Wednesday, May 1, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - May 1 British decided on pre-emptive attack upon Iraqi army outside Habaniya airbase in Anbar


1919 War Min Churchill wrote PM George that British army was overstretched with new

additions like Mesopotamia

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)


1922 Najd-Iraq agreement tried to control tribal raids and define border

1938 Iraqi constitution Article 89a criminalized communism

(Musings On Iraq review A People’s History Of Iraq, The Iraqi Communist Party, Workers’ Movements, and the Left 1924-2004)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

1941 PM Churchill said all measures would be taken to restore Iraq including use of force

1941 Iraqi High Command sent message to UK air commander in Iraq to halt all flights

which was refused Said if there was any interference by UK would be act of war

1941 British decided on pre-emptive attack to move Iraqi army away from Habaniya base in Anbar

Started Anglo-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview World War II In Iraq and Syria Interview With Case Western’s Prof Broich)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1941 PM Gaylani went to Turkish Amb to Iraq saying UK violating 1930 treaty and expected UK air

strikes any time Asked Turkish ambassador to contact UK and try to stop conflict Message was passed to UK ambassador to Iraq

1941 Iraqi police opened fire on UK workers in Rutba Anbar England responded by sending forces

from Transjordan to town

1941 British bombers sent from Egypt to Shaiba air base in Basra

1941 1st Battalion of Iraq’s 11th Inf Brigade sent from Baghdad to Fallujah to confront British

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

1948 Iraqi volunteers defeated by Jewish forces in Battle of Katamon in 1st Arab Israeli War Iraq

would send 3,000 volunteers to war in May

1948 Chiefs of Staffs of Arab countries met and came up with general plan for war with Israel Each

country had own objectives however meaning each fought separately

1959 Communists organized 1 mil in May Day parade to pressure Gen Qasim to give it role in govt

Led to crackdown

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1963 Kurds met with PM Bakr again Swore on Quran that govt had no bad intentions after

Kurds received word govt preparing new offensive Talabani asked to talk with Egypt’s Nasser about Kurdish demands Bakr said he would propose it to Revolutionary Command Council

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq & the Kurdish Question, 1958-70)

1969 Iraq became 1st Arab country to recognize East Germany as part of alliance with Soviet Union

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Since 1958, From Revolution To Dictatorship)

1982 Iranian Op Bait al-Moqaddas Iranian Rev Guard attacked across Karun River Played chants on

loudspeakers to make it seem like larger force Caused Iraqis to flee Iran launched diversionary attacks on Fakkeh in central front and in Susangard in northern Khuzistan province

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

1983 Iraqi navy attacked Iran’s Nowruz oil rig in northern Gulf to little to no effect Iraq lost one

ship and called off all attacks in the area on Iranian infrastructure as a result

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1989 Talabani and PKK’s Ocalan signed cooperation agreement in Damascus

1991 Saddam said that fighting spirit of Iraqis led Bush to call a cease-fire in Gulf War

1991 Report 68,000 displaced caused by uprising following Gulf War

1994 Land dispute in Qala Dizel began civil war between PUK and KDP 400 killed in fighting over

next month

1997 Turkey with support of KDP started new campaign against PKK in northern Kurdistan Claimed

killed over 2000 PKK fighters KDP lost 200

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

2002 FBI and CIA told media 9/11 hijacker Atta did not meet Iraqi intel in Prague April 2001

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2002 Bush told Press Sec Fleischer he didn’t like “motherfuckers” like Saddam who gassed their

own people and “assholes” who lied to the world Said he was going to kick Saddam’s ass

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 Bremer started working at Pentagon before going to Iraq Defense Min adviser Slocombe began

lobbying him to disband military Defense Min Interior Min and police

(Musings On Iraq Review Lessons Of The Iraqi De-Ba’athfication Program For Iraq’s Future And The Arab Revolutions)

2003 Bush gave Mission Accomplished speech declaring victory against Iraq Linked invasion to 9/11

Said war eliminated ally of Al Qaeda Now terrorists could not get WMD from Iraq

2003 White House officials gave briefings that they thought Saddam had been killed during start of


2003 UK memo said it supported ORHA but that organization was not delivering in Iraq and lacked


(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 Grenades thrown into US base in Fallujah wounding 7 soldiers

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Terrorists of Iraq, Inside the Strategy and Tactics of the Iraqi Insurgency 2003-2014)

2003 US military created Combined Joint Task Force 7 to run Iraq Only lasted 15 days

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld wrote memo to Under Sec Def for Policy Feith that US needed to stop Iran’s

influence in Iraq

2004 Bush announced that Bremer would select Iraqi transitional government

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

2004 Reports of British soldiers abusing Iraqi prisoners in south

2004 Secret report leaked that provided evidence of Abu Ghraib prisoner abuse and US military

leadership didn’t stop it

2004 Fallujah Brigade began operating under command of ex-general Was supposed to secure city

2005 Memo leaked that PM Blair was looking for justification for war in Jul 2002 which he denied it

at the time

2006 Sen Biden and Council on Foreign Relations head Gelb published OpEd arguing for federalism

in Iraq based upon Sunnis Shiia Kurds regions

2006 US Iraq cmdr Gen Casey told Def Sec Rumsfeld formation of Maliki govt and continued

development of ISF meant US could continue with withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 20 Baghdad Burns, Summer-Fall 2006)

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

(Musings On Iraq review The Gamble, General David Petraeus And The American Military Adventure In Iraq, 2006-2008)

2007 Kurdish MPs said they opposed draft oil law because most oil reserves would be under control

of National Oil Company

2007 Fmr Def Sec Hoon said UK disagreed with US decision to disband Iraqi military and

deBaathification Said UK too optimistic about aftermath of invasion Said neglected Sunnis

2007 Iraq claimed it killed ISI’s Minister of War Masri Wasn’t true

2008 PM Maliki created committee to investigate Iranian weapons shipments to Iraq after Charge of

            Nights Nothing came of it

2009 Op Promise of Good II started by ISF in Diyala Like previous op in 2008 ISF would go after

Sunni politicians and Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq Local Criticism of New Security Operation In Diyala)

(Musings On Iraq New Political Crackdown In Diyala)

2010 200 people protested in Mosul against secret prison found in Baghdad Wanted all prisoners

released Hold ISF responsible for abuses Change Ninewa Ops Comm head

2011 KRG Dep Inter Min Karim said govt would not allow any protests without permission after

crackdown in Sulaymaniya People handing out flyers calling for protests were arrested

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 KRG opposition parties said they would go to court over govt cutting their budgets Apr

Kurdistan Islamic Group Kurdistan Islamic Union Gorran said budgets cut Happened after parties backed protests

2012 Report PM Maliki used his power as commander and chief and Defense Interior and National

Security Ministers after 2010 election to assert control over ISF Relied upon Adnan Asadi Dep Interior Min Sadoun Dulaimi acting Defense Min Falah Fayad acting National Sec Min Hadi Amiri MP Hassan Sunaid head of security committee Zuhairi Maliki’s chief of staff Maliki changed officers without parliamentary consent Bypassed chain of command Took over control of police chiefs

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Becoming A Dictator? An Interview With Kirk Sowell Of Inside Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq Is Iraq’s Prime Minister Maliki More Like Premier Nuri al-Sa’id Than Saddam? An Interview With Historian Phebe Marr)

2013 PM Maliki said he would take on armed protesters in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq Understanding Iraq’s Protest Movements, An Interview With Kirk Sowell, Editor of Inside Iraqi Politics)

2013 Kurdish alliance said new deal with PM Maliki would end their boycott of cabinet Maliki

didn’t follow through Included dealing with disputed areas amending budget paying peshmerga distributing revenues

(Musings On Iraq What’s To Gain From the Kurdish Alliance’s Boycott Of Iraq’s Government?)

(Musings On Iraq Kurdish Alliance Agrees To Face Saving Agreement With Iraq’s Central Government To Return To Baghdad)

2014 Turkey said KRG started independent exports through its new pipeline Started end of Apr

Baghdad stopped budget payments in protest

2014 Report Lots of problems with new voter cards Some didn’t work ISF and others got duplicates

Some given to dead people

2015 Report IS executed around 300 Yazidis in Tal Afar

2016 VP Maliki claimed protests were a threat to govt Said govt could make no reforms because of

the demonstrations Claimed there were death threats against MPs by protesters

2016 IS launched 4 car bombs in Samawa Muthanna 1 dismantled 1 went missing 2 exploded

(Musings On Iraq Islamic State’s New Spring Bombing Campaign In Iraq)

2017 IS executed 51 in Mosul

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 197, May 1, 2017)

2017 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq complained international and regional pressure stopped Hashd from taking

Tal Afar

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2017 Report Federal Police indiscriminately shelling areas of Old City Mosul causing civilian

casualties and property damage

2019 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq fired rockets at Taji base in Baghdad where US advisers were

(Musings On Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Brigades And Now Israeli Strikes Making A Joke Of PM Mahdi’s Claims Iraq Neutral In Regional Conflicts)

2022 Court gave fmr Babil Gov Abadi 6 yrs in prison for taking residential land for his own use Also

auctioned and illegally confiscated land belonging to Finance Min

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

  1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under British influence