Monday, June 12, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 12 ISIS massacred around 1200 cadets at Camp Speicher



1920 Protest in Karbala mosque calling for revolt vs British

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1921 Gertrude Bell wrote that Faisal entering Iraq with the British wouldn’t have been as

good as him leading a jihad but he would still be an inspiration to the new Arab state of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1935 National Service Bill signed by King starting conscription for army King Ghazi hoped

conscription would help with nation building by creating army drawn from all parts of Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1939 Regent gave speech supporting British White Paper on Palestine Was part of his pro-

British policy

1940 Gaylani govt refused request by UK for Iraq to break relations with Italy

1940 UK Foreign Sec Lord Halifax told War Cabinet situation in Iraq gotten worse due to

German victories in France German and Italian propaganda used Arab anger over Palestine and Syria against UK Few Iraqis believed that UK could protect them Arabs wanted to be on winning side in war

1948 Iraqis forced to retreat from Kafr Qassim by Israelis after armistice 1st Arab-Israeli War

1963 Soviet Union condemned Baath govt military campaign against Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1964 Pres Arif announced end of talks with Egypt to unite with Iraq Also said Mullah

Mustafa Barzani was following govt agreements while KDP wanted war

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1979 Govt put down 9 days of Dawa led protests capped off by arresting Ayatollah Baqir al-

Sadr Led to more protests in Iraq Lebanon UAE Braitain France Iran

(Musings On Iraq Interview A History of Iraq’s Islamic Dawa Party, Interview With Lowy Inst for Intl Policy’s Dr. Rodger Shanahan)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

1982 U.N. called for ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War

1988 Iran Op Beit al-Moqaddas 7 attacked Fish Lake Iraqi defensive line in front of Basra

City Advanced 10km into Iraqi lines causing heavy Iraqi casualties Took 700 prisoners

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1994 8,000 Kurdish refugees who had fled to Turkey after 91 uprising moved back into Iraq

to escape fighting between PKK and Turkish army

1996 Inspectors went to 3 Special Republican Guard bases and blocked at all of them Led to UN

Resolution 1060 that said Iraq not allowing inspectors full access to sites Inspectors were trying to discover Iraq’s concealment program to hide WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1996 UK intel report worried that Iraq still hiding parts of missile and WMD programs

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

1997 UN inspectors said Iraq had blocked them from 3 sites in last two days

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2000 Saddam speech implied that if others in MidEast had WMD Iraq would have them too

Later told FBI interrogator he gave speech to warn Iran not to attack Iraq Said Iraq had to deal with threat from Iran and Israel so had to act like Iraq still had WMD

2003 1st bombing of an Iraqi oil pipeline near Kirkuk after invasion

2003 White House said were some fake docs about Iraq-Niger uranium deal but much more

evidence to support story Deal never happened

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 DIA memo to DepSecDef Wolfowitz said docs on Iraq-Niger uranium deal fakes but

were unconfirmed reports that supported deal such as report that uranium was in warehouse in Benin Warehouse was checked Nothing there

2003 Fmr Amb Wilson gave background info to Wash Post claiming CIA didn’t tell Bush

doubts about Iraq-Niger uranium deal Claimed he saw fake Iraq-Niger docs but never did Wilson believed his trip to Niger discredited story within CIA but didn’t

2003 VP Cheney told chief of staff Libby Wilson’s wife’s name and said she worked for CIA

Later leaked to press to attack Wilson Cheney and Libby were worried about press reports they felt were trying to blame VP and Bush for false reports on WMD

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed the Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2004 Insurgents killed Deputy Foreign Minister Kubba

2006 Health Dir for Diyala province kidnapped and believed killed by Mahdi Army

2006 2 day meeting to review Iraq strategy started Iraq cmdr Gen Casey said conflict had

switched from insurgency against US to struggle for political and economic power amongst Iraqis Casey said longer US stayed the more dependent Iraqis would become so wanted to keep current strategy of transferring responsibilities to Iraqis so US could withdraw Frederick Kagan of Amer Enter Inst argued for a surge of troops Said ISF weren’t ready to take over security and ethnosectarian violence would continue Michael Vickers from Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments said US wasn’t going to defeat insurgency in next few yrs so US should take indirect approach Said 40,000 troops should be withdrawn and US shift to providing support to Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review Days Of Fire, Bush and Cheney in the White House)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency,

Civil War, 2003-2006)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Strongest Tribe, War, Politics, and the Endgame in Iraq)

2006 After meeting Bush told advisers he believed turning over security to Iraqis not


2007 1920 Revolution Brigade turned on ISI in Diyala after made deal with US

(Musings On Iraq Diyala Province Backgrounder)

(Musings On Iraq The Demise, But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2008 PM Maliki sent forces to Maysan to crackdown on Sadrists

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

2008 Senior Sadrist and Iranian linked arms dealer arrested in Kut Wasit

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

2008 Islamic Party HQ in Anbar bombed in part of campaign against party

2009 Harith Obeidi recently elected head of Iraqi Accordance Front assassinated likely by


2009 Sadrists criticized Asaib Ahl Al-Haq for negotiation with govt to get its leader Qais

Khazali released

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2010 Report Iraq flooded with counterfeit dinars Financial expert said gangs foreign

countries and corrupt officials involved Police arrested Iranians with counterfeit money in south and Sulaymaniya

2011 Sadr bloc threatened to pull out of National Coalition and push no confidence vote

against PM Maliki if US troops given extension to stay in Iraq

2011 US Amb to Iraq Jeffries said majority of Iraqi blocs supported troop extension for US

except Sadr

2011 Iraqiya withdrew from parliament after pro-Maliki march in Baghdad burned Allawi’s


2012 Kurdish MP claimed if no confidence vote against PM Maliki went to parliament would

be passed

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 PM Maliki held cabinet meeting in Dhi Qar trying to prop up base against no

confidence vote

2012 Planning Min said per capita income rose from $100 in 2004 to $4,000 in 2011

2013 Charge of Knights of the Tigris anti-insurgent op started in Muqtadiya Abu Saida

Hamrin Jalawla in Diyala

2013 Electricity Min said reached highest daily production in yrs Claimed it was providing

15-24 hrs of power/day It wasn’t

(Musings On Iraq Iraq No Closer To Solving Its Electricity Problems)

(Musings On Iraq More Hollow Promises By Iraq’s Electricity Ministry)

2014 ISIS announced it was imposing sharia on Mosul ISF members had to repent or be

executed Killed 84 ISF and Imam of grand mosque in Mosul who refused to support group

(Musings On Iraq The Islamic State of Iraq Attempts To Create A State in Syria And Iraq Interview With Aaron Zelin)

(Musings On Iraq Update On Iraq’s Insurgency Interview With Aymenn Jawad al-Tamimi)

(Musings On Iraq review Mosul Under ISIS, Eyewitness Accounts Of Life In The Caliphate)

2014 ISIS committed Camp Speicher massacre executing cadets in Salahaddin

(Musings On Iraq How Northern Iraq Fell To The Insurgency)

2014 ISIS seized 10 towns in Salahaddin and attacked Amerli

2014 ISIS announced that it was going to execute ISF in Dhuluiya Salahaddin Told tribes

they had to turn over ISF or they would be killed Refused and tribes starting fighting ISIS

2014 Jabour tribe fighting ISIS in Alam east of Tikrit

2014 Army and Sahwa withdrew from three major entrances to Fallujah

2014 Insurgents attacked and seized Kubaisa and Saqlawiya in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Western Front Is Anbar Next To Fall?)

2014 ISF withdrew from Qaim and Mazra army base without a fight in Anbar ceding Syrian

border to insurgents

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Western Front Is Anbar Next To Fall?)

2014 ISF withdrew from Sadiya district Diyala Insurgents burned abandoned ISF base in


(Musings On Iraq Continued Collapse Of Iraqi Security Forces And Fighting In Baghdad Leads to Militia Mobilization And Arrival Of Iran)

2014 Emergency session of parliament to discuss security crisis cancelled due to lack of


2014 Supreme Council announced that it sent first unit of militiamen to fight insurgents

(Musings On Iraq Interview Iran And Its Shiite Militias Mobilize In Iraq Interview With Phillip Smyth)

2014 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq set up checkpoints near Dhuluiya Salahaddin Opened fire on 3

vehicles killing 12 civilians 3 Sunni men kidnapped and killed by Asaib Ahl Al-Haq in Sadiya Baghdad

2014 Iran’s Quds Force commander Gen Suleimani went to Baghdad to help coordinate

security policy against insurgents

(Musings On Iraq What Was Behind Iran’s Social Media Campaign Promoting Gen Suleimani In Iraq?)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2014 2 Brigades of Iranian Revolutionary Guard deployed to Samarra Najaf and Karbala to

protect shrines

(Musings On Iraq Iran And Its Shiite Militias Mobilize In Iraq Interview With Phillip Smyth)

2014 Iranian Revolutionary Guard deployed to Iran-Iraq border Iran air force put on alert

(Musings On Iraq Continued Collapse Of Iraqi Security Forces And Fighting In Baghdad Leads to Militia Mobilization And Arrival Of Iran)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Mobilization In Iraq In The Face Of The Insurgent Surge)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2015 Peshmerga and Hashd got into firefight in Sadiya Diyala in power struggle for control

of Khanaqin district 5 dead

2015 Report Human Rights Comm said 40000 ISF and Hashd killed 25000 wounded 3000

missing 3000 Sahwa dead 500 missing 3000 Peshmerga dead 7500 wounded 250 missing since June 2014

2016 Anbar Governor report Hashd killed 49 displaced in Fallujah op 643 disappeared

Beatings torturing stealing from displaced

(Musings On Iraq Crimes And Misdemeanors Of Kataib Hezbollah During War Vs ISIS Interview With Free Lance Journalist Jonathan Lee Krohn)

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

(Musings On Iraq Missing 600 From Anbar’s Saqlawiya Finally Found Dead?)

(Musings On Iraq Abuses Of Iraq’s Hashd In Fallujah Operation)

2017 Report PM Abadi agreed to US deporting Iraqis In return Iraq removed from

Muslim travel ban list by Trump admin US immigration began arresting Iraqis for deportation for serious crimes Dozens of Chaldeans arrested in Detroit Kurds in Nashville

2017 UK Amb to Iraq said not right time for KRG independence referendum

(Musings On Iraq What’s Next For Kurdistan After The Referendum?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

2017 Report Fmr head of Ninewa Ops Command Gen Gharawi said there was order to

withdraw from Mosul Jun 2014 when IS attacked Didn’t know who it came from Blamed police and residents for fall of Mosul Claimed majority of residents welcomed IS Said Gov Nujafi pro-IS Said he wasn’t responsible for fall of Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 239 Jun 12 2017)

2017 Report Baaj Ninewa emptied of people by Hashd Set up security zone and emptied

entire dist

2017 Iraqi Observatory for Human Rights said IS killed more than 2000 at Camp Speicher

massacre not 1700 it claimed Said govt identified 350 bodies then stopped Complained 100s of families were waiting for info about their relatives

2017 Iranian news agency published pictures of Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani on Iraq-

Syrian border With Afghan militiamen Said they had reached border despite US air strikes trying to stop them

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Propaganda Work In Iraq Interview With Tel Aviv Univ’s Dr Raz Zimmt)

(Musings On Iraq What Was Behind Iran’s Social Media Campaign Promoting Gen Suleimani In Iraq?)

2019 US sanctioned Iraq’s South Wealth Resources Company for helping Iran Rev Guards

avoid sanctions smuggling weapons to pro-Iran groups inside Iraq and funding Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis deputy cmdr of the Hashd and on US terror list

(Musings On Iraq US Sanctions Iraqi Company For Being Front For Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

2019 Report Muthanna govt said public’s patience running out over electricity shortages

Activists said would start protests in Muthanna Basra and other provinces PM Abdul Mahdi said power production up May Electricity Min said Muthanna would get 20 hrs/day of electricity Was only getting 12

2020 KRG oil production down 10% in 2020 due to oil crisis Production went from 490,000

bar/day to 440,000 bar/day Due to objections from Baghdad along with lawsuits sold oil at deep discount from Iraqi price Paid higher export fees to Turkey When oil prices collapsed some companies in KRG couldn’t sell oil for a profit Mar Natural Resource Min said it couldn’t pay invoices worth $1 bil from Nov 2019-Feb 2020 Said would pay companies in Mar Didn’t pay until May

2021 2 generals arrested for taking bribes to waive customs at Um Qasr port in Basra

2021 Kataib Hezbollah spokesman said sometimes Resistance factions acted without Iran’s

orders Said not ashamed of being under Iranian leadership

2021 Report Iraq-Lebanon oil deal running into problems Lebanon was supposed to pay with

medical services, agricultural products Couldn’t provide any of them Deal was to support Lebanon even though it couldn’t pay

(Musings On Iraq Iraq-Lebanon Sign Trade Deal That Doesn’t Make Any Sense)

2022 Sadr’s MPs resigned from parliament Would open door to his opponents forming new govt and

shutting him out of power

(Musings On Iraq Sadr Still Wants To Be Kingmaker In Forming Next Iraqi Govt)

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