Thursday, November 9, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 9 US Marines massacred 24 civilians in Haditha in retaliation for IED that killed a Marine


1914 With English attack on Basra coming locals went to Shiite clergy asking for help to defend

city

 

1933 Jamil al-Midfai became PM 1st of 5 times

1969 Revolutionary Command Council went from 5 to 15 All new members were Baathists Saddam

become vice chairman

1972 Israeli magazine published by eastern Jews ran story that said 1950-51 bombings in

Baghdad against Jewish and US targets was done by underground Zionist group sent by Israel

1982 Saddam called for referendum in Iraq and Iran to see who was more popular he or Khomeini

1989 Sec of State Baker offered Iraq $1 bil in grain credits even though knew Iraq was abusing

program by demanding kickbacks

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

1990 UK intel report said Iraq had weaponized anthrax and plague and could use them at any time

Was based upon single source whose reliability had not been established yet

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

2004 Marines cleared Jolan neighborhood 2nd Battle of Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 Iraqi Islamic Party withdrew from interim govt due to 2nd Battle of Fallujah Industry Min

Hasani refused to quit and was expelled from party

2004 Insurgents seized 66% of Mosul’s police stations

2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq bombed 3 western hotels in Jordan Led to condemnation of Zarqawi by

Jordanians

2005 Haditha massacre After Marine killed by IED his unit killed 24 Iraqi civilians Cmdr said

nothing wrong happened

2006 Head of Iraqi Red Crescent Dr Azawi kidnapped by police in front of his house Was released

for ransom

2006 Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon Bowen told BBC Iraqi corruption could cost $4 bil a year Said

lack of skilled staff in Iraqi govt meant $8-$10 bil of budget couldn’t be spent

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2007 Islamic Army accused ISI of killing 4 of its leaders led to 2 days of fighting between two

groups in Samarra

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2008 Female suicide bomber blew herself up in front of hospital in Fallujah Killed 3 wounded 10

Another female bomber attacked a checkpoint in Baquba Diyala Killed 4 sahwa

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 US general reported 2,750 Sahwa from Baghdad entered police academy 6,000 more expected

US had to pressure Maliki govt to do so

2009 Sahwa leaders in Dora Baghdad and Baquba Diyala arrested Part of PM Maliki’s crackdown

on Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq Problems With Integrating Sons of Iraq Continue)

2009 Report Talks between Iran-Iraq over water failed

2011 PM Maliki speech in Karbala Said Baathists had to admit to their crimes and sign confession

paper Otherwise would be prosecuted Came during latest Baathist crackdown by govt

2012 Interview with Central Bank of Iraq dir Shabibi Said Maliki govt wanted to use bank’s reserve

to finance electricity projects and part of budget Bank said no because unconstitutional and violated bank’s independence Shabibi and 30 other bank officials then charged with corruption by PM Maliki Analyst said was political move by Maliki

2012 Report VP Shahristani told Gazprom it had to cancel its deal with KRG otherwise couldn’t

work on Basra oil field Aug Gazprom singed for 2 blocks in KRG

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2013 State of Law MP said Sunni protests weren’t important anymore Claimed PM Maliki made

agreement with Anbar tribes and local leaders Said Maliki supported Anbar Governor Diab as representative for protests Said Maliki made deal with Sheikh Abu Risha over Awakening

2014 IS killed 70 more members of Albu Nimr tribe in Hit Anbar

2015 Report Central Bank of Iraq moved against several banks and businesses for forging

documents to take US$ out of Iraq from 2012-14 Came after financial committee said $4.2 bil smuggled out of Iraq through banks and companies One document showed in 2014 bank used forged docs to buy $6.5 bil from Central Bank of Iraq from 2012-14 and sent money to Jordan

2016 Report IS forced 25,000 people from Shirqat Salahaddin into Hawija Kirkuk to be used as

human shields Forced out 80 families from town west of Mosul to set up defenses there

2016 People in Hamam al-Alil Ninewa began carrying out revenge attacks on IS sympathizers and

families Burned around 20 homes Kicked out 8 families

2017 PM Abadi said he would take on corruption next Said would be like war on terrorism Didn’t

do anything

2017 Report Tuz Kharmato said most of 50,000 Kurds in dist fled Mayor fled as well 7 people

killed in clashes with Hashd

2018 Protest in Basra demanding referendum be held to turn province into autonomous region

(Musings On Iraq Protests Return To Iraq’s Basra After Having Failed To Achieve Goals During Summer)

2019 Protests at Um Qasr and Basra city finally ended by security forces 17-18 protesters

killed over 2 days

(Musings On Iraq After Shutting Down Basra Protests Crackdown Moves To Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2019 ISF swept people from three bridges in central Baghdad 6 killed Baghdad Ops

Command denied that it used tear gas or live ammo on demonstrators but did

2019 Report that ISF infiltrated crowd at Baghdad’s Tahrir Sq Activists disappearing

2019 Attempt on life of professional bodybuilder that took part in Baghdad protests

2020 Report Norwegian Refugee Council warned against Kazemi govt plan to close displaced

camps Said Could leave 100,000 homeless Warned people didn’t return home because houses destroyed Almost half people forced to leave camps in Baghdad and Karbala not gone back to home areas

2021 Integrity Comm arrested head of Mosul Mosque Reconstruction Committee and other

members Forged receipts for reconstruction work on 37 mosques to steal 2 bil dinars

2021 Report Quds Force cmdr Gen Qaani upset with drone attack on PM Kazemi’s house Qaani

met with Pro-Iran Hashd and told them to stand down and accept election results and join other Shiite parties in one bloc Iranian Foreign Min said it would help find those responsible for drone strike

2021 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s Khazali threatened to boycott politics if election results not changed

Blamed Israel and US for drone attack on PM Kazemi

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 10 Irbil Agreement led to PM Maliki’s 2nd term Allawi to head new strategic council Deal never implemented

1958 Iraqi Communist Party issued plan for Kurdistan saying it supported Kurdish self-govt within

Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review A People’s History Of Iraq, The Iraqi Communist Party, Workers’ Movements, and the Left 1924-2004)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1968 Baath assassinated former Foreign Minister Nasir Hani and arrested Western businessmen

1980 Iraq claimed Iran started Iran-Iraq War by bombing border towns in Sep 80

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1980 Iraq gave up claim to break up Iran but said its right to Iranian territory would be determined

on battlefield

1981 Iran rejected Iraqi call for a ceasefire and said it was a sign of weakness by Baghdad

1982 Iraq counterattacked Iran Op Muslim ibn Aqil in Diyala

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1982 Saddam said Iran wanted to rule Iraq not just get rid of him

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Iraqi army attacked Peshmerga in Dawud after they refused to retreat to Irbil

1991 Saddam dismissed son-in-law Def Min Hussein Kamil and replaced him with cousin Ali

Hassan al-Majid who was Interior Minister

1994 Iraq parliament recognized Kuwait’s border and independence under UN Res 833

1995 Jordan seized Russian guidance system for ballistic missiles headed for Iraq Violated

sanctions

1997 Iraq said it would not allow any US planes to be used for weapons inspections

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1997 KDP attacked PUK with backing of Turkey

1998 All UN weapons inspectors left Iraq after Baghdad refused to cooperate anymore

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

(Musings On Iraq review The Greatest Threat, Iraq, Weapons of Mass Destruction, And The Growing Crisis Of Global Security)

2003 Bremer met Bush Said 2 routes for Iraq Elections for new govt or CPA could hold caucuses to pick

govt Bush backed CPA Said interim constitution would accelerate US returning sovereignty to Iraqi Natl Sec Adv Rice told Bremer to come to DC and brief Bush on plans

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2003 CIA report more Iraqis joining insurgency Said Sunni alienation disbanding military

deBaathification lack of jobs and political progress main factors behind insurgency Said Iraqi leaders not showing ability to run country

(Musings On Iraq How The U.S. Failed To Recognize The Insurgency In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State of War, The Secret History of the CIA and the Bush Administration)

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency In Iraq)

2003 PUK HQ in Kirkuk bombed by insurgents

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In

2003)

2004 Ayatollah Sistani called for a peaceful resolution of 2nd Battle of Fallujah Expulsion of foreign

fighters Return of govt forces

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2004 Zarqawi and other insurgent group attacked Mosul ISF collapsed in 24 hrs Took control of

80% of city Insurgents retook Tal Afar

2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq took responsibility for hotel bombings in Jordan Later realized attacks cost it

public support and tried to justify them by claiming they were targeting Israelis and Americans and would never attack Jordanian public

2005 Nat Sec Adv Hadley denied that White House manipulated Iraq intel before 2003 invasion

2005 Marine report on Haditha massacre Claimed an IED and then attack left 8 insurgents dead No

mention of the Marines killing civilians

2006 Bush formally asked his staff to review Iraq strategy because not working

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Iraq Health Min estimated 150,000 deaths since 2003 Previous Iraqi counts were 45,000-

50,000 Refuted Lancet study that estimated 655,000 deaths

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part I)

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part II)

(Musings On Iraq New Survey On Estimated Deaths In Iraq Refutes Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)

2006 Report After rejecting a US timetable for ISF to take over security PM Maliki wanted one that

would have Iraqi forces assume control of most of Iraq by end of 2006 which was in original US plan

2006 Dawa MP Adeeb said that including Sunnis in govt was mistake Accused Iraqi Accordance

Front of being front for insurgency Said Sunnis wanted to seize power in a coup Accordance Front MP Hayali said Shiites didn’t want to share power Didn’t follow through with promises to remove militias from ISF Committee was supposed to work out differences within govt after election but never happened Sadrist MP Shanshal said parties were told national unity govt was only way to save Iraq but didn’t work

2007 Lions of Adhamiya Sahwa group announced in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Update)

2007 2nd day of fighting between Islamic Army and ISI in Samarra after ISI blamed for killing 4

Islamic Army leaders

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2008 Planning Min said it would reduce govt jobs by 75% in 10 yrs Said 3.3 mil govt workers 20%

of 2007 budget was for govt salaries Said govt wanted to privatize economy Opposite happened

2008 Maliki govt set up 16 Tribal Support Councils in Diwaniya Part of patronage network for Maliki

2009 Human Rights Watch report After 03 Kurds kicked out Arabs around Mosul Helped lead to

insurgency in Ninewa Kurds tried to co-opt Ninewa minorities via patronage intimidation threats attacks Insurgents targeted Christians Yazidis Shabaks Oct 08 insurgents tried to drive Christians out of Mosul 40 killed 12,000 fled

(Musings On Iraq Human Rights Watch: Ninewa’s Minorities Under Pressure From Both Sunni Insurgents and Kurds)

(Musings On Iraq review Christianity in Iraq)

2009 Sahwa leader in Baghdad arrested for killing 5 ISI members in 2007 Was planning on

running in 2010 elections

2010 Pres Barzani called meeting and agreed on new govt Maliki would remain PM Talabani stayed

Pres Allawi would head new strategic council Nujafi would be speaker of parliament Called Irbil Agreement

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2010 11 IEDs went off within 1 hr in 3 Christian neighborhoods in Baghdad 5 killed 33 wounded

Mortars fired at Christian neighborhood in Baghdad Done by ISI

2010 London energy consultancy said would be 10 yrs before Iraq delivered natural gas to Europe

via Nabucco pipeline plan Executive from trading company said KRG would sign deal within a year to export natural gas Neither happened

2011 Head of Accountability and Justice Comm said 655 alleged Baathists arrested for attempted

coup Was no coup

2012 Iraq canceled $4.2 bil arms deal with Russia over corruption

2014 IS announced it got allegiance from groups in Egypt Libya Yemen Algeria Saudi Arabia

2014 2 step brothers of Pres Barzani cousin of Pres Talabani PUK leader in Diyala Kirkuk police

chief accused of buying oil from IS 2 car companies in KRG accused of selling vehicles to IS

2015 Sadr froze Saraya al-Salam in Diyala after accused of kidnapping extortion other crimes

2018 Sit in protest started at West Qurna 2 oil field in Basra

(Musings On Iraq Protests Return To Iraq’s Basra After Having Failed To Achieve Goals During Summer)

2019 ISF closed off square in central Basra and arrested people who showed up ending

protests in city Students rallied at Zubayr Univ in Basra 6 killed in Baghdad’s Khalani Sq which govt cleared Nov 9 Justice Min office burned in central Baghdad Protests closed govt offices in Hillah 3 politicians’ houses burned in Dhi Qar’s Shatrah Clashes in Nasiriya led to 4 deaths Border crossing with Iran blocked in Maysan

(Musings On Iraq Protests Continue In Iraq After Basra Demos Put Down)

(Musings On Iraq New Clashes In South Iraq As Another Activist Disappears In Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters) 

 

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This Day In Iraqi History - May 26 Jamil Midfai led Al-Ahd forces to attack Tal Afar in attempt to start revolt vs UK Mandate in Iraq

  1915 US consulate report Discontent in Baghdad against draft for war growing UK tried to bribe tribes south of Baghdad...