1st PM Maliki Govt Pt 1 (2006-08)

This timeline covers the first half of the government of PM Maliki from 2006-08

Musings On Iraq interview with Reuters’ Parker on Maliki’s biography
Musings On Iraq interview with Inside Iraqi Politics’ Sowell on whether Maliki became a dictator
Musings On Iraq interview with Historian Phebe Marr comparing PM Maliki with MP Said
Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism
Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance
Musings On Iraq article Argument for Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman

2006
Apr 21 United Iraqi Alliance nominated Dawa’s Nouri al-Maliki as new PM Mahmoud
            Mashadani of Accordance Front would become Speaker of Parliament

Apr 22 Pres Talabani asked Maliki to form a new govt

Apr 24 Zarqawi released video portraying himself as military commander in Iraq
Apr 24 Fmr CIA officer Drumheller said Iraq war was a policy failure by White House not intel one Said
Bush committed to war no matter what the intel Part of Washington political battle over faulty pre-war Iraq intel with White House and CIA blaming each other
Apr 24 Sunni politicians accused SIIC of taking over Interior Min and staffing it with Badr militiamen
and killing civilians
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
Apr 24 Iraqiya MP said new Maliki govt wasn't national unity one but just Shiite
            Kurdish and Sunni parties dividing up ministries

Apr 25 Ret Gen McCaffrey wrote memo for US Military Academy after trip to Iraq Said that Iraqi army
was making real progress but was badly equipped lacking armor air support etc Iraqi police heavily infiltrated by insurgents and militias Said that Al Qeada in Iraq had been defeated as a strategic threat to the Iraqi govt
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

Apr 26 Maliki told Rice and Rumsfeld he was going to fight terrorism improve services
            clean up police
Apr 26 Barham Salah said Maliki was step towards reconciliation
Apr 26 Amb Khalizad took credit for creating new coalition that appointed Maliki
            premier

Apr 28 New US military campaign plan issued continuing with withdrawal
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Apr 30 Former Secretary of State Powell told British TV he advised CENTCOM
commander Gen Franks US needed more troops before invasion but advise ignored
Apr 30 Pres Talabani said 7 insurgent groups might be able to be talked into joining
            political process
Apr 30 US Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction report said attacks still
retarding rebuilding projects but real progress being made Said that attacks on
            infrastructure down 60%
Apr 30 Audit found effort to protect power and oil infrastructure largely failed
            Questioned 2 foreign security companies contracted to train guards
Apr 30 Class of new police recruits from Fallujah graduated Told they would serve outside
            Anbar 600 refused to do so

May 1 Sen Biden and Council on Foreign Relations head Gelb published OpEd arguing for
            federalism in Iraq based upon Sunnis Shiia Kurds regions

May 4 Zarqawi gave presentation saying Al Qaeda in Iraq needed to expand its base
from Anbar into Salahaddin and Diyala Said Ramadi was to be named capital of emirate
May 4 Fmr CIA National Intelligence Officer Pillar said that Bush admin manipulated
evidence to tie Iraq to Al Qaeda before invasion Part of CIA vs White House blame game against each other over prewar intel failure

May 6 British helicopter shot down over Basra killing 5 soldiers When British moved to
            secure wreckage were attacked by 300 from Mahdi Army

May 7 New KRG government formed unifying KDP and PUK administrations after they
            split during 90s civil war Massoud Barzani president Nechirvan Barzani premier

May 12 Bush invited 10 former Secretaries of State and Defense to ask them opinions
            about Iraq war
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

May 17 US commander in Iraq Gen Casey told NSC sectarian violence up in Iraq New
Baghdad security plan not working Casey told Bush Iran providing more EFPs to attack US forces
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

May 20 1st Maliki cabinet approved but with no Interior Defense or National Security Ministers Interior
Minister Jabr switched to Finance Minister because he allowed his Badr Brigade to take over Interior and its police under Jaafari govt
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
May 20 Maliki laid out 33 point program with terrorism fighting corruption and services top 3
May 20 Defense Min adviser said violence so bad in Basra murders were running free

May 21 Report Iran thought to have trained 40,000 militia in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
May 21 Report US failed to adequately plan to rebuild Iraqi police After invasion went
            through 3 failed plans By 2004 only sent 500 police advisers for all of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq)  
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

May 22 Bush said Iraq at a turning point and heading in right direction towards democracy
            Said Maliki govt turning point for Middle East
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
May 22 Report US failure to adequately plan for Iraqi police led to militia and criminal take
over 2004 US military took over police training and still inadequate Gen Eaton put in charge of effort in March 2004 and his budget was cut 20% Said that showed not priority in Washington Summer 2005 Gen Petraeus took over program and claimed he began meaningful reforms Audit found 5,000 Iraqi police had criminal records including taking part in insurgency Pre-war Bush admin thought Iraqi police not an issue and rejected Justice Dept plan to use 1000s of police advisers US initially hoped Basra police would be early success because back on duty in 03 and no insurgency but quickly taken over by gangs political parties militias Politicians appointed police chiefs in Basra who hired friends relatives tribesmen Came to be dominated by Badr and Mahdi Army Basra police carrying out sectarian violence and enforcing religious rules of militias Demanding kickbacks to join force Helping smugglers Summer 05 Basra police chief Gen Sawadi said he didn’t trust his own force and couldn’t control them Interior Ministry tried to reform Basra police but failed Started with Internal Affairs which turned into crime ring Trials failed against corrupt officers British Gen Mackay warned that unless Coalition regulated Iraqi police commandos they would become personal army for Interior Ministry Former Interior Minister Nakib warned Rumsfeld in April 2005 that Shiite parties were going to take over commandos with their militias Former Interior Minister Jabr denied any abuses by police and blamed other ministries Jabr let his Badr Brigade take over police and commandos US military played down sectarian killings and abuses by commandos
(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq)  
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
May 22 Report corruption endemic in Iraq Transportation Min bought palnes for $3 mil each that
should have been less than $1 mil Defense Min made $1 bil in questionable arms purchases Interior Min had at least 1100 ghost employees costing $1.3 mil a month Of 3000 corruption cases only 780 went to court only few dozen got verdict Of 40 corruption cases against high ranking Iraqi officials only 1 got verdict for Interior Ministry official
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

May 24 Joint Chiefs intel report said insurgency enduring despite political progress and
            growth of ISF Said violence would increase into 2007
May 24 Report police and army full of militias insurgents and criminals carrying out abuses and
sectarian violence US officials and military apologized for former Interior Minister Jabr from ISCI and Badr saying they weren’t responsible for police abuses
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
May 24 Maliki said he wanted to reign in militias and demobilize them Went to Najaf to try
            to get Ayatollah Sistani to make statements against militias
May 24 Iraqi Army’s 16th Brigade in charge of Dora south Baghdad ran death squads and
            assassinations in conjunction with insurgents Killed its own commander
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

May 26 Pentagon report to Congress on Iraq said insurgency had not started civil war
            Said violence only in 4 provinces Said insurgency would decline in early 2007
May 26 Sec State Rice said 48 US govt workers signed up to work in Iraq Gen Casey said
            not enough Rice told him he was out of line
May 26 Report Maliki wanted to increase number of Iraqi forces from 250,000 to 325,000
by end of year Was trying to purge militias from Iraqi forces Maliki wanted Iraqi forces to control all of Iraq’s provinces except Baghdad and Anbar by end of 2006

May 27 US forces said it would hand over security of Baghdad to Iraqis by end of year Didn’t happen
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

May 30 Pentagon report to Congress said violence increased since 2004 from avg 400
attacks/wk spring 04 to 550 attacks/wk Aug 05-Feb 06 to 600 attacks/wk Feb-May 06

May 31 Maliki declared one month state of emergency in Basra after 100 killed in
            fighting between militias

Jun 3 Al Qaeda in Iraq kidnapped and killed 4 Russian diplomats in Iraq

Jun 5 Mass grave found with Shiite victims of 1991 uprising
(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)
Jun 5 State Dept paper said new Maliki govt ill prepared to rule No experience
Jun 5 State Dept paper argued for limited counterinsurgency strategy in Iraq with
            limited troop increase

Jun 6 Interior Defense and National Security Ministers named in Maliki govt 6th months
            after national elections

Jun 7 Zarqawi killed by U.S. F-16 jet north of Baquba

Jun 8 Interior Defense and National Security Ministers named in Maliki govt 6th months
            after national elections

Jun 10 Insurgents killed 60 police recruits in Ramadi U.S. forces cordoned off city and
            1500 reinforcements sent 

Jun 12 Health Dir for Diyala province kidnapped and believed killed by Mahdi Army
Jun 12 Bush approved US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey’s campaign plan to withdraw US forces
and turn responsibilities over to Iraqis Bush didn’t approve of withdrawal plan but went along with it anyway
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Jun 13 Bush made surprise visit to Baghdad told Maliki US stood behind him
Jun 13 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey told Bush US had to withdraw and make Iraqis take
            more responsibility Bush did not agree but went along anyway
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Jun 13 New Al Qaeda in Iraq leader al-Masri issued statement saying he would follow Zarqawi’s path
Continue attacking Shiites Still loyal to bin Laden
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Jun 14 Maliki announced Op Together Forward to try to secure Baghdad and stop
            sectarian attacks Failed
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Jun 14 Maliki said Sadr City and Shiite areas off limits to US forces
Jun 14 After returning from Iraq Bush said inspired by meeting Maliki and US was
            staying the course
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Jun 14 Rumsfeld aide brought up Biden-Gelb idea of breaking up Iraq as possible exit
            strategy for U.S.

Jun 15 Marine report murder of Iraqi civilians was covered up by unit and commanders
            didn’t show any interest in investigating

Jun 16 Mujahedeen Shura Council kidnapped 2 US soldiers in Baghdad in revenge for
US troops raping Iraqi girl and killing her and her family Kidnapping derailed Iraq’s Operation Together Forward to secure Baghdad
Jun 16 Bush told Iraq Study Group Maliki was going to solve problems in Iraq and
            Gen Casey had situation under control
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Jun 16 Battle of Ramadi began with setting up 2 combat outposts in southern section of
            city
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

Jun 19 Bodies of 2 US soldiers kidnapped by Mujahedeen Shura Council in Baghdad
            found

Jun 20 Fmr head State Dept Intel Bureau Carl Ford said pre-Iraq war intel showed failure
of tradecraft and analysis of US intel US got reports of things like Iraq-Niger uranium story and aluminum tubes and failed to analyze and question them thoroughly
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
(Musings On Iraq article on the aluminum tubes story)
Jun 20 Fmr Dep Dir CIA McLaughlin said that Feith’s Counter Terror Group found lots of
Al Qaeda-Iraq meetings but no control or operational connections Thought Feith’s group was put together to counter CIA’s intel on Iraq-Al Qaeda
Jun 20 Fmr CIA bin Laden desk chief Scheuer said Iraq war devastated CIA’s counterterrorism office by
draining resources Said CIA didn’t see any threat from Iraq compare to Al Qaeda Said Deputy Secretary of Defense Feith’s office was set up to counter the CIA’s reporting no ties between Iraq and Al Qaeda Scheuer headed CIA’s report on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties and found no relationship
Jun 20 Michael Maloof who was on Pentagon’s Policy Counterterrorism Group interview aired on Frontline
said Al Qaeda’s Libi and INC reported Iraq provided training to Al Qaeda Feb 04 Libi recanted his story which was given under torture Claimed back in 1990 Ansar al-Islam was working on WMD in Kurdistan Ansar not created until 2002 Said Iraq supported Ansar al-Islam Was not true Said Iraq ran terrorist training camp in Salman Pak with a plane fuselage next to a WMD facility raising fears Iraq giving terrorists WMD Was no active WMD facility in Salman Pak but there was a terrorist camp Stories were spread by INC before war Said he believed 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intel in Prague in 2001 and never disproven Dec 2001 Czech intel said Atta-Iraq intel story untrue CIA FBI 9/11 Commission never found evidence of meeting Claimed 2002 National Intelligence Estimate was attempt by CIA to win back debate on Iraq to WMD instead of terrorism Said didn’t know why the report was ever made Was written upon request from Congress on U.S. intelligence on WMD
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)
Jun 20 Gen DeLong Gen Frank’s deputy commader at CENTCOM said he believed Iraq
            working with Ansar al-Islam and Al Qaeda in Kurdistan pre-invasion

Jun 21 Saddam’s lawyer kidnapped by men in police uniform and executed
Jun 21 Zalmay Khalilzad sworn in as new US ambassador to Iraq
Jun 21 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey told Joint Chiefs plan to transfer security to Iraqis in 18 months
accept Anbar Wanted to draw down US brigades in Iraq from 15 to 10 by end of yr Told Joint Chiefs he wanted only 5-6 US brigades in Iraq by Dec 07
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Jun 22 US Cmdr in Iraq General Casey told press that Iran giving weapons and training to militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Jun 23 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey briefed Bush on withdrawal plan Bush approved
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Jun 25 PM Maliki announced national reconciliation program Included Reconciliation Council National
Dialogue Plan fighting terrorism Reviewing Debaathification Commission Amnesty for prisoners not involved in terrorism Compensation for terrorism and Saddam victims and IDPs Improving services Dealing with militias Fighting poverty and joblessness Nothing came of it
Jun 25 Health Ministry recorded over 50,000 Iraqi deaths since 2003 from terrorism and
            military clashes
Jun 25 Report CIA officer Drumheller warned Agency before Bush’s Jan 03 State of the
Union and Powell’s Feb 03 UN speech not to use story Iraq had mobile WMD labs Drumheller warned that source of mobile labs story Iraqi named CURVEBALL held by Germans was unstable and story not verified Germans warned CIA that CURVEBALL was unreliable and refused to allow Agency access to him CIA Dir Tenet told Powell it had multiple sources confirming Iraq mobile lab story while preparing Powell’s UN speech but CURVEBALL was only real source Right before Powell’s speech CIA Dir called CIA officer to fact check speech Told Tenet not to use mobile labs claim
(Musings On Iraq article on how CURVEBALL influenced US intel on Iraq’s WMD)
(Musings On Iraq articles on the CURVEBALL story)

Jun 26 Al Qaeda in Iraq robbed $7 mil from Rafidain bank branch in Ramadi

Jun 27 Under pressure Maliki revised amnesty offer made 2 days before to just those that
            had not killed anyone

Jun 29 VP Cheney stood by his claim that the insurgency was in its “last throes” in 2005
Said people would look back at 2005 as a turning point in Iraq US underestimated the insurgency and that damage Saddam’s rule did to Iraq
Jun 29 US military said most captured foreign fighters in Iraq came from Egypt, Syria,
            Sudan, Saudi Arabia in that order
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)

Jul 1 Truck bomb Sadr City killed 62 wounded 120
Jul 1 Sunni female parliamentarian and 8 bodyguards kidnapped in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Jul 2 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey extended tour of 172nd Stryker Brigade because
            violence too high in Baghdad

Jul 4 Bush told US troops they were winning war in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Jul 4 Abu Risha tribe in Ramadi district made first police recruiting drive
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

Jul 6 In coordinated attacks across central Iraq insurgents took down every power line to Baghdad Part
of campaign to deprive capital of electricity

Jul 7 Bush said Americans were wondering if US could win Iraq war Said US was
            winning
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Jul 7 Integrity Commission head Radi said weak institutions and lack of punishment led to
            uncontrolled corruption
Jul 7 Gen Casey given investigative report on Marines killing Iraqi civilians in Haditha

Jul 9 PM Maliki announced Op Together Forward 2 to try to secure Baghdad again Failed in days
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Jul 9 Militiamen in Jihad, Baghdad pulled Sunnis from cars and executed at least 50
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Jul 9 Article on State Dept report on Interior Min Said corruption human rights abuses
            sectarian violence connections to insurgents and militias undermined ministry
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
Jul 9 US officials said Jadriya prison in Baghdad run by Mahmoud Waeli called Badr’s
            intel head and renegade faction of Interior Ministry
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)

Jul 11 Amb Khalizad said hadn’t seen security improvement from Baghdad security plan
            Op Together Forward yet
Jul 11 Brookings’ Pollack told House committee not enough US and Iraqi forces to secure
            Baghdad during Op Together Forward
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Jul 12 20 people from bus station abducted and executed in Muqtadiya

Jul 13 For the first time in Iraq US military turned over security in a province to Iraqi forces
            Happened in Muthanna

Jul 14 When asked was the US winning in Iraq US Army Chief of Staff Gen Schoomaker
told congressional aids U.S. wasn’t losing in Iraq Said war was getting more difficult and was more at start of conflict than end

Jul 15 Insurgents stormed Olympic Committee in Baghdad Took 30 people including committee
            president
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Jul 16 UK Gen Fry wrote War on Terror and Iraq War in conflict Fighting Al Qaeda in Iraq alienating
Sunnis and rejection of politics and leading to more terrorism

Jul 18 Ayatollah Sistani condemned violence in Iraq

Jul 19 Report Iraqi govt told civilians in Baghdad to check IDs of ISF to make sure they
            were real not death squads or insurgents
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Jul 19 NSC memo Maliki govt struggling to implement policy and deal with security Said Interior Min
making violence worse Called for review of US Iraq strategy Suggested troop increase might be necessary
Jul 19 UK Intel report Violence more complex with multiple actors Violence spiraling out of control of Iraqi
govt Highest levels of violence since 2003 Insurgent commitment to violence unchanged

Jul 20 Bush told violence moving from insurgency to sectarian Overwhelming Maliki
            govt ISF involved in sectarian violence
Jul 20 UK Amb to Iraq Patey said Coalition facing strategic failure in Iraq Civil war or division of Iraq
possible Happened despite political progress in Iraq but that also increased sectarian divisions UK needed to push Iraqi govt into lead and ensure it has monopoly of force

Jul 21 Report sectarian cleansing going on in Baghdad’s Ghazilya and Sadiya neighborhoods
Sunni gunmen told Shiites to leave in Sadiya Inter Min police took away 10 Sunni men in Ghaziliya Bodies later found
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Jul 21 UK Gen Shireff wrote Maysan not as good as reported by UK officials Basra lacked security UK had
to win battle of Basra by defeating Mahdi Army and death squads

Jul 22 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey said Maliki took no responsibility for anything Trying
to take control of ISF Casey said Maliki blocked 5 ops in Sadr City to protect Mahdi Army Maliki gave him list of 10 Shiite notables that could not be touched by US Sadr and aides at top of list Said Maliki wanted militias to gain more control over Baghdad Said Shiite politicians not serious about limiting Mahdi Army or death squads Said US forces clearing areas in Baghdad but Iraqis couldn’t hold them said US had no political strategy for Iraq since Dec 05 elections
Jul 22 US Iraq Amb Khalizad said Sunnis and Shiite not accepted each other as equals
            not willing to cooperate
Jul 22 National Security Adviser Hadley told Bush US had no security strategy for
            Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Jul 24 Report US 4th Div carried out mass incarcerations abused Iraqi prisoners while
            stationed in Salahaddin 03-04
Jul 24 Report Inter Min fired all Anbar police during 2004 Battle of Fallujah and police
            never rebuilt No police in Rutba Ana Haditha few in Rawa

Jul 25 Op River Falcon to secure Sayifiya south of Baghdad started

Jul 27 Iraq and UN announced International Compact to help develop country
Jul 27 UK Amb to Iraq Patey said that de facto division of Iraq and civil war more likely
            than transition to democracy

Jul 31 Displacement Min said 182,154 had been displaced since Askari shrine bombing
            in Feb 2006
Jul 31 Police in 15 SUVs kidnapped 25 people from Iraqi American Chamber of Commerce
            and Rawi telephone company in central Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Aug 3 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid told Senate Iraq could fall into civil war if
            violence continued
Aug 3 Report outgoing UK Amb to Iraq said Iraq would be unstable for 5-10 yrs Said
Iraq could breakup along ethnosectarian lines Said had to stop Mahdi Army from becoming like Hezbollah
Aug 3 Inter Min Bolani said rogue elements within his ministry Told parliament new
uniforms and IDs would be made to distinguish between real and fake police Inter Min only ordered 25,000 new uniforms for force of 145,000 Bolani said he would root out corrupt police and those accused of torture and would show results by end of August
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
Aug 3 Report some neighborhoods in Baghdad set up checkpoints and refused to allow
            police in without US troops accompanying them
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Aug 3 Report of 14,000 planned reconstruction projects in Iraq more than 500 had not
            been started Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction said start of US
reconstruction effort was confused overwhelming lacked coordination and planning

Aug 4 Secretary of State Rice said US making progress Iraq strategy not failing US had
            to stay the course Privately Rice thought strategy failing
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Aug 5 Secretary of State Rice told Bush Iraqis pulling their country apart

Aug 6 Report ISF not able to secure Baghdad and US doubling troops in city from 7200 to
            14200 to help Iraqis

Aug 7 US-Iraqi Op Together Forward II started to secure Sunni areas of Baghdad
            threatened by militias Only 2 of 6 Iraqi army battalions deployed Op failed
Aug 7 Bush said US had a strategy for Iraq Privately Bush thought wasn’t working
            and wanted new one
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

Aug 8 Meeting Marine Expeditionary Force I Cmdr Gen Zilmer Ramadi Cmdr Col
MacFarland and others Said Battle for Ramadi in trouble Outposts surrounded and forces largely consigned to protecting them rather than counterinsurgency operations
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

Aug 10 US cmdr in Iraq Gen Casey said more civilians killed by Shiite militias than
            insurgents in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Aug 11 Diyala council fired police chief Gen Qureysi for tensions with Sahwa accusing them of sectarian
attacks Had arrested Sahwa leaders Gotten into gun battles with them Sahwa went on strike in Feb demanding removal of chief
(Musings On Iraq article on removal of Diyala police chief)

Aug 12 Report audit of Iraq’s finances by Ernest & Young found system a wreck Iraqi ministries
and offices counted sums differently Put funds into wrong accounts Couldn’t accurately report how much oil exported

Aug 13 Bombing in Baghdad’s Zafaraniya set off gas explosion 58 killed 148 wounded
Aug 13 US forces raided Health Min run by Sadrists after report of kidnapping Health
            Min went on strike to protest raid
Aug 13 Report June health director for Diyala called for meeting at Health Min and not
seen again Mahdi Army kidnapping people at Baghdad Morgue and taking them to Health Min
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Aug 14 US police training program offered plan to crack down on death squads and
            kidnappings by Interior Min Each police battalion would be reviewed
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
Aug 14 After threat by insurgents only around 100 of Fallujah’s 1700 police showed up to
            duty
Aug 14 Protest in Basra over lack of electricity during summer heat Clashed with police

Aug 16 Report Mahdi Army and insurgents fighting for control of Diyala Raiding villages
and forcing people out Mahdi Army trying to drive Sunnis out of Khan Bani Said Set up checkpoints robbed trucks kidnapped and murdered people on highway Many soldiers in Diyala were members of the Mahdi Army Others supported the militia US didn’t trust Iraqi forces in Diyala because of militia infiltration
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Aug 16 Followers of Mahmoud al-Hasani protested in Karbala Nasiriya Hillah against Iran
            and claimed Ayatollah Sistani was Iranian puppet
Aug 16 Pentagon review of Iraq war found US used too much force in civilian areas
angered Iraqis and didn’t form alliances with them Providing safety and security for Iraqis was not a priority
Aug 16 Marine intel report US not lost militarily but defeated politically in Anbar Cited
lack of US troops and no functioning Iraqi govt in province Said Al Qaeda in Iraq most powerful force in Anbar
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Aug 16 Report Bush told Middle East experts he did not support partition of Iraq Said he
            would make no policy changes in war
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Aug 17 Bush held national security meeting to rethink Iraq strategy Bush told staff Iraq
            Policy was going bad and he wanted a new one
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Aug 17 US commander in Iraq Gen Casey told Bush Iraqis might not be up to task of
            securing Baghdad
Aug 17 US Marine report Starting Dec 05 Al Qaeda in Iraq started marginalizing and
co-opting other insurgent groups Was mad so many insurgents backed Dec 05 elections Wanted revenge
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Aug 17 Report 80% of insurgent attacks against Coalition 80% of casualties were Iraqi
            civilians Car bombs and IEDs doubled from 2004 to 2005

Aug 18 Report 2 Iraqi army divisions in Anbar short 5,000 troops Soldiers not getting paid
            Defense Min could not supply them

Aug 21 2nd trial started for Saddam accused of genocide during Anfal campaign
(Musings On Iraq article on Anfal campaign)
Aug 21 Al Qaeda in Iraq bombed Jazeera police station in Ramadi Killed Sheikh Ataymi of
Albu Jassim in Anbar who aligned with US and provided tribesmen for Ramadi police
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
Aug 21 Bush said Saddam had relations with Zarqawi Disputed by CIA who said no ties
            between two

Aug 22 Sheikh Abu Risha met with US and asked for more financing and more raids on
            insurgents
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

Aug 23 Gen Barbero Joint Chief deputy chief of ops said Iran training funding arming Iraqi militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Aug 23 UK Intel report Said Maliki govt unable to deal with militias because afraid of break up of United
Iraqi Alliance

Aug 24 Maliki banned TV channels from showing bloodshed caused by the war

Aug 25 Iraqis looted base exited by British in Maysan before Iraqi forces could take it over
Aug 25 Head of Association of Muslim Scholars Sheikh Dhari said he was willing to meet
            with Ayatollah Sistani to talk about ending national crisis

Aug 26 National conference of Sunni sheikhs backed Maliki govt condemned violence
            called for people to participate in politics

Aug 27 Maliki told CNN violence was going down in Iraq no civil war but
            reconciliation MP Mutlaq said no democracy developing because of violence
Aug 27 National reconciliation meeting ended with 700 sheikhs Talked about creating
            committees to negotiate with insurgency
Aug 27 US Gen Thurman said Operation Together Forward II was reducing violence in
            Baghdad
Aug 27 Khalis Diyala 22 shot in café Judge’s home raided brother killed IED at market
killing 6 Part of sectarian fighting between militias and insurgents for control of province

Aug 28 Dep PM Salah said Iraqi parties agreed on oil revenue sharing with money being
distributed to provinces based upon population and needs Still no agreement over signing oil contracts or making major decisions Oil law never passed
Aug 28 ISF raid in Diwaniya led to major gun battle with Mahdi Army and other militias
Captured Iraqi soldiers were executed in a public square More than 40 killed and 90 wounded US military said Diwaniya battle was a major victory for the ISF but was actually ended by political deal with Sadr
Aug 28 Report around 100 Iraqi soldiers from 10th Division in Maysan refused to deploy
to Baghdad for Operation Together Forward II Not 1st time ISF units had refused to leave their home base

Aug 30 Bush said if US left Iraq before job done would become terrorist state and undermine US
            leadership
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Aug 30 Report Mahdi Army seized Sunnis in Baghdad hospitals and executed them Health Min run by
Sadrists Inspector General said investigation into matter found nothing IG was from Dawa who cooperated with Sadrists
 (Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Aug 31 US commander in Iraq Gen Casey said Baghdad security progressing US forces clearing
areas but Iraqis not holding them Said Iraqi forces could take over security in 12-18 months
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Aug 31 PM Maliki told Iraq Survey Group security problems caused by Baathists and Al Qaeda
Claimed the problem with the Iraqi police were there were too many former regime members in force
Aug 31 Report Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Reconstruction said 30% of 56 projects inspected
didn't meet standards and some were failures Said US should have started using Iraqi companies for work to speed process and help Iraqi economy

Sep 1 National Security Adviser Rubaie told Iraq Survey Group insurgency had to be
            destroyed but militias legitimate because political
Sep 1 Report Sunnis and Shiites fighting over north and south entrances to Baghdad in
            Sadr City Dora and Sadiya
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Sep 2 20 Anbar sheikhs told US forces they were forming Emergency Council to fight
Al Qaeda in Iraq Said would work with US and wanted Anbar governor dismissed
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Gov Alwani)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Sep 2 Iraq CIA station chief told Iraq Survey Group Interior Ministry running death squads
            and torturing people
Sep 2 Fin Min Jabr told Iraq Survey Group corruption under control due to Board of
            Supreme Audit
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

Sep 3 US Dep Iraq Cmdr Gen Chiarelli told Iraq Survey Group US needed reconciliation and
            political not military solution
Sep 3 US Cmdr training ISF Gen Dempsey told Iraq Survey Group needed reconciliation
            otherwise training useless

Sep 4 Report Dora south Baghdad 1st area Op Together Forward II started in Deaths down
dramatically Question of whether area could be held by Iraqi forces National Police brigade to take control but had little to no training

Sep 5 Bush speech said US had to stay the course in Iraq or would regret it later
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Sep 6 Judge Radhi head of Integrity Comm said $4 bil had gone missing due to
corruption Said included 25% of reconstruction funds Said endemic throughout govt and country
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

Sep 7 New Al Qaeda in Iraq leader Abu Hamzah al-Muhajir issued 1st statement Called for each
member to kill an American and every Sunni to kill a Shiite in next 15 days to see who was with the group and who was not
Sep 7 Iraqi govt took control of armed forces command and 8th Division based in Qadisiya

Sep 8 Report US military said sectarian deaths in Baghdad down 52% from July to
            August Did not count victims of car bombs and mortars
Sep 8 Health Min said it was going to build 2 branch morgues in Baghdad to deal with
bodies from civil war Morgue reported 1,536 bodies received in August 2006 Many dead not taken to morgue so only partial count
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Sep 8 US military said IEDs four times higher in summer 2006 vs January 2004

Sep 9 Sheikh Abu Risha and 50 other sheikhs announced formation of Anbar
            Awakening
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Marines Take Anbar, the Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

Sep 10 Report US delinked Shiite death squads from political parties they came from to
            not confront Iraqi govt
Sep 10 ISCI renewed calls for law to allow southern province region Opposed by Sadr
            Fadhila Iraqiya Iraqi Accordance Front
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Sep 11 Bush speech US being tested like Cold War and withdrawing from Iraq would
            be catastrophe US strategy at time was to withdraw from Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Sep 11 Wash Post report Marine intel reported US losing in Anbar due to lack of troops no
            functioning Iraqi govt Caused US politicians to question war
Sep 11 Ramadi area sheikhs met to plan announcement of Anbar Awakening
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
Sep 11 Cheney told Meet The Press insurgency had gone on longer than expected May 2005
Cheney said insurgency in “last throes” Defending invasion of Iraq saying Saddam supported terrorism and would have restarted WMD programs if not for US Blamed fmr CIA Dir Tenet for bad pre-war intel on Iraq

Sep 12 Report Sadr losing control of Mahdi Army US worried about Badr control of police US was pushing
Iraqi parliament to pass law to try to disarm militias Were playing down connections between death squads and Iraqi ruling parties as a result
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

Sep 13 MP Maliki visited Iran signing agreement to facilitate immigration exchange intelligence expand
trade
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Sep 13 Speaker Mashadani said that SCIRI plan for federal region in south was dead Bill on
            federalism would be postponed indefinitely
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Sep 14 Anbar Emergency Council presented program Wanted new elections for Anbar
hiring tribesmen into ISF condemned terrorism Wanted talks with Baathists Rebuild provincial economy Claimed 35 tribes and 25 sheikhs involved but was really only Albu Risha Albu Dhiab Albu Ali Jassim tribes
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Sep 14 US military spokesman said that violence had increased in Baghdad despite Operation
            Together Forward II 22 killed by death squads 60 bodies found day before
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Sep 15 US and Maliki govt announced new plan to cut weapons and bombs entering
            Baghdad with checkpoints at entrances and trench around city
Sep 15 Bush speech Said he was listening to his generals who said things were working in
            Iraq Privately Bush had decided Iraq strategy not working and wanted new one
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Sep 15 Report US Army battalion expelled a Special Forces unit working with Albu Nimr
tribe in Hit Anbar because felt Special Forces were not sharing information on their activities Shut down tribal outreach and recruitment into ISF
Sep 15 Report Sept 02 Iraq’s Foreign Min Sabri told CIA Iraq had no ties to al Qaeda Info
was not given to White House Sabri said that Iraq was working on nuclear and WMD programs and that was given to White House
Sep 15 Last 5 days 142 bodies found executed

Sep 16 Article US officials said they were impatient with Maliki govt Needed to take
            action on suppressing sectarian violence and moving towards reconciliation

Sep 17 Anbar Salvation Council issued ultimatum for Al Qaeda in Iraq to leave Anbar
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Sep 17 Report Inter Min didn’t have political backing to purge police of militias US
commander said 5-6 of 27 National Police battalions were sectarian and criminal US began reform of National Police giving each battalion an inspection and training Maliki govt stopped Iraqi-US inspections of Iraqi prisons No officials charged with prisoner abuse despite lots of evidence Interior had fired 1500 police since June 2006 Fingerprint campaign found 1,228 police and Inter Min workers had been convicted of violent crimes under Saddam
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
Sep 17 Report Pentagon tried to hire Republicans to staff CPA Hired many unqualified
personnel Thomas Foley in charge of privatizing state owned enterprises was a Republican Donor who went to college with Bush Foley put Jay Hallen former real estate agent in charge of Iraq’s stock market Hallen tried to reform market that Iraqis didn’t want so change rejected

Sep 18 US turned over central Salahaddin to Iraq’s 4th Division Was second such handover
            to ISF

Sep 19 Bush speech at UN said that Maliki govt had to rise to the challenges and make
            difficutl choices in Iraq to ensure future
Sep 19 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said US found weaponry in Iraq that probably came from Iran 
including RPG-29s and rockets Said Hezbollah were training Iraqi militias in Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Sep 19 Rep Lee Hamilton of Iraq Study Group said that Maliki govt needed to make decisive
            action in next 3 months situation so critical in Iraq
Sep 19 US commander in Ramadi got Marine division commander in Anbar to back
Awakening
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
Sep 19 Fmr Vice Army chief of staff Ret Gen Keane told Rumsfeld US close to strategic
failure in Iraq Said US strategy was to withdraw not defeat insurgency Told Rumsfeld US needed more troops in Iraq to protect population otherwise change impossible
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Sep 19 Pres Talabani told Bush security problem was US not arming ISF sufficiently and
            needed less US troops in Iraq

Sep 20 US commander in Iraq Gen Casey gave his support to Anbar Awakening
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar tribes turning on Al Qaeda in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Sep 20 Chief judge in Saddam’s trial removed by cabinet for saying Saddam was not a
            dictator
Sep 20 Intel report to Rumsfeld Iraq breaking up more Iraqi politicians stuck in
            ethnosectarian camps
Sep 20 Head of Iraqi police training mission Gen Peterson said Iraqi govt Interior Min nor Badr Brigade
involved in running death squads in Baghdad Said Mahdi Army behind most death squads Interior Min and Badr were running death squads since took over ministry in 2006 Part of US policy not to blame Maliki govt
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
Sep 20 Report Pentagon public opinion poll found 75% of Sunnis supported insurgency Up
            from 14% in 2003
Sep 20 Report Maliki attempting political deal with Sadr to deal with Mahdi Army Same
            time objecting to any US raids on militia

Sep 21 US military turned over 2nd province to the Iraqi forces, Dhi Qar
Sep 21 U.S. and Iraqi forces conducted raids on Sadrists in Najaf and Baghdad Arrested Najaf
            spokesman Sheikh Salah al-Obaidy Mahdi Army mobilized in Najaf in response
Sep 21 UN reported 3,590 civilians killed in Iraq in July and 3,009 in August

Sep 22 Ret Gen Keane told Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace he was failing and his only priority
should be winning in Iraq Gen Pace agreed to set up staff to go over Iraq strategy afterward Keane suggested Gen Petraeus should be new US Iraq Cmdr to Gen Pace
Sep 22 US military said militias in Baghdad earning up to $1 mil/day via kidnapping
            extortion black market blackmail running Petrol stations
Sep 22 3000 demonstrated in Tikrit calling for Saddam to return to power

Sep 23 Army chief of staff called Gen Petraeus to review Iraq policy
Sep 23 Defense Policy Board member Adelman told Rumsfeld he was a failure as Defense
            Secretary and never took responsibility for Iraq
Sep 23 Report only 1000 of promised 4000 Iraqi soldiers deployed to Baghdad for Op
            Together Forward II Iraqi troops refusing to leave their home provinces

Sep 24 Report National Intel Estimate said that Iraq war led to new generation of Islamic
            radicalism Said Iraq war made terrorism worse

Sep 25 U.S. Joint Chiefs started review of Iraq strategy
Sep 25 Report Iraq had replaced Afghanistan as main training ground for terrorists Insurgents
from Iraq had gone to Afghanistan and Pakistan and imported tactics such as car bombs
Sep 25 Report ruling parties agreed to deal to delay autonomous southern region plan for 18
            months
Sep 25 Report DIA found 2005 elections increased sectarian tensions in Iraq Assessment by
50 counterinsurgency experts in August found US forces relied too much on force alienating Iraqis
Sep 25 Mujahadeen Shura Council issued statement saying it could fight the Hamza battalions organized by
Albu Mahal tribe in Qaim because they were enemies of Islam

Sep 26 Awakening of Anbar conference held in Ramadi Issued 11 point program Called for
talks with Baathists reviewing make-up of ISF Securing highway through Anbar Stand against terrorism No arms unless okayed by govt Condemned tribes working with insurgents Wanted to rebuild economy Strengthen sheikhs Respect rule of Law New Anbar govt
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
Sep 26 US brigade from 1st Armored Div extended tour in Ramadi by 6 weeks Would be
            crucial to support Awakening and secure city
Sep 26 NSC report Interior Ministry carrying out extra judicial killings
Sep 26 Bush forced to release parts of secret intel report after it was leaked to the press on
international terrorism that said Iraq was creating new generation of jihadists and created resentment in Muslim world against US
Sep 26 UN report said that Iraq war providing recruits and training for Al Qaeda Said
inspiring Taliban Said new IEDs used in Iraq were found in Afghanistan less than month after first use

Sep 27 British and ISF announced plan to purge Basra city of militias as part of Op Sinbad
            Was to last until Feb 07 and prepare for British withdrawal from Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
Sep 27 Anbar sheikhs met with PM Maliki asked that Anbar Salvation Council replace
Anbar provincial council Maliki aide later said PM didn’t trust Awakening or US helping them
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Sep 27 Joint Chiefs created Council of Colonels that would in part review Iraq strategy
Sep 27 State Dept poll almost ¾ of Iraqis would feel safer if US forces left Iraq 65%
wanted immediate US withdrawal Univ Maryland poll 71% wanted Iraqi govt to ask Coalition to leave within a year Most thought US would refuse 77% said US wanted permanent bases in Iraq Sunni support for US withdrawal dropped from 83% in Jan 06 to 47% in Sep 06
Sep 27 Report West Point published letter by Al Qaeda leader Attiya l-Jazari to Zarqawi
Told Zarqawi he had to look at bigger picture in Iraq instead of just military strategy Had to unite insurgency Reach out to Sunnis and tribes Needed to consult with Al Qaeda before making major decisions Said didn’t do that before starting attacks upon Shiites and bombing in Jordan Also called for greater cooperation with fellow Islamist insurgents like Ansar al-Sunna Warned vanity led to defeat of Algerian insurgency in 1990s
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Sep 28 UK Op Sinbad in Basra began focusing on police and reconstruction Didn’t get support of PM
Maliki Sep 28 Al Qeada in Iraq kidnapped brother of Sheikh Jassim and 3 tribesmen from Albu
            Soda and executed them in Anbar Would lead tribe to turn against Al Qaeda in Iraq
Sep 28 Gen Zahner deputy chief of staff for intelligence Multi-National Force Iraq said explosive found
with militias came from Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Sep 28 Report UK Def Min think tank said that Iraq war radicalized disillusioned young
            Muslims and led them to Al Qaeda War was recruiting tool for jihadist groups
Sep 28 Report Around 240,000 Iraqis had registered as IDPs Feb-Jul 06
Sep 28 Report death squads mostly from Mahdi Army returned to Baghdad’s Ghaziliya after
cleared by US during Op Together Forward Iraqi police were letting militiamen back in
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Sep 28 Report US military complained about Maliki govt not allowing it to go after Mahdi
Army in Baghdad US said death squads were major problem with sectarian violence Aug and Sep US went after Mahdi Army commanders in Najaf and Baghdad and Maliki objected Maliki also cancelled planned US-Iraqi joint op to move into Sadr City Maliki had list of figures including Sadrists and Mahdi Army members US couldn’t arrest in Baghdad Govt spokesman Dabbagh said unfair to treat militias like insurgents Said US should go after insurgents first
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Sep 28 Report Maliki govt tried to send ISF units to Diyala US said they couldn’t until
committed 4000 troops promised for Op Together Forward in Baghdad Diyala site of major sectarian fighting for control of province with ISF helping militias
Sep 28 Report US intel officer said Mahdi Army splintering Said 6 militia leaders had broken
            away Sadr appointed 4 different leaders to try to control militia in Basra
Sep 28 Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction report Baghdad Police College just completed a
disaster 1 entire building had to be shut down due to leaking pipes warped floors human waste flooding areas Was built by Parsons Corp that had series of corrupt and fraudulent contracts throughout Iraq since 2004 Report said Iraq had lost $16 bil in potential oil sales Jan 04-Mar 06 due to insurgent attacks Even without those attacks Iraqi oil would be plagued by criminals oil smuggling and poor infrastructure

Sep 29 Sadr told Mahdi Army commanders they needed temporarily disarm Cut size of their
units to make them more manageable All militiamen to go through orientation and be issued new IDs
Sep 29 Sadrist clerica gave sermon in Kufa saying patience running out for Maliki to bring
            about security and stability
Sep 29 British launched Op Sinbad against militias in Basra
Sep 29 Report Senior British officers were lobbying Blair govt to withdraw forces from Iraq
Said forces could achieve little and frustrated with slow development of new ISF
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
Sep 29 Report 3 Iraqi reporters in south arrested for accusing a governor a judge and
            police officers of being corrupt
Sep 29 Special Inspector Gen Iraq Recon Bowen testified to Congress Said 13 of 14 projects
by Parsons Corp were substandard and had serious problems Also criticized projects by KBR and Bechtel
Sep 29 Accordance Front head Dulaimi’s bodyguard arrested on suspicion he was
            planning bombings within the Green Zone

Oct 1 Health Ministry released partial figures for 1,089 civilian deaths in Aug 06 Passed
            previous high of 1,065 in Jul 06 UN counted 6,559 deaths form July-Aug 06
Oct 1 Natl Sec Adv Hadley ordered drafting of new strategy for Iraq
Oct 1 Report US public and private assessments of Iraq different Publicly said things improving Privately
talked about violence increasing into 07 Had been getting message Iraq getting worse since 04 and yet had no strategy to win war and being told that was only possible outcome
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Oct 1 26 workers at a shop kidnapped in Amil neighborhood 10 of their bodies later found
            Police said 50 bodies found in Baghdad in 24 hours
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Oct 3 Report Albu Mahal tribe fighting Al Qaeda in Iraq in Qaim
(Musings On Iraq article on Albu Mahal tribe)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
Oct 3 Report various Anbar sheikhs Iraqi army general and Association of Muslim Scholars
all criticized the new Awakening Claimed it would only lead to more violence Were just going to kill other Sunnis and were puppets of the U.S.
Oct 3 Interior Min Bolani ordered commander 8th Natl Police Bgd and unit suspended
Officer arrested for suspected involvement in kidnapping of 26 workers in Amil Baghdad 10/1/06 10 later found dead
Oct 3 US military said 50-70 foreign fighters enter Iraq each month Jan-Sep 06 US-ISF
captured 630 foreign fighters Total number of foreign fighters in Iraq est 800-2,000 Most from Saudi Arabia Egypt Syria
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)
Oct 3 Car bomb on Industry Min motorcade in Baghdad killed 14 wounded 75
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Oct 3 Intl Org for Migration 9,000 people fleeing per week 190,000 displaced in central
            and southern Iraq

Oct 4 Report US military said Mahdi Army running death squads out of hospitals and
Baghdad morgue Murdered patients Using ambulances to move men weapons hostages around Sadr Health Min Shammari said he welcomed any investigation into his ministry 
Oct 4 US military said bomb attacks in Baghdad had reached all time high
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Oct 4 Report British forces in south found no evidence of Iranian weapons crossing into
            Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

Oct 5 UK Intel report on Maliki govt Coordination within govt poor Maliki wanted to keep Shiite support
Opposed Coalition action vs militias as a result Wanted political solution to that problem Little progress on reconciliation program Govt full of distrust Sunni ministers feel excluded Shiite and Kurdish ministers question whether Sunnis willing to give up violence
Oct 5 Sunni leaders told Sec State Rice Iraq breaking apart They were victims of
            sectarian violence and no one protecting them
Oct 5 SCIRI head Hakim told Sec State Rice Shiites tried to work with Sunnis but they
            were obstructionists
Oct 5 Sec State Rice told Maliki if there was no reconciliation US would leave and
            Maliki would end up being hung
Oct 5 Al Jazeera played tape by Islamic Army offering talks with US Said Iraq facing
occupation by US and Iranians and latter worse Said Zarqawi had made mistakes in Iraq
Oct 5 Al-Bubaz tribe in Baghdad Diyala Salahaddin said it was going to start working with
            Al Qaeda in Iraq
Oct 5 Report Maliki govt sent envoys to Syria Egypt UAE Jordan to try to stop support for
            insurgency 
Oct 5 Displacement Min 80,000 displaced registered with ministry July-Aug 40,000
families asked for govt aid last 7 months Officials said real numbers higher Head of Intl Org for Migration said most displaced had no plans to return

Oct 6 Bush told Maliki had to ignore news coming out of US because domestic politics
Maliki said he couldn’t ignore US news like talk about dividing Iraq or immediate withdrawal Maliki told Bush he was going to push reconciliation fighting terrorism and militias
Oct 6 US Amb Khalilzad said US had acted arrogantly rebuilding Iraq Ignored Iraqis

Oct 8 Political parties agreed to Maliki’s plan for Central Comm for Peace and Security to
help secure Baghdad would have reps from each major party and coordinate with ISF and premier’s office

Oct 9 Ruling parties agreed to have equal number of Sunni and Shiite ISF at Baghdad
            checkpoints to try to stop sectarian attacks Part of PM Maliki’s security plan
Oct 9 Accordance Front demanded investigation into sectarian violence in Baquba Accused
            ISF of sectarian arrests looting homes Said Shiite parties were promoting attacks
Oct 9 Police killed brother of VP Tariq Hashemi in his home
Oct 9 Interior Min Bolani announced new uniforms to be issued to police Said couldn’t be
copied Meant to distinguish police from death squads dressed as police Wouldn’t stop police in death squads
Oct 9 US raid into Diwaniya to arrest militiaman led to gun battle with Mahdi Army 30
            militiamen killed

Oct 10 US brought Anbar Gov Alwani and Sheikh Abu Risha together for meeting Two had heated
argument Abu Risha wanted Alwani replaced
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Gov Alwani)
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Oct 10 Meeting of ruling parties over ending sectarian violence in Baghdad broke up when
Sunnis accused Shiite militias of killing VP Hashemi’s brother Fadhila MP and National Dialogue Front MP said parties lost faith in each other Meetings would descend into Sunnis and Shiites blaming each other for violence

Oct 11 Parliament voted on law allowing for formation of federal regions Backed by SCIRI
            Sadrists and Fadhila didn’t vote on bill
(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Oct 11 NSC Iraq policy review called for surge in troops to secure Baghdad Diyala Anbar
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Oct 11 Bush said reason violence up in Iraq because US and Iraqi forces were on the
            offensive
Oct 11 US Iraq Amb Khalizad said US didn't have forces to make new Baghdad
            security plan work
Oct 11 Report in Lancet estimate approx 655,000 deaths Iraq due to US invasion from Mar
2003-Jun 2006 Report gained huge press coverage Has since been thoroughly debunked by experts
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 1)
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 11)
(Musings On Iraq article New Study Refutes Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)
Oct 11 Displacement Min Sultan said more than 300,000 Iraqis had been displaced since 03
            AP estimated 890,000 Iraqis fled to Jordan Iran Syria since 03
Oct 11 Report Maliki govt barred Baghdad morgue and Health Min from reporting on Iraqi
            deaths US military claimed Iraqi govt figures were too high
Oct 11 US Embassy estimated 5-30 Iraqis were kidnapped each day
Oct 11 Report 135 judges removed for corruption and Baathist ties Judges said crime rate far
higher than official figures because most incidents not reported Judges had been killed and no one arrested

Oct 12 Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said Iraq forces increasing but violence going up Contradicted US
strategy for Iraq
Oct 12 US military said attacks on Coalition up from 14 per day at start of Aug 06 to 36 per day
            in mid-Sep 06
Oct 12 New UK Army Chief Gen Dannatt said England should withdraw its forces because only
            causing problems in Iraq Called PM Blair’s Iraq policies “naïve”
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
Oct 12 Al Qaeda in Iraq’s Mujahedeen Shura Council joined 6 tribes to create Mutayibeen Coalition
Oct 12 Special Insp Gen for Iraq Recon found major problems with construction of Mosul Police HQ
Didn’t have number of contracted facilities like toilets Tree was cemented over and included in foundation
Oct 12 Sunni parties criticized passage of federalism law SCIRI’s Hakim attacked them as Baathists
Saddamists and Takfiris
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Oct 12 Men in police uniforms attacked Shaabiya TV station Executed 11 workers

Oct 13 Mujahedeen Shura Council became ISI Announced Islamic State in Baghdad
            Anbar Diyala Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa Babil
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Oct 13 Islamic State of Iraq Announced Abu Omar al-Baghdadi as emir of Islamic State
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)
Oct 13 Report splits within ISI between Zarqawi’s lieutenants and followers of military chief Masri
Oct 13 Report Talk of PM Maliki stepping down and 5 man council ruling Iraq and declaring martial
law
Oct 13 Interior Min Bolani said he had PM Maliki’s backing to purge his ministry of sectarian actors
Same time denied its forces were involved in sectarian killings Blamed Facilities Protection Service and imposters using police uniforms
Oct 13 Report Sadr complained about Shiite death squads using the name of Mahdi Army and backed
by Iranian Rev Guard and Hezbollah
Oct 13 Insurgents kidnapped 26 Shiite workers from Balad Bodies were found decapitated in
neighboring Dhuluiya Was retaliation for ISI commander being killed in Balad Shiite elders in Balad called on Mahdi Army in Baghdad to send fighters to take revenge

Oct 14 After 26 bodies of men from Balad found in Dhuluiya Mahdi Army began arriving in Balad from
Baghdad Shiite gunmen set up checkpoints in Balad and started killing Sunnis Shiite mosques began broadcasting messages that Sunnis needed to leave

Oct 15 Mujahedeen Shura Council again announced the Islamic State of Iraq Said it was
in Baghdad Anbar Diyala Kirkuk Salahaddin Ninewa and Babil Said its goal was to govern
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
Oct 15 Report auditors found ¼ of US funded water projects had broken down since being turned over
to Iraqis
Oct 15 Reconciliation conference indefinitely postponed due to weekend violence Setback for PM
            Maliki’s reconciliation plans
Oct 15 2 days Shiite gunmen killed 47 Sunnis in Balad in retaliation for 26 dead Shiites being found in
Dhuluiya
Oct 15 6 car bombs in Kirkuk killed 10 and wounded dozens 52 killed in attacks in Baghdad
Oct 15 500 Sunni sheikhs held meeting condemning federalism plan by SIIC objected to breaking
            up Iraq
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Oct 15 Islamic Party accused Interior Min of Oct 9 murder of VP Hashemi’s brother

Oct 16 PM Maliki called Bush said he was worried US had set 2 month deadline for him to control
sectarian violence Said deadline and talk of dividing Iraq were undermining his govt Bush said he supported Maliki
Oct 16 Report US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey was worried that ISF couldn’t take over security as planned
Start of 07 Casey said US could have substantial troop drawdowns but had to increase US forces by 10,000 due to violence in Baghdad
Oct 16 PM Maliki interview said his govt wouldn’t disarm militias until end of 06/early 07 Said US
forces would start large withdrawals start of 07 Rejected US operations vs Mahdi Army in Sadr City
Oct 16 Iraq Body Count criticized Lancet casualty report Said meant 500,000 death certificates were
issued but not recorded by govt Would mean thousands of Iraqis were wounded and never went for medical help Would mean only 1/10 of Iraqi deaths were recorded
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 1)
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 11)
(Musings On Iraq article New Study Refutes Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)
Oct 16 Sunni tribesmen fired mortars into Balad 13 vehicles stopped at police checkpoint south of
Balad and people taken away by insurgents afer 2 days of killings by Shiites for 26 Shiites killed in Dhuluiya Total of 80 bodies arrived at Balad morgue

Oct 17 NSC started review of Iraq strategy to come up with new one
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Oct 17 Interior Min fired 3,000 police for human rights abuses corruption connection to militias 1 Police
Commando commander and a public order brigade commander removed for ties to militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
Oct 17 After 4 days of sectarian fighting Iraqi army and US forces deployed to Balad Almost entire Sunni
population had fled

Oct 18 ISI held march in Ramadi to declare its Islamic state and mark its new name
Oct 18 CENTCOM briefing said Iraq heading towards chaos Increased sectarian violence despite U.S.
security plan

Oct 19 IED killed Amara police chief from Badr Police arrested brother of suspected bomber from Mahdi
Army 2 days of fighting started Mahdi Army stormed 3 police stations manned by Badr in Amara
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
Oct 19 US military spokesman said Op Together Forward II failed to reduce violence in Baghdad Said
attacks up 22% since start of Ramadan US forces returned to Dora after it was touted as first area cleared during operation
(Musings On Iraq book review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)
Oct 19 US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey US Amb Khalzad gave press conference saying Op Together Forward
II in Baghdad working
Oct 19 PM Maliki ordered US to release of top Sadrist arrested Oct 18 for taking part in sectarian fighting
Oct 19 Report over 20 militias operating in Baghdad Mahdi Army splintering
Oct 19 Report police unit blamed for killing 26 Sunnis at food factory in Baghdad’s Amil Unit was
            suspended
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Oct 20 Mahdi Army Badr and officials from PM Maliki’s office worked out ceasefire to end fighting in
Amara 10 police 15 militiamen killed 160 wounded
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)

Oct 21 ISF and US forces patrolling Amara to enforce ceasefire between Mahdi Army and Badr Suweira
Mahdi Army and Badr clashed Mahdi Army blamed for bombing ISCI office in Hamza al-Sharqi
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
Oct 21 Inter Min Bolani met with Sadr in Najaf to try to get him to reign in Mahdi Army
Oct 21 Insurgents started two days of attacks on police base in Baquba Up to 80 police killed

Oct 22 Report criticized Lancet report that est 400,000-800,000 Iraqis deaths since 2003 Lancet
claimed 40 consecutive households were questioned within one day Public health researcher Hicks didn’t think that possible One Lancet author Roberts said 80% of deaths recorded had a death certificate and that deaths had been underreported Report criticized for main street bias only surveying main streets where violence more likely Lancet author Burnham said off streets were included Then said he actually didn’t know how survey was conducted Lancet author Roberts said some of the raw data was destroyed to protect people’s safety Also said that findings could easily be replicated by other studies
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 1)
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 11)
(Musings On Iraq article New Study Refutes Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)
Oct 22 Report US in talks with Islamic Army in Amman
Oct 22 Fmr Finance Min Allawi said $750-$800mil in defense spending under PM Allawi stolen Ziad
Cattan head of military procurement convicted in absentia for stealing from defense deals
(Musings On Iraq book review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

Oct 23 Natl Sec Adv Hadley told UK officials Op Together Forward II failing Said Iraqi army hadn’t sent
enough troops Iraqi police couldn’t hold areas cleared Said Maliki govt didn’t fully support plan
(Musings On Iraq book review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)
Oct 23 White House said US policy was not to stay the course in Iraq despite Bush repeatedly using that
phrase Said U.S. had a flexible policy in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Oct 23 Report UN recorded 1.6 mil refugees 1.5 mil displaced 40,000 Iraqis arriving in Syria per month
365,000 new refugees since Samarra bombing in Feb 06
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

Oct 24 US Cmdr Gen Casey and Amb Khalilzad announced new timetable for US goals in Iraq Said
ISF should take over security in 12-18 months Govt had to demobilize and integrate Shiite militias, Draft bill to divide oil revenues End deBaathification Hold provincial elections Revise constitute Set no date for when goals had to be achieved or any consequences for not meeting them
Oct 24 SCIRI head Hakim gave sermon in Baghdad Called for 8-9 province federal region in south
Said would not mean partitioning of Iraq Condemned a strong central govt Said southern region supported by history when south was Basra province in Ottoman era
(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Oct 24 US forces cordoned off Sadr City after US soldier went missing there Violence dropped 50% in
            district as a result

Oct 25 Bush speech Iraq challenge of our time Knew people weren’t happy with Iraq war and neither
was he Bush speech said US winning in Iraq Bush said he didn’t believe in timetables for Iraq but Gen Casey and Amb Khalilzad issued a timetable the day before Said they were benchmarks and not a timetable At time he thought strategy failing and working on new one
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Oct 25 CNN poll found 34% of Americns supported Bush on Iraq, 64% disapproved
Oct 25 Maliki criticized US timetable for his govt Said no one had right to impose deadlines on Iraqi govt
Said timetable was created for US consumption before Nov elections Amb halilzad said Maliki agreed to idea of a timetable
Oct 25 U.S. and ISF raided Mahdi Army areas in east Baghdad Maliki complained about raids saying they
wouldn’t happen again
Oct 25 US Cmdr Gen Casey and Amb Khalilzad announced new timetable for US goals in Iraq Said ISF
should take over security in 12-18 months Govt had to demobilize and integrate Shiite militias, Draft bill to divide oil revenues End deBaathification Hold provincial elections Revise constitute Set no date for wen goals had to be achieved or any consequences for not meeting them
Oct 25 Report British military wanted to withdraw from Iraq within a year British officials told US that
British military near breaking point with long deployments to Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
Oct 25 Special Insp Gen for Iraq Recon audit found some US reconstruction contracts had 55% overhead
costs Main reason was long delay between signing contracts, assembling teams and actual work starting US wrote poor contracts bad to no oversight needless delays poor practices
Oct 25 Report US raid in Washash Baghdad found Mahdi Army papers listing 65 houses that had Sunni
families in them replaced by Shiites Also draft of threats to Sunnis to drive them out
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Oct 25 Report Feb 05 Gen Casey said US would transfer security to ISF by end of 05 Jun 06 Casey sent
plan to White House saying that US troops would start withdrawing by Sep 06 and have 50% out by Dec 07 Oct 24 Casey said that ISF would take over security in 12-15 months
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

Oct 26 Maliki interview refuted US timetable for Iraq Said ISF could take over security in 6 months
not 12-18 US set out Said he didn’t agree to timetable Said he met with Sadr and they agreed greatest threat to Iraq was Al Qaeda in Iraq and Baathists not militias
Oct 26 Rumsfeld said US had not gotten Maliki to agree to crackdown on militias Said Maliki would
work towards US benchmarks but would be no deadlines or penalties if he didn’t

Oct 28 Maliki-Bush talked 50 min to overcome rift after Maliki objected to Amb Khalilzad’s benchmarks
for Maliki govt Agreed to create committee to speed up training of ISF and turning over security to Iraqis
Oct 28 ISI launched first chlorine bomb
Oct 28 Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon report US hadn’t trained enough Def and Interior Min personnel
to handle logistics Didn’t think ISF would be ready to handle own logistics by Jan 08 deadline it set

Oct 29 Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon report US didn’t track hundreds of thousands of weapons it
bought for ISF and didn’t provide spare parts maintenance personnel training manuals 14,331 assault rifles sub machine guns and pistols went missing

Oct 30 Militias killed 17 Sunni police near British run training center in Basra
Oct 30 Secretary of State Rice aide told her little chance for US success in Iraq Another said Iraq heading
towards genocidal violence Rice talked about giving up reconciliation in Iraq and just worrying about stability
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Oct 31 Iraq’s Health Min reported 3,590 civilians killed Jul, 3,009 in Aug, 3,345 in Sep, 3,709 in Oct
2006
Oct 31 ISI’s Furquan Institute for Media Production made its first release
Oct 31 State Dep memo to Sec State Rice said ISF not capable of controlling violence Meant Clear
Hold Build impossible Said Maliki talked about being national leader but was proving sectarian
(Musings On Iraq 2006 Clear Hold Build: An Iraq Strategy That Wasn’t A Strategy)
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Oct 31 Iraq spokesman at donor-UN conference in Kuwait said Iraq needed $10 bil for rebuilding over
4-5 yrs Said oil production not high enough to pay for reconstruction
Oct 31 Report US soldier killed in ambush by Iraqi police in Shula Baghdad earlier in Oct Head of US
military training team said 70% of Iraqi police infiltrated by militias Junior Iraqi police officers talked about militia control of police force in Baghdad neighborhoods
Oct 31 PM Maliki ordered US to remove checkpoints around Sadr City set up few days before after US
            soldier kidnapped
Oct 31 Sadr ordered start of strike in Sadr City against U.S. checkpoints Mahdi Army members
enforced strike

Nov 2 Joint Chiefs briefing US Iraq strategy not working US running out of time to change things
Said US not winning in Iraq meant US losing
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Nov 3 Vanity Fair talked with neocon supporters of Iraq who now said war was a failure Richard
Perle formerly of Defense Policy Board said he was shocked by violence in Iraq Said that Bush made wrong decisions because opponents of war within admin Said neocons made no bad decisions because had no authority over Iraq Said Bush ultimately responsible for problems in Iraq Bush speechwriter David Frum said US failing at protecting Iraqis Kenneth Adleman also of Defense Policy Board said Bush national security team incompetent and dysfunctional
(Musings On Iraq book review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)
(Musings On Iraq book review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)

Nov 5 Saddam convicted on charges of killing 148 people in Dujail 1982 and sentenced to death

Nov 6 Defense Secretary Rumsfeld memo to White House Iraq not working and needed change Said US
should set benchmarks for Iraqi govt Increases trainers Imbed US forces with ISF Start closing US bases and slow US withdrawal Only help Iraqi provinces that cooperate with US Stop rewarding Iraqis for bad behavior Position US forces along Syrian and Iranian borders to stop infiltrations
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Nov 6 Report insurgent intimidation campaign against ISF and officials in Fallujah U.S. officers said
not enough forces to secure city

Nov 7 Interior Ministry charged almost 100 police including 18 officers and a general for torturing
prisoners at east Baghdad Site 4 detention facility Held 1,431 people

Nov 8 NatlSecAdv Hadley memo to Bush Said Maliki had good intentions Said Maliki either didn’t
know what was going on in Iraq was lying about it or didn’t have power to do what he wanted Asked whether Maliki was able to rise above sectarian politics Talked about ethnosectarian cooperation but was moving to consolidate Shiite control of state Asked if US and Maliki wanted same thing Said Maliki wanted to be a good leader but didn’t seem like he knew how Was stopped raids against militias and encouraging raids on insurgents Removed good ISF commanders based upon sect Only listened to small group of advisers
Nov 8 Bush announced Rumsfeld out as Secretary of Defense in large part because of Iraq

Nov 9 Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon Bowen told BBC Iraqi corruption could cost $4 bil a year Said
lack of skilled staff in Iraqi govt meant $8-$10 bil of budget couldn’t be spent

Nov 10 Bush formally asked his staff to review Iraq strategy because not working
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Nov 10 Iraq Health Min estimated 150,000 deaths since 2003 Previous Iraqi counts were 45,000-50,000
Refuted Lancet study that estimated 655,000 deaths
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 1)
(Musings On Iraq article Major Flaws in Lancet Report Pt 11)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)
Nov 10 Report After rejecting a US timetable for ISF to take over security in Iraq PM Maliki wanted
one that would have Iraqi forces assume control of most of Iraq by end of 2006 which was in original US plan
Nov 10 Dawa MP Adeeb said that including Sunnis in govt was mistake Accused Iraqi Accordance
Front of being front for insurgency Said Sunnis wanted to seize power in a coup Accordance Front MP Hayali said Shiites didn’t want to share power Didn’t follow through with promises to remove militias from ISF Committee was supposed to work out differences within govt after election but never happened Sadrist MP Shanshal said parties were told national unity govt was only way to save Iraq but didn’t work

Nov 12 AP estimated avg of 45 killed per day in Baghdad UN estimated 100 violent deaths per day in
Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Nov 12 2 suicide bombers hit crowd of police recruits in Baghdad Killed 35 wounded 56 Baquba In
Baquba Diyala 50 bodies found
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Nov 12 120 Albu Alwan tribesmen following Sheikh Raad Sabah al-Alwani volunteered
            for Anbar police
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Nov 12 PM Maliki told MPs his govt was weak because political parties had forced ministers on him
Some were incompetent
Nov 12 Report Cmdr Iraq 5th Div in Diyala came into office with list of Sunnis to arrest from Maliki
govt US commanders believed 5th Div going after Sunni sheikhs and politicians to stop community organizing politically US also accused ISF of running death squads in Muqtadiya

Nov 13 Bush met Iraq Study Group Said Iraq part of ideological struggle in world Said US needed to
back Maliki Group didn’t think Bush knew what victory in Iraq meant besides platitudes
Nov 13 Iraq Study Group met with US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey who said Iraqis had to eventually take
control of own affairs Said sectarian violence problem in Iraq but Maliki only talked about Baathists
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Nov 13 Iraq Study Group met CIA Dir Hayden who said Maliki govt only talked about Baathists not
sectarian violence Said stable and democratic Iraq may not be possible
Nov 13 Dep Cmdr US forces in Anbar said Baghdad wasn’t paying police in province and Anbaris felt
Baghdad neglecting them Maliki govt claimed ghost police hindered paying forces
Nov 13 Weekly Standard had two OpEds by Frederick Kagan criticizing Bush admin for not sending
enough troops to Iraq and calling for temporary troop surge to stabilize country Kagan helped draft plan that would lead to Surge
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

Nov 14 National Police arrested 159 people from Higher Educ Min in Baghdad 70 were never seen
again and presumed killed 5 senior police officers and an army general were arrested for kidnapping but nothing happened Ministry was run by Iraqi Accordance Front PM Maliki initially said event was due to militia rivalries Then denied police or militias involved Maliki also claimed only 39 taken and 37 of them freed
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Nov 14 Anbar council agreed to 8 new members picked by Awakening
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

Nov 15 Amb Khalilzad said Maliki should be given more control over Iraqi forces and US should push
him towards reconciliation
Nov 15 White House staff began first day of Iraq strategy review Would lead to Surge
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Nov 15 Senate Armed Services Com CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid said that changing troop levels
wouldn’t fix Iraq’s problems Said large US presence stopped Iraqis from taking responsibility Said new strategy needed but didn’t want Congress to set withdrawal timelines Same time said he was sending more troops to Anbar Said that Iraqi forces might be able to take charge of security in less than 12 months DIA Dir Gen Maples said things could get worse in Iraq due to weak governance growing insecurity lack of reconciliation CIA Dir Gen Hayden said that even if Baghdad gained more popular support unlikely govt could carry out meaningful reforms CIA and DIA directors said that attacks had gone from 70 per day in January to 100 per day in May and 180 in October

Nov 16 Interior Min issued arrest warrant for Harith al-Dhari head of the Muslim Scholars Association for
            inciting violence
Nov 16 49 vehicle convoy bringing supplies from Kuwait to Iraq stopped at Safwan 5 western security
            guards and 9 Asian drivers kidnapped 19 trucks taken
Nov 16 White House leaked to press that it was thinking of a troop surge in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Nov 16 Rumsfeld asked Gen Casey what was going on with National Police Casey said training was
doing good but not their performance

Nov 17 Maliki spokesman Dabbagh denied claim by Interior Ministry that it had arrest warrant for
            Harith al-Dhari head of Muslim Scholars Association Said Dhari under investigation
Nov 17 Unknown group showed video on Iranian TV claiming responsibility for kidnapping 5 western
            security guards and stealing 19 trucks bringing supplies from Kuwait on Nov 16
Nov 17 State Dept memo suggested US should pull back from Iraq and have same relationship as all
other states Argued against a surge in troops in Iraq to help quell violence
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

Nov 18 Pentagon and Joint Chiefs papers on Iraq said US should follow Gen Casey plan to withdraw
turn things over to Iraqis Joint Chiefs paper said Iraq falling into civil war US strategy not working
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Nov 18 US intel report on Iraq said US had no good options in Iraq
Nov 18 VP Cheney’s office memo on Iraq said US should back Shiites and Kurds and forget about
Sunnis

Nov 19 Dep Health Min Saffar kidnapped by policeman Mahdi Army suspected of killing him under
orders of Dep Health Min Zamili
Nov 19 Suicide car bomb hit day laborers in Hillah killing 22 wounding 40 3 car bombs hit bus station
            east Baghdad killing 10 injuring 45
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Nov 19 Iraqi Islamic Party said warrant for Dhari head of Muslim Scholars Assoc ended Maliki’s
reconciliation program Iraqi Accordance Front demanded warrant be withdrawn 1,000 protested in Adhamiya against warrant
Nov 19 AP reported more Iraqis died in first three weeks of Nov than all of Oct Nov 1-19 1,319 dead vs
1,216 in Oct
Nov 19 Syrian Foreign Minister visited Baghdad 1st high ranking Syrian official to visit since 2003 Said
Assad backed Maliki govt and wanted foreign troops to withdraw

Nov 20 Joint Chiefs told to prepare plan for surge in troops in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Nov 20 Pentagon claimed US carried out Marshall Plan in Iraq and accomplished minor miracle
rebuilding country
Nov 20 Report Sec Def Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs were resistant to acknowledge insurgency in Iraq
            when it started

Nov 21 Iraq and Syria announced renewal of diplomatic relations which were broken during Iran-Iraq
War
Nov 21 UN reported 3,709 civilians killed in Oct 06 was highest since 2003 invasion
Nov 21 Report US training mission for Iraqi forces full of problems Officers leading teams poorly
picked Many hadn’t seen combat Didn’t understand mission and weren’t prepared Didn’t have standardized guidelines for mission Didn’t get support from US military Didn’t get supplies and enough interpreters Didn’ get full teams

Nov 22 Commander of US forces in Iraq Gen Casey told Joint Chiefs troop surge would not work
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Nov 22 UN said over 100,000 Iraqis leaving country each month mostly going for Syria and Jordan
Many were professionals Sia death squads and militias operating within police Police accused of kidnappings torture murder bribery theft extortion

Nov 23 5 car bombs and mortars by ISI hit Sadr City killing 215 and injuring 257
Nov 23 Insurgents launched 2 hour attack upon Health Ministry in Baghdad run by Sadrists Militias
fired mortars upon Abu Hanifa mosque offices of Assoc of Muslim Scholars and 2 Sunni neighborhoods in retaliation
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

Nov 24 Militias carried out retaliatory attacks upon Sunnis in Hurriya Ghaziliya Baquba Kirkuk for 6
car bombs the day before in Sadr City that killed 215 5 mosques in Hurriya burned another shot at another declared a Shiite husseiniya by Mahdi Army Total 19 killed 29 wounded Militias expelled Sunni families from Hurriya and threatened 90 more families to leave
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Nov 24 After funeral processions for those killed Nov 24 in 6 car bombs Sadrist imams blamed US for
insecurity and demanded US withdrawal from Iraq Sadrists threatened to walk out of parliament and cabinet if PM Maliki met with Pres Bush in Jordan
Nov 24 Sunni imams in Ghaziliya Amiriya Adhamiya called on followers to protect neighborhoods and
attack Mahdi Army and police if they entered

Nov 25 Al Qaeda in Iraq attacked Albu Soda tribe in Sufiya outside Ramadi for being
neutral Tribe called US for help and fought off insurgents Sheikh Suwadawi of Abu Soda tribe joined Anbar Awakening afterward
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Nov 25 1st Inf Div Cmdr Gen Ham in charge of US training mission in Iraq said previous effort was
“hit and miss” US did poor job picking soldiers for mission No standardized training program for Iraqis Lacked support

Nov 26 US Iraq strategy review presented to Bush Said Maliki unable or unwilling to act against violence
Said US should continue with withdrawal plan but could have temporary surge of troops
Nov 26 Sec of State Rice told Bush US should step back from Iraq Was opposed to surge of troops National
Security Adviser Hadley told Bush US should have a surge of troops in Iraq to bring down violence Bush said he would consult with everyone and decide on a new Iraq strategy in Dec 06
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Nov 26 NYTimes got Jun 06 US govt report Said insurgency now self-financed via crime Raised est
$70-$200 mil/yr $25-$100 mil from oil smuggling $36 mil from kidnapping 05 Foreign govts including France and Italy paid $30 mil in ransoms 03 insurgents financed by Baathists 04 were funded by foreigners By 05 self-financed
Nov 26 Militiamen attacked 2 Sunni mosques and market in Baghdad’s Ghaziliya Up to 45 killed
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Nov 27 Joint chiefs told Bush was leaning towards a troop surge in Iraq
Nov 27 Frederick Kagan wrote 3rd OpEd in Weekly Standard calling for a troop surge in Iraq Kagan
helped draft plan that would become the Surge
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Nov 27 Sec State Rice and Asst Sec State Near East Welch said US wanted Saudi Arabia Egypt
Jordan to push Iraqi parties to back PM Maliki so he would move away from Sadr Also wanted Arab countries to pressure insurgents to reduce violence
Nov 27 England said it would pull out most of its 7000 troops in Iraq by end of 2006 Poland and
            Italy said all their forces were withdrawing

Nov 28 CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid and US cmdr in Iraq Gen Casey said they opposed troop surge
Said it could only last 6-8 months and better to shift forces within Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Nov 28 Sadrists walked out of parliament and cabinet for PM Maliki meeting with Pres Bush in Jordan
Sadrists had 30 MPs and 5 ministers Came after 6 car bombs killed 215 in Sadr City Sadrists blamed US for insecurity in Iraq 
Nov 28 Report US intel official said 1000-2000 militiamen had gone to Lebanon for training by
Hezbollah organized by Iran Summer 06 a Mahdi Army commander said he’d sent 300 of his men to Lebanon US officials said Iran providing IEDs and training to militiamen Iran might have directed some attacks by militiamen
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
Nov 28 Report after Sadr City bombings Sunni militias had expelled Shiites from Dora and allowed
            Sunnis kicked out of north Baghdad into homes
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Nov 28 Report Ninewa Dep Gov said 70,000 Kurds fled Mosul due to violence Fed Police cmdr in
Diyala’s Khanaqin said sectarian civil war going on there Local Khanaqin councilman said around 100 killed there a week Was gun battle between Sunni and Kurdish police in Jalawla when Kurds refused new Sunni Arab police chief
Nov 28 Report on US Marine intel report on Anbar Said that Sunnis were fighting for survival Shiites
carrying out “progroms” against Sunnis in Iraq and was forcing Sunnis into hands of ISI Said Sunnis believed that Iran was taking over Baghdad and Anbar and Sunnis marginalized Said Sunnis couldn’t rely upon US because thought it was going to leave Said no economic revival in Anbar Govt offices had disintegrated Baghdad not paid salaries of Anbar officials and ISF Said US needed 15,000-20,000 more troops and billions in aid to change situation Said violence would be worse without US troops

Nov 29 Report Maliki wanted more control over ISF increased US training and bigger weapons Said
couldn’t disarm militias when Iraqis didn’t trust ISF and U.S. Said his govt would collapse if he moved against militias Said he would find a political solution to problem
Nov 29 Adv to Saudi govt said would be a massive intervention by Riyad to save Iraq’s Sunnis from
Shiite militias if US withdrew
Nov 29 Interior Min announced it was creating monitoring unit that would take legal action against
media that reported fake news Quoted AP story of 6 men burned to death in Baghdad mosque Claimed police captain in story didn’t exist AP had talked to police captain for 2 years and been in his office Also found 3 witnesses to story and more people came forward afterward

Nov 30 Bush met Maliki Said he wanted more control over ISF and command over them Maliki
also presented plan for Iraqi forces to take control of Baghdad Bush said no Bush told Maliki he had lost control of Baghdad and about to lose Iraq Maliki agreed Bush told Maliki US was going to have troop surge Maliki had to back it and agree to reconciliation Maliki said yes
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Nov 30 Sadr withdrew ministers from Maliki’s cabinet to protest Maliki’s meeting with Bush

Dec 1 Report State Dept proposed dropping reconciliation because not going to happen and US should just
focus upon Shiites and Kurds Amb Khalilzad and US military opposed proposal Said bringing insurgents into poltical process critical and US couldn’t be seen as taking sides in civil war

Dec 3 Bush said that withdrawing from Iraq was not realistic National Sec Adv Hadley on NBC said
that withdrawing was the same as cutting and running and the president rejected that US strategy at the time was to train Iraqi forces to take over security and withdraw Showed disconnect between strategy and how Bush envisioned war
Dec 3 Report doctor at Baghdad hospital said staff had been infiltrated by Mahdi Army Patients were
mysteriously dying and then records lost or changed Thought they were being murdered and orders were coming from Sadr controlled Health Min
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Dec 3 Report Rumsfeld memo said that US strategy in Iraq not working and needed new one Said
administration had to lower public expectations of what US could do in Iraq Was frustrated with Iraqis Said Iraq needed to do more Laid out plans for either withdrawing troops or redeploying them within Iraq Said US should think of setting benchmarks for Iraq Went against public statements of US govt against withdrawals and benchmarks
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Dec 4 UN Sec Gen Annan said violence in Iraq worse than Lebanese civil war Said worse than life
under Saddam Said Iraqi govt unable to provide security
Dec 4 Paul Bremer said Pentagon ignored calls for more troops to maintain order in Iraq after
invasion Said military slow to develop counterinsurgency strategy Said military thought iSF could take over security in Iraq quickly US and Iraqi govts failed to counter rise of Sadr and Mahdi Army Not providing security biggest failure of US in Iraq

Dec 5 PM Maliki said he was sending envoys to regional countries to discuss conference on Iraq
            US Abdul Hakim and Pres Talabani all rejected idea Nothing came of it

Dec 6 Iraq Study Group report issued Said Iraqis needed to eventually take over security Needed to
increases quantity and quality of Iraqi units Said US needed to increase its aid to Iraqi forces and move away from combat Called for all US combat brigades to be out of Iraq by start of 2008 US special forces should focus upon taking down Al Qaeda in Iraq US couldn’t have open ended commitment to Iraq Baghdad needed to set reconciliation goals and if not met US would cut aid
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Dec 6 Iraq Study Group found U.S. military underreporting violence Standards were used to keep
incidents down Example IEDs not against U.S. were not counted One day in July 05 U.S. officially reported 93 incidents Iraq Study Group found there were actually 1,100 incidents that day
Dec 6 Report Neoconservatives launched media campaign to discredit Iraq Study Group and
            support troop surge instead
Dec 6 UK Intel report Said Sadr controlled majority of Mahdi Army Routinely attacked Coalition and
Sunnis Didn’t always follow Sadr’s orders but didn't mean they were breakaway units No organizational control of militia Acts of other militias usually blamed on Mahdi Army Sadr had to balance his desire for political power and using violence and militia Said other militias mostly responsible for attacks on UK in Basra Some of those militias trained funded supplied by Hezbollah and Iranian Revolutionary Guard Sadr accepted Iranian aid but didn’t trust Tehran Iran thought Sadr frustrating partner Sadrists joined militia for variety of reasons causing divisions Were Mahdi Army members in ISF especially police

Dec 8 Bush told congressional leaders US needed new way forward in Iraq Wanted new tactics but
goal was still winning
Dec 8 NSC meeting Secretary of State Rice pushed for not getting involved in civil war and pushing
Iraqis to do more Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said US forces could not stand by during Iraq civil war Bush told NSC that US couldn’t wait for Iraqis to do more US had to act to reduce violence
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Dec 8 Report Iraq Study Group found that Saudis were financing insurgency Much of it came
through religious donations Some money went to Sunni politicians and figures who then distributed it to militants Other money went directly to insurgency Saudis denied any money was going to Iraq but then set up monitoring group under US pressure to crackdown on religious donations
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)

Dec 9 After 3 Sunni families killed by Mahdi Army mass exodus of Sunnis began out of Baghdad’s
Hurriya
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Dec 9 Pres Talabani called US training program a failure Denounced plans to increase trainers as
putting ISF under foreign control
Dec 9 NSC meeting US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey told Bush Maliki agreed to go after militias that broke
law
Dec 9 Report Chief Justice of Saudi Supreme Judicial Council was videotaped in govt mosque in
2004 calling on young Saudis to go fight US in Iraq because it was fighting Muslims
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)

Dec 10 Sunni families continued to flee Baghdad’s Hurriya after Mahdi Army attack Dec 9 Mahdi
Army rep admitted that militia attacked Sunnis in neighborhood in retaliation for attacks upon Shiites
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Dec 10 Ret Gen Keane and Fred Kagan met at American Enterprise Institute to outline
            civilian centric security plan/Surge idea to be presented to Bush
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

Dec 11 Outside experts told Bush status quo and withdrawal plan not working in Iraq Said Bush’s
national security team had failed on Iraq and should be replaced
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)
Dec 11 Ret Gen Keane told Bush US needed troop surge Protect civilians using counterinsurgency
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Dec 11 Report US intel and Pentagon not investing resources to fully understand insurgency and
militias in Iraq
Dec 11 Saudi imams called on Sunnis around the world to mobilize against Iraqi Shiites
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)

Dec 12 Report US pushing for new ruling coalition that would exclude Sadr Would include Kurds
Accordance Front SIIC Maliki was standoffish because Sadr put him in office and was afraid new coalition would replace him as PM
Dec 12 Bush told NSC he was not going to announce Surge until Jan 07 Wanted new Defense Secretary
Gates in office
Dec 12 American Enterprise Institute released report on war by Frederick Kagan Kenneth Pollack Retired
Gen. Keane Called for troop surge
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
Dec 12 Out going US ground forces cmdr Gen Chiarelli said Iraq couldn’t be won militarily Was frustrated
that was only thing US focusing upon Said Iraqi police infiltrated more by militias then he thought and would take longer to remove them Said bringing down unemployment in Iraq should have been a US priority
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
Dec 12 Car bomb in central Iraq targeted day laborers killed 71 and wounded 236

Dec 13 Bush met with Joint Chiefs Said Iraq War not going well Objected to Surge idea saying troops
needed for other threats like NKorea Bush told Joint Chiefs he was going to have a troop Surge despite their objections
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
Dec 13 Bush said that he would push PM Maliki to reach out to Sunnis
Dec 13 VP Hashemi in US said he talked to Bush about new Iraq strategy and backed surge idea Said
US wanted to help create new coalition behind PM Maliki
Dec 13 Speaker Mashadani responded to PM Maliki’s plan to have Iraqi forces take over security of
Baghdad Said it would only give militias control of city
Dec 13 Report Saudi King Abdullah told VP Cheney at end of Nov 06 that Saudis would back Sunnis
            vs Shiites if US withdrew
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)

Dec 14 Frederick Kagan of American Enterprise Inst issued another paper arguing for troop surge in
Iraq to focus upon security Iraqi civilians in Baghdad Wuld help author surge plan for Bush
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Dec 14 Report US military said Kadhimiya Qadisiya Amiriya Ghaziliya most violent in Baghdad due to
sectarian fighting between militais and insurgents US military said Shiites being evicted from Ghaziliya and Adil Sunnis from Adhamiya and Fadhil National Security Adv Rubaie accused Islamic Party and Muslim Scholars Association of working with 1920 Revolution Brigade
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Dec 14 Iraq think tank public opinion poll 95% believed security in Iraq worse than 2003 66% said
violence would decline if US forces left 38% were not confident in PM Maliki to improve Iraq Almost 90% said govt did poor job in fulfilling promises

Dec 15 Bush told Maliki to accept Surge as way to bring down violence Maliki said he would announce it
next day Didn't
Dec 15 US intel said Maliki against Surge Said he didn't like US forces and didn’t want more of them
in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
Dec 15 Report US cmdr in Diyala said ISF making security situation worse in province Police accused
of corruption Army made mass arrests Were both almost all Shiite Commander said ISF driving tribes and politicians into hands of insurgents for protection

Dec 16 PM Maliki held reconciliation meeting Iraqiya National Dialogue Front Sadrists boycotted
Maliki called for Baath era soldiers to return to military Said reconciliation did not include Baathists and Takfiris Then said govt differentiated between Baathists that committed crimes and those that didn’t
Dec 16 Report head of UK sanctions and weapons inspection mission at UN said he never saw any
intel that Iraq posed threat to England Said UK officials pushed back against US talk of regime change arguing Iraq would fall into chaos afterward
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

Dec 17 Men in army uniforms kidnapped 28 men from Red Crescent HQ in Baghdad
Dec 17 Insurgents shelled Taji in north Baghdad with mortars setting up checkpoints and burned
a house to try to drive residents out
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Dec 17 Insurgents took down 40 power towers from Baiji to Baghdad 42 towers from Baiji to Kirkuk All
lines from power plants in Musayib and Haditha to capital Part of campaign to deprive central Iraq of electricity
Dec 17 Former Sec State Powell said US losing war in Iraq Questioned troops surge asking what would
be the goal Said US army being broken by long deployments to Iraq
Dec 17 Fmr Electricity Min Samaraie fled Iraq to US after warrant issued for him over corruption
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

Dec 18 Sadr endorsed insurgent attacks on US forces claiming it was resistance to the west

Dec 19 NSC meeting Bush told Maliki agreed to new Baghdad security plan
Dec 19 Maliki proposed Baghdad security plan to Americans Said he would support troop surge if US
only went after insurgents and not militias Said he would make a political deal with Sadr that would reduce Mahdi Army violence
Dec 19 Report Lawyer that investigated Diyala said that torture widespread in police Force full of
militias Death squads operated with help of police Sunni and Shiite religious leaders trying to get local sheikhs to sign pledge to stop violence Baquba mayor said Shiites had mostly been expelled from city by Sunnis ISF did not protect Sunnis in province Deputy police commander in Diyala said politicians were constantly interfering in his work
Dec 19 Report insurgents and gangs taking down power towers to Baghdad Insurgents launching campaign
to deprive capital of electricity Gangs stripping towers of aluminum that they sell Electricity Min said Baghdad in crisis Mar 06 1-2 power lines to Baghdad down at one time Summer 06 6-7 lines down Fall 06 up to 12 power lines down July insurgents took down every power line to Baghdad in coordinated attacks across central Iraq

Dec 20 US military turned over 3rd province to Iraqi forces, Najaf
Dec 20 Report Ayatollah Sistani backed creation of new ruling coalition behind PM Maliki that would
exclude Sadr Orchestrated by US Maliki opposed idea afraid that new coalition would oust him
Dec 20 Bush said that US not winning but not losing in Iraq November he said US was absolutely
winning New line came from his military advisers

Dec 21 8 Marines charged with executing Iraqi civilians in Haditha None were convicted 
Dec 21 US arrested Gen. Mohsen Chirazai commander of Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Quds Force’s
Dept 600 and 5 other IRGC members at home of Badr head Hadi Amiri Chirazai and 1 other released next day under pressure from PM Maliki and Pres Talabani Other 4 turned over to Iraqis Dec 28 and released the next day
(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq) 

Dec 22 Ret Gen Keane told NatlSecAdv Hadley US needed 5 brigade troop surge in Iraq not less
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
Dec 22 Maliki spokesman said that Dawa and SCIRI close to agreement to crackdown on militias Were
also going to send delegation to Najaf to get Sadr back in govt
Dec 22 US Intel report Mahdi Army was planning to kidnap US soldiers in Baghdad to undermine
Maliki’s reconciliation program Were using Mahdi Army commander who had been trained in Iran by Hezbollah and IRGC

Dec 23 Report Baladiyat Zayun Ghadir Nariya neighborhoods in Baghdad almost all Shiite now 400
Shiite families fleeing Baquba settled in Nariya and New Baghdad Iraqi army helped Shiite families move into Adil Mahdi Army moved into Sabi al-Bour northern Baghdad town to secure it Public Works Ministry proposed land grants to victims of Saddam and insurgents in 6 Sunni towns known for being insurgent bases Was believed to be move by Maliki govt to move Shiites into those areas
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Dec 24 Acting upon warrants issued by Basra judge for 62 police officers UK forces raided HQ of Serious
Crime Unit in Basra city Found 127 prisoners 80% were tortured Some Basra councilman protested against raid Interior Min Bolani said he would disband Serious Crime Unit PM Maliki Basra Gov Waili and sheikhs all supported raid Crime Unit responsible for death squads attacks on UK criminal activity ties to Mahdi Army

Dec 25 British and Iraqi army assaulted serious crime unit police station in Basra city Freed 127
prisoners many were tortured British claimed criminals and militias ran serious crime unit that ran death squads responsible for political and tribal violence

Dec 26 Appeals court upheld Saddam’s death sentence

Dec 27 Frederick Kagan and Ret Gen Jack Keane wrote OpEd in Wash Post arguing for troop Surge in
Iraq that they conceived
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

Dec 28 Report Mahdi Army moving block by block across Ghaziliya Baghdad forcing out Sunnis Many
displaced Sunnis moved to center of district where sheikh set up militia to protect them from Mahdi Army
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Dec 28 NSC agreed that Gen Petraeus would be new Iraq commander for Surge
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)

Dec 29 Military Times did poll of its military subscribers Found 50% thought success possible in Iraq
Down from 83% in 2004 42% said they disapproved of Bush’s handling of the war versus 35% who approved 41% said U.S. should have gone to war with Iraq in the first place Down from 65% in 2003 13% said U.S. should have no troops in Iraq

Dec 30 Iraqi govt hanged Saddam Hussein while Sadrists taped it and chanted Moqtada
Dec 30 Naqshibandi insurgent group formed

2007
Jan 1 ISF raided Al-Sharqiya TV station office in Baghdad after newscaster wore black day after Saddam
executed Govt claimed station promoted violence Owned by Bazzaz who ran TV and radio for Saddam

Jan 2 Report U.S. pre-Surge Iraq strategy had failed US planned to withdraw and have Iraqis take over
security Problem was violence increased in Iraq Iraqis were not up to task of securing country and many were full of militiamen making situation worse Bush still talked about victory when plan was a withdrawal As early as 2005 State Dept and NSC officials wanted to review Iraq strategy but went nowhere Wasn’t until fall 06 Bush finally agreed that things were not working
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Jan 3 Report Attacks doubled in Diyala since 05 US 4th Inf Div had largely withdrawn to bases Allowed
ISF to run province ISF accused of abuses Army and police generals both backed by Badr Diyala council dismissed police chief Accused of supporting death squads Sunnis boycotted Diyala govt until Iraqi army general replaced Insurgents held parade in Baquba neighborhood end of Dec Insurgents have executed and expelled Shiites from Baquba
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

Jan 4 Bush told Maliki Surge happening and he had to publicly back it and could not stop US ops Maliki
wanted US to only go after insurgents while he continued to protect Sadr and Mahdi Army
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
Jan 4 Baathist leader Izzat al-Dhuri declared war on Sadr and Hakim
Jan 4 Report New Pentagon program opened one closed state owned enterprise factory in Dec Had plans            to reopen 9 more by end of Jan Hoping they would create 11,000 jobs
Jan 4 Report Intl Org for Migration recorded 40,000 Sunnis fled Baghdad to Anbar in 2006 to flee civil
war
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Jan 5 American kidnapped by Mahdi Army at checkpoint in Basra Iraqis that were with American were
found dead

Jan 7 ISI issued Baghdad defense plan Called for locals to create local defense units Divide neighborhoods
into sectors each with its own defensive plan Insurgents would launch offensive ops against Shiite areas
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Jan 7 Report Insurgent groups willing to talk with US Called off negotiations after Saddam’s execution
Dec 30 Demands were unreasonable such as dismissing Maliki govt and replacing it with a political and military council

Jan 8 Human Rights Watch report Militias killing torturing and dumping bodies with protection of
Interior Ministry

Jan 10 Bush and Maliki individually announced troop Surge in Iraq US would send 17,500 additional
troops to Iraq Keep 4,000 Marines in Anbar Ask for $5.6 bil for extra troops, $1.1 bil for reconstruction and Provincial Reconstruction Teams Expand advisers for ISF PM Maliki said he would commit $10 bil for reconstruction Send 3 brigades to Baghdad Allow US to pursue militias Reform cabinet
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)
Jan 10 PM Maliki spokesman Dabbagh in response to Human Rights Watch report that Interior Min
was protecting militias said that not all the ISF were loyal to the govt
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Jan 11 Secretary of State Rice announced provincial reconstruction teams to head new US civilian effort
to rebuild Iraq’s govt economy and civil society to aid Surge
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)
Jan 11 US arrested 5 Iranian Revolutionary Guard Quds Force operatives in Irbil as part of new US
crackdown on Iranians US tried to arrest Jafari deputy head of Iran’s NSC and Gen Frouzanda head of IRGC intelligence KRG complained about raid Jafari and Frouzanda had invitations from Pres Talabani and were to meet Pres Barzani
(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
Jan 11 Joint Chief head Gen Pace accused Iran of sending weapons to Iraq that were killing US soldiers
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
Jan 11 Dawa and ISCI MPs voiced opposition to US troop Surge

Jan 14 Dep PM Salah said that insurgents were stealing around $1 bil a year from the Baiji refinery
Jan 14 UK Gen Lamb said PM Maliki picked Gen Qanbar to head Baghdad Ops Command That he was a
professional respected and non-sectarian US questioned Aboud as being an unknown

Jan 15 Report US military worried PM Maliki named Gen Qanbar to head new Baghdad Ops Command
Was from southern Iraq and hardly known by US

Jan 16 Bush said that his Iraq policy was heading for slow failure and that’s why he chose new policy
with Surge

Jan 17 Maliki claimed if ISF were better armed US forces could start withdrawing in 3-6 months
Claimed he launched operation to clear Karbala of militiamen and arrested 400 Mahdi Army members Was not true
Jan 17 Mayor of Sadr City Daraji had 1st of 2 meetings with UK Gen Lamb on working out
understanding with militias to prevent confrontations in district Militias were afraid of major US operation in Sadr City as part of Surge Sadrists backed Daraji’s effort
Jan 17 UK Intel report Sectarian violence increased in last 6 months Attacks on Coalition reaching new
high PM Maliki govt had no security strategy was uncoordinated problem with rivalries endemic corrupation lacked capable bureaucracy

Jan 18 Baathist leader Izzat al-Douri offered to reduce insurgent attacks upon US forces if US went after
militias

Jan 19 Sadr ordered his MPs and ministers back to work Started boycott after PM Maliki met with
Bush and refused to demand US forces leave
Jan 19 US arrested Abdul al-Daraji and Ali Smaisin for running death squads for Sadr
Jan 19 Report Gen Abadi Deputy Chief of Staff of ISF said corruption was eating away at the armed
forces US got rid of Iraqi army commander in Fallujah who was connected to militias was stealing fuel and weapons and selling them on black market in Baghdad and taking pay from soldiers Iraqi govt report said that police were kidnapping people for money forging documents and gave info to insurgents
Jan 19 Iraqi cabinet committee finished draft of Hydrocarbon Law Was never passed

Jan 20 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq in an Iranian Revolutionary Guard planned op attacked Karbala Center and
kidnapped and killed 5 US soldiers Was retaliation for US arrests of Iranian operatives in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article background to Asaib Ahl Al-Haq raid on Karbala Center)
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)

Jan 21 2 officials claimed that US had convinced PM Maliki to stop protecting Sadr and Mahdi Army
Wasn’t true

Jan 22 Maliki announced he would no longer protect the Mahdi Army from U.S. raids
Jan 22 Mayor of Sadr City Daraji had 2nd of 2 meetings with UK Gen Lamb on working out
understanding with militias to prevent confrontations in district Militias were afraid of major US operation in Sadr City as part of Surge Sadrists backed Daraji’s effort

Jan 23 Bush State of Union outlined the Surge
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)

Jan 24 Amb Khalizad asked British to stop troop withdrawal plans UK Foreign Sec Beckett said
drawdown would continue
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
Jan 24 UK intel report Mahdi Army and Badr behind most attacks upon Sunnis Were powerful groups with
positions in govt and influence in security forces Maliki wanted Sadr to rein in Mahdi Army so US didn’t go after militia Maliki opposed any major US ops vs Mahdi Army in Baghdad Maliki wanted to maintain his Shiite base which meant keeping ties to Sadr Maliki govt seen as linked to militias which hindered reconciliation with Sunnis

Jan 26 US arrested Sheikh Daraji Sadr’s media director in Baghdad
Jan 26 Report Bush authorized killing and capturing Iranians in Iraq Fall 06 In 2006 US had arrested
dozens of Iranians but released them Administration believed hitting Iran hard in Iraq would make it step back from its nuke program Summer 06 US officials decided to confront Iran more directly in Iraq Said Iran had to pay a price for interfering in Iraq and threatening US forces CIA Dir Hayden warned that new policy could just lead to Iranians to retaliate against US in Iraq Secretary of State Rice worried about policy escalating to direct confrontation with Iran Some officials wanted US to go after Iranian Revolutionary Guards in Iraq as much as Islamic State of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
Jan 26 Fmr Cheney media aide Martin said Vice President dictated talking points to his Chief of Staff
Libby to use with reporters to discredit fmr Amb Wilson on Iraq-Niger uranium story Libby was also ordered to call reporters Libby talked about ways to discredit Wilson including leaking to reporters Cheney also ordered Martin to track news stories about Wilson Martin contradicted Libby’s claim that he found out Wilson’s wife’s name from journalist Novak Wife Plame was a CIA officer Wilson claimed he found no evidence of Iraq-Niger uranium deal Claimed Cheney knew about his findings and continued to lie about it Cheney didn’t hear about Wilson’s account
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)
Jan 26 UK report Security in Basra deteriorated Basrawis lived in fear due to Mahdi Army and other militias
British and ISF not seen as reliable by public

Jan 27 Report more than 800 had volunteered for Anbar police due to Awakening in Dec 2006 Fmr
Anbar Gov Gaood MP Salah al-Mutlaq both said they opposed Awakening
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

Jan 28 Soldiers of Heaven started revolt in Najaf leaving 263 killed 210 wounded U.S. air and ground
forces had to be called in to help Iraqi forces defeat group
Jan 28 Baquba mayor fired for charges of working with insurgents 1500 police fired by new provincial
police chief for deserting posts in Nov 2006
Jan 28 Iran’s Amb to Iraq offered counter to Surge Said Iran would open banks fund major
reconstruction projects provide electricity and fuel train equip advise Iraqi forces
Jan 28 Sec State Rice sent letter to Senate Armed Service Comm saying that White House told Maliki
govt US backing was not open ended and expected Baghdad to pass certain laws Sametime said Maliki govt had not passed provincial election, oil or deBaathification law

Jan 29 Report US officials skeptical whether Maliki would back Surge and go after Sadr US didn't tell
Maliki about raids on Sadrists because he would try to stop them Maliki got US to release arrested Sadrists US intelligence tapped Maliki’s conversation and confirmed he was telling his advisers he would back Surge

Jan 30 Bush said that if Iran escalated actions in Iraq against US forces US would respond
Jan 30 Gen Odierno said Iran supplying RGP-29s, Katyusha rockes, EFPs to Iraqi militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Jan 30 Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon report US struggling to increase capacity of Iraqi ministries US
turned over projects and Iraqis couldn’t maintain them One problem 3 Iraqi govts in short period of time New govt purged previous bureacrats from ministries Parties hired people based upon nepotism and patronage rather than competence US didn’t have single group in charge of capacity building Meant no unified effort
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)

Jan 31 PM Maliki told CNN Iraq only needed a few more U.S. troops not Surge Bush called for
Jan 31 Bush in interview said he’d authorized US forces in Iraq to treat Iranian agents as combatants
Jan 31 Fmr Rep Hamilton and Fmr Attn Gen Meese testified to Congress that US hired contractors to
train Iraqi police that weren’t competent and didn’t have personnel for job Said Justice Dept should have led effort and police should have taken over training not military
(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq)  
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)
Jan 31 Special Insp Gen for Iraq Recon report said some Iraqi ministries spent as little as 15% of their
budgets because couldn’t find companies to work in dangerous areas lack of skilled contracting officers ant-corruption rules hindered spending Said electricity production in 4th qtr of 2006 was below pre-war levels State Dept so embarrassed eliminated pre-war power production from a report to try to hide dip in output Said US lost $300 bil due to waste and corruption State Dept contracted DynCorp to build police camp in Baghdad Not used Spent $4.2 mil for VIP trailers and Olympic sized pool ordered by Interior Min and not authorized by US Spent another $36.4 mil on armored vehicles body armor communications that never showed up
 (Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Savage on US reconstruction effort in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq book review Reconstructing Iraq’s Budgetary Institutions)

Feb 1 Report Shiite officials were trying to blame Soldiers of Heaven uprising in Najaf on Sunnis
Claimed that its leader was a Sunni Wahabi from Basra Some claimed he was backed by ISI even though group was Shiite Soldiers of Heaven wanted to kill Shiite clergy in Najaf claiming it would lead to return of missing Mahdi
Feb 1 Report Mahdi Army leaders going to Iran and Syria to avoid Surge Militiamen told to lie low to
avoid confrontations with US forces
Feb 1 Experts said Foreign Affairs and Water Mins were stable and well run Oil and Finance Mins had
been purged and suffered from political infighting Some ministries run by parties that use them to further their political and sectarian goals more than govern like Health Min run by Sadrists

Feb 2 US Natl Intel Estimate ISF lacked training equipment skills to replace US forces If US withdrew in           12-18 months violence would increase in Iraq
Feb 2 Def Sec Gates and Joint Chief head Gen pace said Iraqis behind schedule in sending troops to
Baghdad for Surge Said only 55-65% of promised troops were in Baghdad

Feb 3 Truck bomb in Baghdad market killed 137 wounded 305
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Feb 4 Report was debate within Bush admin over whether to back PM Maliki or replace him with VP
Adel Abdul Mahdi Decided to support Maliki
Feb 4 VP Cheney’s press officer Martin said that Cheney and Libby told press that fmr Amb Wilson
went to investigate Iraq-Niger uranium story because of his wife who worked at CIA Cheney angry that Wilson claimed VP sent him to Niger After Wilson wrote NYTimes OpEd July 03 Libby White House spokesman Fleischer and Karl Rolve told 5 reporters Wilson’s wife sent him to Niger Dep Sec State Armitage was one that leaked Wilson’s wife name to Robert Novak
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Niger uranium story)

Feb 5 Baghdad Operations Command created
Feb 5 Report police regularly sold their equipment to arms dealers for money ISF would also sell seized
weapons in raids to black market 2006 US reports said US weapons given to ISF were ending up with militants

Feb 6 Maliki told Al Hayat that ISF penetrated and needed to be purged Claimed ISI was weak due to
            divisions and govt had penetrated group and found out its organization and leadership
Feb 6 PM Maliki said govt had not started new security plan in Baghdad well and was hurting standing
with public ISF commanders said some units slow to deploy to Baghdad Getting army and police to cooperate a problem
Feb 6 Iranian diplomat detained by Iraqi police commandos and accused CIA of
torturing him after his release
Feb 6 Bremer testified to Congress 1st time Questioned about missing $8.8 bil Bremer said money given
to Iraqi ministries but didn’t follow what happened afterward Disputed claims CPA staffed by young inexperienced Republicans Said pre-war planning bad

Feb 7 Report Jan 07 Sec State Rice said her dept was ready for civilian surge in Iraq Feb told Sec Def
Gates would need 6 months to find personnel and train them Asked military to fill 1/3 of 350 civilian spots on Provincial Recon Teams Infuriated Pentagon

Feb 8 US-Iraqi raid arrested Dep Health Min Zamili Accused of hiring Mahdi Army members into Health
Ministry Embezzled money from ministry Used ministry for kidnappings and murders Used ambulances to ferry weapons and militiamen across Baghdad
Feb 8 ISI told new Baiji refinery director general that only Sunnis were to be hired at
            the facility
Feb 8 Report US soldiers unsure of ISF units they worked with in Baghdad during Surge Iraqi officers
sold their soldiers uniforms ISF beat suspects at checkpoints Took bribes from suspects to be released Executed suspects
Feb 8 Report CPA financial adv Adm Oliver said he didn’t know if the $8.8 bil given to Iraqi ministries
in 03-04 was spent or not Said he didn’t care Said it was Iraqi money

Feb 9 Report Mahdi Army cleansing Sadiya Baghdad of Sunnis and Shiites moving in PM Maliki
protecting Sadr’s forces
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Feb 9 1920 Revolution Brigades offered negotiation terms to US Included cancelling constitution and
govt Releasing prisoners Recognition of resistance Direct talks with US Disbanding militias Bringing back Saddam’s army
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
Feb 9 Pentagon Inspector Gen found DepDefSec Feith’s Office of Special Plans made its own
intelligence assessment that was inappropriate differed from intelligence community and wasn’t fully supported by intelligence Promoted story that 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraqi intelligence in April 2001 Told White House intelligence community was wrong about Iraq-Al Qaeda ties
(Musings On Iraq book review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy
Tragedy)

Feb 10 Gen Petraeus replaced Gen Casey as US commander in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
Feb 10 Report US intel said Iran and Hezbollah providing weapons and training to Iraqi militias Mehran
border crossing major conduit US trying to crackdown on Iranian cells operating in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)

Feb 11 US military report said Iranian Rev Guard Quds Force providing EFPs money training weapons to
Iraqi militias Used Mehran and Mandali border crossings to deliver equipment Claimed 170 US dead and 620 wounded by Iranian supplied EFPs
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

Feb 12 Gen Petraeus went to Anbar and endorsed Awakening and said model should be
            copied in rest of Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Feb 12 Iranian Revolutionary Guard media source suggested militia attack on Karbala operations
command revenge for arrest of Iranians in Irbil in Jan 07
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)

Feb 13 Baghdad Security Plan under Surge began Would place US and Iraqi forces in
            neighborhoods set up combat outposts and focus upon protecting population
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with New America Foundation’s Ollivant On Reassessing the Surge)
Feb 13 Report Austrian sniper rifles Iran ordered showed up in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
Feb 13 Al Qaeda head Zawahiri released audiotape saying Bush gambled on Iraq and lost

Feb 14 1st reports appeared that Sadr had left Iraq for Iran out of fear that Surge would target him
Feb 14 Bush said that Iranian Rev Guards Quds Force was operating in Iraq aiding militias and needed to
be stopped
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

Feb 15 Pres Talabani claimed Mahdi Army commanders had left Iraq for Iran because Sadr supported the
Surge and wanted Baghdad secured Sadr and militiamen had fled to avoid being arrested and killed by U.S.

Feb 17 3 car bombs in Baghdad killed 74 and wounded over 100
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Feb 17 VP Hashemi called for Mahdi Army to be placed on terrorist list by US
Feb 17 Report Mahdi Army staying off Baghdad streets as Surge started

Feb 18 Blair announced plants to cut British troop strength in Iraq from 7000 to 4000
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
Feb 18 US forces began campaign to clear Ramadi block by block of insurgents
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
Feb 18 1st living standards study since 03 Found 1/3 of Iraqis living below poverty level 40% lacked good
sanitation 50% lacked adequate water supplies Said free market reforms that cut subsides were lowering living standards for middle and working class families Said service projects should take precedent over reforms
Feb 18 Report ISI targeting US helicopters Shot down 7 in 3 weeks Set up ambushes for US troops
looking to rescue crews

Feb 19 VP Hashemi told Al Jazeera militia leaders told about Surge plan beforehand so they could avoid
it
Feb 19 2 suicide car bombs hit Awakening head Sheikh Abu Risha’s compound Ramadi district
(Musings On Iraq article on tribes turning on Al Qaeda in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

Feb 20 British turned over army base in Basra to Iraqi 10th Division as part of withdrawal from province
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
Feb 20 Report Officials claimed 80% drop in violence in Baghdad at start of Surge US focusing upon
Dora South Baghdad Sadr told Mahdi Army to stand down
Feb 20 Report Sadrist mosques posted lists of Mahdi Army fighters expelled Sadr was trying to purge and
            control militia

Feb 21 Blair announced England would begin withdrawing 1,500 troops from Basra
Feb 21 Report British lost politically and militarily in Basra by 2005 when Shiite religious parties won
provincial election and took control of security forces and economy
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
Feb 21 Australia said it would keep its 1,400 soldiers in Iraq

Feb 22 Report security plan in Ramadi showed progress US and ISF setting up posts throughout city
Started working with tribes outside Ramadi to provide men to man checkpoints and join police
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
Feb 22 After England said it would withdraw some of its forces from Iraq Denmark said it would
withdraw its troops serving in Basra Lithuania that had troops serving alongside Danes was considering pulling out Romania said it would make decision about its troops that were also in Basra

Feb 23 US Special Forces arrested Ammar Hakim on trip back from Tehran Was only
            released upon protest of Gen Petraeus

Feb 24 ISI Car bomb hit Habaniya mosque in Anbar Killed imam that spoke out against ISI along with
Islamic Army Jaish al-Mujahadeen and 1920 Revolution Brigades members Total 39 killed 62 wounded
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Feb 25 Report ISI killing opponents in Anbar including imams and sheikhs that spoke out against it
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Feb 25 Suicide Bomber detonated device inside Mustansiriya Univ Baghdad 41 dead over 40 wounded
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Feb 25 Sadr spokesman called on the ISF to protect the Iraqi people and not accept aid from U.S. Said no
security plan could work under the occupation
Feb 25 Report Sadr purging Mahdi Army Suspended up to 40 commanders Sadr officials claimed they
were trying to purge those close to Iran and central control of militia Allowed some of his militia to be arrested by ISF
Feb 25 Maliki govt claimed Iran halted all aid to militias

Feb 26 Cabinet approved draft oil bill Unions Sunnis and Sadr all attacked bill Never passed
Feb 26 Report EFP cache found in Hillah and another in Diyala US military said proof that Iran was
providing weapons to Iraqi militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)

Feb 27 Bombing at Municipalities Ministry aimed at VP Mahdi 7 killed including Dep Municipalities
Min Anbari and 31 wounded Mahdi blamed Sadrists
Feb 27 Mahdi Army began attack on UK bases in Basra
Feb 27 Report US carrying out talks with factions of Mahdi Army Military and intelligence sources said
claims of rogue elements of Mahdi Army were not true and just used to excuse it actions
Feb 27 US National Intel Dir McConnell told Senate Iraq in civil war Security and political trends in Iraq
going in negative direction and would be nearly impossible for Iraqi leaders to change things Said Samarra bombing had increased polarization Said Iran training Iraqi militias in Iran and Lebanon
Feb 27 DIA Dir Gen Maples told Senate avg 180 attacks per day Jan 07 Same as previous high in Oct 06
US officials claimed immediate decrease in violence when Surge started in Jan
Feb 27 US announced it would meet with Iran and Syria to talk about Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Mar 1 Fmr Dep Def Sec Feith set up website criticizing Pentagon Inspector General report
on his Office of Special Plans Claimed Report never said whether his criticism of the CIA was wrong Claimed report was trying to protect the CIA and Agency had made plenty of errors in the past Inspector General said that Feith’s intelligence on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties was unreliable
Mar 1 Study found after Iraq War 7 fold increase in jihadist attacks in world If Iraq and Afghanistan
excluded 1/3 increase in jihadist attacks Found Iraq war inspired Muslim youths to join jihadist groups

Mar 2 300 ISI attacked funeral in Amiriya Fallujah for Feb 27 bombing of mosque attended by Awakening
leader Led to major battle between ISI vs Awakening police and army
(Musings On Iraq article on tribes turning on Al Qaeda in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

Mar 4 Report Number of bodies found in Baghdad went from 35-50 a day to 20 Shiites in Kadhimiya trying
to take over Sunni Hurriya neighborhood north Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Mar 4 British and Iraqi forces raided National Intelligence Agency HQ in Basra Found 30 prisoners that had
been tortured Intel office connected to attacks upon British kidnappings and murders
Mar 4 Report British army found missile that brought down helicopter in Basra in May 2006 came from
Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
Mar 4 1,100 US soldiers and ISF conducted search in Sadr City Came after Sadr told PM Maliki he
supported Baghdad security plan Was no resistance
Mar 4 PM Maliki said he would change his cabinet including removing some Sadr ministers

Mar 5 Report Interior Min fired and reassigned 10,000 workers for torture taking bribes tied to militias

Mar 6 ISI attacked Badush prison, Ninewa freeing 68 prisoners
Mar 6 Bombing in Hilla killed 120
Mar 6 Ret Gen Keane told VP Cheney that Petraeus had re-invigorated US mission in Iraq

Mar 7 Fadhila Party left United Iraqi Alliance over disagreements with leadership

Mar 10 For 2 days ISI began burning homes in Muqtadiya Diyala causing dozens of families to flee
Mar 10 Iraq hosted international conference of 13 countries U.N. Islamic Conference and Arab League PM
Maliki asked for help to fight terrorism

Mar 11 US Emb report 11 ministries and Central Bank of Iraq using Article 136(b) of Criminal Code to
block up to 48 investigations and corruption cases Sep 06-Feb 07 Said PM Maliki blocking corruption cases to help political allies

Mar 12 Report Sadr met with Ayatollah Sistani and asked what he should do about attacks upon his
movement Sistani told him he could withdraw or take the consequences Sadr ended up leaving for Iran

Mar 13 PM Maliki and Gen Petraeus went to military base in Ramadi met Awakening sheikhs Petraeus said
city example of successful counterinsurgency Maliki promised services and reconstruction for city Awakening sheikhs asked for new Anbar provincial elections so they could gain seats in govt
(Musings On Iraq article on tribes turning on Al Qaeda in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
Mar 13 ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi released tape refuting criticism of his group
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)
Mar 13 Report CURVEBALL source of claim Iraq had mobile WMD was still under German intel
protection living outside Munch Fmr CIA’s Europe ops chief Drumheller claimed he tried to remove CURVEBALL info from Sec State Powell’s Feb 03 UN speech Drumheller claimed he met with Dep CIA Dir McLaughlin to complain about including CURVEBALL in Powell’s speech McLaughlin denied that Powell said he never heard any questions about CURVEBALL before his speech
(Musings On Iraq article on how CURVEBALL influenced US intel on Iraq’s WMD)
(Musings On Iraq articles on the CURVEBALL story)

Mar 14 Iraqi military announced deaths down 80% in Baghdad since start of Surge NYTimes found higher
number of deaths but still big drop US military said deaths in Iraq down since start of Surge but deaths up in Baghdad
Mar 14 Pentagon report to Congress on last Qtr of 06 Said PM Maliki promised reform and reconciliation
but did nothing Oct-Dec 06 most violent period recorded in Iraq since 2003
Mar 14 Report Dead bodies found in Baghdad down from more than 200 per week in Dec 06 to 80 per week
start of Mar 07 Number of dead from bombings in Baghdad went from 528 in Dec 06 to 370 in Jan 07 Mahdi army off streets of Baghdad Many insurgents said to have withdrawn to Diyala
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Mar 15 Report when White House presented Surge said would be progress on political benchmarks by Mar
07 Was none Cabinet approved draft oil law US officials said they were backing off pushing Maliki govt on changing deBaathification law in fear of backlash

Mar 16 ISI set off chlorine bombs in Amiriya Fallujah Fallujahand Ramadi 2 Awakening sheikhs killed
(Musings On Iraq article on tribes turning on Al Qaeda in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Green on Fallujah during the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq review Fallujah Redux The Anbar Awakening and the Struggle With Al Qaeda)
Mar 16 2 PM Maliki aides said premier had told Sadr to stand down Mahdi Army start of Surge In return
Maliki would push U.S. to focus upon insurgency rather than militias
Mar 16 Sadr called on followers to resist U.S. occupation 1000s of Sadrists marched

Mar 17 Report Education Min run by Shiite United Iraqi Alliance refused to give any aid or support to
schools in Sunni areas of Baghdad
Mar 17 Gen Odierno said Baghdad belts key to securing Baghdad
Mar 17 Report captured ISI docs said 06 decided to move into Baghdad to fight militias and wanted to
force Shiites from west Baghdad and attack Shiites in Anbar Diyala Salahaddin Mahdi Army took initiative and pushed insurgents out of large parts of Baghdad Insurgents now operating out of Baghdad belts more than Baghdad itself
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Mar 19 ISI surrounded two police stations in Dhuluiya Salahaddin Told policemen to repent and give
loyalty to ISI then blew up stations 3 other stations destroyed in town in last 2 weeks
Mar 19 BBC Poll 50% of Iraqis said things worse in Iraq then before 2003 US invasion 53% said Maliki
govt was doing bad job 53% said security bad

Mar 20 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s leader Qais Khazali along with his brother Laith and Hezbollah
commander Ali Musa Daqduq were captured by the British in Basra Documents captured in raid showed that Iran funding Asaib Ahl Al-Haq $750,000-$3 mil per month Showed Iranian Rev Guard Quds Force helped provide intelligence for Jan 07 Karbala raid by Asaib Also showed that Hezbollah’s Daqduq planned Jan 07 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq raid on Karbala command center 
(Musings On Iraq article background on AAH-Iranian activity in Iraq and arrest of Khazali) 
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
Mar 20 ISI launched 2nd large attack upon Amiriya Fallujah in two weeks to battle Awakening forces
(Musings On Iraq article on tribes turning on Al Qaeda in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

Mar 21 Report 2 Mahdi Army commanders said Iran had been paying militiamen since 2005 to break away
from Sadr Said Iran trying to get Sadrists to join Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Said Iranian backed groups tried to assassinate Sadr City mayor Said militia receiving training from Hezbollah and Iranian Rev Guard in Iran Many militiamen also went to Iran to escape Surge
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

Mar 22 Mahdi Army and insurgents fought in 5 Baghdad neighborhoods Came amidst many western
reports that Mahdi Army had withdrawn from streets
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Mar 22 Lord Butler told UK parliament UK and US didn't have conclusive intel on Iraq’s WMD UK intel
said in Aug 02 that it knew little about Iraq’s WMD since 1988 yet Blair told govt intel was extensive and authoritative
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
Mar 22 Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon issued review US reconstruction Said Pentagon had no strategy
before and after invasion No unity of effort Little oversight and coordination between US agencies
Mar 22 Sadrists attacked Electricity Dist Dept and burned Fadhila HQ in Basra Came after former director
of Electricity Dist Dept who was a Sadrist was arrested by British Sadrists claimed Fadhila behind arrest Former director accused of corruption and fraud Tribes and Sadrists accused Basra governor from Fadhila of corruption nepotism running oil smuggling rings
Mar 22 SCIRI HQ in Kut Wasit hit by mortars as SCIRI-Sadr rivalry increased in city
Mar 22 GAO Report Hundreds of thousands perhaps millions of tons of munitions were left unguarded by
US after 2003 invasion Much of it looted by insurgents US expected friendly environment after invasion which was why left depots unguarded

Mar 23 US House of Reps voted to set deadline for US withdrawal by 8/31/08
Mar 23 Iran captured 15 UK Marines in Basra and offered to trade them for release of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq
leader Qais Khazali
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
Mar 23 Dep PM Zubaie wounded in ISI assassination attempt with a car bomb and suicide bomber that was
one of his own bodyguards
Mar 23 Sadrist website accused Dawa and SCIRI of selling it out to U.S. during Surge
Mar 23 Former Najaf police chief said he was forced to hire 400 officers by Shiite parties Said none of
them were trained One officer fired for smuggling weapons used to attack British Was returned to work and given promotion on orders from Baghdad Said torture was routine and police went after political rivals Dhi Qar police chief said he couldn’t get rid of rogue officers because they were protected by political parties
Mar 23 Report Mahdi Army back on streets of Ghaziliya and Shula Baghdad Fired mortars at Mansour and
Yarmouk
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Mar 23 Insurgents out on streets of Haditha Demanded residents take down satellite TV dishes claiming
they spread vice and immorality
Mar 23 Report PM Maliki offered $200 to returnees to Baghdad and said he would evict squatters as part
of Baghdad security plan Baghdad Migration Ministry bureau director said he refused to tell families to return because of on going violence

Mar 24 Report DynCorp contracted by US govt to provide sandbags police and training camps Regularly
overpriced work Iraqi contractors repeatedly failed to do job DynCorp contracted to fill sandbags at Najaf police dept Paid $67k then contracted Iraqi company for $23k to do job Sandbags were useless and job had to be redone Built police camps in Baquba Basra Ramadi Fallujah Najaf all considered bad mostly due to subcontractors Built camp in Mosul for $2.1 bil that should have cost $600k Camp got bad review Air conditioners didn't work Used cheap furniture Foam instead of real mattresses Another police camp cancelled after spent $43.8 mil on it

Mar 25 Report Attacks in Ramadi cut in half 4,500 tribal members asked to join Ramadi police Result of
Awakening 2,500 fighters in Emergency response Units organized by Awakening paid by Interior Min
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

Mar 26 PM Maliki and Pres Talabani announced Accountability and Justice bill would change
deBaathification process Wouldn’t pass until 2008 do to opposition
Mar 26 Report Amb Khalilzad held talks with 1920 Revolution Brigades and Islamic Army in 2006 No
breakthroughs Insurgents made unreasonable demands like dismissing govt and suspending constitution US also had talks with insurgents in 2005 Maliki govt upset with talks claiming Khalilzad sectarian and trying to undermine Shiite majority rule

Mar 27 Anbar council said no oversight of border crossings and 40% of tariffs stolen due to corruption
Mar 27 1920 Revolution Brigade leader killed by ISI for refusing to join it and talking
with govt
Mar 27 ISI tried to assassinate nephew of Harith al-Dari head of Association of Muslim Scholars
Mar 27 Report fighting between Islamic Army and 1920 Revolution Brigades vs ISI in Anbar and Abu
Ghraib and Taji areas of Baghdad over tactics and ISI trying to dominate insurgency Also splits in Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Mar 27 US Mil intel report that Iranian intelligence working with Badr and Mahdi Army to assassinate
Industry Ministry officials
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
Mar 27 Report 1st EFP attack Aug 2003 Aug 05 Natl Sec Adv Hadley said Iran probably behind EFP
attacks Oct 05 UK Amb to Iraq said Iran giving aid to militias to attack British forces Apr 06 EFP attacks began increasing then dropped start of 07 Bush admin struggled over what to do with attacks Decided upon raids and media briefings EFPs supplied by Iran and Hezbollah
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran training Iraqi militias)

Mar 28 ISI set off chlorine bomb at Fallujah government center
Mar 28 2 truck bombs hit market targeting Shiite Turkmen in Tal Afar leaving 152 dead 347 wounded
Militias and police went through Sunni district of town dragging people out of homes and executed up to 70 in the streets wounded 30 and kidnapped 40 Iraqi army arrived and got into shootout with police until revenge killings ended
Mar 28 Report Iraqi observatory group said one prison in Mahmudiya held 705 Built to hold 75 Another
prison at Muthanna Air Base held 272 built for 50 Said ISF making mass arrests under Baghdad security plan but few releases leading to overcrowding

Mar 29 ISI began withdrawing from Ramadi leading to large drop in attacks
Mar 29 National Police kidnapped 5 British security guards from Eastern Baghdad
Mar 29 New US Amb Ryan Crocker arrived in Iraq
Mar 29 Suicide bombings in Baghdad kill 82
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Mar 30 Op Call to Freedom ended effectively clearing Ramadi of insurgents
Mar 30 Report Ali Salah WBaghdad only had 3 Sunni families left after militias forced out rest in March
despite US and Iraqi units in area during Surge
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Mar 31 PM Maliki made 1st trip to Anbar and met with tribal leaders and provincial council
            who complained about Baghdad’s neglect
Mar 31 PM Maliki endorsed plan to relocate 1000s of Arabs settled in Kirkuk province during Arabization
program Said would get money and land for leaving Iraqiya opposed plan Never implemented
Mar 31 1920 Revolution Brigades commander said ISI killed one of its leaders leaving it to either fight ISI
or work with US
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Apr 1 PM Maliki told Integrity Commission head Radhi charges against ministers cabinet
and presidential staffs had to be okayed by PM office as way to block investigations
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with anti-graft US official Vincent Foulk)
Apr 1 Report VP Hashemi and Pres Talabani in talks with insurgents in Jordan Anbar Salahaddin Diyala
Talabani said insurgents came to govt for talks 1920 Revolution Brigades Islamic Army Jaish al-Rashideen Omar Brigades Rayat al-Sood talking about breaking with ISI
Apr 1 Anbar Salvation Council in talks with tribes in Amiriya Fallujah to split from ISI
Apr 1 Report Zoba tribes started fighting ISI Reports of clashes between Islamic Army and ISI in Dour
Samarra Tuz Kharmato and Dhiliya in Salahaddin 2 tribes fighting ISI in Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

Apr 2 Ayatollah Sistani said he opposed US plan to reform deBaathification and allow former Baathists
back into govt Came after Sistani met with deBaathification Comm head Chalabi

Apr 3 Integrity Comm head Radhi said Iraq lost $8 bil since 2004 due to corruption $2 bil for electricity
disappeared Former Electricity Min Samarraie convicted of corruption but fled Iraq for US Radhi said ministers blocking investigations into $55 mil in missing funds
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
Apr 3 Report 8 Mahdi Army commanders dismissed for insubordination and crimes

Apr 4 Report US arrested Dep Health Min Zamili in Feb Accused of taking kickbacks for equipment
orders at ministry with money funneled to Sadrists 15 warrants for ministers for corruption not served MP Jabouri in hiding accused of stealing $7 mil for pipeline security force he created Allawi Defense Min Shaalan facing $1 bil in corruption charges
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

Apr 5 Islamic Army condemned ISI for imposing Islamic law and attacking other insurgent groups Also
attacking civilians and stealing women Forced women to cover themselves Banned satellite TV
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Apr 5 Al Qaeda told Ansar al-Sunnah that its complaints about ISI were unbelievable
            and it was still under Al Qaeda’s leadership

Apr 6 Op Black Eagle US and Polish forces fought Mahdi Army in Diwaniya
Apr 6 Report ISF claimed control of Ghaziliya and Amiriya in Baghdad but not true Ghaziliya surrounded
by ISF for a week Split between Sunni area run by insurgents that imposed Islamic law and Shiite area run by Mahdi Army Khadra also surrounded by ISF and split between Sunni-Shiite areas ISF didn’t allow young men into district during day At night insurgents had free reign Amiriya under ISI control ISF raided area and claimed it was cleared because arrest few Clashes along border of Amiriya and Abu Saifan run by militias
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Apr 7 Islamic Army said it had tried working with ISI but failed Blamed ISI for
            killing anyone that didn’t follow it
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Apr 8 1000s of Sadrists held anti-U.S. occupation march in Najaf

Apr 9 Barzani said Kurds main reason Iraq stayed unified
Apr 9 1920 Revolution Brigades said ISI was killing civilians and other insurgents
Apr 9 Islamic Army commander killed in Salahaddin for talking with govt ISI blamed
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Apr 9 40 religious scholars formed Council of Ulema of Iraq in Jordan to be religious
            body for insurgents
Apr 9 Abu Wael declared his Sharia Council was breaking away from Ansar al-Sunnah
Apr 9 Report militias burned Sunni neighborhoods in Babil Insurgents burned Sunni and Shiite homes
            in Diyala

Apr 10 Islamic Army accused ISI of killing 30 of its members and members of
            Mujahadeen Army and Ansar al-Sunna
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

Apr 12 Sunni MPs led by Speaker Mashadani carried out bombing of parliament’s cafeteria in Baghdad
Apr 12 Islamic Army announced it was no longer working with ISI Didn’t agree with
            declaration of Islamic State and ISI attacking its men
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Apr 12 Pres Talabani announced govt in talks with 5 insurgent groups

Apr 13 9 insurgent groups joined together to fight ISI including Islamic Army Ansar al-Sunna 1920
Revolution Brigades Islamic Army called on bin Laden to intervene
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Apr 14 Report Mujahadden Army taken up against ISI in Diyala Set up checkpoints in Baquba More than
100 ISI arrested in Buhriz and Tahrir in province
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Apr 15 Insurgents gave Christians in Dora Baghdad 24 hrs to convert to Islam or face death Led to exodus
of families Called Christians Crusaders
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Apr 15 Sunni families in Ghaziliya Baghdad asked for help to stop Mahdi Army taking their homes
Apr 15 Insurgents told Sunni Turkmen to stop entering Shiite areas of city and leave mixed parts
Apr 15 Weekly Standard column claimed there was long time cooperation between Iraq and Al Qaeda going
back to 1990s Used a lot of refuted evidence
Apr 15 Report Mahdi Army commanders gone to Iran and basing operations out of there Also training
camps for militia near Tehran
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Apr 16 Sadrist ministers boycotted cabinet to protest US occupation
Apr 16 3,000 protested in Basra over lack of services Demanded governor resign
Apr 16 Report Mahdi Army moved into southwest Diyala Thousands of Shiites killed and displaced from
Baquba Sunnis kicked out of Baghdad by militias moved into Baquba US repeatedly reported ISF attacking Sunnis in Diyala
Apr 16 Ret Gen Sheehan Wash Post OpEd on why he turned down Iraq-Afghan manager in Bush White
House Said after talking with officials found no Iraq strategy Said 3 separate views going on at once One was making incremental improvements over long period Another was focusing upon security with time constraint Third was placing Iraq within overall Middle East strategy
Apr 16 Lavin Mag editor arrested for writing about about Pres Talabani being sick and who might replace
            him Ordered by Talabani’s office

Apr 17 Islamic Army of Iraqi complained ISI was trying to take over Diyala by threats
            and killings
Apr 17 ISI head Abu Omar Baghdadi issued message calling for unity amongst insurgents Said that
Islamic State would remain despite any criticism
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Apr 17 3rd day of protests against Basra governor over lack of services and corruption Set up tent city
outside of governor’s office
Apr 17 UN Report 70% of Iraqis lacked clean water 80% lacked toilets with clean water Diarrhea and
respiratory infections accounted for 2/3 of children under 5 deaths 70% of critically injured patients die in hospitals due to lack of staff equipment drugs Violence driving away nurses and doctors
Apr 17 Saudis agreed to forgive 80% of Iraq’s $15 bil debt Most came from Iran-Iraq War
Apr 17 Interview ISCI head Hakim said Badr turned into a civil organization in 2003 and no longer a militia
Said Iran gave ISCI political support but no money Said fmr Interior Min Jabr had nothing to do with police abuses and Badr didn't run secret Jadriya prison discovered by US forces in Baghdad Said Baathists not Badr controlled police Denied that Badr head Amiri said militias would exist until ISF could protect public All these claims were false
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
(Musings On Iraq history of Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq)

Apr 18 5 car bombs in Bagdhad killed 171 wounded almost 200
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Apr 18 PM Maliki said ISF would take over security for entire country by end of year Didn’t happen for
            several more years

Apr 19 ISI announced that Abu Ayub al-Masri was War Minister
Apr 19 Sheikhs met in Ramadi to announce province wide Awakening Council
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

Apr 20 ISI sent letter to Ansar al-Sunnah apologizing for past attacks and asking for
            unification Ansar said no
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
Apr 20 Ramadi sheikhs said they would turn Awakening into political party to run in
            09 provincial elections
Apr 20 Abu Sheibani captured by US Was deputy head of network that delivered EFPs
            from Iran to militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Apr 20 Report Sadr came out against Basra Gov Waeli Called for his followers to join demonstrations
against governor Mahdi Army and Fadhila militia clashed in city in recent weeks

Apr 22 ISI stopped bus and took 23 Yazidis off and executed them in Bashiqa, Ninewa

Apr 23 Report KRG starting nationwide ad campaign in US to promote Kurdistan as the “Other Iraq”

Apr 24 Report Anbar Salvation Front expanding from Ramadi to Amiriya Fallujah with alliance with Albu
Issa tribe
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

Apr 25 Sheikh Abdul Aziz Fahadawi held meeting of his Albu Fahad tribe in Anbar and told them not to
cooperat with ISI anymore
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

Apr 26 Congress passed bill calling for US withdrawal from Iraq by 10/1/07 Was
            vetoed by Pres Bush

Apr 27 Report ex-CIA Dir Tenet’s new book said White House made him scapegoat for Iraq war and bad
intel on Iraq’s WMD Said officials like Cheney Rice and National Sec Adv Hadley tried to blame him Said White House never had serious debate about Iraq threat Claimed Cheney and Pentagon officials like Wolfowitz and Feith were pushing for war at end of 2011 Said CIA opposed White House argument of Iraq-Al Qaeda connection

Apr 28 Report ex-CIA Dir Tenet’s book said WMD not main reason why US invaded Iraq but that Bush
wanted democratic change in Middle East Said Pentagon officials like Wolfowitz and Feith focused on Iraq before 9/11 Said on 9/11 Def Adv Board member Richard Perle said Iraq responsible for attack and had to pay Said State and Pentagon at war with each other over Iraq Said US had no postwar plan for Iraq other than to put Chalabi in power Said White House ignored warnings about insurgency and failing policies in Iraq in 03 Said White House called CIA defeatists
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)
Apr 28 ISI set off bomb in front of Karbala shrine 58 killed 170 wounded

Apr 29 US troops went to investigate torture cell run by Mahdi Army in Khadimiya Baghdad Got into gun
battle with Mahdi Army and Iraqi soldiers Afterward parliament voted to keep US forces 1 mile away from shrine
Apr 29 Report Spec Insp Gen for Iraq Recon looked at 8 US projects 7 were not operating or had major
problems Power station for Baghdad airport had $11.8 mil spent on generators $8.6 mil worth not operating Hospital in Irbil had incinerator for waste locked and key lost Dumped waste into sewage system contaminating local water system Water purification system at hospital broke Oxygen system not used by staff that didn’t know how it worked Special Forces barracks in Baghdad had 4 generators broken due to no maintenance and supply pipes had been stolen Spec Insp Gen had warned that US was leaving projects for Iraqis that could not be maintained and were waste of money

Apr 30 Parliament voted to keep US troops away from Khadmiya shrine Baghdad after US got into gun
battle with Mahdi Army and Iraqi soldiers in district PM Maliki didn’t sign bill
Apr 30 Anbar Awakening claimed to have killed ISI War Minister Masri Didn’t happen
Apr 30 Report PM Maliki and ministers using Article 136B of Criminal Code to block corruption
investigations
Apr 30 Report Maliki using PM and Commander in Chief offices to remove and arrest army and National
Police commanders for going after Mahdi Army or being Sunni US officers complained Maliki politicizing officer corps

May 1 Fmr Def Sec Hoon said UK disagreed with US decision to disband Iraqi military and deBaathification
            Said UK too optimistic about aftermath of invasion Said neglected Sunnis
May 1 Kurdish MPs said they opposed draft oil law because most oil reserves would be under control of
            National Oil Company
May 1 Iraq claimed it killed ISI’s Minister of War Masri Wasn’t true

May 2 Islamic Army Mujahedeen Army faction of Ansar al-Sunna and al-Fatihin Army
            formed Reformation and Jihad Front to fight ISI
May 2 Karki and Shimour tribes signed peace deal in Diyala promised to fight ISI
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
May 2 Fmr head Intl Recon Fund Facility for Iraq Bell said US and UK went about reconstruction wrong
way Said should have built institutions and personnel first instead of large infrastructure projects Said lack of security undermined rebuilding and led to brain drain that meant Iraq couldn’t maintain projects

May 3 International Compact with Iraq meeting held in Egypt organized by PM Maliki and UN Was to
create strategy and benchmarks for Iraqi rebuilding reconciliation good governance Privately countries complained about Maliki govt
May 3 Association of Muslim scholars called on bin Laden to fix rift between Sunnis and ISI Called
Awakening leader Sheikh Abu Risha a U.S. stooge
May 3 Anbar Awakening demanded all tribes in Anbar to stop supporting ISI
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Nvy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)
May 3 Reformist and Jihad Front formed out of Islamic Army Mujahadeen Army Ansar al-Sunna Called on
1920 Revolution Brigades tribes and former soldiers to join Was challenge to ISI
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
May 3 Report ISI issued fatwa in Dora Baghdad for Christians to convert leave or be killed Families
immediately started leaving
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

May 4 US Cmdr in Ramadi said that ISI defeated there
May 4 Anbar Salvation Council member said that Anbar Governor Alwani was a dictator and PM Maliki
            was powerless
May 4 US broke up arms smuggling ring in Sadr City bringing in EFPs and other arms from Iran into Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
May 4 Iraqi Accordance Front said joining politics was adisaster Said it agreed to join politics based upon
promises of constitutional reform and reconciliation but didn’t happen

May 12 Report US GAO found 100,000-300,000 bar of oil missing each day Worth est $5-$15 mil
Smugglers likely culprit
May 12 Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq dropped revolution from its title Also said that
it would look towards Ayatollah Sistani more than Ayatollah Khamenei Party was trying to distance itself from its pro-Iran history

May 13 Abu Musah arms supplier to Iranian backed Special Groups arrested
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
May 13 Jihad and Reform Front got into gun battle with ISI in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
May 13 Fmr CPA head Bremer wrote OpEd in Wash Post defending decisions to ban Baath Party and
disband military Said Iraqi army had disbanded itself and Shiite and Kurdish leaders wanted it gone Said right to ban Baath Party US was only doing what it did in Germany with Nazis after WW2 Said it was Iraqis that abused deBaathification but CPA stopped them

May 14 Prison riot at Camp Bucca almost took over facility
May 14 UN reported number of prisoners held by Iraqis went from 3,500 in Jan 07 to 20,000 in Mar US
held 3,000 prisoners in Feb 19,500 in May Increase due to Surge Prisoners overwhelmed Iraqi judicial system Prisons would become recruiting and organizing centers for insurgents

May 15 Sadr returned from Iran to give sermon in Kufa Dismissed number of officials he felt were disloyal
Then went back to Iran
(Musings On Iraq article on Sadr fleeing to Iran during Surge)
May 15 Constitutional Review Committee submitted draft of changes with no major issues dealt with Told
political parties they had to do rest Deadline for final draft to include all issues extended until 7/31/07

May 16 200 insurgents attacked prison in Mosul with 6 suicide car bombs and IEDs laid on surrounding
streets to block ISF response units Also attacked house of Ninewa police chief and deputy governor
May 16 Iraqi army security sweep through Diwaniya looking for militiamen led to 7 hr battle with Mahdi
Army Also fighting between Mahdi Army and ISF in Nasiriya

May 17 2nd day of fighting between Mahdi Army and Iraqi soldiers in Diwaniya started by security sweep
vs militias

May 19 US killed Asaib Al Ahl-Haq’s Karbala commander Dulaimi in raid
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)

May 20 Report Sadr set up reconciliation committee and held talks with Sunni politicians and insurgents
including 192 Revolution Brigades Also sent representative to Syria Egypt and Persian Gulf for talks

May 23 Dep PM Zubaie wounded by suicide bomber
May 23 Bush said in Jan 05 bin Laden told Zarqawi to create a cell to plan attacks upon US homeland
Counterterrorism officials contradicted claim
May 23 ISI assassinated Sheikh Issawi from Albu Issa tribe Member of the Awakening Part of campaign to
kill Awakening leaders
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Fallujah Redux author Daniel Green on Fallujah during the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

May 24 Funeral for Sheikh Issawi from Awakening hit by suicide car bomb in Fallujah 34 killed 66
wounded Part of ISI targeting Awakening sheikhs
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Fallujah Redux author Daniel Green on Fallujah during the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

May 25 Ret Gen Keane told VP Cheney Surge needed to be sustained until 2008
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
May 25 UK killed Mahdi Army commander for Basra Abu Qader leading to 2 days of fighting in city
May 25 Sadr gave Friday sermon forbidding attacks upon Sunnis and Christians His Mahdi Army was still
cleansing Sunnis from Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

May 28 US-Iran meeting US demanded Tehran stop supporting militias Nothing came of talks
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

May 29 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq kidnapped 5 Brits from Finance Ministry in Baghdad 4 would be killed
Ransomed 5th Op planned by Iranian Revolutionary Guards
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
May 29 Insurgents in Amiriya Baghdad told US they were going to attack ISI and needed help Gen
Petraeus said he would support them Became Sahwa
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

May 30 US turned over security for Kurdistan to Peshmerga
May 30 Op Alljah started to clear Fallujah
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Green on Fallujah during the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq review Fallujah Redux The Anbar Awakening and the Struggle With Al Qaeda)
May 30 Graffiti appeared in Baghdad’s Amiriya saying down with ISI It attacked a mosque associated
with Islamic Army in retaliation killing its local commander Islamic Army then attacked an ISI mosque leading to 4 hr gun battle
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
May 30 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq arms supplier Abu Abdullah captured by U.S. forces
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)

2007 2nd day of fighting between ISI and Islamic Army in Baghdad’s Amiriya 1920 Revolution
Brigades joined to help Islamic Army would lead to Sahwa being formed
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
May 31 5 British nationals kidnapped in Baghdad Likely retaliation for UK killing Mahdi Army leader for
Basra
May 31 White House spokesman said US wanted long term military presence in Iraq to support ISF

Jun 1 Islamic Army spokesman went on Al Jazeera accusing ISI of belligerence since it declared its state
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Jun 1 Def Sec Gates and Gen Odierno said they supported a long term US military presence in Iraq and
would ask for a status of forces agreement between US and Iraq
Jun 1 Dep US Iraq commander Gen Odierno said he’d authorized his commanders to offer local
reconciliation agreements with insurgents Said he thought 80% of insurgents and militiamen were reconcilable 
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

Jun 2 ISI’s Abu Omar al-Baghdadi told local commanders in Baghdad to stop fighting Islamic Army of
Iraq Dispute would be mediated
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Jun 3 US claimed Iranian arms shipments to militias in Iraq increasing including
            large caliber rockets
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

Jun 4 Report Mahdi Army trying to expel Sunnis from Baghdad’s Rasheed Police working with militia
National Police commander in area replaced three times since March
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Jun 4 Report US intel photographed life size mock up of Karbala Joint Operations Center in Iran to plan for
Asaib Ahl Al-Haq raid on complex
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)

Jun 5 Report head of Islamic Army went to Saudi Arabia to ask clerics there for fatwa against
ISI Didn’t get one
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)

Jun 6 Islamic Army and ISI announced truce after killings and accusations Didn’t last
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Jun 6 UK intel report on ISCI/Badr Said ISCI frustrated with PM Maliki Wanted to be dominant Shiite
party Badr said turning into political party was false Was still militia trying to control ISF Had control of much of police and trying to take over army Said Badr members in ISF loyal to militia more than govt ISCI still aligned with Iran but independent
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

Jun 9 Report US troops organized insurgents from Islamic Army in Amiriya into Baghdad Patriots to fight
ISI Allowed patriots to arrest people Iraqi army gave them ammunition US also organized 2,000 fighers in Abu Ghraib

Jun 11 Report Gen Petraeus and staff decided to spread Awakening model to Baghdad Diyala Babil
Salahaddin Talks with 1920 Revolution Brigades to fight ISI in Anbar and Diyala PM Maliki adviser didn’t like policy
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)
(Musings On Iraq article on split within insurgency in Diyala)
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
Jun 11 130 sheikhs in Salahaddin agreed to set up sahwa unit
Jun 11 Report Sheikh Suleiman breaking form Anbar Salvation Council Called Sheikh Abu Risha a traitor
who sold out for money Suleiman said he would form his ow rival Awakening group
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Jun 11 Speaker Mashadani voted out of office by Iraqi parliament Iraqi Accordance Front boycotted
            parliament in protest
Jun 11 Sadr spokesman said Sadr had replaced 11 leaders in attempt to regain control of movement Said
Sadr rejected violence but Mahdi Army still trying to expel Sunnis from Amil and Baya in Baghdad and fighting U.S. and British forces
Jun 11 Gen Lynch in southern Iraq said 7 of 9 national police brigade commanders and 14 of 24 battalion
commanders replaced due to abuses and sectarianism Said many of the Iraqi police in south were corrupt Iraqi politicians constantly ordered prisoners released Said US wanted to set up provisional police in south including arming Sunni tribes

Jun 12 1920 Revolution Brigade turned on ISI in Diyala after made deal with US
(Musings On Iraq article on split within insurgency in Diyala)
(Musings On Iraq article on splits within insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Jun 13 ISI bombed Askari shrine in Samarra 2nd time Used agents in Iraqi police Ayatollah Sistani and Sadr
called for calm Some Sunni mosques attacked in Baghdad and Basra in retaliation
Jun 13 Sadrists began boycott of parliament and pulled ministers from cabinet when
            Maliki refused to set withdrawal date for US 
Jun 13 Gen Dempsey said 25% of Iraqi soldiers on leave 25% stayed home when units deployed to other
areas Injured soldiers kept on payroll when couldn’t serve Corrupt officers created ghost soldiers to steal salaries US found 13,000 ghost police Karbala and Najaf hired 1000s more police than needed as job program and to steal salaries

Jun 14 US Operation Arrowhead Ripper in Baquba Pushed insurgents out of city with
            help of 1920 Revolution Brigade

Jun 16 Operation Phantom Thunder which was overreaching name of a series of operations began to clear
Baghdad Belts Suburbs and towns around Baghdad city US deployed 4 brigades for operation going along Tigris River near Arab Jabour in south known for producing car bombs and had not had US forces in 3 years US cleared Salman Pak in west and tried to stop insurgents from moving to Baquba in Diyala in the east US forces in Taji in north tried to stop insurgents fleeing Baghdad to Salahaddin Also operations in Adhamiya Rasheed Mansour neighborhoods of Baghdad

Jun 17 Report PM Maliki complained to US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Petraeus about Sahwa program

Jun 18 US started Operation Arrowhead Ripper to clear Baquba

Jun 19 Iraq ranked No 2 on failed states list by Fund for Peace/Foreign Policy due to civil war Was No 4 in
2006
Jun 19 Maj Mowle fmr Iraq cmdr adv said summer 04 military drew up 1st campaign plan for Iraq Didn’t
include goals of insurgency or how Iraqis would react Thought Iraqis would do what was best for the US and everything would go exactly as planned Didn’t expect Iraqis react negative to 1st Battle of Fallujah
Jun 19 Leon Panetta of Iraq Study Group said found no coordination within White House and within
military on Iraq Military commanders said they were getting nothing from Washington
Jun 19 Philip Zelikow adv to Nat Sec Adv/Sec State Adv Rice fmr Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey’s campaign plan
didn’t have a strategy or operational instructions for military Washington gave no direction to military in Iraq When Rice announced Clear Hold Build policy in Oct 05 didn’t have strategy on how to carry it out Jun 06 State pushed Bush to get hands on involved in Iraq Didn’t happen Bush didn’t get hands on until winter 06
(Musings On Iraq 2006 Clear Hold Build: An Iraq Strategy That Wasn’t A Strategy)
Jun 19 Ret Col Krepinevich Adv to Army said US had no strategy in Iraq until Surge What Washington
said about the war didn’t match what it was actually doing Didn’t commit resources to win
Jun 19 Ret Gen Keane architect of Surge Bush always talked about winning and victory in Iraq but he
never understood what the actual strategy was US never had a winning strategy before the Surge The policy was to hold elections and turn security over to the Iraqis so the US could leave That had nothing to do with defeating the insurgency
Jun 19 Fred Kagan architect of Surge US strategy pre-07 was to withdraw and have Iraqi politics deal with
insurgency Didn’t work because many Sunnis rejected politics
Jun 19 Fred Kagan Surge strategy was to establish security in Baghdad and surrounding areas Then go to
Shiite parties and ask them to make compromises with Sunnis
(Musings On Iraq article on pre-Surge US Iraq strategy)

Jun 21 Report VP Mahdi tendered resignation Complained PM Maliki not including president and vice
presidents in decision making United Iraqi Alliance also complained Maliki only consulted with Dawa advisers

Jun 25 ISI suicide bomber killed Sheikh Gaood of Albu Nimr tribe Sheikh Rifai al-Fahdawai of Albu Fahad
Sheikh Azziz al-Fahadawi Sheikh al-Assafir head of the Albu Assaf tribe in Baghdad hotel before meeting with US officials Were all Awakening members
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq article on change in perceptions that led to Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review of Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)
(Musings On Iraq book review of The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)
(Musings On Iraq book review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)
Jun 25 US cmdr Op Arrowhead Ripper in Baquba said ISF not capable of holding areas cleared by US
General in southern Baghdad said same thing

Jun 26 US gen in charge of advisers warned ISF years away from being able to handle security Warned
against early withdrawal of US forces as a result

Jun 27 UK intel report on ISF Maliki govt working on national security strategy but unlikely to change
situation without reconciliation Maliki govt had multiple committees on security that competed and didn't’ cooperate and ineffective Army developing slowly Police full of insurgents and militias and probably unreformable Said ISF couldn’t operate without US support
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

Jun 29 Bush speech on Iraq at Naval War College mentioned Al Qaeda 27 times Said Al Qaed attacked US
on 9/11 and was now in Iraq Part of White House media campaign to gain support for Surge US military press releases on Iraq mentioned Al Qaeda 33 times in a week
Jun 29 Iraqi Accordance Front ministers boycotted cabinet Demanded investigation into Culture Min

2007 Battle of Donkey Island US destroyed ISI force planning to attack Ramadi Was first major attack upon
city since district secured by Awakening

Jul 1 Iraqi govt announced 1,227 civilian deaths in June lowest monthly total in 2007
Jul 1 US GAO report Pentagon could not account for weapons it gave to ISF from Jun 04 to Dec 05 Around
190,000 weapons were unaccounted for US still didn’t have accounting process in place by 2007

Jul 2 US general accused Iranian leadership through Quds Force and Hezbollah of instigating attacks in Iraq
Said that Iran behind Jan 07 attack on Karbala operations center that killed 4 US soldiers Ran training camps in Iran for militiamen supplied weapons and up to $3 mil a month
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

Jul 3 Cabinet passed new draft energy bill Cabinet approved another energy bill in February Neither made it
            through parliament

Jul 4 US forces captured ISI’s media emir Mashadani Fed them disinformation that Abu Omar al-
Baghdadi was fake and ISI was still under Al Qaeda Helped contribute to Americans to continue to call the group Al Qaeda in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)
Jul 4 Bush speech Said Al Qaeda in Iraq was same group that attacked US on 9/11 Said US withdrawal
wrong Would be terrorist victory and would attack US next Said insurgents could take over Iraq and use its oil to blackmail the US Part of PR campaign to gain support for Surge
Jul 4 US accused Iran of using Hezbollah to train Iraqi militias based upon arrest of Ali Musa Daqduq
Daqduq sent to Iraq in 2006 by Iran Rev Guard Quds Force Said Hezbollah trainers worked with Iraqi militiasin 3 camps near Tehran Said Quds Force gave up to $3 mil/mo to militias Daqduq also said Iran planned Jan 07 attack upon US base in Karbala
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Jul 5 Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri released video Called for people to rally around ISI Same time ISI had to find
unity with Iraqis Was acknowledgement insurgent groups were splitting with ISI

Jul 8 Report Sadr had gone back to Iran after short stay in Iraq in May Sadr fled to Iran in February
believing that US would target him during Surge

Jul 11 CIA Dep Dir Natl Intl Fingar testified to House saying PM Maliki only taken small steps to unify
Iraq Said sectarian violence polarized politics Shiite parties not united Services below prewar levels Said Surge effective violence but not enough to lead to reconciliation
Jul 11 Ret Gen Landry from Natl Intel Council said ISF infiltrated and lacked logistics

Jul 12 Bush claimed US making progress on 8 of 18 congressional benchmarks set for Surge Created
constitutional review committee but it had taken no action Passed regions law but no implementation Election Commission formed Supported Surge Reduced sectarian violence Were more ISF Passed budget No progress on reconciliation or relations with Iran and Syria or economic growth No reforming deBaathification No energy law No provincial election law or provincial powers law No amnesty law No disarmament of militias Hadn’t stopped political interference in ISF Not enforced law and order Not taken on militia influence in ISF

Jul 13 Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said more training of ISF wasn’t needed Needed more US forces
embedded with ISf response to White House report that number of Iraqi battalions able to operate independelyt dropped from 10 to 6 in first 6 months of 2007

Jul 14 Maliki said Iraqi forces were ready to take over security when US left
Jul 14 Fmr State Dept reconstruction coordinator said impact of Provincial Reconstruction Teams were
negligible because of lack of security

Jul 15 Report 45% of foreign fighters in Iraq came from Saudi Arabia More Saudis had been suicide
            bombers than any other nationality US tried to not talk about issue because Saudis allies

Jul 16 Suicide truck bomb hit PUK compound in Kirkuk killing 85 Insurgents in army uniforms rounded up
people in Adwala Diyala executed 49 left 4 wounded
Jul 16 Report ISF in Abu Ghraib raided and arrested members of Sahwa Also carried out random arrests and
beat and killed prisoners
Jul 16 Report Mahdi Army forced out almost all the Sunnis from West Rasheed Baghdad Sold stolen cars
Involved in weapons trafficking and kidnapping Extorted money from local businesses Rented homes of Sunnis who they forced out and sold their property
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Jul 17 Truck bomb in Amerli Salahaddin killed 156

Jul 18 US announced it captured ISI Information Min Mashadani who fed disinformation to US
            that ISI front for Al Qaeda and Abu Omar al-Baghdad didn’t exist
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

Jul 19 1920 Revolution Brigades Ansar al-Sunna Iraqi Hamas announced front group Political Office for
the Iraqi Resistance Said willing to negotiate a US withdrawal Attacked ISI for sectarian killings and suicide bombings vs civilians
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Jul 19 US Embassy memo on US-Iraq anti-corruption council Said it was irrelevant and manipulated by
            PM Maliki
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

Jul 24 US-Iran held 2nd talks about Iraq US accused Iran of sending weapons and training militias Iran
accused US of occupation

Jul 25 Report Iran gave PM Maliki his own personal jet
Jul 25 US commanders in southern Baghdad meeting on reconstruction Found Shiite areas had plenty of
water providing by govt Sunnis areas were facing huge water shortage US had to provide water to Sunni areas Talked about pressuring Maliki govt but it was unresponsive because made decisions on sectarian basis

Jul 26 Truck bomb in Baghdad’s Karrada market killed 92 wounded 127
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Jul 26 US general said militias more accurate in targeting Green Zone because of training from Iran
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Jul 26 Audit Bechtel only finished half of its contracts Other half either canceled cut back or didn’t
            finish US only had 2 people to oversee contracts

Jul 27 KDP and PUK renewed strategic power sharing agreement
Jul 27 Report Jan 07 Saudis told US Amb to Iraq Khalilzad that PM Maliki an Iranian agent and helped
Sadr Bush officials said Saudis not helping with Iraq Financing Sunni groups Half foreign fighters to Iraq Saudis Majority of suicide bombers Saudis 40% of foreign fighters in Iraq Saudis Saudis asked Gulf States to help it finance Sunni groups opposed to Maliki US didn’t publicly criticized Saudis because of alliance
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)

Jul 28 US Inspector General found from 2005-07 Iraqi govt only accepted 435 out of 2797 reconstruction
projects Since Maliki govt took power in 06 had accepted few if any projects Finance Min Jabr blamed for not releasing money to take over projects US spent $90 mil to fix 2 turbines at Dora power plant Iraqis didn’t know how to work turbines and used wrong fuel Iraqi govt wouldn’t accept project Meant US turning over projects to provincial and city govts that didn’t have money or know how to run them Problem was US didn’t include Iraqis in projects who had no say in what was built

Jul 29 Report PM Maliki said he couldn’t work with Gen Petraeus Said that if US kept using sahwa he
would arm militias Maliki ally Askari said Petraeus biased against Shiites

Jul 30 Oxfam found Maliki govt spent 22% of its development budget and 99% of its salary allocation in
2006
Jul 30 Cabinet passed new draft energy bill Cabinet approved another energy bill in February Neither
made it through parliament
Jul 30 Report Interior Ministry split between Dawa, Badr, Kurds Badr and Kurds fighting for control of
intel service Kurdish dep min faced death threats from Badr dep min Almost all Sunnis purged from ministry Interior Min trying to purge militias from ministry
Jul 30 Fmr Amb to Iraq Khalilzad said that Saudis were undermining US effort in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)

Jul 31 VP Cheney said that he was wrong when he said insurgency in its last throes in 2005 Said that
benchmarks didn’t reduce violence and insurgency stronger than he thought

Aug 1 Iraqi Accordance Front withdrew 6 ministers from cabinet claiming Maliki was
            excluding them from govt that PM was sectarian and no reconciliation
(Musings On Iraq article on Accordance Front boycott)
Aug 1 US intel report Iraq polarized State and ISF weak Increased extremism US needed to increase ISF
loyal to govt Sectarian politics likely to continue Iraqi elite unlikely to agree upon reconciliation Shiites insecure about holding power Leads to mistrust and lack of reconciliation Many Sunnis don’t accept minority status Sunnis think Shiites Iranian tools ISF short on equipment and couldn’t handle security
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Aug 1 US Govt Accountability Office found Pentagon couldn’t account for $19.2 bil worth of equipment
it gave to ISF Pentagon also said it only delivered 1/3 of equipment meant for Iraqi army and less than half of equipment for police

Aug 2 Saudis told Sec State Rice and Def Sec Gates that they were not funding Iraqi insurgency Said
wouldn’t support Iraqi govt Said Iraq was a threat because terrorists could come from there into Saudi Arabia
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)

Aug 3 Reports Iraqi parties talking about replacing PM Maliki after Iraqi Accordance Front and Sadrists
            boycotted cabinet and parliament
Aug 3 Report Maliki govt intentionally releasing lower casualty figures for violence in Iraq to downplay
insurgency Govt said 25 dead and 100 wounded in car bombing in Baghdad Later local officials said 92 dead and 127 wounded

Aug 6 KRG passed its own oil law Condemned by Baghdad
Aug 6 Iraqiya’s 4 ministers started boycott of cabinet Were now 17 ministers total not going to
            Maliki cabinet
Aug 6 US audit found couldn’t account for 190,000 rifles and pistols it gave to the ISF

Aug 7 Report Basra split between political parties and their militias Fadhila controlled governorship
provincial council Oil Police oil infrastructure and export terminals Sadrists controlled local police Facilities Protection Services Basra Port Authority Sadrists and Iraqi Hezbollah split customs police ISCI controlled intelligence service and police commandos Police said 3-10 political killings and kidnappings a day

Aug 8 2 studies found Saudis accounted for largest percentage of suicide bombers in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)
Aug 8 US said that militias becoming larger threat to US forces in Iraq 99 EFP attacks upon US forces
in July 07 73% of US casualties in Baghdad in July due to militias Militias received EFPs from Iran
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Aug 9 Ayatollah Sistani aide assassinated in Najaf Was 4th such killing in province since July

Aug 11 Police chief and ISCI governor of Qadisiya killed by an EFP laid by Mahdi Army Sadr vs Hakim
rivalry
Aug 11 Sahwa leader in Adhamiya wounded in IED attack by ISI 1st Sahwa leader in Baghdad targeted

Aug 14 4 suicide truck bombs hit Kahtaniya and Jazeera in Sinjar district killed 796 Yazidis and wounded
almost 1,500 Was deadliest bombing in Iraq since 2003
Aug 14 100 soldiers kidnapped Oil Ministry officials from govt compound in Baghdad including Dep Oil
Minister

Aug 15 Gen Petraeus given intel briefing Said Maliki govt taking part in civil war to solidify power and
refusing to reconcile Challenged Surge assumption that better security would lead to political compromise Said US should be more neutral towards PM Maliki and attempt to mediate between govt and Sunnis

Aug 16 With 17 ministers boycotting PM Maliki’s cabinet new ruling coalition announced of Dawa, ISCI,
            KDP, PUK US helped put coalition together
Aug 16 Report Mahdi Army took over intimidated infiltrated army units in West Baghdad Jan 07 Defense
Min allowed Sadrists to create army unit in Kadhimiya Mahdi Army bribed and intimidated army units to allow it to attack Sunni neighborhoods Army gave vehicles for Mahdi Army to use Army units in Hurriya and Ghaziliya either controlled or working with Mahdi Army to force out Sunnis US organized Sahwa unit in Ghazilyia that was supposed to monitor army there Control of army in Hurriya also allowed Mahdi Army to attack U.S. units there Mahdi Army expanding into Washash Iskan Fadil with help of army
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Aug 19 US general accused Iran of training Shiite militias in Iraq to attack US forces Said 50 Iranian
Revolutionary Guard members in South Baghdad Last 3 months found 217 weapons in 4 provinces suspected of coming from Iran Said most going to Mahdi Army
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

Aug 20 ISCI governor of Muthanna assassinated by Sadrists Sadr-Hakim rivalry
Aug 20 Report Mahdi Army fighters said they’d gone to Lebanon to train with Hezbollah Sadr said there
was a formal alliance between the two groups
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)
Aug 20 Protest in Bagdhad’s Ghazilyia against Sahwa there Ghazailya Guardians Said they were former
insurgents

Aug 21 ISI killed Sheikh Alayawia of Abu Jassim tribe of Ramadi for supporting govt
Aug 21 ISI blew up new police station in Jazeera, Anbar
Aug 21 Report 3 attempts to replace PM Maliki including from ISCI within his own Dawa and from
Allawi U.S. trying to prop up his govt

Aug 22 1920 Revolution Brigade leader killed by ISI in Baquba His mosque was destroyed and 15 people
kidnapped as well

Aug 24 National Intelligence Estimate on Iraq said security improving unevenly No
            reconciliation
Aug 24 Report Pentagon plan to restart state owned enterprises by getting US businesses to buy Iraqi
products failed
Aug 24 Iraqi Red Crescent and International Organization for Migration reported that number of
displaced grew during Surge from 499,000 in Feb 07 to 1.1 mil in Aug 07 100,000 fleeing per month

Aug 26 PM Maliki Pres Talabani and VPs announced deal on provincial powers law and deBaathifcation
Would also streamline decision making
Aug 26 Report insurgents were extorting money from companies that got contracts to work with Anbar
            Awakening

Aug 27 After meeting of PM Maliki Pres Talabani VP Hashemi VP Mahdi KRG Pres Barzani deal
announced to reform deBaathification law and release prisoners Wouldn’t pass until 2008 because of opposition
Aug 27 Badr run police got into argument with Sadrists outside Karbala shrine That night police arrested
20 Sadrists at Sadr run mosque in city

Aug 28 After confrontation and arrests between Badr run police and Sadrists day before Mahdi Army
attacked police in Karbala 50 killed 200 wounded Fighting spread to 5 Baghdad neighborhoods and Diwaniya
Aug 28 PM Maliki headed forces to arrest Sadrists in Karbala after fire fight with Badr Brigade
Aug 28 Bush said if US withdrew from Iraq Iranian backed militias wound run country

Aug 29 Sadr announced freeze of Mahdi Army after fighting with Badr in Karbala Sadrists said some
Mahdi Army following Iran and freeze would allow purge
 (Musings On Iraq article on Sadr freezing Mahdi Army)
Aug 29 Petraeus wrote about Anbar Awakening and Sahwa and how they improved
            security in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mansoor on the Surge)

Aug 30 Report draft review of Maliki govt by US embassy said corruption and abuses the norm and govt
not trying to stop them Said Interior and Defense Mins the worst Interior Min kidnapped and executed people Took bribes Acted like a mafia Oct 06 Interior Min officials killed brother of VP Hashemi Integrity Comm afraid to investigate Interior because afraid would be assassinated US advisors at Defense have protected officials from investigations $850 mil missing from Defense budget and no effort to investigate Sadrists stealing from Trade Min and blocking investigations Different parties stealing from Transportation Min One party stole vehicles another party stole grain being shipped by ministry Oil Min couldn’t keep track of oil production or stop gangs militias insurgents from smuggling oil Integrity Comm officials needed armed guards to enter some ministries PM Maliki against investigations Cut funding and interfered in cases involving Shiites Maliki tried to gain control of inspector generals in ministries and filled staffs with Dawa Maliki brought back old law that said corruption cases couldn’t proceed without permission of ministries Maliki forbid any investigation of top officials without his permission Maliki ordered hacking of Integrity Comm website Integrity Comm staff under siege Head of commission lived in hiding US Embasy not helping fight vs corruption
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
Aug 30 Draft US GAO report on Surge leaked Said Iraq only passed 3 of 18 benchmarks Passed protecting
minority parties autonomous region agreed to spend $10 bil on reconstruction even though hadn’t spent much US agencies differed on whether sectarian violence down Attacks against Iraqis changed little PM Maliki govt not passed any major laws ISF not ready and infiltrated by militias Politicians interfered in military operations

Aug 31 Report US commission said that Iraqi police should be completely scrapped and started over
Said police sectarian supported militias sometimes attacked US forces Pentagon rejected proposal said its training program was fixing problems 9 police brigade and 17 battalion commanders had been relieved
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how US failed to develop the Iraqi police)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

Sep 1 UK Gen Jackson head of British army during 03 invasion said US postwar plans “intellectually
bankrupt” Said Rumsfeld responsible

Sep 2 Bush admin official said US now working around PM Maliki because he was unwilling to reconcile
Said US pushing for elections Maliki opposed US focusing on local reconciliation
Sep 2 Report Head of Natl Reconciliation Comm Safa said afraid US creating Sunni militias with sahwa
that would fight govt UK Gen working on reconciliation said insurgents reluctant to join sahwa because afraid Maliki govt would turn on them
Sep 2 UK Gen Cross said he raised concerns about postwar planning with Sec Def Rumsfeld who
dismissed warnings Told Rumsfeld reconstruction should be internationalized and said more troops needed Said US war plan fatally flawed
(Musings On Iraq book review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

Sep 3 Baghdad took control of Basra Palace as British troops withdrew from central Basra
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
Sep 3 Bush made surprise visit to Anbar to meet with Sheikh Abu Risha of Awakening
Sep 3 PM Maliki said new deBaathification law would be sent to parliament Law wasn’t passed until 2008

Sep 4 Report US shifting from national to local reconciliation because PM Maliki govt not making
changes US started directly paying Awakening because Baghdad refused to do so Trying sahwa amongst Shiite tribes to counter militias Still hoped govt would eventually start reconciliation
Sep 4 Report number of divisions operating independently dropped from 10 to 6 Congressional report
found couldn’t determine capabilities of ISF Interior and Defense Ministries don’t know how many personnel they have Don’t know how many employees show up each day Pentagon claimed 65% of ISF show up each day Analysts believe it’s around 50% ISF paid in cash and get days off to go home and deliver money
Sep 4 US signed up more than 1,000 into Sahwa in Abu Ghraib Attacks in district dropped 2/3 as a result
Local Iraqi army battalion tried to arrest members of Sahwa in April and US had to intervene US tried to enroll 2400 sahwa into Interior Min Ministry accepted 1,700 but changed the names of 23% of them
Sep 4 After draft of book released that said Bush didn’t know the Iraqi army was going to be disbanded
Bremer released letter from May 03 he sent to Bush saying the military was going to be disbanded
(Musings On Iraq book review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

Sep 5 US GAO report US military not consistent in reporting Iraqi deaths Used different methodologies
resulting in different numbers Each US news agency also gave its own death counts all of which were different
Sep 5 Report Attacks in Anbar dropped from around 2,000 in March to 450 in August ISF grown from
24,000 to 40,000 in province US changed reconstruction policy to only paying for projects that both Awakening sheikhs and provincial govt agree upon to connect Awakening with local govt
Sep 5 Report US providing services to Sunni areas because Maliki govt was not US officers said Maliki
govt made decisions on sectarian basis Gave water to Shiite areas in south Baghdad and not Sunni ones US officials worried Iraqis becoming dependent upon US aid
Sep 5 Reports White House shifting terms of Surge success Maliki govt was not reconciling so US
emphasizing local progress like Anbar Awakening
Sep 5 Report Sunni cleansing of Baghdad continuing despite drop in violence ISF and Mahdi Army
working to expel Sunnis from Sadiya Displacement increased during Surge
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Sep 6 Integrity Commission head Judge Radhi resigned after 2 rocket attacks upon his house Said PM
Maliki had tried to stop his work
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
Sep 6 Ramadi mayor hosted race through city center Sign of improved security
Sep 6 Dep Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction told House committee provincial reconstruction teams
failing Expanded from 10 to 25 during Surge Only 29 of 610 workers Arab experts/speakers Problems coordinating between PRTs and US military PRTs not getting orders from leadership Poor coordination with Iraqi govt
Sep 6 Bremer wrote NYTimes OpEd Said most major decisions by CPA made in Washington and he got
blamed Disbanding Iraqi army came from DC DeBaathification came from Pentagon

Sep 7 Gen Petraeus wrote letter to his commanders saying he was disappointed in lack of reconciliation
by Maliki govt Hoped Surge would lead to changes during summer but didn’t happen
Sep 7 Report Mahdi Army trying to purge Sunnis from Jihad Baya Amil Sadiya neighborhoods of
Baghdad Did not find drop in violence in Baghdad as US and Iraq claimed Interior Min official said PM Maliki govt releasing lower death counts to show progress
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Sep 7 Report US CENTCOM cmdr Adm Fallon opposed Surge Fallon sent admiral to Baghdad during
summer to collect info on Surge which led to his plans for ending Surge and withdrawing US troops

Sep 8 Iraqi National Dialogue Front ended boycott of parliament Had 11 MPs Said PM Maliki agreed to
work on oil law security and give money to displaced Sadrists and Iraqi Accordance Front also recently ended boycott of govt
Sep 8 PM Maliki govt reported violence cut in half by Surge Deaths went from around 4000 civilians
killed in Dec 06 to around 2000 in Aug 07

Sep 10 Gen Petraeus and Amb Crocker began 2 days of testimony to Congress on progress under Surge
Petareus said violence down and achieving military goals Crocker said political change slow and Iraq may never meet 18 benchmarks set by Congress
Sep 10 Gen Petraeus said sectarian violence went from 2200 deaths in Dec 06 to 1000 in Aug 07 Iraqi
ministries reported deaths went from 2,075 in Dec 06 to 1773 in Aug only 15% decrease raising questions about what US was and wasn’t counting
Sep 10 Report Mahdi Army didn’t sign ceasefire in Basra after British withdrawal Claimed it drove British
out and Basra city now theirs Mahdi Army in Baghdad seen with US rifles Raised questions ISF gave militia weapons
Sep 10 Report by former State Dept official from Baghdad embassy US only counting sectarian violence
missing 35-65% of attacks
Sep 10 Report Iraqi police helped Mahdi Army in Baghdad’s Amil Sunnis only holding on to sliver of
neighborhood Constant fighting in Sunni area Shiite area has businesses open US trying to protect Sunni enclave US official said decline in deaths in Baghdad due to Mahdi Army winning civil war and forcing Sunnis out Fewer areas now contested meant fewer deaths
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Sep 13 ISI assassinated Sheikh Abu Risha leader in Awakening in bombing in Ramadi Was start of ISI
campaign to eliminate Awakening leaders
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Sep 13 Bush gave televised speech saying Surge was making progress in Iraq Jan 07 Bush said US would
hold Maliki govt accountable to 18 benchmarks Sep said govt wasn’t meeting benchmarks
Sep 13 Talks over Feb 07 oil bill collapsed Kurds wanted regional control which Oil Ministry opposed
Sunnis withdrew from talks after Sunnis signed new oil deal 

Sep 14 White House report on benchmarks said Iraq making progress on areas not included in
benchmarks Said violence down Sunnis turning on ISI PM Maliki accepting Awakening and Sawha ISF continued to develop Said satisfactory on 12 of 18 benchmarks
Sep 14 Defense Secretary Gates said US could get down to 100,000 troops by end of 08
            Petraeus complained too fast
Sep 14 ISI statement bragged about killing Awakening leader Abu Risha Said it was creating special
committee to hunt down and kill other sheikhs

Sep 15 GAO said Iraq met 3 partially met 4 not met 11 of 18 total benchmarks set by
            Congress for progress during Surge
Sep 15 Sadrists withdrew from United Iraqi Alliance Claimed shut out of decision making and Maliki
govt didn’t investigate Mahdi Army-Badr clash in Karbala in Aug 07
Sep 15 ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi announced Ramadan offensive named after Zarqawi

Sep 16 Blackwater guards fired at car in west Baghdad killing 17 civilians and wounding 20
Sep 16 Report US tried to expand sahwa to southern Shiite tribes to counter militias

Sep 17 Report Mahdi Army had 17,000 men in Basra Controlled hospitals police schools ports oil terminal
electricity Received food from Iran that it sold for a profit SIIC and Badr controlled customs police intelligence border crossings to Iran and Kuwait that it kept duties from Fadhila party controlled governorship force protection police PM Maliki appointed new Basra commander and division commander in bid for power Competition between parties increased with UK withdrawal

Sep 18 Report Shiite religious parties in Basra city banned public parties selling music CDs in stores and
alcohol Criticized artists Put up signs telling women to cover themselves

Sep 19 report Red Crescent and Intl Org for Migration report displacement increased during Surge Over 1
mil have fled Baghdad Sunnis moved west and south Iraq Shiites to the south Christians moved to Kurdistan Syria and Jordan have started kicking out Iraqi refugees
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Sep 19 Iraqi Lawyers Association sent letter to parliament Said govt held prisoners incommunicado Said
some held for up to 3 yrs with no info released about them Many tortured

Sep 20 US arrested member of Iranian trade delegation to Sulaymaniya claiming he was member of
Iranian Rev Guard smuggling weapons and training militias Kurds objected
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Sep 20 2 Ayatollah Sistani aides assassinated in Basra and Diwaniya 4 other aides killed in Najaf from
June to August Other followers threatened and went into hiding

Sep 21 Mahdi Army commander assassinated in Baghdad’s Washash neighborhood Militia retaliated
killing 5-20 Sunnis and driving 30 Sunni families out Violence continued into next day
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Sep 23 ISI accused Hamas of Iraq and 1920 Revolution Brigades of killing its members
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

Sep 25 ISI bombed meeting of police sheikhs and leaders of Hamas of Iraq and 1920
            Revolution Brigades in Baquba
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Sep 25 PM Maliki told Council on Foreign Relations he had stopped sectarian war in Iraq Said
reconciliation needed time Wanted long term US military presence Said Iraq and Syria no longer interfering in Iraq and all Iranian support for militias had ended Said Anbar Awakening were sons of Iraq
Sep 25 2nd class of Sahwa in Abu Ghraib graduated from police training Now 1,550 new police 1
policeman complained Shiite Muthanna Brigade in district were blocking sahwa from operating there
Sep 25 US and ISF arrested 59 soldiers at Defense Ministry’s military academy in Baghdad for carrying
out bombings kidnappings murders Dean led gang at academy Killed academy’s director in 2005 New director was kidnapped by group Received EFPs from Iran

Sep 26 Transparency International report found Iraq 3rd most corrupt country in world Same as in 2006
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with anti-graft US official Vincent Foulk)

Sep 27 Report Sep 07 US arrested commander of Baha Araji battalion created by Sadrist and run out of
Defense Ministry for expelling Sunnis from Baghdad Soldiers were mostly Mahdi Army Battalion was disbanded in May 07 Soldiers-militiamen sent to other units Commanders from one of army’s top battalions arrested for working with Mahdi Army in Baghdad for killing and kidnapping civilians

Sep 29 PM Maliki repeated claim that he got promise from Tehran to stop Iranians arms shipments to Iraq
            Never happened
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Sep 30 Report Sahwa expanding 30,000 tribesmen organized by US so far including 8,000 in Mansour and
Abu Ghraib in Baghdad 3,500 in Diyala

Oct 2 National Security Adviser Rubaie told Secretary of State Rice US had to tell Sunni
politicians they couldn’t play politics and violence at same time Said Maliki would take care of Sadr and Mahdi Army
Oct 2 United Alliance told US to stop sahwa program Claimed some were terrorists killing and kidnapping
people
Oct 2 Hamas in Iraq accused ISI of beheading civilians for violating its fatwas Condemned ISI’s chlorine
attack upon Amiriya Fallujah
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Oct 4 Fmr Integrity Comm head Judge Radhi testified to House Comm Said corruption had cost Iraq $18
bil over last 3 yrs $500 mil stolen from Oil Min by insurgents and militias and used to fund violence Couldn’t investigate Oil Min because of threats of violence Ministers could stop any investigations Said PM Maliki blocked investigations into top officials by demanding all cases be okayed by him first 31 members of Comm and 12 of Judge’s family members had been killed for their work
Oct 4 Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen testified to House Comm Said US wasn’t doing much
to help fight or investigation corruption in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
Oct 4 State Dept official told House Comm State had issued orders that none of its officials could publicly
            criticize Maliki govt out of fear it would harm US-Iraq relations
Oct 4 National Security Adviser Rubaie told Pentagon officials Maliki opposed to Sahwa
            plan and wanted to control them
Oct 4 Report Def Sec Gates Joint Chiefs head Adm Mullen Dep Def Sec England Under Sec Of Intel Gen
Clapper all thought Iraq drain on US military and distracting from Afghanistan Adm Mullen said Iraq war might not improve Middle East
Oct 4 Report Izzat al-Duri announced Unification Congress of 22 insurgents groups leading to Supreme
Command for Jihad and Liberation Duri named its leader Said insurgents needed to be recognized as legitimate voice of Iraq Called for US withdrawal All soldiers to be returned to duty Duri’s Naqshibandi only major group listed in membership

Oct 5 Natl Sec Adv Rubaie said that Iran increased arms shipments to militias and infiltrations into Iraq
Said number of arms found by US was only tip of iceberg Said sending more advanced weapons Policy ordered by Ayatollah Khamanei Said Iranian influence pervasive throughout Iraq Came week after PM Maliki claimed Iran stopped all support for militias
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Oct 5 Report ISI carrying out assassination campaign vs Anbar Awakening leaders
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar Awakening)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Oct 6 Sadr and Hakim announced truce after months of fighting between Mahdi Army and Badr topped
off by Aug battle in Karbala that left 250 casualties

Oct 7 Gen Petraeus said Iran causing violence in Iraq by arming militias Said Iranian ambassador to Iraq
member of Iranian Revolutionary Guard
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Oct 10 Police and Mahdi militiamen fired rockets at Camp Victory in Baghdad killing 2 US soldiers

Oct 11 6 insurgent groups formed Political Council for the Iraqi Resistance Was accused of being secular
by Islamists

Oct 15 State Dept official told reporters corruption in Iraq was systemic and hindering govt Claimed PM
            Maliki was dealing with it
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

Oct 16 Report US stopped UK withdrawal from Basra for 5 months During time 25 UK soldiers killed and
58 wounded US said Iran would move into city if UK pulled out too soon British said Iraqi nationalism would hold Iran in check PM Maliki sent general to Basra to tell UK it should leave to reduce tensions
Oct 16 Report Dec 06 US Embassy memo said every Iraqi ministry plagued by corruption Singled out
Interior Min as one of the worst Health Min run by Sadrists who extorted doctors and private clinics and stole drugs
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)
Oct 16 Report US organized 34 Sahwa units in central Iraq 25 were Sunni 9 Shiite

Oct 20 US Special Forces raid into Sadr City hunting Special Groups led to huge firefight

Oct 21 Maliki complained to US about Oct 20 US raid into Sadr City and wanted investigation into
US abuses in Iraq

Oct 22 bin Laden message to Iraq said insurgency was winning Had to overcome differences and not work
with US Said insurgency would undo the division of the Ottoman empire and a new Islamic age was coming
Oct 22 Report Sadiya Baghdad used to be majority Sunni Now 60% Shiite Mahdi Army worked with Inter
Min Wolf Brigade to cleanse neighborhood of Sunnis Sunnis turned to ISI US then organized Sadiya Guardians in Sep 07 Mahdi Army shelled Guardians Was protest by Shiite against Guardians claiming they were killers Sunnis held counter demonstration PM Maliki said he wanted Shiites to join Guardians but they objected
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Oct 22 Report US campaign plan now had militias bigger threat to Iraq than insurgency Couldn’t defeat
militias so hoped that reconciliation would happen Dropped legislative benchmarks as sign of progress

Oct 23 State Dept official said Iranian Revolutionary Guard working in Iraq under orders of Tehran’s
leadership
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Oct 23 Report State Dept couldn't account for $1.2 bil contract with DynCorp to train Iraqi police $4 mil
that was supposed to build a police facility spent on an olympic size pool and VIP trailers $4 mil spent on X-Ray machine never used Part of State Dept’s bad contracting in Iraq
Oct 23 Mahdi Army fought Iraqi police in Basra City despite Sadr’s freeze upon his militia

Oct 24 Fighting broke out between Mahdi Army and Badr in Karbala despite Sadr’s freeze on his militia
and peace deal between Sadr and Hakim signed Oct 6 City was shut off to try to keep militias out Each accused the other of being an Iranian tool

Oct 26 Islamic Army fought ISI outside Samarra Salahddin
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)
Oct 26 Report US and ISF targeting insurgent finance networks in Mosul Found kickbacks overbilling
illegal sales real estate deals black market gas and propane sales earned $40-$60 mil for insurgents over last few years

Oct 27 Gen Petraeus said ISI no longer had any strongholds in central Baghdad Said ops in Baghdad Belt
responsible Said harder to root out militias
Oct 27 Report Winter 06 Sadiya Baghdad was being cleansed of Sunnis by Mahdi Army and Interior Min’s
Wolf Brigade Half population fled US troops arrived during Surge Were attacked by police US hired Sunnis into police PM Maliki govt objected
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)
Oct 27 US commander northern Iraq Gen Mixon complained PM Maliki agreed to hire 6,000 Diyala Sahwa
into police in April 07 but never happened

Oct 28 Report Interior Min refused to train senior officers at Habaniya Police Center aimed at incorporating
Anbar Awakening into ISF US pushed govt to hire 6,000 Diyala Sahwa into ISF but Interior Min refused Interior Min did hire 548 that were mostly Shiites Interior Min sent 663 Shiite police to Tal Afar Ninewa police chief said that disrupted effort to have more balanced provincial police force Anbar proposed 9,000 Awakening be hired into police Interior Min okayed 5,000

Nov 1 Report Baghdad’s Rasheed used to be majority Sunni Now 70% Shiite Hurriya home to many Shiites
driven out of Adil by insurgents Sunnis expelled from Hurriya Sunni cleansing of Ghazaliya largely ended due to US presence
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Nov 2 Head of Anbar council said Baghdad not providing enough support to province for police and services
and some of that was intentional due to ruling parties

Nov 3 Judge said enough evidence to put ex-Deputy Health Min Zamili and ex-Health Min Facilities
Protection (FPS) chief General Shammari on trial for kidnappings and sectarian killings Were awaiting okay from Health Minister to move forward Zamili and Shammari organized 150 man unit within FPS to move weapons in ambulances and carry out killings and kidnappings from 05-07 Sunni patients and relatives at 3 Baghdad hospitals were killed Relatives that went to morgues were killed Mahdi Army tried to force Sunni doctors to quit Told doctors at 1 Baghdad hospital to not treat any Sunni patients Diverted money from Health Min to Sadrists Officials that opposed Sadrists were killed and threatened

Nov 4 Court issued arrest warrants for Sadrist leaders in Karbala blaming them for clash with Badr
controlled police in city in Aug 07 Sadrists blamed SIIC saying they controlled the provincial govt
Nov 4 Report 3100 families returned to Baghdad in 3 months due to decreasing violence Some were
displaced, some came from Syria Numbers were being inflated by govt
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)
Nov 4 60 Minutes found identity of CURVEBALL who claimed pre-03 that Iraq had mobile WMD labs
Was Rafid Ahmed Alwan who sought asylum in Germany in 1998
(Musings On Iraq article on how CURVEBALL influenced US intel on Iraq’s WMD)
(Musings On Iraq articles on the CURVEBALL story)
(Musings On Iraq article on mobile labs story)

Nov 5 Sadrists accused PM Maliki Dawa and ISCI of going after its followers in Karbala and Diwaniya
using militias Had been clashes between Mahdi Army and Badr in Oct
Nov 5 Report British Army report from 06 said Iraq invasion and occupation badly planned Didn’t think of
options or implications Said lack of postwar plans meant Iraq fell into chaos 3 months after invasion

Nov 6 US said it would release 9 Iranian Rev guard members it captured in Iraq Said number of Iranian
weapons flowing to Iraq were down due to US raids
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
Nov 6 100,000 more Iraqis became displaced 16% increase according to Iraq Red Crescent Displacement
            up since Surge Dep head of Red Crescent said PM Maliki had not given aid to displaced as promised

Nov 7 ISCI controlled police arrested Sadrists in Diwaniya Sadrist dep governor of Karbala fled after
clashes between ISCI police and Mahdi Army despite Sadr freeze on militia PM Maliki appointed police chief in Karbala survived assassination attempt in Basra
Nov 7 US cmdr in Baghdad said reduction in violence in capital sustainable Said ISI no longer had foothold
in city IEDs down 70% Death squad killings down 80%

Nov 8 Basra education director from ISCI escaped IED as Shiite factions vied for control of province
Nov 8 ISCI controlled Karbala police chief accused Mahdi Army of 668 murders from 2004-07 including 62
police along with dozens of robberies and kidnappings Part of on going struggle between ISCI and Sadrists for control of south

Nov 9 Islamic Army accused ISI of killing for of its leaders led to 2 days of fighting between two groups in
Samarra
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Nov 10 Lions of Adhamiya Sahwa group announced in Baghdad
Nov 10 2nd day of fighting between Islamic Army and ISI in Samarra after ISI blamed for killing 4 Islamic
Army leaders
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)
(Musings On Iraq book review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

Nov 11 PM Maliki speech Said security improvement was remarkable and would allow Iraq to move past
sectarian war Talked about amnesty for those that supported insurgents but didn’t commit crimes
Nov 11 PM Maliki put a freeze on hiring sahwa into govt fearing insurgent infiltration
Nov 11 PM Maliki announced 18,000 militiamen including Badr members were to be integrated into the
            ISF
Nov 11 Head of police intel in Karbala from Sadrists arrested Accused of planning to kill Karbala police
chief who was from ISCI Part of on going feud between two parties in south
Nov 11 US Gen for south Iraq said ISI losing ground due to Sahwa Iranians weapons still a problem
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Nov 11 Report US contracted with Iraqi business man in 2004 to provide arms for police Sold weapons on
the side US didn’t follow procedures on contract Police sold their own weapons US then contracted with American company that also sold weapons on the side

Nov 12 Interior Min claimed ISI War Min Masri killed Wasn’t true Said 75% of insurgent leaders dead
Admitted to using torture to get confessions
Nov 12 Report US organized Sahwa of former insurgents in Babil’s Jurf al-Sakhr Based upon Janabi tribe
many of which were in Islamic Army Made deal with Mahdi Army in nearby Musayib to halt attacks
Nov 12 Sahwa in Baghdad’s Adhamiya claimed ISI driven out of district

Nov 13 Karbala fired 340 police linked to Mahdi Army Part of conflict between ISCI and Sadrists for
control of south
Nov 13 Report Still sectarian fighting in Baghdad’s Sadiya and Salam Amil Baya Jihad Shurta Rabia
ceasefires made between Sunnis and Shiites Bodies found civilians killed car bombings all down since start of 07 Life returning to central Bagdhad Shops re-opening
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

Nov 14 Sunni Endowment closed offices of Muslim Scholars Association in Baghdad claiming they stood
with ISI

Nov 15 Maliki said referendum on Kirkuk’s future would be held on this date Didn’t happen
Nov 15 Report 42 women killed in Basra Jul-Sep 07 Provincial police chief said women facing repression
Islamist parties and militias going after women that didn’t cover themselves those who were working etc
Nov 15 US general said number of bombs used/found in Iraq went from 3,239 in Mar 07 to 1,560 in Oct 07
Was fewest number since Sep 05 Also fewer Iranian arms shipments being found/used
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Nov 17 US and ISF started Op Lion’s Leap targeting Mahdi Army in Diwaniya

Nov 19 US-Iraqi raids on Sadrists in Diwaniya and Najaf Dozens of Mahdi Army members arrested 70
police in Diwaniya dismissed for connections to militia Was part of Op Lion’s Leap vs Mahdi Army Came after fighting between Mahdi Army and Badr
Nov 19 Report Maliki govt denying services to Baghdad’s Ghaziliya Neighborhood split between Sahwa
Ghaziliya guardians and police connected to sectarian killings

Nov 20 Captured ISI financier from Mosul said he had $6 mil budget and 500 men in his unit Got money
from extortion kidnapping and from Syria Said ISI had connections to most businesses in Mosul
Nov 20 Report 46,000 refugees returned to Iraq in Oct 07 Displaced Min said 10,000 going back to Baghdad
U.S. commander in Baghdad said displacement in city mostly ended Nov 07 UN said not yet time for Iraqis to return Stil 2.3 mil displaced Govt was inflating return numbers
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

Nov 21 Gen Petraeus said nuber of foreign fighters coming to Iraq down by about 1/3 in part
due to greater interdiction by Syria

Nov 22 Report captured ISI docs from Sinjar showed 80-110 foreign fighters entered Iraq each month first
half of 2007 41% were Saudis followed Libyans at 18%
(Musings On Iraq article on Saudi role in insurgency)

Nov 23 Iran backed Special Groups believed to have been behind bombing of Baghdad
            market to stoke sectarian tensions

Nov 24 Oil Min Shahristani said oil deals singed by Kurdistan were illegal and companies would be
blacklisted Said made dels with neighboring countries not to export oil from Kurdistan Aug 07 Kurdistan passed its own oil law and singed 15 deals with 20 companies
Nov 24 Report more Iraqis returning to Iraq then leaving Oct 07 43,799 Iraqis returned from Syria Was 5
times higher than Iraqis leaving Syria Jordan Lebanon Egypt put new restrictions on Iraqi refugees Govt said it would start bus convoys to bring Iraqi refugees back from Syria 60,000 displaced returned to Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)
Nov 24 Sadrists held march in Sadr City against U.S. for crackdown on Mahdi Army in Karbala and
Qadisiya

Nov 25 Natl Sec Adv Rubaie suggested banning sahwa south of Baghdad except in Hillah over fears of
US recruiting Shiites
Nov 25 DeBaathification bill introduced in parliament Sadrists objected Bill withdrawn to be amended Bill
was agreed upon in Aug by major parties
Nov 25 Report Surge was supposed to improve security and lead to political reform and reconciliation
Didn’t happen so Bush admin dropped benchmarks to show progress Hoping Iraq would spend budget and hold provincial elections as signs of progress

Nov 26 US and Iraq signed declaration of principles to start negotiation for Status of Forces Agreement to
maintain US troops and ties to Iraq
Nov 26 US general in charge of southern Baghdad said Iraq wanted to start paying Sahwa Govt spokesman
Dabbagh said he didn’t know of any such plan
Nov 26 Maliki told Bush he was afraid insurgents were infiltrating the sahwa
Nov 26 Report govt was inflating return numbers Counted every Iraqi crossing border from Syria as return
whether refugee or not Nov Iraqi general said 46,030 refugees had returned and 28,017 displaced in Oct 07
Nov 26 US general in charge of northern Baghdad said attacks down 75% but EFP attacks by Iranian
supported militias increased in Oct 07 2 Iranians captured in Nov
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Nov 26 Report Islamic Army faction in Mosul condemned sahwa Said would continue fighting US
Nov 26 US general in charge of training ISF said turning over all Iraqi provinces to Baghdad by end of 2007
not possible Said ISF still lacked leadership logistics and suffered from sectarianism Situation in each province would determine when handed back to Iraq

Nov 27 77,542 sahwa in total in 192 groups US said they planned on capping sahwa at 100,000 Dep Natl
Sec Adv Hussein said worried what would happen after US stopped running program Said Interior and Defense Mins couldn't hire them all

Nov 30 US Govt Accountability Office report US designating ISF units as independent and fully
independent meaningless because still completely relied upon US for logistics intel and other services
Nov 30 US military complained govt had no plan to help returning displaced/refugees No plans to settle
property disputes in Baghdad after major population changes No plans for aid shelter or services
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

Dec 1 Iraqi Red Crescent 25,000-28,000 Iraqi refugees returned from Syria since 9/15/07
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

Dec 7 Qadisiyah Gov told Marines to shut down Sahwa in province on orders of Maliki
            Sahwa were meant to counter militias
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki govt cancelling US forming Sahwa in southern Iraq)

Dec 16 Iraq took control of Basra province from British
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

Dec 17 Report Abu Omar al-Baghdadi was a fake played by actor and Masri real leader of ISI Story was
false
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

Dec 18 SecState Rice told Maliki his govt wasn't working Maliki said others in govt were
obstructionists

Dec 22 ISI leader Baghdadi described the Awakening as agents of the cross and called on followers to
kill them

Dec 29 bin Laden video said that insurgency had to rally around ISI Criticized Awakening and those
undermining the jihad

Dec 31 Deadline to hold referendum on future of disputed territories under Constitution’s
            Article 140 passed
Dec 31 Deadline for committee to revise Iraqi constitution missed Was 4th time delayed
            Never finished job
(Musings On Iraq interview with constitutional scholar Zaid al-Ali on Iraq’s constitution)

2008
Jan 2 Female suicide bomber killed Sahwa leader in Baquba
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

Jan 8 US Op Phantom Phoenix began to secure Baghdad and belts in Diyala Salahaddin
            Ninewa

Jan 12 Accountability and Justice Commission replaced deBaathification Commission
(Musings On Iraq article on Accountability and Justice Law)

Jan 17 Hawija Dist Head said Sahwa would be formed there Didn’t need Peshmerga

Jan 18 Fighting broke out between Soldiers of Heaven and Iraqi forces in Nasiriya and Basra 

Jan 22 Mahdi Army tried to kidnap PM Maliki’s national security adviser Mowafaq Rubaie in
            Baghdad

Jan 23 Iraqi Ninewa campaign began to secure Mosul
Jan 23 20,000 pound bomb went off in Mosul Killed 15 wounded 132

Jan 24 Report 200 Sahwa killed and 500 wounded Jun-Dec 2007 in upturn in attacks upon
            forces

Feb 1 Female suicide bomber hit pet market in Baghdad 45 killed 82 wounded Followed
            by another woman bomber hitting another market 27 dead 67 wounded
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Feb 2 Accountability and Justice law passed to replace deBaathification legislation
(Musings On Iraq article on passing Accountability and Justice law)
Feb 2 Bombing 2 markets in Baghdad killed 99 wounded 145
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

Feb 4 Sadr renewed Mahdi Army ceasefire after 6 months

Feb 8 Sahwa in Diyala went on strike demanding provincial police chief be replaced
            accused of running death squads and torturing prisoners

Feb 13 Parliament passed Provincial Powers Act to devolve authority to governorates
            Never really implemented

Feb 16 Maliki said Al Qaeda in Iraq had mostly been driven from Baghdad

Feb 17 2 car bombs at Awakening meeting in Anbar kill more than 20

Feb 22 Sadr renewed his freeze on Mahdi Army

Feb 23 Sadr said he failed because US still occupying Iraq and many of his followers
            had left his movement

Feb 28 Op Sun 800 Turkish troops entered Kurdistan to attack PKK

Mar 8 5000 protested in Basra against army and police commanders

Mar 9 Basra officials said security situation worsening because of flood of weapons
            from Iran and called for commanding general to resign

Mar 10 Female suicide bomber killed sheikh and Sawya leader in Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

Mar 13 Gen Petraeus complained that Iraqi leaders were not taking advantage of
            improved security in Iraq to move forward on reconciliation
Mar 13 US military said that ISI could be reduced but would not go away because it
            was so adaptable

Mar 16 Maliki said he was going to take on security in Basra and that he was going to lead
            effort personally

Mar 17 Female suicide bomber hit crowd of Shiites in Karbala 40 killed 65 wounded
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

Mar 21 Maliki told Gen Petraeus of his plans to take on Mahdi Army in Basra

Mar 22 Basra Ops Command presented security plan to U.S. and PM Maliki Premier said pre-emptive had
to be taken immediately and didn’t want to wait for plan
Mar 22 Maliki told Gen Petraeus of his plans to attack Mahdi Army in Basra for 2nd time

Mar 23 PM Maliki flew to Basra and personally began planning Charge of Knights op
Mar 23 Mahdi Army in Sadr City started firing rockets into Green Zone

Mar 24 PM Maliki launched Charge of Knights against Mahdi Army in Basra He arrived in
            Basra to oversee operation

Mar 25 U.S. Seal team arrived in Basra to liaison with Iraqi forces during Charge of
            Knights op against Mahdi Army
Mar 25 Curfew and vehicle ban imposed on Basra as part of Charge of Knights
Mar 25 Mahdi Army seized 5 of 18 districts in Kut in fight against govt forces
Mar 25 Fighting between ISF and Mahdi Army in Nasiriyah
Mar 25 Mahdi Army kidnapped policemen belonging to Badr in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)
Mar 25 Sadrists protested in Samawa, Muthanna against Charge of Knights
Mar 25 Sadr offices in Baghdad called for civil disobedience to protest Charge of Knights
            shut down 6 districts in capital
Mar 25 Mahdi Army fired rockets at Green Zone
Mar 25 Clashes between Mahdi Army and ISF in east Baghdad and between Mahdi
            Army and SIIC
Mar 25 Fighting between Mahdi Army and police in Hillah
Mar 25 Mahdi Army attacked Sistani and 2 Dawa offices in Sadr City

Mar 26 Badr Brigade got into shootout in Diwaniya likely with Mahdi Army elements
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
Mar 26 Curfews in Kut Hillah Nasiriya Samawa Diwaniya to stop Sadrist protests
Mar 26 Fighting between ISFand Sadrists continued for 2nd day in Kut Mahdi Army seized
            7 neighborhoods
Mar 26 Fighting between ISF and Mahdi Army in Hillah where Sadrists took 3 districts
Mar 26 Fighting between ISF and Mahdi Army in Karbala
Mar 26 Sadrists walked out of parliament over govt crackdown on movement
Mar 26 US and Iraqi forces began moving into Sadr City as fight against Mahdi Army
            moved from Basra to Baghdad
Mar 26 Fighting between Mahdi Army and ISF in north and east Baghdad
Mar 26 Sadrists said they would call for a no confidence vote against Maliki
Mar 26 Maliki gave gunmen 72 hours to turn in weapons in Basra
Mar 26 Fighting resumed in 5 districts of Basra after short ceasefire
Mar 26 Sadr said he would talk with Maliki if ISF left Basra

Mar 27 Presidential Council approved General Amnesty Law as part of reconciliation
            Allowed release of thousands of prisoners
(Musings On Iraq article on Amnesty Law)
Mar 27 UK reported ISF suffered bad intelligence and bad planning and had to change Charge of Knights
op Also reported Iraqi Special Forces had failed to take any of their targets and had to withdraw Mahdi Army controlled most of Basra
Mar 27 Sadrists kidnapped Baghdad Operations Command spokesman
Mar 27 Mahdi Army attacked Iraqi army units moving from Nasiriya to Basra
Mar 27 Basra police chief escaped assassination attempt
Mar 27 Mahdi Army fired rockets at Green Zone for 2nd day
Mar 27 Police in New Baghdad abandoned checkpoints 400 of 550 in 4th National Police
            Brigade deserted rather than fight Mahdi Army
Mar 27 US told that Maliki did not want US advisers in Charge of Knights just US
            firepower
Mar 27 Fighting started between ISF and Special Groups in northern and southern Dhi
Qar
Mar 27 Pipeline in Basra blown up cutting exports in 1/3

Mar 28 UK report Charge of Knights op in Basra stalemated and likely protracted fight
Mar 28 Maliki offered money to militiamen that turned in their weapons during Charge
            of Knights op against Mahdi Army
Mar 28 Government spokesman said talks going on with Sadrists
Mar 28 Maliki met with tribes in Basra that supported government
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Mar 28 U.S. and British planes bombed Mahdi Army in Basra
Mar 28 Mahdi Army fired rockets at Badr offices in Amarah, Maysan
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
Mar 28 Fighting in 13 neighborhoods in Baghdad between Mahdi Army and ISF
Mar 28 Pres Talabani met with Gen Suleimani about stopping fighting between govt
            and Mahdi Army
Mar 28 Mass grave with 52 bodies of people executed by ISI found in Diyala River Valley

Mar 29 PM Maliki said ex-Baathists and Iran undermining stability in Iraq Said Charge of Knights aimed
            at thugs and gangs
Mar 29 At meeting Gen Petraeus said that Maliki govt had set goals in Basra it couldn’t achieve National
Security Adv Rubaie told UK official Maliki had been led by his advisers into starting Charge of Knights by telling him Basra in more desperate situation than it was in
Mar 29 Fighting between ISF and Mahdi Army continued in Karbala, Hillah, Baghdad,
            Basra
Mar 29 Mahdi Army fired rockets at Green Zone again in retaliation for Charge of Knights
Mar 29 Maliki delegation met with Sadr in Iran to work out ceasefire in Basra
Mar 29 Sadr gave interview to Al Jazeera on Charge of Knights Was first public appearance since May 2007
Mar 29 Sadr said he was talking with Ayatollah Sistani to negotiate ceasefire with Maliki
Mar 29 Sadr also called for Qais Khazali and Asaib Ahl Al-Haq to rejoin his organization
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
Mar 29 Reports more than 100 police fired in Basra due to losing weapons and fleeing posts

Mar 30 UK report situation in Basra unchanged during Charge of Knights Said ISF had no coherent
            plan and morale low
Mar 30 Mahdi Army fired rockets at Green Zone again
Mar 30 Tribes in Dhi Qar and Dulaim in Wasit joined govt in crackdown against Mahdi Army
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
Mar 30 Nasiriya said to be cleared of Mahdi Army
Mar 30 SIIC held pro-govt demonstration in Karbala against Sadr

Mar 31 Sadr announced ceasefire in Basra Asked for govt pardon Said would disown those with weapons
and who targeted govt Denied Mahdi Army had heavy weapons Govt open to offer
Mar 31 Iranian Rev Guard’s Gen Suleimani met with Pres Talabani and VP Mahdi to try to
            negotiate ceasefire between Maliki and Sadr
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)
Mar 31 Maliki said would continue to go after Mahdi Army in Basra that didn’t follow
            cease-fire
Mar 31 Maliki aide said plan was to divide Mahdi Army between those that followed
            Sadr’s ceasefire and those that continued fighting
Mar 31 Mahdi Army fired rockets at Green Zone for another day
Mar 31 Interior Min announced 1000s of police would be fired for refusing to fight Mahdi
            Army
Mar 31 Report 2 army regiments refused to fight Mahdi Army in Baghdad

Apr 1 Maliki sent 1st Quick Reaction Division from Anbar to Basra to restart Charge of
            Knights offensive
Apr 1 PM Maliki said 10,000 tribesmen in Basra would be organized into a Sons of Iraq program Would
become Tribal Support Council
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Apr 1 Maliki praised Badr and Dawa militia for helping to fight Mahdi Army in Basra
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
Apr 1 Maliki promised jobs and better services after Charge of Knights in Basra

Apr 2 Retired Gen McCaffrey said ISI’s urban insurgency was defeated

Apr 3 Maliki officially extended Charge of Knights op against Mahdi Army to Sadr City
Apr 3 Sadr said he would help govt clear ISF of militias
Apr 3 UK Cabinet officials reported PM Maliki had not told UK about Charge of Knights beforehand
Excluded UK military for command center Then blamed UK for not helping ISF when it ran into problems in Basra
Apr 3 Iraqi special forces arrested head of Thar Allah party claiming it was stealing
            govt property and behind violence

Apr 4 Maliki said he would stop raids against Sadrists
Apr 4 Maliki said he didn’t negotiate ceasefire with Sadr but Iran did
Apr 4 Sadr said he would recruit 10,000 local tribesmen into security forces in Basra
            after Charge of Knights

Apr 5 Meeting of ruling parties decided to back Maliki in Charge of Knights and
criticized Sadr
Apr 5 Maliki called on all political parties to disband their militias or they might get
            banned from politics
Apr 5 Iraq’s Gen Suleimani met Pres Talabani and promised to stop arming militias Said
            Sadr was uncontrollable
Apr 5 British sent military trainers to Basra to help ISF during Charge of Knights op
            against Mahdi Army
Apr 5 Fmr Under Sec of Def Doug Feith claimed US invasion of Iraq prevented next

Apr 6 ISF began setting up checkpoints to isolate Sadr City Led to gunbattle with
            Mahdi Army
Apr 6 Maliki was organizing his own local militias in Baghdad to fight Mahdi Army
Apr 6 Sadr said he might end ceasefire because govt campaign against Mahdi Army
            had not stopped
Apr 6 Petraeus said Iran helping Mahdi Army in Basra
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Apr 6 Maliki said Mahdi Army needed to be disbanded if Sadrists wanted to run in
            2009 provincial elections
Apr 6 Gunmen burned down Sadrist office in Hillah, Babil probably from Badr
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
Apr 6 69 sheikhs signed pact to support govt, rejected violence in effort by PM Maliki to
            build up patronage amongst tribes
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Apr 7 Maliki said Sadrists could no longer participate in politics if didn’t disarm
Apr 7 Sadr said he would disarm Mahdi Army if Ayatollah Sistani and clerics
            in Iran suggested it

Apr 8 End of Maliki’s deadline for militias to disarm in Basra Had not been successful ISF planned sweeps
through Basra to confiscate weapons but had been delayed twice
Apr 8 US forces moved into southern Sadr City to build wall to prevent attacks on
            Green Zone Led to fighting with Mahdi Army
Apr 8 10% of Basra police facing AWOL charges for fleeing instead of fighting
            Mahdi Army during Charge of Knights
Apr 8 Gen Petraeus told Congress Baghdad had only accepted 21,000 Sahwa out
            of 91,000 into ISF
Apr 8 Gen Petraeus said Shiite Special Groups were largest long term threat to Iraq
Apr 8 Amb Crocker told Congress that if US withdrew from Iraq without
            accomplishing constitutional reform Iranians would come out winners

Apr 9 Fmr Under Sec of Def Feith claimed that differences between CIA and State Dept
            vs Pentagon over Chalabi screwed up postwar Iraq
Apr 9 Fmr UK Amb to US Greenstock said US had no real plans for postwar Iraq
(Musings On Iraq Book Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)
Apr 9 Head of Iraqi intelligence said Iran undermining Sahwa
Apr 9 Iraqi general complained Iran interfering in Basra by supporting Mahdi Army
            during Charge of Knights op
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Apr 9 Sunni MPs called on peshmerga to be disbanded after Maliki said all militias
            in Iraq should disarm
Apr 9 Sadr claimed he consulted with clerics who said he didn’t have to disarm Mahdi
            Army
Apr 9 Ayatollah Sistani said he supported govt’s demand to disarm Mahdi Army

Apr 10 Bush said US would only leave Iraq when it became a democracy
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
Apr 10 Interior Min said it would start confiscating weapons in Basra as amnesty
            period ended
Apr 10 Sadr said he would disarm Mahdi Army if all the others militias disarmed

Apr 11 Sadr aide in Najaf killed Sadr blamed US and Maliki Might have been done by a
Sadr faction Aide was heading Sadrist negotiations with Baghdad to end conflict
(Musings On Iraq article on assassinations of Sadr officials)
Apr 11 US helicopters attacked Mahdi Army in Basra and Sadr City
Apr 11 US forces raided Sadr offices in Kut
Apr 11 ISF moving on other Shiite neighborhoods in Baghdad besides Sadr City in
            fight against Mahdi Army
Apr 11 Gen Petraeus said Sadr had a legitimate political movement that govt needed
            to deal with
Apr 11 Amb Crocker told Congress Iran was trying Lebanonize Iraq by backing militias
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Apr 12 Maliki said 30,000 Peshmerga would be organized into 2 Army Divisions
Apr 12 2nd phase of Charge of Knights began with sweeps through 2 neighborhoods of Basra to confiscate
            weapons

Apr 13 Iraq signed $833 mil arms deal with Serbia with no competitive bidding didn’t
            follow anti-corruption rules and Maliki stopped audit
Apr 13 1300 police and soldiers fired for not fighting Mahdi Army in Kut and Basra
Apr 13 Maliki ordered crack down on gas stations and oil distribution centers
controlled by Sadrists
Apr 13 Cabinet approved bill that would ban political parties that had militias from
            taking part in provincial elections
Apr 13 US National Security Adviser Hadley said Iraq had agreed to pressure Iran to stop
            arming militias
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Apr 14 Sadr returned to Iraq from Iran Fled to Qom during Surge fearing US would
            target him
Apr 14 Awakening Council in Baghdad and Abu Ghraib formed political party to run in
            09 provincial elections
Apr 14 Kurd delegation met with Maliki over peshmerga budget oil law and Kirkuk
Apr 14 UK military report on Charge of Knights ISF underperformed vs Mahdi Army Relied heavily upon
US for communications rations and air strikes Said ISF had little planning nor targeting of Mahdi Army until US teams arrived Basra police chief said hundreds of police deserted 1st 24 hrs of op and others joined Mahdi Army National Police sent from Baghdad did much better Were mostly Basra and wanted to fight Mahdi Army Iraqi army lost tactical engagements with Mahdi Army Iraqi Special Forces ineffective until US trainers arrived

Apr 15 US began building wall around Sadr City to cordon off areas controlled by
            Mahdi Army
Apr 15 Breakaway Mahdi Army faction said it would not disarm in Basra
Apr 15 Report by refugee group said govt was not taking care of displaced and militias
            filling vacuum
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

Apr 16 Accordance Front announced that it would end its boycott of cabinet
Apr 16 Integrity Committee said it was investigating corruption in arms deal with
            Serbia
Apr 16 Around 50 Iraqi soldiers abandoned their units during fighting against Mahdi
            Army in Sadr City
Apr 16 Maliki said $100 mil would be spent to rebuild Basra after Charge of Knights offensive Money was
mostly stolen by Dawa members or given out in patronage networks to win Maliki support
Apr 16 Dep Foreign Min said Baghdad was worried about Iran’s support of Mahdi
            Amy and other militias
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Apr 16 Maliki made major concessions to Kurds agreeing to change oil law and allow
            Kurds independent oil deals Never happened
Apr 16 Gen Petraeus told Congress that Charge of Knights was not well planned
            op by Iraqis

Apr 17 Govt said it would recruit local Shiites from Sadr City and Shula into security
            forces to try to break hold of Mahdi Army
Apr 17 Army officer complained many of his commanders were pro-Sadr and would
            give info to Mahdi Army
Apr 17 Sadrist spokesman said Mahdi Army wouldn’t disarm unless top clerics told
            them to
Apr 17 Badr’s Hadi Ameri said that only Al Qaeda and Mahdi Army were fighting govt
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
Apr 17 Suicide bomber at funeral of 2 Sahea members in Albu Mohammed killed 50

Apr 18 50 soldiers fled their posts in Sadr City rather than fight Mahdi Army
Apr 18 Sadrist said Mahdi Army might disarm if Badr Brigade did the same
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
Apr 18 Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri speech said US had been defeated in Iraq
Apr 18 Shiekh Abu Risha complained that authorities were trying to stop his organizing
            for 09 provincial elections by shutting down offices
Apr 18 Suicide truck bomb hit funeral for Sahwa members killing 50 in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq book review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)
Apr 18 US forces raided district in Muqtadiya Diyala to arrest Iraqi police involved in
            death squads
(Musings On Iraq article on Sahwa-police tensions in Diyala)

Apr 19 Phase 3 of Charge of Knights began with sweeps through Hayaniya Basra and Nasiriya
Apr 19 Sadr threatened war against govt if didn't back down on raids against Mahdi Army in Basra
Apr 19 Al Qaeda’s Muhajir called on Sunni Iraqis to unite behind ISI

Apr 20 Sadr said he gave final warning to Baghdad to stop offensive against his
            followers
Apr 20 Report that Thar Allah head Sinawi executed in Baghdad after being
            captured in Basra during Charge of Knights

Apr 21 Oil Minister objected to Kurds’ independent oil deals
Apr 21 US general said if Sadr didn’t hold back Mahdi Army US would fight them

Apr 22 PM Maliki promised $150 mil to rebuild Sadr City after fighting Mahdi Army was over Money was
mostly stolen by Dawa members or given out in patronage networks to win support for Maliki
Apr 22 Female suicide bomber attacked Baquba police station
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

Apr 23 Female suicide bomber attacked police station in Diyala killing 18
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

Apr 24 ISF gained full control of central Basra Phase 4 of Charge of Knights began with sweeps through
            5 Mile Market
Apr 24 Captured ISI letters showed complaints about War Min Masri not consulting with others and didn't
take criticism Said ISI was passing off old Zarqawi videos as new operations

Apr 25 Sadr said he was only opposed to US occupation not Maliki govt
Apr 25 Report Badr and Mahdi Army setting up checkpoints and killing each other in Qadisiyah and
Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)
Apr 25 Maliki said all parties supported his crackdown on Sadr and sign of reconciliation
Apr 25 Maliki said if Sadr disarmed dropped politics turn in wanted militiamen would
stop Charge of Knights
Apr 25 Fmr Under Sec of Def Feith said he warned of postwar chaos in Iraq but
            was ignored and Pentagon was on top of issue not State or CIA

Apr 26 Chalabi called Petraeus saying he could speak for militias to negotiate ceasefire
            in Sadr City
Apr 26 VP Hashemi said Accordance Front interested in ending its boycott of cabinet
Apr 26 ISF said cleared last Sadr stronghold in Basra

Apr 27 Maliki met with VP Hashemi to try to get Accordance Front to end
            cabinet boycott
Apr 27 40 MPs said Maliki’s crackdown on Sadr needed to end
Apr 27 Baghdad Operations Command said they captured Iraqis trained and armed          
            by Iran to fight ISF

Apr 28 ISCI and Dawa delegation went to Iran to meet Sadr and Gen Suleimani to
            negotiate ceasefire

Apr 29 2nd ISCI and Dawa delegation went to Iran to meet Sadr and Gen Suleimani to
            negotiate ceasefire
Apr 29 MPs found torture at Karbala prison overcrowding in Babil ones
Apr 29 Accordance Front sent list of candidates to replace their vacant ministers in
            cabinet Maliki rejected some of them
Apr 29 Turkey’s Foreign Minister said Ankara wanted better relations with KRG
Apr 29 Former Deputy Secretary of Defense Wolfowitz said Bush admin never expected an
            Insurgency in Iraq
Apr 29 Female suicide bomber attacked bus stop in Muqtadiya Another female suicide
            bomber attacked Sahwa in Abu Said both in Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

Apr 30 Maliki said that Mahdi Army had to be disbanded because couldn’t have
            militias and state
Apr 30 Sadr spokesman said Iranian weapons in Iraq was normal because Tehran
            would sell to anyone
Apr 30 Turkey said it would resume diplomatic relations with Kurdistan

May 2 Insurgents beheaded 11 police officers in western Anbar
May 2 Sadr refused to meet with Iraqi delegation in Iran to end Charge of Knights

May 3 300 ISI fighters held march in Diyala village
May 3 Iraqi delegation to Iran presented evidence that Tehran was arming and training
            militias fighting govt Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

May 4 ISF raided Thar Allah prayer ground in Basra
May 4 Iraqi delegation in Iran to try to end Charge of Knights were refused meeting
            with Sadr
May 4 Iraq backed down on charges that Iran was supporting militias fighting govt
May 4 Iraq general in Karbala said Iran giving weapons to militias in city and
            undermining security
May 4 Maliki said special committee created to look into Iranian interference in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

May 6 ISF raided hospital and police stations in Baghdad accusing officers and staff
            of being Mahdi Army members
May 6 ISF raided Sadr offices in Kut

May 7 Fighting broke out between Mahdi Army and Badr in Baghdad’s Abu Dishr after Sadrists tried to kill
Badr commander
(Musings On Iraq article on the history of Badr Organization)

May 9 Government and Sadr signed ceasefire to end Charge of Knights Allowed ISF
            to conduct arrests and raids in Sadr City
May 9 Baghdad Operations Command said they found Iranian weapons with Mahdi
            Army in capital
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
May 9 ISF arrested Mahdi Army commander in Karbala who was in charge of special
            forces

May 10 Sadr announced ceasefire ending most fighting in Baghdad Led to many Special Groups and Asaib
Ahl Al-Haq to flee to Iran
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
May 10 Op Mother of Two Rivers started in Mosul after Charge of Knights ended Mosul main insurgent
base after Surge Offensive announced publicly before started so many insurgents left
(Musings On Iraq article on Op Lion’s Roar)

May 12 Sadr issued another ceasefire to try to stop govt offensive against Mahdi Army
May 12 United Iraqi Alliance and Sadrists agreed not to attack each other politically after
            ceasefire announced

May 13 ISF raided Sadr offices in Shula Baghdad arresting 30
May 13 Report most insurgents fled Mosul before govt started offensive there
May 13 Fmr State Dept official said agency never interested in fighting corruption in Iraq
(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

May 14 ISI fighters crossed into Iraq from Syria and killed 11 policemen in their homes
            in Anbar
May 14 Female suicide bomber killed Iraqi army commander in Yusifiya Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

May 15 Sahwa in Mosul complained ISF were arresting them instead of insurgents during
            Mother of Two Rivers Operation

May 16 Parliament integrity committee said arms deal with Serbia illegal Defense Ministry
            refused to answer questions about it
May 16 Maliki gave insurgents 10 days to hand in weapons in Mosul as part of Mother of
            Two Rivers offensive

May 17 Female suicide bomber attacked Sahwa unit in Diyala Another female suicide
            bomber set off car bomb against ISF in Diyala
 (Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

May 18 Maliki promised $100 mil for rebuilding Mosul after Mother of Two Springs
            operation
May 18 Accordance Front MP said Baghdad agreed to integrate 20% of Ninewa Sahwa
            and 7,000 locals into security forces
May 18 Sadr ceasefire in Baghdad finally took effect
May 18 Police raided Sadr offices in Basra and captured large weapons cache and arrested
            militiamen

May 20 Mother of Two Springs op ended in Mosul without success
May 20 4,000-5,000 soldiers deployed to Sadr City after Sadr ceasefire finally took effect
May 20 Female suicide bomber attacked Sahwa and police station in Rutba Anbar Another
            female suicide bomber hit Sahwa leader in Mandali Diyala
 (Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

May 21 CENTCOM commander Gen Dempsey said ISI at its weakest point in Iraq
May 21 US commander for northern Iraq said attacks in Mosul down 85% after
            Mother of Two Springs op there
May 21 Pres Talabani said Iraq would be able to handle its own security without help
            of US after 2008
May 21 Female suicide bomber hit Sahwa HQ in Anbar
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

May 23 Clerics denied Sistani issued fatwa allowing attacks on U.S. forces

May 25 Report insurgents fled to Tikrit and Ramadi during Mother of Two Springs
            operation in Mosul
May 25 Mayor of Mosul escaped 4th bombing attempt on his life in 10 days
May 25 USAmb Crocker said ISI had been severely disrupted in Iraq
May 25 US and ISF conduct weapons searches in Sadr City Arrested 200 Mahdi Army
            militiamen in Amil and Baya
May 25 Report Sadrists paid $300 for anyone that attacked British forces in Basra Money
            came from Iran

May 26 US military reported attacks in Iraq at lowest level since May 2004
May 26 Iraq brokered deal to have quicker release of Iraqi prisoners Year later Iraq
            would complain about releases increasing terrorism
May 26 ISI elements that that fled Mosul during govt crackdown began attacking Yazidis
            in Sinjar

May 27 Maliki issued arrest warrants for new party in Diyala made up of Sahwa Part of
            crackdown on Sunnis in province
May 27 Former Undersecretary of Defense Feith criticized Bush for switching goal of Iraq
            war from threat of Saddam to spreading democracy

May 28 Sadr called for weekly protests against security agreement with US
May 28 Fmr White House press sec McClellan’s book said White House shaped war
            debate so force only option vs Iraq Said that Iraq war was not necessary

May 29 US Amb to Iraq Crocker said ISI near defeat
May 29 Interior Min fired 7500 police for corruption ghost officers negligence

May 30 ISF raided Iraqi National Gathering HQ in Basra
May 30 CIA Chief Hayden said ISI near strategic defeat in Iraq
May 30 Ayatollah Sistani aide said he was opposed to Status of Forces Agreement with
            U.S.
May 30 Fmr White House spokesman McClellan said Bush White House so caught up
            in pushing war ignored intel that didn’t fit argument

May 31 US put PKK on sanctions list as a terrorist group
May 31 Report only 15% of Sawha integrated into govt as promised

Jun 1 Fmr PM Jaafari announced leaving Dawa to create own party National
            Reform
Jun 1 Australia began withdrawing its troops from Iraq Operated as trainers and
            advisers in south

Jun 4 Half of parliament signed letter saying they were against Status of Forces
            Agreement unless it included US withdrawal
Jun 4 Police arrested top 5 Mahdi Army commanders in Karbala aftermath Charge of
Knights

Jun 5 Over 100 weapons caches of Mahdi Army found in Sadr City Most weapons
            came from Iran Aftermath Charge of Knights
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

Jun 6 Kurds said they could export 150,000 bar/day in oil but no neighboring countries
            would allow it

Jun 7 Poland announced that it would withdraw its forces from Iraq by Oct 08
Jun 7 Female suicide bomber hit police station in Khalidiy Anbar
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

Jun 9 Sheikh Hayes of Anbar Salvation Council said tribes organizing to challenge
            Islamic Party in Anbar elections
Jun 9 UK intel report Charge of Knights driven Mahdi Army from streets of Basra opening opportunity for
economic growth in city Insecurity lack of govt capacity corruption laws competing political parties crime smuggling all hindered rebuilding Militias had driven off business people

Jun 10 Dhi Qar police started operation to raid and arrest Sadrists

Jun 11 Report foreign fighters coming to Iraq down to single digits per month
Jun 11 UK intel report Predicated large Sunni turnout for 09 provincial elections Said many insurgents
considering participating in vote Sunnis wanted economic development services release of prisoners reforming deBaathification reviewing constitution

Jun 12 Maliki sent forces to Maysan to crackdown on Sadrists
Jun 12 Senior Sadrist and Iranian linked arms dealer arrested in Kut, Wasit
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 
Jun 12 Islamic Party HQ in Anbar bombed in part of campaign against party

Jun 13 Sadr said that he was turning most of his movement into social and political
            organization disbanded most of Mahdi Army
(Musings On Iraq article on Sadr’s strategy)
Jun 13 Maliki said talks over new Status of Forces Agreement with US at dead end

Jun 14 Sadrist said they wouldnt run as a party in 2009 provincial elections just support
            candidates
(Musings On Iraq article on Sadr’s strategy)
Jun 14 US Inspector General went to Kahn Bani Saad prison found no work being
            done Most of $1.2 mil in materials gone
Jun 14 Female suicide bomber in Qara Tappa targeted café where people watching World
            Cup 34 wounded
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

Jun 15 Report Sadr creating new militia units to attack US forces

Jun 16 Maliki gave ultimatum to militiamen to hand over weapons in Amarah, Maysan
            aimed at Mahdi Army
Jun 16 Sadrists said they would run in provincial elections but not as a party
(Musings On Iraq article on Sadr’s strategy)

Jun 17 Truck bomb by Mahdi Army in Baghdad killed 42 wounded 87 Was attempt to
            maintain control of neighborhood
(Musings On Iraq article on Hurriya bombing)

Jun 18 Los Angeles Times interview with CURVEBALL Iraqi defector in Germany who
claimed Iraq had mobile WMD labs Claimed everything he said was true and he should be treated like a king for helping overthrow Saddam
(Musings On Iraq article on how CURVEBALL influenced US intel on Iraq’s WMD)
(Musings On Iraq articles on the CURVEBALL story)

Jun 19 ISF launched Op Promise of Peace against Sadrists in Maysan
(Musings On Iraq article on Op Promise of Peace)
(Musings On Iraq article on Sadr’s strategy)

Jun 20 Report several insurgent groups reaching out to parties to try to get involved in
politics
Jun 20 ISF arrested Sadrist deputy governor and 2 councilmen in Maysan during security
            op there vs Sadrists
(Musings On Iraq article on Op Promise of Peace)
Jun 20 20 police accused of kidnapping and running death squads arrested Were
            members of Mahdi Army
Jun 20 Report 4 political parties formed from 2 Anbar Awakening groups and 2 from
            insurgent Islamic Army

Jun 21 Petraeus issued new guidelines for US forces in Iraq to set up governance services
            build economy

Jun 22 Iraqi offensive against Sadrists in Maysan expanded to Dhi Qar and Wasit
Jun 22 Report IEDs down 90% from 2007
Jun 22 Female suicide bomber in Baquba killed 13 wounded 30
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)
Jun 22 Report US reconstruction projects in Hit halted due to corruption of mayor and
            police chief
Jun 22 Baghdad Ops Command said Maliki issued order to integrate all Sahwa in
            province

Jun 23 Report govt came up with new displaced program to force squatters out of homes
and make them return to their original areas Were 2.7 mil displaced and 2.5 mil refugees
(Musings On Iraq article on govt’s new displaced program)
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

Jun 26 ISI suicide bomber hit tribal council meeting Killed 26 including Garma mayor

Jun 27 Senior judge assassinated in east Baghdad during spate of attacks upon judiciary in
            capital
(Musings On Iraq article on attacks on judges)
Jun 27 Suicide bomber attacked meeting of Anbar Awakening killing 20 including several
            sheikhs
(Musings On Iraq article on Awakeing bombing)

Jun 28 Accountability and Justice law amended to stop former ISF officers for being fired
            for Baathist past and those that quit could now get jobs with govt
(Musings On Iraq article on amending Accountability and Justice law)

Jun 29 Maliki promised Jabouri tribe limited autonomy in return for their support
Jun 29 Female suicide bomber hit Sahwa council in Baquba
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

Jun 30 5 IEDs targeting judges in Baghdad
(Musings On Iraq article on attacks on judges)

Jul 5 Head of Islamic Party in Fallujah escaped assassination attempt in campaign against the
            party

Jul 7 Maliki said he wanted a memo of understanding on withdrawal of US forces
            instead of a Status of Forces Agreement which was stalled
(Musings On Iraq article on negotiations over SOFA)
Jul 7 Female suicide bomber hit market in Baquba 23 female suicide bombing of the
            year
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)
Jul 7 Report 94% decline in attacks by ISI 25 in Nov 07 vs 334 Nov 06

Jul 8 Report Al Qaeda sent foreign fighters to Sudan and Somalia rather than Iraq due to
            downturn in insurgency
 (Musings On Iraq article on decline of insurgency)

Jul 10 2 Sadrist politicians and an Iraqi army officers said Hezbollah ran two training
camps in Basra since 2006 Up to 10 Hezbollah operatives trained Special Groups there Closed during Charge of Knights Said Hezbollah involved in Jan 07 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq raid on Karbala that killed US soldiers and involved in AAH kidnapping of 5 Britons from Finance Min in Baghdad May 07
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)

Jul 13 Islamic Party said Iraqi forces should not take control of security in Anbar because
            Awakening was not ready Sheikhs Sulaiman and Hayes agreed
(Musings On Iraq article on security handover of Anbar)

Jul 16 US Surge officially ended
Jul 16 US turned over security for Qadisiyah to Iraqi forces
(Musings On Iraq article on turnover of Qadisiyah)
Jul 16 Govt said displaced squatters in two neighborhoods of Baghdad had 3 days to leave
            Nothing happened
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki policy on squatters/displaced)

Jul 18 Report US forces trying to shut down Iranian supply networks to militias in Basra
            Maysan Wasit Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on going after Iran’s supply lines in Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

Jul 19 Gen Petraeus said Al Qaeda was changing focus from Iraq to Afghanistan
(Musings On Iraq article on decline of insurgency)

Jul 20 Iraqi Accordance Front ended 11 month boycott of parliament gaining no concessions
            from Maliki
(Musings On Iraq article on Accordance Front boycott)

Jul 22 109,087 pardoned under Amnesty Law Govt originally claimed only had 26,000
            prisoners
(Musings On Iraq article on Amnesty Law)

Jul 23 Kurdish List got Pres Talabani to veto draft provincial election law that included equal
            division of power in Kirkuk
(Musings On Iraq article on veto of election law)

Jul 24 US Amb Crocker said insurgency had lost most of its relevancy
(Musings On Iraq article on decline of insurgency)
Jul 24 Female suicide bomber killed Sahwa leader and 7 others 24 wounded in Baquba
 (Musings On Iraq article on Baquba suicide bombing)

Jul 28 3 female suicide bombers hit Shiite pilgrims in Baghdad’s Karrada 32 dead 100
            wounded
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombing in Karrada)
Jul 28 Suicide bomber attacked Kurds protesting provincial election results in Kirkuk 24
killed Crowd burned down Turkmen Front office and attacked Arab councilman’s house afterward
(Musings On Iraq article on Kurdish protests and violence in Kirkuk)

Jul 29 Op Augurs of Prosperity in Diyala began ISF targeted Sahwa in Baquba
(Musings On Iraq article on Augurs of Prosperity op)
(Musings On Iraq article on govt crackdown on Sahwa)

Jul 30 U.S. forces officially withdrew troops from Iraqi cities
Jul 30 Sadr said he was leading a nationalist movement against the US and needed to
            restrain abuses and violence of Mahdi Army

Jul 31 US and Iraq missed deadline to sign Status of Forces Agreement with Iraq
(SOFA) US wanted residual military force to stay in Iraq after official withdrawal
(Musings On Iraq article on missed deadline) 
Jul 31 Police raided Sahwa officer in Kut arrested 3 Sahwa had formed political party 2
            months before provincial elections
(Musings On Iraq article on govt crackdown on Sahwa)

Aug 1 Kurdish parties in Kirkuk asked for KRG to annex province as symbolic protest
            of provincial election law that included power sharing in Kirkuk
(Musings On Iraq article on Kurdish protests over election law)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Aug 2 Report on wave of female suicide bombers in Iraq Most had family member killed
or arrested and wanted revenge or maintain family honor Main target Sahwa and Iraqi forces
(Musings On Iraq article on female suicide bombers)

Aug 4 Flyers posted in Baghdad’s Dora warning Shiite families not to return to district
            Up to 50% Shiite families had been driven out during civil war
(Musings On Iraq article on anti-Shiite flyers in Baghdad’s Dora)

Aug 6 KRG moved 2 Peshmerga brigades outside Kirkuk city Baghdad sent Defense
Minister to check on situation Was protest over provincial election law that called for power sharing in Kirkuk
(Musings On Iraq article on Kurdish protests over election law)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Aug 6 US Govt report Iraq revenues up and could take more responsibility for
reconstruction but most of budget going to salaries and benefits and barely spending investment budget Only 23% in 2005 19% in 2006 28% in 2007 Iraq was now outspending US however on reconstruction
(Musings On Iraq article on US and Iraqi reconstruction spending)
Aug 6 Iran and Iraq signed trade agreement to create free trade zone Tehran one of Iraq’s
            top 2 trade partners
(Musings On Iraq article on trade deal)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
Aug 6 Govt gave squatters 1 month to leave or be sued or arrested Would be given
limited compensation Part of Maliki displaced program to force people to return home Complaints that govt had no real plan or funding for program
(Musings On Iraq article on govt return program)

Aug 8 Report UN survey found only 4% of Iraqi refugees wanted to return to Iraq Was
            down from 14% in Nov 2007 Were concerned with security
(Musings On Iraq article on refugee survey)
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

Aug 10 PM Maliki turned Op Promise of Good in Diyala from hunting insurgents to
confrontation with Kurds over disputed area in Khanaqin Baghdad called for Peshmerga to withdraw from Jalawla Kurds refused saying they only followed KRG
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki dispute with Kurds over Khanaqin)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Aug 11 During Op  Omens of Prosperity Maliki sent ISF into Khanaqin dist east Diyala
and told Peshmerga they had to withdraw Kurds refused Maliki attempting to pressure Kurds and establish control over disputed areas
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s pressuring Kurds in Diyala)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Aug 11 Maliki’s private jet brought back 236 Iraqi refugees from Egypt Part of Maliki’s
            new refugee policy to encourage people to return with improved security
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s refugee policy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

Aug 15 Report US intel officer said that Iranian Revolutionary Guard and Hezbollah had 4 training camps
in Iran for Asaib Ahl Al-Haq and Kataib Hezbollah in Tehran Qom Ahaz Mashhad
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran training Iraqi militias)
(Musings On Iraq article on history of Asaib Ahl Al-Haq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)
(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)
(Musings On Iraq book review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

Aug 16 Baghdad-Irbil deal to have Peshmerga withdraw from Khanaqin Diyala and turn
over area to central govt control Confrontation ensued when ISF began evicting Kurdish parties and Peshmerga from town
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki dispute with Kurds over Khanaqin)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Aug 17 PM Maliki admitted that Op Mother of Two Rivers in Mosul failed to improve
security Blamed citizens for not cooperating with govt Govt never provided $100 mil in reconstruction after op
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki saying Op Mother of Two Rivers failed)

Aug 20 As part of Maliki-Pres Barzani deal Peshmerga began withdrawing from Qara
Tappa and Jalawla in Diyala after Baghdad sent in army and demanded them to withdraw from disputed area
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki-KRG dispute over Khanaqin dist)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Aug 21 Report Finance Min counted all money appropriated in budget as spent when
little of it actually was Govt claimed it spent 57% of the 2008 budget by Aug when only 18% had been used
(Musings On Iraq article on inability of Iraqi govt to spend budget)

Aug 23 Report 2 Mahdi Army men said Hezbollah training the militia in Lebanon
(Musings On Iraq article on Iranian and Hezbollah training of Iraqi militias)
(Musings On Iraq article on Hezbollah presence in Iraq)

Aug 24 Maliki broke deal with Kurds and moved ISF into Khanaqin east Diyala Kurds
            organized demonstrations in response
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s pressuring Kurds in Diyala)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Aug 25 Electricity Min announced that power production had reached same level as 2002
before US invasion Only 50% of demand was being met though due to huge increase in usage after 2003 Later turned out Ministry included power provided from Iran and Turkey
 (Musings On Iraq article on Electricity Min announcement)

Aug 26 Kurds in Kahanqin Diyala protested arrival of Iraqi forces leading them to withdraw
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki dispute with Kurds over Khanaqin)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Aug 28 In dispute with PM Maliki over disputed area of Khanaqin Diyala Peshmerga
            Minister said his forces were better than the ISF who couldn’t challenge them
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki dispute with Kurds over disputed areas)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Aug 29 PM Maliki in confrontation with KRG warned that if Peshmerga operated
            outside of Kurdistan they would be breaking the law
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki dispute with Kurds over disputed areas)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Aug 30 Integrity Comm head said no govt official had filled required financial disclosure
form Said Jan 08 Amnesty Law threatened up to 700 corruption cases in Baghdad alone

Sep 1 Security in Anbar turned over to Iraqi forces Was 11th of 18th provinces to come
            under Baghdad’s control
(Musings On Iraq article on Anbar handover)
Sep 1 PM Maliki issued Order 101 that all squatters be evicted or face fines Govt would provide funds
to help them find a new place to live Was supposed to help displaced/refugees return to their homes
(Musings On Iraq article on Order 101)

Sep 2 Deadline for all displaced squatters to leave Baghdad set by PM Maliki Threatened
            legal action against those that didn’t leave Little compliance
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s deadline to squatters/displaced)

Sep 3 ISF began removing displaced squatters in Baghdad and help them return to their
            homes Govt claimed 275 families returned to homes showing plan worked
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki policy on squatters/displaced)

Sep 4 Maliki govt-KRG announced deal over Khanaqin dist Diyala Iraqi army would
withdraw from Qara Tappa and Jalawla areas just occupied Peshmerga would return to them
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki-KRG deal over Khanaqin)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Sep 5 Pres Barzani said Kurds not treated fairly in govt Being cut out of key decisions
Baghdad not fulfilling promises made to KRG Called Maliki an autocrat Claimed Arabs were out to get Kurds and asked whether Kurds should continue to support Maliki govt
(Musings On Iraq article on Barzani’s comments)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Sep 5 Maliki govt spokesman said no deal with KRG over Khanaqin after one
            announced day before
Sep 5 ISCI official said that no bargain between Baghdad-KRG over Khanaqin dist ISF
never entered district so didn’t have to withdraw Peshmerga were operating illegally in Khanaqin
(Musings On Iraq article on talks between Maliki govt-KRG over Khanaqin)

Sep 7 Cholera outbreak announced in Iraq in Babil Baghdad Karbala Najaf Basra Diyala
            Maysan
(Musings On Iraq article on cholera outbreak)

Sep 8 PM Maliki said govt would take responsibility for Baghdad Sahwa and integrate them into govt
Claimed US figures on Sahwa were too high and wanted audit to confirm their identities before they would be paid
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki govt taking over Sahwa)
(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)
Sep 8 Speaker of KRG parliament asked US to promise that weapons sold to Iraq would
not be used against Kurds Claimed Baathism making a comeback within Iraqi govt Said PM Maliki had no right to send ISF into Khanaqin district Diyala Part of Pres Barzani’s dispute with Maliki
(Musings On Iraq article on Kurd-Maliki dispute)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Sep 8 Iraq cabinet approved natural gas contract with Shell in Basra
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraq-Shell natural gas deal)

Sep 9 Maliki govt denied deal with Kurds to withdraw army and Peshmerga from
            Khanaqin dist Diyala leaving Kurds still in political control of district
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s pressuring Kurds in Diyala)
Sep 9 PM Maliki said govt would integrate 20% of Sahwa into ISF and rest would receive govt jobs
when became available
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s promise to integrate Sahwa)

Sep 13 Iran and Iraq agreed on 3 new free trade zones in Wasit Maysan Sulaymaniya Would add to existing
free trade zone with Basra Trade was at $2.8 bil/yr with bil more in illegal trade Almost all Iranian goods going to Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran-Iraq trade deal)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Sep 16 Pres Barzani told US Amb Crocker that Maliki was beginning to act like a dictator
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

Sep 17 SIIC accused Maliki of creating Tribal Support Councils to bolster his support
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Sep 18 Iraqi army demanded Peshmerga withdraw from Jalawa Diyala after negating deal
with Kurds to allow them to remain in town Part of Maliki policy to pressure Kurds in disputed areas
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s pressuring Kurds in Diyala)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Sep 19 Sadrist cleric Sheikh Ajrish assassinated in Basra Had been wave of assassinations
            of Sadrist officials since start of year
(Musings On Iraq article on Sheikh Arjish’s assassination)

Sep 21 Kurds made another deal with Maliki to evacuate govt buildings in Khanaqin dist
            Maliki was attempting to pressure Kurds and assert control of disputed areas
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s pressuring Kurds in Diyala)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Sep 22 Wasit council headed by SIIC refused to set up Tribal Support Councils because
            seen as tool of Maliki
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Sep 24 Provincial Election Law passed allowing vote on Jan 31, 2009 by not including
            Kirkuk and KRG
(Musings On Iraq article on passing 2008 Election Law)
Sep 24 Natl Command Center said 2000 Diyala Sahwa had been hired into police since July
and looking to recruit 4000 more Def Min said 3000 Diyala Sahwa joined army Came after arrest of Sahwa leaders in May who wanted to run in elections and raids upon Islamic Party aligned with Sahwa Part of Maliki’s attempt to divide and conquer Sahwa in Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki carrot and stick approach to Diyala Sahwa)

Sep 27 Iraqi police and Asayesh got into gun battle in Jalawla east Diyala over dispute
with Asayesh Ended deal with Kurds to withdraw from govt buildings in district Maliki moved ISF into district to pressure Kurds leading to these confrontations
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s pressuring Kurds in Diyala)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Sep 28 SIIC Governor of Dhi Qar came out against establishing Tribal Support Councils
            there because seen as tools of Maliki
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Sep 30 Sheikh announced 20 Tribal Support Councils created in Dhi Qar by PM Maliki Creation of Tribal
Support Councils in Dhi Qar led to attacks upon sheikhs in political rivalry between SIIC and Dawa
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Oct 3 US turned over control of security in Babil to Iraq 12th of 18th province to do so
(Musings On Iraq article on Babil handover)

Oct 8 Christian families began fleeing Mosul after 5 killed
(Musings On Iraq article on Christians in Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq book review Christianity in Iraq)

Oct 9 Maliki said he would disband any Tribal Support Council working with a political
            party after SIIC criticized groups Were created to support Maliki before elections
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki closing Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)
Oct 9 Sadrist MP Auqaeili killed by IED in Baghdad Sadrists first blamed ISF and US
leading to nighttime clash between Mahdi Army and ISF and US Part of wave of assassinations of Sadrist officials
(Musings On Iraq article on Auqaeili’s assassination)
Oct 9 2 days 75 Christian families fled Mosul after 5 killed
(Musings On Iraq article on Christians in Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq book review Christianity in Iraq)

Oct 10 Sadrists marched in Baghdad to protest assassination of MP Auqaeili day before
(Musings On Iraq article on Auqaeili’s assassination)
Oct 10 Report Health Min bought $11 mil worth of expired chlorine from Iran to purify water in
Diwaniya Karbala Babil during cholera outbreak SIIC officials in Babil used expired chlorine Babil had most cholera cases as a result
(Musings On Iraq article on cholera outbreak)

Oct 14 1795 Christians had fled Mosul after 14 killed Maliki sent 2 National Police Brigades to try to stop
killings
(Musings On Iraq article on Christians in Mosul)
(Musings On Iraq book review Christianity in Iraq)
Oct 14 140 Iraqi refugee families returned from Syria as part of PM Maliki’s campaign to encourage
refugees to come back to Iraq
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s refugee return policy)
(Musings On Iraq book review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

Oct 20 4 Iranian infiltrators arrested outside Baquba Diyala
(Musings On Iraq article on Iranian infiltration into Iraq)

Oct 21 ISF raided head of Sahwa in Buhriz Diyala Arrested spokesman for Diyala Sahwa and beat him
Was part of PM Maliki crackdown on Diyala Sahwa
(Musings On Iraq article on raids and arrests of Diyala Sahwa)

Oct 24 2 Iranian agents intercepted attempting to infiltrate into Wasit One killed one arrested Were
allegedly planning military operations in Iraq 2nd such incident in Oct
(Musings On Iraq article on Iranian infiltration into Iraq)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iran’s Iraq policy)

Oct 26 US Special Forces raided ISI camp in Syria used to ferry foreign fighters into Iraq captured
huge amount of documents

Oct 27 Iranian agent arrested attempting to infiltrate into eastern Basra 3rd such incident in Oct
(Musings On Iraq article on Iranian infiltration into Iraq)

Oct 28 Report PM Maliki tried to set up Tribal Support Council in Khanaqin Diyala Maliki tried to assert
federal control over district run by Kurds for months Maliki also just said he was closing all councils
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki and Khanaqin District)
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki’s patronage system including Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq article Disputes over PM Maliki’s Tribal Support Councils)
(Musings On Iraq book review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

Oct 29 US turned over Wasit to Iraqi control 13th of 18th province to do so
(Musings On Iraq article on Wasit handover)

Oct 31 600 Sahwa arrived at Al Furat Iraq Police Training Center in Baghdad to receive basic training
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki govt integration of Sahwa)

Nov 1 PM Maliki govt took over control of Baghdad Sahwa Said would pay and integrate them Same
time cut paycheck
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki govt taking over Sahwa)
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki govt integration of Sahwa)
(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)
Nov 1 International Organiztion for Migration report Before Feb 06 Samarra bombing 1.2 mil displaced
Afterward another 1.5 displaced
(Musings On Iraq article on IOM displacement report)

Nov 13 Iraqi Army following Order 101 moved to evict 4,000 squatters from Hurriya Baghdad Was
supposed to allow displaced to return to area Were mostly Shiite who had moved into area after Sunnis were expelled during civil war
(Musings On Iraq article on Order 101)
Nov 13 MP Latif gave petition to Election Commission calling for referendum to turn Basra into
federal region Effort failed
(Musings On Iraq article on effort to turn Basra into region)

Nov 14 PM Maliki announced power plan to have production meet demand by 2012 Would cost up to
$5.5 bil Came after govt signed contracts with GE and Siemens in Sep to boost production
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki’s power plan)

Nov 18 US signed Status of Forces Agreement with Iraq that set 12/31/11 withdrawal date for US forces
Nov 18 Report PM Maliki fired or replaced 17 anti-corruption officials Some were inspector generals at
Water, Culture, Trade, Youth Ministries and perhaps Foreign Affairs Ministry, Central Bank of Iraq, Sunni and Christian Endowments
(Musings On Iraq article on PM Maliki removing inspector generals)

Nov 19 PUK politburo created committees to discuss its internal divisions

Nov 23 Sadr called for opposition to SOFA with US Thousands protested in Baghdad

Nov 27 Iraq passed Status of Forces Agreement with US setting withdrawal date for US forces 12/31/11
(Musings On Iraq article on deliberations over SOFA)
(Musings On Iraq article on passing SOFA)
(Musings On Iraq article on Iraqi public opinion on SOFA)

Dec 2 US and Iraqi officials met about Sahwa Maliki said he agreed with Americans organizing Sunni tribes
but southern Iraq was off limits Said southern tribes could threaten Shiite parties Came after US Marines were organizing Sahwa in Qadisiyah to counter militias
(Musings On Iraq article on Maliki govt cancelling US forming Sahwa in southern Iraq)
Dec 2 Oil Min Shahristani demanded KRG void its oil contracts in return for deal to allow it to export
            oil
(Musings On Iraq article on Baghdad-KRG oil talks)
(Musings On Iraq article on breakdown of Baghdad-KRG oil talks)

Dec 3 Presidential Council passed Status of Forces Agreement with US setting withdrawal date for
US forces 12/31/11
Dec 3 Baghdad-Irbil oil talks broke down KRG refused to cancel its oil contracts and demnded share
of oil revenues Oil Min Shahristani refused
(Musings On Iraq article on break down of Baghdad-KRG oil talks)

Dec 14 Bush and Maliki signed Status of Forces Agreement 
Dec 14 During signing ceremony for SOFA in Baghdad reporter threw his shoes at Bush and Maliki

Dec 19 Talabani proposed reforms to PUK at politburo meeting to address factionalism

Dec 22 Oil Min Shahristani said only central govt had authority to sign deals to develop Iraq’s oil Was
criticism of KRG
(Musings On Iraq article on breakdown of Baghdad-KRG oil talks)

Dec 23 Speaker Mashadani forced to resign after he praised reporter for throwing shoe at Pres Bush
and PM Maliki

Dec 24 Iraqi National Dialogue Council left the Iraqi Accordance Front (IAF) claiming that the Islamic
Party was attempting to monopolize power Ended IAF
(Musings On Iraq article on break-up of the Iraqi Accordance Front)

Dec 27 3,000 marched in Basra city demanding province be turned into a federal region
(Musings On Iraq article on move to make Basra a federal region)

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New Clashes In South Iraq As Another Activist Disappears In Baghdad

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