Saturday, November 4, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 4 Abdul Mahdi govt cut Internet to stop organizing protests while ISF arrested activists in night raids in Baghdad


1913 Constantinople Protocol set new border between Ottomans and Persia Ottomans kept

Shatt al-Arab waterway


1958 When rumors spread of a coup against Qasim Col Arif returned to Iraq from Germany

1961 Mustafa Barzani destroyed 2 Iraqi police battalions in Zakho

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1980 Saddam told parliament he knew Iran-Iraq War was bad but he had no other choice

1982 2nd attack in Iranian Op Holy Muharram in Maysan

1983 US intel report Iraq used chemical weapons against Iran

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Iraqi army blocked all roads into Kurdistan starting economic blockade

1992 Saddam told top Baath officials that election of Pres Clinton might usher in better Iraq-US


1992 Fmr Trade Min official in Thatcher govt testified in court on UK Matrix Churchill company

owned by Iraq Head of company accused of violating export laws by lying about military use of equipment sent to Iraq

1998 NY indictment claimed Al Qaeda-Iraq had agreement not to work vs Iraq and to cooperate

on weapons Indictment based on intel that Al Qaeda and Iraq were working together in Sudan Charges of Al Qaeda-Iraq cooperation were later dropped in indictment

1998 NSC counterterror dir Clarke sent memo to NalSecAdv Berger saying Iraq WMD experts

were at Sudan factory probably working with Al Qaeda

2001 Badr met with Shiite tribes loyal to ISCI Talked about taking over government in southern Iraq

after a US invasion

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2003 CPA turned over all deBaathification powers to Iraqi Governing Council DeBaathification

Comm under Chalabi would fire 28,000 teachers and 100s of govt workers in Nov

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 8 – Muddling Through August-October 2003)

(Musings On Iraq The Baathist Purge In Post-Saddam Iraq, A Short History Of DeBaathification)

2003 CPA meeting Said it would last until Mar or Oct 05 depending upon election system chosen

Said state owned enterprises would be privatized food rations and subsidies would end All police chiefs would be replaced by Interior Min appointees All governors had to be re-selected Militias would be integrated into army by May 04 New army recruits would begin training Jun 04 Bremer said plans couldn’t be changed CPA South head Synnott complained Said would lead to large layoffs increase prices anger Iraqi politicians US military said never consulted about any of the plans Said deBaathification and free market reforms were driving Iraqis away from US and increasing insurgency Bremer didn’t tell meeting that he was told to scrap all of these plans by White House

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)

(Musings On Iraq How The Failure To Deal With Iraq’s Militias Caused The Breakdown Of The Country)

2003 CPA officials suggested Transitional Admin Law as interim constitution to bridge differences

between Bremer and Ayatollah Sistani Sistani wanted Iraqis to elect body to write constitution Bremer wanted indirect method

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 11

Restoring Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq review Patriotic Ayatollahs, Nationalism In Post-Saddam Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2003 Iraqi prisoner was hooded placed on box wires attached to him and told he would be

electrocuted by US jailers Abu Ghraib

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 9 Down The Spider Hole, October-December 2003)

2003 Report Saddam made various overtures to US before war but ignored by US as fakes or to

stall for time

2003 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid told Blair’s foreign policy adv Sir Sheinwald that insurgency

was growing in Sunni areas based around former regime members backed by foreign fighters Said insurgency still at low level and lacked support amongst Sunnis Abizaid said solution was to increase Iraqi security forces reconciliation and passing sovereignty to Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2006 Abu Alwani tribe joined Anbar Awakening

2007 Court issued arrest warrants for Sadrist leaders in Karbala blaming them for clash with Badr

controlled police in city in Aug 07 Sadrists blamed ISCI saying they controlled the provincial govt

2007 Report 3100 families returned to Baghdad in 3 months due to decreasing violence Some were

displaced, some came from Syria Numbers were being inflated by govt

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

2007 60 Minutes found identity of CURVEBALL who claimed pre-03 that Iraq had mobile WMD

labs Was Rafid Ahmed Alwan who sought asylum in Germany in 1998

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

(Musings On Iraq review Curveball, Spies, Lies, And The Con Man Who Caused A War)

2008 PM Maliki said he would create Tribal Support Councils in disputed areas Were patronage

network for Maliki

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2009 2 Lebanese Hezbollah members captured in Baghdad Hezbollah used by Iran to support militias

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Parliamentary Speaker’s Visit Raises Questions About Tehran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

2009 BP and CNPC singed 20 yr deal to develop Rumaila oil field in Basra

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Moves Ahead With Oil Deals)

2009 Report Interior Min director for explosives said bomb detectors worked Claimed they were

responsible for drop in bombings in 2007 Director was later given 4 yrs in prison in 2012 for buying devices Nov 2009 Baghdad Ops Command still using devices

2009 Speaker of Iran’s parliament Larijani arrived in Baghdad to try to pressure PM Maliki to rejoin

Shiite parties for 2010 election Didn’t work

2009 Report Iraq bought 1500 bomb detectors for between $16,000-$60,000 each Oct 25 Baghdad

car bomb killed 155 went through at least 1 checkpoint with devices US general in charge of police training said didn’t believe in devices Head of Interior Min Gen Dir for Combating Explosives said devices worked Said they were responsible for drop in bombings in 07 Interior Min inspector gen said bought 2 batches of devices for $32 mil and then $53 mil Nov 09 Baghdad Ops Command said bought 100 more devices Devices had no power source Users told to walk in circles to create static power for devices

2009 Report Some members of State of Law talked about ending ethnosectarian quotas in govt and

creating majority govt PM Maliki called for majority govt in 2008 Also wanted to increase power of PM

2010 Intl Energy Agency said would take 20 yrs to reach Iraq’s goal of 12 mil/bar/day not 7 yrs as it

claimed Said Iraq needed $160 bil in investment to reach 12 mil/bar/day Could reach 6.5 mil/bar/day by 2030s if infrastructure improved Said Iraq needed roads bridges airports water supply not just oil infrastructure Said scale of project and political uncertainties meant increasing capacity would be slow Oil Min had $50 bil modernization and expansion plan for infrastructure

2010 World Bank ranked Iraq 166 out of 183 countries in ease of doing business Was same rank as

last yr Was lowest in region

2010 Pres Obama called Pres Talabani to convince him to give up presidency Obama wanted to

give position to Allawi Talabani said no

2011 PM Maliki told Salahaddin govt that there would be investigation of dismissing people from

Tikrit Univ for Baathist ties Started protests and Salahaddin’s call to be autonomous region

2012 Court gave ex-VP Hashemi and his son in law another death sentence Found guilty of car

bombing against Shiite pilgrims in Dec 2011 during Ashura

2013 Parliament’s oil committee said if KRG continued to export oil it would have its share of

budget cut Came after KRG independent oil pipeline to Turkey finished

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2013 Dana Gas had to restructure its debt in 2012 Depreciated its assets in KRG Company owed

money by KRG Natural Resource Min Hawrami talked with some companies about Dana selling its stake in Chamchamal gas field Dana said that was breach of contract Took KRG to arbitration court in UK over money owed it since 07

2013 PM Maliki said Sadr’s Mahdi Army kidnapped and looted in Basra Karbala Baghdad Said

Sadr was campaigning for his list but people of Iraq remembered what his militia did

2014 Operation started to free Hit and Kubaisa in Anbar Would include Hashd police tribes Iraqi

forces entered Baiji Were preparing to attack Baiji Refinery

2014 IS attacked Haditha and Amiriya Fallujah in Anbar

2015 Report Dawa split between PM Abadi and VP Maliki factions Abadi wanted reforms National

Guard law Opposed Russian involvement in war vs IS Maliki against reforms and National Guard bill Critical of US Wanted Russia to intervene in Iraq Supported Iran 60 MPs from State of Law sent letter to Abadi complaining that he was acting unilaterally Abadi backed by Sadr and Hakim Were meetings about removing Abadi

2016 Human Rights Watch IS emptied villages and made residents march towards Mosul

Rounded up fmr ISF members Afraid they were killed

2017 Army took Husaiba border crossing in Qaim Dist Anbar

2017 Rapporteur of parliament called for displaced to return to Tuz Kharmato Salahaddin Came

after 531 mortar shells killed 10 and wounded 80 Blamed a Kurdish party for displacement Claimed Kurds politicized issues and not telling people to return 30,000 fled

2018 Report KRG upgraded capacity of its pipeline to Turkey from 900,000 bar/day to 1

mil/bar/day Natural Resource Min Hawrami said KRG would reach 1 mil/bar/day in oil prod by 2017 Didn’t happen

2019 Baghdad’s Al-Ahrar Bridge blocked by protesters Surrounded prime minister’s office Tried to

burn Justice Min 8 killed by security forces

(Musings On Iraq New Confrontations Between Protesters And Iraqi Security Forces)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2019 Govt office shut down in Babil Roads to West Qurna 1 and 2 oil fields blocked BP oil workers

had solidarity march in Basra Um Qasr port shut down by protests Clash with ISF in Dhi Qar led to 1 death Iranian consulate in Karbala assaulted Led to 3 deaths Protest at Karbala govt building Diyala-Baghdad highway cut

2019 Basra Ops Command said got approval to break up Um Qasr protest

2019 Amnesty reported govt intimidation campaign against activists in Anbar to stop them from

backing protests 2 arrested for posting on Facebook about protests

2019 UN report Hashd fired at protesters in Maysan Babil Dhi Qar 10/25-10/26 to stop

them from entering party offices and govt buildings Killed 27 Wounded 300 10/25 Hashd in Maysan shot and killed 12 Wounded 110 Another protesters beat to death by Hashd cmdr and his brother 10/25 Hashd in Dhi Qar fired at protesters Killed 8 Wounded 150 10/26 Hashd in Babil fired at protesters Killed 7 Wounded 12 10/26 Police fired at protesters Killed 3 Wounded 27 10/27 Hashd fired at demonstrators outside MPs house in Dhi Qar Wounded 15 Report police shooting protesters in Karbala 10/28-10/29 police shot at protesters in Karbala Killed 18 Wounded 143 10/29 Karbala police cmdr and Karbala governor denied anyone killed 11/4 ISF fired tear gas and guns at protesters in Baghdad Killed 5 Tear gas cannisters killed 16 in Baghdad Anti-Terror law used to arrest activists in Babil Baghdad Dhi Qar Qadisiya 6 cases of kidnappings in Baghdad 10/24 Interior Min put restrictions on media covering demonstrations 10/25 Media Comm warned media about fake news that would incite violence at protests 10/25 Dijla TV banned by Media Comm for reporting on protests 10/25 Al Sharqiya TV jammed for reporting on protests 10/26 Armed men went to NRT TV 10/26 Al Arabiya and Al Hadath suspended by govt 10/26 ISF went to Al Hurra to check not covering protests

2019 Govt cut Internet in Iraq again Led to nighttime arrests of activists in Baghdad by ISF

2019 Peshmerga general said IS had tunnels and bases in Makhmour Mountains Operated

at night

2021 Lahur Talabani sent letter to PUK leadership saying he was still co-president Reversed several

decisions made by Bafel Talabani

(Musings On Iraq Latest Dispute Over Control Of Patriotic Union of Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq Fight Over Control Of PUK Continues)

2021 Report No one charged with Hashd attack on Sunni village in Diyala Village emptied of

people Pro-Iran parties in Diyala downplayed damage and number of people killed Blamed IS for violence Source said 1 ISF arrested but then tribe got him released 11 killed 13 wounded in attack on village 60 houses burned ISF did nothing during attack Diyala Gov from Badr said IS attacked the village Kataib Hezbollah spokesman in Diyala said PM Kazemi IS and Baathists responsible backed by evil countries Tribe said that fields around town should be destroyed to stop future attacks

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 22 Gertrude Bell said that Shiites were under the pay of leading cleric Khalisi who was a Persian

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