with Kuwait to adapt its port building

plan to accommodate Iraq’s Faw

(Musings On Iraq Iraq-Kuwait Argue Over Competing Port Plans In The Persian Gulf)

2011 Report Feb Baghdad Ops Cmdr raided Journalistic Freedoms Observatory Part of

crackdown upon protests PM Maliki said Baathists behind demonstrations and ISI would attack them Called on people not to participate Feb 25 ISF broke up protest in Baghdad using water cannons and live ammo Later claimed no ammo was used 9 media orgs raided afterward 33 journalists arrested 12 beaten

2011 Report US got PM Maliki and Allawi to agree on power sharing agreement to create 2nd

Maliki term Allawi supposed to head National Council for Strategic Policy that would have executive power Would require constitutional amend to have power Never happened Allawi never headed council He lost his leverage in forming govt when agreed to deal His Iraqiya coalition split afterward to gain positions in govt Mutlaq became Dep PM for services but had no power over ministries

2012 ISI bombed Shiite pilgrims in Baghdad Karbala Salahaddin and Babil along with Anbar

and KDP HQ in Kirkuk 84 killed total almost 300 injured

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Insurgents Launch Summer Offensive In June 2012)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2012 Report Ayatollah Khamenei tried to persuade Sadr to drop opposition to PM Maliki

Quds Force commander Gen Suleimani already failed

(Musings On Iraq What Does Iraq’s Sadr Want?)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadrist Back Off Attacks Upon Prime Minister Maliki For Now)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2012 Dir of Kurdistan Econ Development Org said KRG economy had structural problems

Govt hired too many workers 70% of budget went to them Said was distorting econ Politicians KDP-PUK also caused problems Said needed to grow private sector

2012 Adviser to KRG’s Natural Resource Min said KRG would reach 1 mil/bar/day oil

production capacity by 2015 Natural Resource Min originally said would reach that goal by 2014 It didn’t meet either date

2012 Report KRG parties based upon tribes and families Leaders got positions through ties

Massoud Barzani head of KDP Got position from father Mulla Mustafa Barzani Nephew Nechirvan Barzani KRG PM Son Masrour Barzani head of KDP intel Mansour Barzani head of KDP peshmerga Adham Sidad and Sirwan Barzanis on KDP leadership council Dilshad Barzani KDP rep to Germany Saiwan Barzani Iraq’s amb to France Hoshyar Zebari Massoud’s nephew Foreign Min Massoud’s uncle Gen Babaker Zebari army chief of staff Hoshyar’s cousin Dindar Zebari dep of KRG Office of Foreign Relations Hero Ibrahim Ahmed Pres Talabani’s wife on PUK politburo Son Qubad Talabani KRG rep to US Lahur Talabani head of KRG anti-terror force Bayz Talabani KRG Finance Min Shanaz Ibrahim Ahmed Hero’s sister PUK rep to UK Jala’s brother in law Mohammed Sabir Iraq amb to China

2013 Report KRG wanted to invest in industry railways dams water treatment plants KRG

Planning Min said needed $1.1 bil by 2020 Lacked infrastructure modern banking set regulations for business trained workforce to develop

2013 Report PM Maliki’s oil advisor fmr Oil Min Ghabban said Iraq wanted to increase oil

production to 4.5 mil/bar/day by end of 2014 Iraq’s Integrated National Energy Strategy called for developing infrastructure diversifying economy creating jobs improving living standards Didn’t meet any of its goals

2013 Report Dec 04 Austrian-Kurdish scholar given 30 yrs for criticizing Barzani family 2

journalists shot for writing about KDP corruption Pres Barzani’s wealth est at $2 bil 2012 his son Masrour reportedly lost $3.2 mil gambling in Dubai casino Bought $10 mil home in Virginia

2014 Ayatollah Sistani issued fatwa for men to defend country Meant joining ISF but led to

creation of Hashd al-Shaabi

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Tel Avav Univ’s Rachel Kantz Federa on Ayatollah Sistani’s Fatwa To Defend Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Interview Will The Hashd Al-Shaabi Change The Face Of Iraqi Politics? Interview With Fanar Haddad)

(Musings On Iraq Iran And Its Shiite Militias Mobilize In Iraq Interview With Phillip Smyth)

2014 3 Iraqi army divisions disintegrated in collapse of Mosul Tikrit etc

2014 North Oil Company shut down oil to Baiji refinery because of fighting

2014 ISIS demanded people return to jobs in Mosul Threatened to whip public workers that

didn’t Said it would run city govt Said it would destroy graves and shrines as polytheistic Banned smoking and drinking Told women had to dress decently

(Musings On Iraq Update On Iraq’s Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq The Islamic State of iraq Attempts To Create A State in Syria And Iraq Interview With Aaron Zelin)

2014 After Mosul fell city council formed of ex-officers Baathists insurgents Asked IS

foreign fighters to leave IS refused Said all groups had to give it allegiance withdraw from Mosul or be killed

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Resurgent Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq Rise Of The Islamic State And the Fading Away of the Rest of the Iraqi Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2014 Report up to 25 tankers with ISIS oil travelled into Kurdish controlled areas of Tuz

Kharmato per day

2014 Insurgents seized police station in western Ramadi

2014 Transportation Min and Badr head Amiri given control of security in Diyala by PM


(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2014 Report 500 Iranian Revolutionary Guards deployed to Diyala Quds Force cmdr Gen

Suleimani was in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq What Was Behind Iran’s Social Media Campaign Promoting Gen Suleimani In Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Mobilization In Iraq In The Face Of The Insurgent Surge)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2014 Sunni imam and two aides arrested in Baghdad by ISF later found dead

2014 Report Naqshibandi took part in seizure of Mosul Put up pictures of Saddam in city

after it was taken Were rumors Naqshibandi head Duri would give speech in Mosul but didn’t ISIS told group had 24 hrs to take down Saddam pictures ISIS held meeting of all insurgent groups Told them they could not fly any flag or post images Said ISIS was running city

2014 Report Before Mosul PM Maliki called for militias to fight insurgents Badr Kataib

Hezbollah Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba Kataib Sayid al-Shuhada Asaib Ahl Al-Haq others responded Moved men from Syria to Iraq Recruited new men Deployed in Anbar Salahaddin Baghdad Backed by Quds Force

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sheikh Akram Al-Kaabi and Hezbollah al-Nujaba)

2014 CENTCOM head Gen Austin authorized surveillance flights flown out of Qatar over Iraq to

assess security situation

2015 2nd day of fighting between Hashd and Peshmerga in Sadiya, Diyala over control of


2015 Report split within Obama admin State Dept wanted more support for Iraq to help PM

Abadi and fight IS Military against escalation without knowing endgame Def Sec Carter Joint Chief head Gen Dempsey CENTCOM cmdr Gen Austin pushed for maintaining status quo Obama said if situation got worse US would increase support

(Musings On Iraq Review Degrade And Destroy, The Inside Story Of The War Against the Islamic State From Barack Obama To Donald Trump)

2015 PM Abadi speech said Hashd non-sectarian under his command in war against IS Not

all were

2015 80 US soldiers arrived in Habaniya base Anbar to support ISF operations in province

2015 IS executed 27 captured members of the ISF in Badush Ninewa

2016 US Apache helicopters attacked IS

2016 Report Iraq agreed to economic reforms as part of IMF loan including tax increases

higher electricity fees better banking regulations Didn’t follow through

2016 Sec Gen of Peshmerga said 1466 Peshmerga killed 8610 wounded in war vs IS

2016 Report Hashd ignored agreement with Abadi govt and joined Fallujah battle Entered

southern suburbs Arrested and kidnapped people

(Musings On Iraq Security In Iraq, Jun 22-28, 2016)

2017 Turkish Pres Erdogan criticized KRG independence referendum Said it was a threat to

integrity of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq What’s Next For Kurdistan After The Referendum?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 ISF began attack upon Old City in Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 240 Jun 13 2017)

2017 Most Mosul Univ students took exams for 1st time since IS seized city in 2014

2017 Report Hashd emptying villages in Baaj west Ninewa Backed by UN that said 14,000

people displaced from Baaj start of Jun Few displaced beforehand

2018 Report Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani got Shiite parties to unite and KDP-PUK to back Shiite parties for next govt Convinced Sadr to join with Maliki Badr’s Amiri and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali Sadr made demands of PM Abadi to stay in office Abadi said no Led Sadr to go to pro-Iran parties 

2019 Hashd tried to buy land to build shrine to Iranian gen killed fighting IS Owner said no

Police linked to Hashd seized land Shiite endowment investing in Mosul Mosul officials accused Endowment of land grabs and trying to change population

(Musings On Iraq Expansion of the Hashd al-Shaabi’s influence In Iraq, Interview With Clingendael’s Erwin van Veen)

2019 IS issued new video Warned Sunnis they would be killed if worked for govt

(Musings On Iraq Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 1? Interview With Washington Institute for Near East Policy’s Michael Knights)

(Musings On Iraq Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 2? Interview With Il Foglio’s Daniele Raineri)

2020 Kataib Hezbollah warned US forces if they didn’t withdraw from Iraq they would be

attacked Came in middle of rocket attacks in Baghdad upon targets housing Americans

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s PM Gives Warning to Kataib Hezbollah To Stop Rocket Attacks In Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq While PM Kazemi Visits Pres Trump Pro-Iran Groups Target US And Kill Protesters To Embarrass Govt)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2020 Rockets fired at Taji base in Baghdad by pro-Iran groups

2021 Kataib Hezbollah told US had to leave Iraq Said ignored parliament’s call for US

withdrawal Said Resistance would attack Americans Warned against foreigners infiltrating Iraqi intel Was attack upon PM Kazemi who headed intel agency

2021 Pro-Iran Hashd held parade Showed off drones Used drones since 2014 in war vs IS

2019 Hashd launched drone attack on Saudi oil installation 2021 Alwiya Alwaad Al-Haw claimed drone attack upon Saudi Arabia Got advanced drones from Iran

(Musings On Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Becoming A Regional Force For Tehran)

2021 PUK said presidency its position Would re-nominate Barham Salah for 2nd term KDP

said presidency didn’t belong to any party KDP wanted all Kurdish positions

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This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 9 UN said Abdul Mahdi govt used excessive force and abused protesters While groups were abducting and killing activists

  1914 Ottoman forces surrendered in Qurna, Basra 1,034 Ottomans taken prisoner End of 1 st             phase of Mesopo...