Monday, November 13, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 13 PM Sadoun shot himself over criticism of his govt Said he couldn’t live being seen as a puppet to the British



1939 PM Sadoun shot himself due to criticism he faced over his performance Suicide note said he

couldn’t live being seen as a puppet of the British


1963 Expelled Baath leader Saadi said party run by new 15 member council headed by General Bakr

1980 Iraq launched new attack in Khuzistan province southern Iran Attacked Dezful but stopped

after only a few miles Iran counterattacked and recaptured Alvan Shush Naderi Iraq attacked Ahwaz but got stuck Dezful was supposed to be taken 1st wk of war

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1981 UN Resolution 36/27 again criticized Israel’s destruction of Osirak nuclear reactor and said

Israel should pay for damages

1982 Saddam ran informal referendum backed by pro-Saddam marches

1986 Rev Command Council meeting believed Israel was behind Reagan selling weapons to Iran in

Iran-Contra scandal

1991 Saddam replaced cousin Interior Minister Ali Hassan al-Majid with his half brother Wathban

Ibrahim Hassan

1991 Wall St Journal OpEd by Chalabi Called for US backing for his plan to seize territory in north

Iraq set up provisional govt and then get US military intervention to start revolt and overthrow Saddam and create a democracy

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

1992 Turkey began withdrawing troop after month long operation in norther Kurdistan against PKK

1995 KDP and PUK restarted US brokered peace talks to end civil war but came to no agreement

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1998 Tariq Aziz told CNN UN inspectors spying for US and Israel

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

1998 UN chief Annan sent letter to Saddam Said had to cooperate with inspectors to avoid a US-UK

military strike Annan told Iraq that if cooperated with inspectors Security Council would discuss Iraq’s disarmament to move towards ending sanctions

1998 Countries told Iraq that if it didn’t back down on inspectors it would be hit by US within 24


1998 Iraq sent letter to UN blaming US for blocking review of Iraq’s disarmament Said because of

UN chief Annan it would cooperate with inspectors again

1998 Tariq Aziz went on CNN to say that Iraq would let inspectors return US B-52 bombers were

only about an hour away from bombing Iraq Clinton recalled them

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 Iraq accepted UN Resolution 1441 to allow UN weapons inspectors

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld memo to Bush Said inspections were important because Saddam would make

a mistake and the military would be ready to react as soon as Bush gave the order

2002 PM Blair said that goal of UN Res 1441 was disarming Iraq not regime change

2002 PM Blair told UK cabinet that UN Res 1441 meant military action could be taken against Iraq in

case of violations without a 2nd resolution

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 5 Advice On The Legal Basis For Military Action, November 2002 To March 2003)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2005 US forces found 173 prisoners in secret prison in Baghdad run by Interior Min Dep Dir of

Intel from Badr Prisoners tortured Interior Min Jabr later denied any torture US investigation later found since July 05 Dep Dir of Intel illegally arresting torturing and killing civilians

(Musings On Iraq How The World Found Out That Iraq Still Tortured People)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 18 – Defeated By Democracy, Winter 2005-2006)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq From Bad To Worse How Military Moved Into The Iraqi Police Force And The United States Failed At Nation Building Part Two Of An Interview With Jerry Burke Former Advisor To The Baghdad Police And Interior Ministry)

2005 18 Sunni men found handcuffed blindfolded and shot in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 Bush met Iraq Study Group Said Iraq part of ideological struggle in world Said US needed to

back PM Maliki Group didn’t think Bush knew what victory in Iraq meant besides platitudes

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Iraq Study Group met with US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey who said Iraqis had to eventually take

control of own affairs Casey said that sectarian violence problem in Iraq but PM Maliki only talked about Baathists

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review Night Draws Near, Iraq’s People In The Shadow Of America’s War)

2006 Iraq Study Group met with US embassy charge d’affaires Speckhard Said Op Together Forward

in Baghdad would rally Iraqis behind Maliki govt and move politics forward

2006 Iraq Study Group met with US ground forces cmdr Gen Chiarelli Said providing services as

important as security Warned Health Transportation Agriculture ministries controlled by Sadr

2006 Iraq Study Group met with Gen Peterson who ran police training Denied police were corrupt and

full of militia Study Group thought he was delusional

2006 Iraq Study Group met with PM Maliki Blamed all of Iraq’s problems on Baathists

2006 Iraq Study Group met with VP Hashemi Said terrorism militias Interior Min biggest problems in

Iraq Said US had to go after militias

2006 Iraq Study Group met ISCI head Hakim Said reconciliation not needed because Iraq had unity

govt Said would never reconcile with Baathists Said Shiites were paying back Baathists for killing them under Saddam Said US had to deal with Sunnis

2006 Iraq Study Group met Dep PM Mutlaq Said distrust between Sunnis and Shiites debilitated govt

Said Shiites had to learn to share power Sunnis had to realize they weren’t going to return to power Said US didn’t have enough troops in Iraq

2006 Iraq Study Group met CIA Dir Hayden who said Maliki govt only talked about Baathists not

sectarian violence Hayden said stable and democratic Iraq may not be possible

2006 Iraq Study Group met foreign newspaper bureau chiefs Said Iraq de facto being divided

between Shiites and Sunnis State and Defense delusional in claiming enough troops in Iraq

2006 Dep Cmdr US forces in Anbar said Baghdad wasn’t paying police in province and Anbaris felt

Baghdad neglecting them Maliki govt claimed ghost police hindered paying forces

2006 Weekly Standard had two OpEds by Frederick Kagan criticizing Bush admin for not sending

enough troops to Iraq and calling for temporary troop surge to stabilize country Kagan helped draft plan that would lead to Surge

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

2006 Report KRG said constitution gave it right to sign independent oil contracts and develop

fields Oil Min Sharhistani said all contracts had to be reviewed by Oil Min Nov 05 DNO began drilling in KRG Discovered oil Spring 06 May KRG created Natural Resource Min Jul KRG passed investment law Oct passed own oil law Signed 4 more contracts with oil companies

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2007 Karbala fired 340 police linked to Mahdi Army Part of conflict between ISCI and Sadrists for

control of south

2007 Report Still sectarian fighting in Baghdad’s Sadiya and Salam Amil Baya Jihad Shurta Rabia

ceasefires made between Sunnis and Shiites Bodies found civilians killed car bombings all down since start of 07 Life returning to central Baghdad Shops re-opening

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2008 Iraqi Army following Order 101 moved to evict 4,000 squatters from Hurriya Baghdad Was

supposed to allow displaced to return to area Were mostly Shiites who had moved into area after Sunnis were expelled during civil war

(Musings On Iraq Government Moves Against Squatters In Hurriyah, Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

2008 MP Latif gave petition to Election Commission calling for referendum to turn Basra into

federal region Effort failed

(Musings On Iraq Proposition To Form Basra Federal Region)

(Musings On Iraq Basra Wants Another Shot At Becoming An Autonomous Region)

2008 Bulgaria announced it would withdraw troops by end of 08 Deployed in 2003 13 soldiers and

            6 civilians killed

2008 Head of Diyala council said most police jobs in province given out through secret deals between

police chief and tribes

2009 US Embassy memo Said objective of US should be to provide alternatives to Iraqi govt that

would gradually counter Iranian influence Said Iran paying $100-$200 mil/yr to its allies in Iraq $70 mil/yr went to ISCI/Badr

2010 Report VP Biden was in constant contact with Iraqi leaders to work out power sharing

agreement over next govt Also got Saudi Arabia to recognize 2nd Maliki term

2011 Dep PM Shahristani criticized Exxon for signing oil deal with KRG Said Baghdad warned it

against contract Said all KRG oil deals were illegal

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2012 Hezbollah’s Daqduq was released by Maliki govt Was arrested Mar 07 in Basra along with Qais

Khazali head of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Was liaison between Hezbollah Iran and militias

2012 Intl Energy Agency said Iraq needed to inject 1.5 bar of water for every 1 bar of oil produced

Iraq faced water crisis Flow down Tigris and Euphrates cut by neighboring countries Common Seawater Supply Facility supposed to solve problem Never done

2013 Fallujah’s mayor killed by a sniper

2013 When KRG parliament session ended gave bonus of $50,000 to each MP

2014 Fin Min Zebari said Baghdad reached budget deal with KRG Baghdad would deliver

monthly payments to KRG again KRG would export 150,000 bar/day of oil in return

2014 IS executed 16 members of Albu Nimr tribe in Hit Anbar Included 2 kids and a woman

Families had been in Awakening 100 other members of tribe held as prisoners

2015 Peshmerga freed Sinjar town from IS

2015 Pres Barzani gave victory speech in Sinjar When asked about YPG’s role in dist said only

Peshmerga would be involved

2015 Peshmerga and Turkmen Hashd announced ceasefire in Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin Fighting

started day before 15 dead 60 stores burned 100 houses destroyed

2016 Iraqi forces freed Nimrod Ninewa from IS

2016 Human Rights Watch Found evidence Kurds destroyed Arab homes in 83 towns in Kirkuk

Ninewa Irbil 7 villages were empty of people 83 towns were completely or partially destroyed In Daquq Kirkuk Peshmerga said they blew up homes that were booby trapped 3 towns could not have been booby trapped because never taken by IS 2 towns IS only controlled for 2 days residents said IS didn’t leave behind any IEDs Peshmerga bulldozed homes when retaken Some towns destroyed weeks/months after Peshmerga liberated them Pres Barzani’s chief of staff blamed individuals

2016 Sinjar mayor said PKK stopped displaced Yazidis from returning Claimed Baghdad backed


2017 Babil govt said 5000 couldn’t return to Jurf al-Sakhr dist because had warrants for them Said

no timeline for when people could return Hashd emptied dist of civilians to project pilgrimage routes Turned into Kataib Hezbollah base

2018 US sanctioned Adnan Kawtharani Hezbollah’s point man in Iraq Gave money to train

and fund militias/Hashd

2019 Activists Saba Mahdawia and Ali Hashim who were abducted in Baghdad were

released with no details

(Musings On Iraq News On Kidnaped Iraq Activists)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2019 800 students and teachers joined sit-in site in Basra Protest at Majnoon oil field

Politicians’ house burned in Dhi Qar

2019 Sadr again called for his followers to join protests

2019 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq reportedly kidnapped Interior Min General Jabbar in Baghdad for denying it

seats in institute he ran

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Blamed For Kidnapping Iraqi General In Baghdad)

2020 Report When PM Kazemi took office eased COVID restrictions Cases shot up Iraq had 2nd

highest number of infections/deaths in MidEast 19th highest infection rate in world and was probably higher

2020 Report PM Kazemi said he would confront pro-Iran Hashd over attacks on Green Zone

Arrested some Kataib Hezbollah but then immediately released them Sources said PM apologized to Kataib Hezbollah afterward Sent Counter Terror Service to Dhi Qar after activist kidnapped Apologize to tribes afterward

2020 3 reporters arrested by Asayesh in Irbil for reporting on protest

2021 Badr’s Amiri claimed cheating in election Said Election Comm couldn’t run voting Said

voting machines were used to cheat Thought Israel might be involved

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This Day In Iraqi History - May 26 Jamil Midfai led Al-Ahd forces to attack Tal Afar in attempt to start revolt vs UK Mandate in Iraq

  1915 US consulate report Discontent in Baghdad against draft for war growing UK tried to bribe tribes south of Baghdad...