Wednesday, November 29, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 29 PM Abdul Mahdi resigned under pressure from Ayatollah Sistani over killing protesters


 

1914 Gen Barrett and Sir Percy Cox asked that UK occupation of Basra be announced as

permanent believing it would sway Arabs to UK side Request turned down

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

 

1920 Gertrude Bell wrote few tribes were talking about self-rule and many rejected it in Basra Said

only way Iraq would be at peace was if Arab govt created and tribes subdued by force after 1920 Revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

1927 UK Foreign Sec Chamberlain told King Faisal talks over Anglo-Iraq Treaty should be delayed

for two years and Faisal would have to run Iraq on his own British knew Faisal afraid of potential unrest and was trying to intimidate him Tactic worked

1934 Border dispute between Iraq and Persia escalated

1936 PM Sulaiman named new cabinet 1922-58 were 59 cabinets

1979 Iranian joint chiefs agreed to prepare for an Iraqi attack and planned to retaliate by hitting Iraqi air bases

1980 Iranian marines destroyed Mina al Bakr and Khor al Amaya oil terminals in Iraq Attack cut

Iraqi exports from 3.24 mil/bar/day to 550,000 bar/day

1981 Iran Op Tariq al-Quds began to free Bostan Started with drive in Susangard Iraqi

counterattack retook most of the lost territory Part of Iranian campaign to retake Khuzistan province Pres Rafsanjani told parliament he would push Iraqis back to the border

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 UN Resolution 678 gave Iraq until 1/15/91 to withdraw from Kuwait Authorized UN

members to use all means necessary to eject Iraq from Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

1990 Iraq released all the foreign hostages it held trying to sway world public opinion

1990 Sec State Baker met French UK China USSR foreign ministers Endorsed trying one

more round of talks with Iraq to get it to withdraw from Kuwait

2001 UN Res 1382 extended Oil for Food program

2001 Amer Enterprise Institute panel said Saddam had to be removed before US could confront

radical Islam

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)

(Musings On Iraq review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)

2002 UK Defense Min told Blair that US still had no political strategy for Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 American Enterprise Inst group of experts started work on paper on what U.S. facing after

9/11 Would focus on Iraq

2003 Insurgent attacks killed 7 Spanish intelligence officers and 2 Japanese diplomats in Iraq

2004 Bush told NSC January 2005 Iraqi election had to happen on time

2005 Def Sec Rumsfeld told press “insurgent” should no longer be used when reporting on Iraq

because they didn’t believe in anything He then explained that they stood for overthrowing the Iraqi system and creating a caliphate Rumsfeld said US forces didn't have to report abuse and torture by ISF Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace then used insurgent when describing security in Iraq and said US forces absolutely had responsibility to report any abuses by ISF

2005 Report Badr infiltrated Inter Min Mahdi Army regular police Both carrying out murders torture

abuse Inter Min Inspector General said police carrying out extrajudicial killings Inter Min intel chief Kamal said there was abuse going on but was not official policy of the Ministry

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq From Bad To Worse How Military Moved Into The Iraqi Police Force And The United States Failed At Nation Building Part Two Of An Interview With Jerry Burke Former Advisor To The Baghdad Police And Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation, War And Resistance In Iraq)

2005 Ceremony for DNO to start drilling for oil at field in Zakho KRG

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2005 Fmr Saudi Information Min Hujailan editorial said Saudis backed Iraq during Iran-Iraq War

to protect Arab world from Iran Now feared that Arab Iraq was disappearing due to Iran

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2006 Report PM Maliki wanted more control over ISF Increased US training Bigger weapons Said

couldn’t disarm militias when Iraqis didn’t trust ISF and US Said his govt would collapse if he moved against militias Said he would find a political solution to problem

2006 Adviser to Saudi govt said would be a massive intervention by Riyad to save Iraq’s Sunnis from

Shiite militias if US withdrew

2006 Inter Min announced it was creating monitoring unit that would take legal action against

media that reported fake news Quoted AP story of 6 men burned to death in Baghdad mosque Claimed police captain in story didn’t exist AP talked to police captain for 2 years and been in his office Also found 3 witnesses to story and more people came forward afterward

2006 Sadrists walked out of parliament to protest PM Maliki meeting with Bush in Jordan

2006 NYTimes published memo by Natl Sec Adv Hadley Asked whether PM Maliki had same vision as

US Said PM said what US wanted to hear Didn’t have control of army Didn’t provide services to Sunni areas Stopped ops vs Shiites Supported attacks on Sunnis Removed ISF commanders for sectarian reasons Wanted to ensure Shiite rule Only listened to small group of Dawa advisers US intel said Maliki tried to stand up to Shiite parties Said Maliki was either ignorant of what was happening or misrepresented his intentions Said Maliki weak and US needed to shore up support for him

2007 Car bomb found outside offices of Accordance Front leader Adnan Dulaimi Would lead to him

being placed under house arrest

2008 Bosnia and Herzegovina withdrew its military forces from Iraq

2009 Chilcot Inquiry Letter from Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith to PM Blair Jul 02 that invasion of

Iraq would be illegal UN only allowed self-defense UK couldn’t use previous UN resolutions Goldsmith threatened to resign because Blair didn’t listen to him

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2010 Report Iraq wanted to re-open oil pipeline to Saudi Arabia Was closed in 1990 after

invasion of Kuwait Didn’t happen

2010 Adv to PM Maliki said Iraq could reach capacity of 8 mil/bar/day in oil by 2017 Was

revision down from original claim of 12 mil/bar/day by 2017 Analysts didn’t think either was realistic Iraq lacked infrastructure and security Analysts believed Iraq could reach 2.8 mil/bar/day by 2011 and 4.6 mil/bar/day by 2015 Govt spokesman Dabbagh said production would increase with KRG output even though Baghdad said its oil deals were illegal

2011 Op Ed in Saudi owned Al-Sharq Al-Awsat said Iran wanted to turn Arab countries into little

Irans or make them clients like Iraq under PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq review A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, The Saudi Struggle For Iraq)

2012 Court gave death sentences to 4 of VP Hashemi’s bodyguards Convicted of killing a Defense Min

officer and his wife in 2011

2012 Parliament’s integrity comm named those involved in corrupt Russian arms deal Included Def Min

Dulaimi State of Law MP Shabandar Govt spokesman Dabbagh PM Maliki’s media adv Several ISF generals and colonels

2013 Report Turkey and KRG signed deals for oil exports and a new oil and a new natural gas

pipeline KRG said it would export 1 mil/bar/day of oil by 2015 Gas exports would start in 2017 Neither happened

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2015 Report UK court ordered KRG to pay Dana Gas $1.98 bil 07 KRG gave Dana Gas and

Crescent Petroleum 25 yr deal to develop Khor Mor and Chamchamal fields Companies complained they were underpaid for natural gas from Khor Mor Oct 2013 filed suit in UK court vs KRG Came after Dana Gas won another case in UK that ordered KRG to pay $100 mil

2015 Report IS set up system of fees for funding Charged tolls and taxes Gave traffic tickets

Charged rents and electricity and water bills Fines Some est these earned up to $1 bil/yr RAND analyst said that if IS lost land would lose funding

2015 Karbala court sentenced Fmr Trade min Sudani to 7 yrs in absentia for corruption Sudani

left Iraq for UK in 2009 Was accused of stealing up to $400 mil some of which went to PM Maliki’s State of Law

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2017 MP on finance committee said $320 bil lost in last few yrs due to corruption

2017 Kataib Hezbollah spokesman said that victories in Syria and Iraq were due to the Islamic

resistance led by Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani Said without Iran’s support Iraq and Syria would’ve been divided

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2018 Report Foreign investors said bureaucracy corruption blocked achieving its energy

goals Executives said takes up to 8 wks for an employee to get a visa to enter Iraq

2018 Report UK security official said Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani authorized hit

squads to kill Iraqi critics of Iran Were sent after elections Fmr ally of PM Abadi assassinated Sadr ally killed after accused Iran of interfering in voting Adv to Ayatollah Sistani also killed after calling for Iran to stop interfering in Iraq

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi said he resigned after Ayatollah Sistani’s Friday message

2019 Najaf police chief resigned after massacre of protesters Nov 28 2nd Dep Gov of Najaf

resigned Said protesters were being murdered

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2019 53 killed in clashes between protesters and ISF continued in Nasiriya and by ISCI

Hashd outside shrine 20 killed in Najaf Activist in Maysan assassinated

2019 Human Rights Comm said 354 protesters killed 8,104 injured

2021 After pro-Iran Hashd tried to kill PM Kazemi with a drone strike Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s

Khazali warned against accusing any Resistance Faction of the attack Said would lead to major crisis Questioned whether PM was even targeted

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2021 Report Official said Kataib Sayid al-Shuhada suspected of drone strike on PM Kazemi

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