Sunday, November 5, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 5 Saddam sentenced to death for 1982 Dujail massacre



1914 England and France declared war on Ottoman Empire Would lead Mesopotamia into WWI

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)


1914 British Gen Delamain head of Indian Expeditionary Force told to protect oil infrastructure

and only take Basra if Ottomans joined WWI

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In World War I, From Ottoman Rule to British Conquest)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1915 Sharif Hussein replied to UK Commissioner for Egypt Sir McMahon over Arab revolt

McMahon wanted Basra and Baghdad vilayets to be under UK influence Sharif wanted them part of Arab state under his rule

(Musings On Iraq review Empires of the Sand, The Struggle For Mastery In The Middle East 1789-1923)

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

1917 Battle of Tikrit between British and Ottoman forces

1922 Leading Shiite clerics Khalisi Isfahani Naini issued fatwas saying Muslims should not take

part in Iraqi elections

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’is Of Iraq)

1936 Finance Min al-Timman from al-Ahali promised end to dictatorship and suppressing freedoms

and social and political reforms after 1936 coup Didn’t mention Arab nationalism Was attacked for that

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1949 PM Said resigned saying he had achieved his goals Was actually over dispute with Regent

over Iraq-Syria union which Said opposed Regent didn’t accept resignation

1951 Iraqi court found 15 of underground Zionist group in Baghdad guilty of 1950-51

bombings of Jewish and US targets 2 given death sentence

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Jews, A History of Mass Exodus)

1956 Encouraged by Egypt and Syria along with Communists and opposition parties protests

strikes and riots broke out in Baghdad Mosul Najaf over Suez crisis

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1958 Arif arrested on charges of attempting to assassinate Gen Qasim in coup

1958 Jumhuriya paper run by Col Arif and staffed by Baathists accused of taking part in Arif’s plot

against govt and closed

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

1958 Huge protests organized by Communists to support Qasim against Col Arif

(Musings On Iraq review A People’s History Of Iraq, The Iraqi Communist Party, Workers’ Movements, and the Left 1924-2004)

1968 Baath militia fired on Communist strikers at factory outside Baghdad killing 2 Govt

assassinated some Communist organizers

1978 Arab League condemned Camp David peace agreement between Egypt and Israel at Baghdad


1981 Iraq offered Muharram ceasefire Iran rejected it

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1997 Iraq began removing proscribed equipment so they couldn’t be seen by UN monitoring

cameras at facilities

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1998 UN Resolution 1205 condemned Iraq suspending work with weapons inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2000 Syria announced it would re-open pipeline with Iraq once sanctions ended Sign of improved

relations between two

2001 Badr leadership of Abu Muhandis Amiri Safi Basra and commanders working in Iraq met

Talked about transition after US invasion Talked about replacing Iraqi leadership while maintaining Baathist state Talked about US backing a coup in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2001 Time magazine OpEd said U.S. should go to war with Iraq because connected to 9/11

2001 State Dept intel agency said looked like Iraq renewed production of chemical weapons

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2005 US-Iraqi Op Steel Curtain started to clear Qaim Started in Karabila that was cleared in Oct 05

but insurgents moved back in right afterward

2006 Saddam convicted on charges of killing 148 people in Dujail 1982 and sentenced to death

2006 VP Cheney’s Natl Sec Adv Hannah met with Badr head Amiri Complained about Shiite death

squads Amiri blamed former regime members and US for sectarianism Denied Iran had anything to do with Badr

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2007 Sadrists accused PM Maliki Dawa and ISCI of going after its followers in Karbala and

Diwaniya using militias Were clashes between Mahdi Army and Badr in Oct

2007 Report British Army report from 06 said Iraq invasion and occupation badly planned Didn’t

think of options or implications Said lack of postwar plans meant Iraq fell into chaos 3 months after invasion

2008 PM Maliki met with tribal leaders in Kirkuk to announce he was going to create a Tribal

Support Council Was part of plan to build patronage networks for Maliki before the 2009 elections

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2009 Oil Min signed deal with Exxon and Shell to develop West Qurna 1 field in Basra Won

auction in Jun 09

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Moves Ahead With Oil Deals)

2009 Report Major oil companies agreed to low compensation terms with Iraq because of huge

reserves in country Iraq would later have problems paying those terms and would be major reason why western companies would leave country

2009 Report US spent reconstruction money to promote Anbar Gov Fahadawi in financial magazine

run by Financial Times

2009 Communications Min said media would have to pay new $5000 license fee Some thought part

of crackdown on media after reported on major insurgent attacks Violence damaged PM Maliki’s image before election NINA reporters attacked by soldiers when tried to report on Baghdad bombing Reporters from Al Sumaria threatened by soldiers when looking into attack in Ramadi Interior Min ordered all ministries and depts to boycott Al-Sharqiya TV for being anti-govt

2011 KRG opposition parties said govt hadn’t given them budgets Started Apr Came after

opposition called for govt to step down and early elections Sep Pres Barzani said budgets would be restored Gorran said got budget for 2 months and waiting for payments for 3 more months Kurdistan Islamic Union and Kurdistan Islamic Group said not paid

2011 Dawa organized march in Basra in support of Baathist crackdown Maliki govt claimed there

was a Baathist coup plot

2012 Report Source in Labor Min said more than 25% of grants went to fake people and officials

Said corruption increased in ministry

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2012 Interview with Kirkuk Gov Karim Said Kirkuk should be annexed by KRG Said some officials

were incompetent Said some avoided corruption charges because of their parties Said Kurds should’ve never trusted Article 140 to be implemented

2013 Gorran accused PUK of persecuting its followers in Sulaymaniya govt Gorran said it was now

dominant party in Sulaymaniya but excluded from positions KDP said didn’t trust Gorran to be in govt KDP said unacceptable for Gorran to act like opposition and be in govt PUK said it would go after any party that disrupted Sulaymaniya

2014 Report War in Syria often noted to be cause for resurgence of insurgency in Iraq Story was in

2008 IS moved to Syria and grew into new force Gained knowledge heavy weapons and brought them back to Iraq in summer 2014 offensive PM Maliki’s abuse of power also important Drove Sunnis into hands of insurgency US thought 2010 elections death of IS leaders Abu Hamza and Abu Omar al-Baghdadi and drop in attacks meant Iraq had turned corner Increased desire to withdraw US wasn’t thinking about Iraq’s political situation such as failure to integrate Sunni leaders and no reconciliation US had short term success with Surge and sahwa IS lost their claim to be protectors of Sunnis IS reacted by going after Sunnis and ISF leaders IS wanted to punish and make examples of opponents Had to gain back control of areas Recruit new fighters Turn back ISF so IS could gain authority in Sunni areas 2007-2010 IS carried out assassination campaign against sahwa and Islamic Party Won over tribes

2014 Report Hezbollah and Iranian Rev Guards advisers involved in op that freed Babil’s Jurf al-

Sakhr Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani posted pictures of himself in district Suleimani involved in stopping insurgent drive on Samarra in Jun Freeing Amerli in Aug Defending Irbil in Sep Jul Hezbollah commander killed in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2015 VP Maliki said people shouldn’t support Abadi’s reforms anymore

(Musings On Iraq A Review Of Iraq Premier Abadi’s Reform Program Interview With Reidar Visser)

2015 Reporter arrested after posted on Facebook about poor services in KRG

2015 Head of Harakat al-Nujaba said Hashd could overthrow govt if it had legitimate reason

Thanked Iran for help with Hashd Said Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani didn’t represent Iran but Islam Said 90% of Coalition air strikes in Iraq and Syria were faked

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sheikh Akram Al-Kaabi and Hezbollah al-Nujaba)

2016 Sheikh said Hashd stopped displaced from returning to Suleiman Beq Salahaddin

2016 Hashd leaderAbu Muhandis said freeing Mosul would take time because US helped IS

2019 11 protesters killed in Baghdad 2 killed attacking politician’s house in Dhi Qar’s Shatrah

2 killed at Um Qasr port in Basra as ISF broke up sit-in there by shooting into crowd People stormed marine base next to port in response 6 activists disappeared in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Protest At Um Qasr Port Broken Up And Mass Arrests In Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi claimed saboteurs behind clashes between protesters and ISF

2019 Arrest campaign by ISF in Baghdad continued against activists

2019 UN report Oct 25-27 Hashd killed 27 protesters wounded 287 in Maysan Dhi Qar Babil

Oct 26-29 police killed 21 wounded 170 in Dhi Qar Karbala Nov 4 ISF used tear gas and live ammo at Baghdad’s Al-Ahrar Bridge killing 5 Govt used anti-terror law against protesters in Babil Baghdad Dhi Qar Qadisiya

2019 Councilman and 3 MPs houses burned in Dhi Qar’s Shatrah Govt office in Nasiriya

closed Karbala govt building burned and 2 killed Road to oil field in Qadisiya blocked

(Musings On Iraq Battle Of The Bridges In Baghdad As Protests Expand To Economic Targets in South Iraq)

2019 PM Abdul Mahd said if he resigned there would be power vacuum Said protests led to

reforms and constitution would be amended

2019 Report Iranian Quds Force Cmdr Gen Suleimani gave political plan to Iraqi parties

including changing cabinet amending election law changing Election Comm but keeping PM Abdul Mahdi

2021 Fatah supporters protesting the election results tried to storm the Green Zone Shot at police

who fired back 2 police killed and 21 wounded 1 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Brigade cmdr killed Over 100 injured

(Musings On Iraq Deadly Clashes Outside Baghdad’s Green Zone Over Election Results)

(Musings On Iraq Fatah Terrified Of Being Excluded In Sadr’s Majority Govt)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2021 Kataib Hezbollah’s Unit 10,000 published names of 17 ISF member who guarded Green Zone

as intimidation

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2021 PUK Politburo approved expelling Lahur Talabani from party and 3 of his allies

(Musings On Iraq Latest Dispute Over Control Of Patriotic Union of Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq Fight Over Control Of PUK Continues)

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