Saturday, May 25, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - May 25 Turkey launched 1st raid into Iraq to fight PKK under Iraq-Turkey security agreement


1918 11 leaders of Najaf revolt executed in Kufa by British


1940 Iraq Foreign Min Said said England and France should grant Syria and Palestine Independence

to counter Axis propaganda

(Musings On Iraq review Britain’s Informal Empire In The Middle East, A Case Study of Iraq 1929-1941)

1941 British attacked Iraqis 6 miles up from Basra city 10th Indian Div ordered to head north

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

(Musings On Iraq interview World War II In Iraq and Syria Interview With Case Western’s Prof Broich)

1948 Iraqi forces took Geulim and reached Kfar Yona and Ein Vered Attacked Netanya but failed

Jordanians asked Iraqis to move to Tulkarm-Netanya sector 1st Arab-Israeli War

1963 Baath govt announced it foiled a coup plot

1963 Talabani met with Egypt’s Nasser to talk about Kurdish demands 1st time Kurds got

audience in wider Arab world

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1981 New Pres Mitterrand told Saddam France would support him during war

1983 Turkey launched first cross border raid under Iraq-Turkey security agreement 7,000 Turkish

troops moved 18 mi into Kurdistan to attack PKK bases

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Turkey, the US and Iraq)

1983 Iraq offered to end bombing of Iranian civilians

1985 Dawa bombed motorcade of Emir Jaber Sabah ruler of Kuwait for his support of Iraq in Iran-

Iraq War Led to govt crackdown on Dawa

(Musings On Iraq review Transnational Shia Politics, Religious and Political Networks in the Gulf)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Interview A History of Iraq’s Islamic Dawa Party, Interview With Lowy Inst for Intl Policy’s Dr. Rodger Shanahan)

1988 Iraq started 2nd major offensive of yr Op Tawakalna ala Allah to clear Fish Lake Basra and force

Iran into negotiations to end war Used chemical weapons Took 6 miles

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1999 Clinton Natl Sec Adv Berger met with 7 Iraqi opposition parties receiving US funds Told them

president wanted Saddam removed by end of his term

2003 5,000 Iraqis protested outside Green Zone demanding a new govt security salaries for soldiers

2003 CPA order 5 created DeBaathification Committee

(Musings On Iraq The Baathist Purge In Post-Saddam Iraq, A Short History Of DeBaathification)

(Musings On Iraq Review Lessons Of The Iraqi De-Ba’athfication Program For Iraq’s Future And The Arab Revolutions)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

2003 Inspection team examined 2 captured trailers Immediately found they weren’t mobile WMD labs

as originally thought

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review Curveball, Spies, Lies, And The Con Man Who Caused A War)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Kirkuk council elected 6 members then arrested by US for alleged Baathist ties

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In


(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 11

Restoring Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

2003 Suicide bomber hit Badr HQ in Baquba Badr was attempting to seize local officers Carried out

assassination campaign against former regime members

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2007 Ret Gen Keane told VP Cheney Surge needed to be sustained until 2008

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq Inside The Surge An Interview With Prof Peter Mansoor Former Executive Officer To Gen Petraeus)

(Musings On Iraq Reassessing The US Surge, And Recognizing Iraqi Agency In Ending The 2005-2008 Civil War In Iraq An Interview With New America Foundation’s Douglas Ollivant)

2007 UK killed Mahdi Army commander for Basra Abu Qader Led to 2 days of fighting in city

2007 Sadr gave Friday sermon forbidding attacks upon Sunnis and Christians His Mahdi Army was

still cleansing Sunnis from Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2008 Report insurgents fled to Tikrit and Ramadi during Mother of Two Springs operation in Mosul

2008 Mayor of Mosul escaped 4th bombing attempt on his life in 10 days Came day after Mother of

Two Springs op to clear city ended

2008 US Amb Crocker said ISI had been severely disrupted in Iraq

2008 US and ISF conducted weapons searches in Sadr City Arrested 200 Mahdi Army militiamen

2008 Report UK army said Sadrists paid $300 for anyone that attacked UK forces in Basra Money

came from Iran

2008 PM Maliki attempted to assert control over Basra after Charge of Knights by firing Fadhila

officials who ran South Oil Company Basra Airport Oil Tankers Company Basra Refinery

2009 PM Maliki accepted resignation of Trade Min Sudani charged with corruption $4-$8 bil

missing from ministry Bought expired food and charged Ministry full price Bought food to sell on black market Bought goods for double the prices Sudani signed contract with company owned by his son for $50 mil for old tea that was only worth $20 mil Bought contaminated milk from China Found $8 mil in expired food in warehouse Sudani’s brother and nephew got $40 in kickbacks from every ton of sugar imported by ministry Sudani used some of money to fund PM Maliki’s State of Law in 2009-10 elections

(Musings On Iraq Half Of Corruption Cases Against Iraq’s Former Trade Minister Dropped)

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2010 Report US military afraid after withdrawal Embassy wouldn’t be able to handle its duties

Thought diplomats risk averse Wouldn’t intervene in Iraqi politics Wouldn’t be able to collect intel Counter Special Groups It didn’t

2010 Report May Planning Min released 5 yr economic plan Called for diversifying economy and

decentralization Head of Iraqi Businessmen Union said plan was propaganda Didn’t have any details Economist said until electricity and infrastructure dealt with development impossible Said govt had failed at both Institute of Econ Reform said govt had to change laws to encourage private sector but not included in plan All said afraid govt wanted to increase its control of econ

2011 Iraq ranked 2nd to last in Global Peace Index Was in last place in 2010

2011 Dep PM Shahristani said Iraq could not defend itself after US withdrawal at end of year

2011 Report Iraq linked signing of new trade agreement with Turkey with allowing more water down

Euphrates and Tigris Turkey refused

2011 Report Asaib Ahl Al-Haq blamed for assassinations of Defense and Interior Min officials

Reportedly was response to PM Maliki promising them govt positions if laid down weapons. Never gave up arms

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2011 Transportation Minister threatened to resign if Greater Faw Port not completed Called for govt

to appropriate money for project Never completed

2012 Dawa held march in Baghdad to support PM Maliki during no confidence drive against him

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 Baghdad said that all Kurdish oil deals with Turkey had to be approved by the central govt

2012 Gorran MP condemned PUK for running 25 trade companies and KDP 50 others Said parties

were supposed to be involved in politics not the economy

2013 Dep PM Mutlaq accused PM Maliki of backing militias with government money Mutahidun said

militias growing and govt doing nothing Said were working for Iran

(Musings On Iraq Rumors Spread Of Militias At Work In Iraq)

2013 Report Baghdad said it would take legal action against KRG for oil exports to Turkey Dep PM

Shahristani said illegal for KRG to export oil without turning over revenue to Baghdad Jan KRG began exports to Turkey Iraq sent letters to companies telling them not to buy KRG oil Turkey in talks to build 2nd pipeline to KRG

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2013 Gorran MP said if Pres Barzani nominated for 3rd term would be end of democracy in KRG Said

wanted term limit to prevent dictatorship

(Musings On Iraq President Barzani Attempting To Manipulate Political System For A 3rd Term In Iraq’s Kurdistan)

2013 Pres Barzani asked all Kurdish parties to give suggestions on KRG constitution Before said

would be no amendments

2014 Anbar Operations Command claimed 90% of Ramadi freed ISIS still occupied major parts of


2014 Source at Anbar Operations Command said 40 attempts to take Fallujah from Jan-May 2014 and    all failed

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Western Front Is Anbar Next To Fall?)

2014 Sadrists threatened to go into opposition if PM Maliki got 3rd term

2015 Report Apr IS called for reinforcements from Syria to deploy to Anbar and Salahaddin

Helped take Ramadi in May

2016 Iranian media claimed Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani went to Fallujah to command op

Spread pictures of general on social media Part of Iranian info campaign to portray Iran as leading war vs IS in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Propaganda Work In Iraq Interview With Tel Aviv Univ’s Dr Raz Zimmt)

(Musings On Iraq What Was Behind Iran’s Social Media Campaign Promoting Gen Suleimani In Iraq?)

2016 Sheikh in Suleiman Beq Salahaddin accused Hashd of blowing up almost 1,000 homes and

200 kidnappings

(Musings On Iraq review A Stranger in Your Own City, Travels in the Middle East’s Long War)

2017 Kataib Hezbollah threatened Bahrain if Shiite leader there harmed Blamed terrorism on

Saudis Group declared itself part of the Axis of Resistance

(Musings On Iraq Instrument Of Iran’s Power In Iraq And Syria Kataib Hezbollah)

2017 ABC followed up Der Spiegel article on abuses of Iraqi forces during Mosul campaign Had

video of ISF killing prisoners Talked with officer in Rapid Reaction Div who didn’t dispute video but said tactics were justified because prisoners were IS members Said unit didn’t take prisoners Said abuse was to get confessions Had video of officer beating prisoner to get him to reject pledge to IS Afterward told cameraman to edit video so looked like prisoner rejected pledge on his own Rapid Reaction Div said the video was faked and made by IS Officer in video told ABC he was proud of abusing prisoners

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 220 May 24 2017)

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 221 May 25 2017)

(Musings On Iraq Der Spiegel Reporting On Abuse By Iraqi Forces During Mosul Battle Was True)

2017 Report Rapid Reaction Div released its own video to counter Der Spiegel article on abuses

done by unit Interviewed people it tortured and had them say nothing happened

2017 US CENTCOM said air strike on Mosul building killed 105 civilians Claimed bomb

detonated explosive inside building 4 civilians in another building also killed Witnesses said another 36 died but US couldn’t confirm that Said ISF called airstrike but didn’t know civilians inside building

2017 Mayor of Khalis Diyala said IS moving into Diyala-Salahaddin border area Said IS in 4

towns which had been empty of people for 3 yrs No ISF presence

2018 Protesters in Basra blocked main road with burning tires over lack of services Protest in

Nasiriiya over missing activist

2018 Rosneft announced agreement with KRG to develop oil and gas infrastructure including

natural gas pipeline

2018 Gorran Kurdistan Islamic Group Kurdistan Islamic Union Democracy and Justice accused Election Comm in Sulaymaniya of fraud Allawi called for investigation into vote rigging Wanaiya Iraq Decision Airboon in Anbar talked about cheating in Anbar

(Musings On Iraq Growing Crisis Over Elections In Kirkuk and Kurdistan)

2019 Abadi questioned how Hashd got money to buy property in Jadriya Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Expansion of the Hashd al-Shaabi’s influence In Iraq, Interview With Clingendael’s Erwin van Veen)

2019 PM Abdul Mahdi wanted to close displaced file by end of 2019 Was returning

families to Anbar including ones affiliated with IS Qaim refused to accept any IS families

2019 Report IS changing tactics Attacking civilians more than ISF Trying to drive people

out of areas Attempting to extort more money for funding

(Musings On Iraq Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 1? Interview With Washington Institute for Near East Policy’s Michael Knights)

(Musings On Iraq Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 2? Interview With Il Foglio’s Daniele Raineri)

(Musings On Iraq The Islamic State’s Failed Comeback In Iraq)

2019 IS burned 8 fields in Kirkuk 

2020 Tribal Hashd warned IS taking over areas of Muqdadiya dist central Diyala

2020 Protesters in Diwaniya held mock funeral for killed activists

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Protest in Baghdad over assassination of activist 2 protesters killed by police PM

Kazemi ordered no live ammo Police ignored PM Protests in Basra Kirkuk Dhi Qar over lack of services

(Musings On Iraq New Wave of Protests In Iraq Over Executions Of Activists)

2023 Oil Min signed contracts with four oil traders that bought much of KRG’s oil exports Part of

Baghdad-Irbil oil deal

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

  1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under British influence