Tuesday, March 1, 2022

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 1


1917 Gen Maude started campaign to take Baghdad without adequate supplies

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1939 PM Said claimed coup attempt to remove King Ghazi by fmr PM Sulaiman and Gen Sidqi

followers in army Many didn’t believe there was any coup Said just getting revenge on his political enemies Fmr PM Sulaiman given death sentence for coup plot Commuted to five years imprisonment upon intervention of UK ambassador

(Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Said with PM Maliki)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Democratic Moment)

1939 King Ghazi letter to pan-Arab Golden Square leader Col Sabbagh Said officers were loyal and

champions of pan-Arabism and he wanted to join them Part of Ghazi’s pro-military stance

1963 Govt said it would guarantee Kurdish rights

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1964 Arif govt said 1,200 Kurds had been released

(Musings On Iraq review of The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1969 Barzani launched offensive against Bakr govt Attacked several oil facilities in Kirkuk

shutting down oil industry Talabani raised force to fight for govt

1979 KDP leader Mustafa Barzani died in U.S. where he went for medical treatment for lung cancer

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1981 Islamic Conf Org group met with Khomeini Said wanted aggressor in Iran-Iraq War punished

1981 Khomeini told Islamic Conf Org group he wanted plebiscite in Iraq to see whether people wanted

Saddam as their leader

1982 UN Rep Palme said his 5th attempt to negotiate ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War failed

1983 Iraq attacked Iran’s Nowruz oilfield along Persian Gulf

1984 Iraq counterattacked vs Iran’s Op Kheibar Same time Iranians attacked southward into marshes

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1984 France agreed to $500 mil loan to Baghdad that would pay for French contractors in Iraq

1985 Iraqi diplomat and son assassinated in Kuwait Iraq blamed SCIRI

1985 Iraq executed 10 Hakim family members in retaliation for assassination of its diplomat in Kuwait

1987 Iraq counterattack in Jasim River Basra to regain lost territory from Iran Op Karbala 5 Would

eventually regain 1/3 of lost territory but with high casualties

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

1988 Iraq fired missiles at Tehran for 2nd day in last war of cities

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1991 Iraqi army units in Basra began revolt after end of Gulf War

(Musings On Iraq interview with Natl Singapore Univ’s Fanar Haddad on social impact of the 1991 uprising in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

1991 Pres Bush said that the Iraqi people should overthrow Saddam

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

(Musings On Iraq review The United States And Iraq Since 1990: A Brief History with Documents)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

1995 Iraqi National Accord head Nouri went to US and successfully argued against backing INC’s

uprising plan

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

1998 UN inspectors revealed progress in their work with CNN violating agreement with Iraq on

inspection regime

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1998 Pres Clinton called Saddam a predator who the US would not allow to have WMD

2001 NSC meeting on Iraq policy Sec State Powell told to devise smart sanctions proposal for UN

(Musings On Iraq review The Price of Loyalty)

2001 Sec State Powell and Sec Def Rumsfeld argued over dual use equipment that should be banned

from Iraq

2001 Separate NSC meeting discussed working with Iraqi opposition and INC Talked about arming them

but couldn't agree on anything

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 1.2 UK Iraq strategy September 2000 To September 2001)

2002 State Dept report on Iraq-Niger uranium deal Said it was unlikely Story fake

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 1st US meeting on creating Iraqi interim govt just days before invasion UnderDefSec

Feith said US would set up Iraqi authority as soon as possible and would pick the members with majority being exiles because they would understand democracy better

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 US and Turkey agreed on memoranda of understanding on Iraq invasion Turkey would allow 62000

US troops to be deployed Turkey could deploy 60000 of its troops into 30-40km security zone in Kurdistan Would preserve integrity of Iraq Recognized Turkmen as foundation of Iraq US would stop peshmerga from occupying Kirkuk and Mosul Turkey would stay out of those 2 cities US would give Turkey $6bil in aid $24bil in loans

2003 Turkish parliament failed to pass resolution allowing Turkey to join Iraq invasion

2004 Iraqi Governing Council agreed to text of Transitional Administration Law to be Iraq’s interim


(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

2004 Weekly Standard article talked with Mukhabarat officer who claimed he was emissary to Al Qaeda

Mukhabarat officer told Weekly Standard Zarqawi was Al Qaeda’s emissary in Iraq from the start Was false

(Musings On Iraq review Insurgent Iraq, Al Zarqawi and the New Generation)

2007 Fmr Dep Def Sec Feith set up website criticizing Pentagon Inspector General report

on his Office of Special Plans Claimed Report never said whether his criticism of the CIA was wrong Claimed report was trying to protect the CIA and Agency had made plenty of errors in the past Inspector General said that Feith’s intelligence on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties was unreliable

2007 Study found after Iraq War 7 fold increase in jihadist attacks in world If Iraq and Afghanistan

excluded 1/3 increase in jihadist attacks Found Iraq war inspired Muslim youths to join jihadist groups

2009 Pro-PM Maliki Diyala Support Council organized 10,000 to protest against Accordance Front

and Kurdish Alliance creating new provincial council and excluding them

(Musings On Iraq Old And New Alliances Argue Over Control Of Diyala Provincial Council)

2009 UNHCR reported 1.6 mil displaced and 2 mil refugees Since 2003 600,830 displaced returned

home along with 405,396 refugees

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

(Musings On Iraq Refugees International Report On Iraq’s Refugees and Displaced)

(Musings On Iraq January 2009 U.N. Report On Iraq Refugee Returns)

2009 Sahwa in Kirkuk turned over to govt control One of last provinces to have transfer All Sahwa

supposed to be under Baghdad by April 1

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

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