Sunday, November 12, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 12 Baath National Guard went on rampage in Baghdad after party leader Saadi expelled Saadi’s followers in air force bombed presidential palace



1914 British forces in Faw launched reconnaissance in force near Saihan, Basra

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)


1927 Kurdish MP Rowanduzi said Shiites and Kurds both opposed govt conscription for army

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1963 Baath National Guard protested change in party leadership Went on rampage in Baghdad

Attacked Rasheed military base Followers of expelled party leader Saadi in air force bombed presidential palace

1963 Baath founder Aflaq went to Iraq to solve internal Baath dispute

1968 68 coup member Nasir al-Hani special adv to Pres Bakr assassinated

1989 US committee met to go over export licenses for Iraq Warned that Iraq wanted to buy

tech for its nuclear program State Dept ignored warning

1991 Govt and Kurds agreed to ceasefire Iraq would end blockade of Kurdistan and Peshmerga

would withdraw to Irbil

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1997 UN Resolution 1137 demanded Iraq allow full and unhindered weapons inspections Imposed

travel restrictions on Iraqi officials

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1997 Iraq expelled 6 US weapons inspectors claiming they were spies Almost entire inspection staff

withdrawn as a result

(Musings On Iraq review Neighbors, Not Friends, Iraq And Iran After The Gulf Wars)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

1997 Wall St Journal op ed by David Wurmser called for US supporting INC and revolt in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1998 Iraq Amb to UN told military strike impending if did not agree to work with weapons

inspectors again

2001 INC presented Iraqi defector Lami who claimed Iraq training terrorists at Salman Pak and had

anthrax Both false

2001 Safire column NY Times said 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi diplomat in 2001 was

undisputed fact Story false

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2002 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks said if US didn't act on Iraq it could acquire and use a nuclear


(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith told Foreign Sec Straw that he wasn’t sure UN Resolution 1441

would give legal basis for war with Iraq Straw told Goldsmith he thought 1441 meant Iraq had to comply or else

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 5 Advice On The Legal Basis For Military Action, November 2002 To March 2003)

2002 NYTimes article claimed Iraq bought anti-WMD drugs as sign that it had WMD and was going

to use it

2003 Bremer presented his new plan to transfer sovereignty to Iraq in Jun 03 and interim govt

picked by caucus Bush approved

2003 Zarqawi bombed Italian police in Nasiriyah killing 19 Italians 15 civilians and wounding

around 100

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2003 Bush decided US should turn over sovereignty to Iraq early against CPA plan

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Imperial Life In The Emerald City, Inside Iraq’s Green Zone)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 9 Down The Spider Hole, October-December 2003)

2003 US launched Op Iron Hammer in Baghdad One of first anti-insurgent ops

2004 Marines attacked southern Fallujah 2nd Battle of Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 Sec State Powell told Bush and PM Blair weren’t enough ground forces in Iraq to secure


2005 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey told Def Sec Rumsfeld Iraq might take 9-13 yrs

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2006 AP estimated avg of 45 killed per day in Baghdad UN estimated 100 violent deaths per day in


(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 2 suicide bombers hit crowd of police recruits in Baghdad Killed 35 wounded 56 In Baquba

Diyala 50 bodies found

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2006 120 Albu Alwan tribesmen following Sheikh Raad Sabah al-Alwani volunteered for Anbar


(Musings On Iraq Demise, But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2006 Report Cmdr Iraq 5th Div in Diyala came into office with list of Sunnis to arrest from Maliki

govt US commanders believed 5th Div going after Sunni sheikhs and politicians to stop community organizing politically US also accused ISF of running death squads in Muqdadiya

2006 PM Maliki told MPs his govt was weak because political parties had forced ministers on him

Some were incompetent

2007 Interior Min claimed ISI War Min Masri killed Wasn’t true Said 75% of insurgent leaders dead

Admitted to using torture to get confessions

2007 Report US organized Sahwa of former insurgents in Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr Based upon Janabi

tribe many of which were in Islamic Army Made deal with Mahdi Army in nearby Musayib to halt attacks

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2007 Sahwa in Baghdad’s Adhamiya claimed ISI driven out of district

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Update)

2008 Report 27 female suicide bombers in Diyala in 2008 Recruited by 3 ISI clerics Targeted

women who lost family members to US and Iraqi forces

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers0

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 Gunmen attacked Christian house in Mosul killing 2 Was 17th and 18th Christian killed in city

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

2008 Deputy speaker of parliament said PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils were unconstitutional

Delegation from Muthanna went to Baghdad to complain about councils there Maliki said councils needed for security and law and order Councils part of Maliki’s patronage network

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2009 PM Maliki told sheikhs in Sadr City that enemies of Iraq were going to use 2010 elections to

undermine the country

(Musings On Iraq Maliki Returns to Sectarian Politics)

2009 Report Official in president’s office said president and VPs got $160,000/mo for expenses

President got $8,000/mo salaries and $45,000 in allowances

2010 Ruling parties agreed on power sharing deal for 2nd PM Maliki term Included creating

National Council for Allawi to head Committee to review political prisoners Power sharing to be codified Ended ban on 3 Iraqiya members Maliki never followed deal

2011 Diyala council voted to make province a federal region to protest Maliki govt

(Musings On Iraq Push To Make Iraq’s Diyala Province An Autonomous Region Fades)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 Govt spokesman Dabbagh claimed Russian arms deal that was cancelled for corruption was

never finalized Said Maliki govt would re-negotiate deal Said officials accused of corruption in deal had nothing to do with it

2012 Oil Min Luaibi said Iraq could produce 9 mil/bar/day in oil by 2018 Had potential for 12

mil/bar/day Said would require up to $150 bil in investment and foreign oil companies would pay for it Said could reach 3.4 mil/bar/day production by start of 2013 and 3.5 mil/bar/day by end of 2013 Didn’t happen

2013 Sadr said he rejected 3rd term for PM Maliki

2014 PM Abadi fired Army Chief of Staff Gen Zebari along with 26 ISF commanders Appointed

18 new commanders within Defense Min Was in response to fall of Mosul

2014 Report During battle to end siege of Amerli Salahaddin Kataib Hezbollah sent in 50 elite

fighters who set up ops room to coordinate between ISF and Hashd Had Quds Force advisers with them Sep Iran Rev Guards cmdr said Gen Suleimani saved Irbil from IS

2014 Report Hashd carried out retaliatory attacks on Sunnis after it freed Tuz Kharmato dist

Salahaddin Burned homes and drove out Sunnis in one town

(Musings On Iraq review A Stranger in Your Own City, Travels in the Middle East’s Long War)

2014 Report Iraqi air force pilot said Iranians regularly flew Iraqi air force planes out of Baghdad base

Su-25s that Iran provided to Iraq flown by Iranians Flew helicopters and transport planes that dropped barrel bombs Some Iraqi air force units were completely Iranian

2015 Report IS told members if fought for money not fighting for God Feb IS cut salaries from

$233 to $76 probably due to reduction in revenue

2015 Clashes between Hashd and Peshmerga at checkpoint in Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin

Spread to other parts of dist Kurds blamed Hashd for not stopping at checkpoint Badr blamed Peshmerga

2015 Report KDP Peshmerga began attack on Sinjar Ninewa KDP Yazidi militia met with PKK

Came to agreement to separate battleground US special forces backed KDP

2016 Report UN found around 100 bodies in mass grave in Hamam al-Alil Ninewa Victims of IS

Could be as many as 300 bodies

2017 Report Hashd stopped displaced from returning to west Ninewa’s Baaj Khairoon Tal Abta

Hashd turned Baaj into military base and would not allow civilians back

2019 Teacher’s Union called new strike Closed most Baghdad and southern schools/universities

Sit-in restarted in Basra city after broken up by ISF Mayor in Dhi Qar had house burned down Police fired into crowd Govt offices closed in Amara and Nasiriya Protests stormed TV station office in Maysan Karbala police joined protest

(Musings On Iraq New School Strike And Continued Protest Actions In Southern Iraq)

2020 Foreign Min Hussein said Iraq would buy 400mw of electricity from Saudi Arabia

2020 Parliament passed law allowing $10 bil in borrowing to cover budget deficit Said KRG had to

export oil for Baghdad to receive budget payments Kurdish parties walked out

2020 Report Closing displaced camps ordered by PM Abdul Mahdi start of 2020 but delayed due

to COVID Each returned family supposed to get $1263 from govt

2020 Human Rights Comm said tribes and Hashd were holding land and stopping displaced

returning to their homes

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