Thursday, May 9, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - May 9 German and Italian planes started landing in Iraq for Anglo-Iraq War


 

1919 UK approved Iraq political officer Wilson’s plan for mandate in Iraq run by a high

commissioner Foreign Office told Wilson to treat Mosul as an Arab province of Iraq Meant Mosul would be included in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Britain In Iraq, Contriving King and Country)

(Musings On Iraq review U.S. Policy In Post-Saddam Iraq)

 

1935 Iraqi air force dropped flyers telling tribes to end revolt in Diwaniya or govt would

punish them Tribes refused Govt started bombing area Martial law declared Rumaitha Gen Sidqi put in command of putting down revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

1941 Germany announced aid package for Iraq

(Musings On Iraq interview World War II In Iraq and Syria Interview With Case Western’s Prof Broich)

1941 German diplomat arrived in Syria to organize arms shipments to Iraq

1941 Start of 100 German and 20 Italian airplanes landing in Syrian bases to fight British in

Iraq British intel found out about planes being flown from Greece to Syria and that Vichy France sending trains full of military aid to Iraq

1941 British planes bombed Iraqi police holding Fort Rutba, Anbar while Iraqi

            reinforcements arrived Bombed air bases in Mosul and Rashid

1941 British cmdr in India Gen Auchinleck told Chiefs of Staff British had to deal with Iraq

1941 PM Churchill told MidEast commander Gen Wavell he had to take bold military action

against Iraq and wouldn’t negotiation with PM Gaylani

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1954 Iraq and Syria met to discuss unification Never happened

1982 Iran cut off 2 Iraqi divisions and regained 116 sq mi in Khuzistan province in south

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 State Dept memo said that new pro-Iraq policy could lead to export of dual use

equipment for Baghdad’s nuclear program

1991 US forces withdrew from southern Iraq after Gulf War

1991 Iraq rejected proposal to have intl police force to divide Iraqi forces from Kurds in

north

1992 Saddam discussed assassinating Mubarak and King Fahd because they backed US in

Gulf War

2001 US Energy Dept said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy fit specifications for rocket

launchers IAEA found similar tubes during inspections in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 Gen Franks ordered commanders to plan for including Turkey in Iraq invasion plans

Franks didn’t believe Ankara would agree to allow US troops to use country for invasion but needed to plan for it

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2002 Pentagon memo to Rumsfeld said that US had to pick who would fill vacuum after

Saddam Said Iraqi opposition would help

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign

Policy Tragedy)

2002 Asst Sec of Def for Intl Sec Rodman wrote memo to Def Sec Rumsfeld Said US should

organize Iraqi opposition into a political-military force that could fill vacuum after invasion

2003 US and UK draft resolution to UN to make them occupying powers in Iraq

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld US would keep as many troops as necessary in Iraq and would take

more than year to build Iraqi govt

2003 1st joint US-Iraqi patrols started in Baghdad

2003 UK Cmdr in Basra said 900 unarmed police had been reconstituted

2003 Sadrist cleric called for revenge attacks upon Baathists

2003 US ground forces commander Gen McKiernan met with Iraqi officers about getting Iraqi

soldiers back to their units and to stop looting and impose order Iraqi general talked about bringing back 3 divisions Securing cities Creating new Def Min

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Ch 5 ORHA In Baghdad)

2003 Bush signed memo officially making Bremer presidential envoy to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

2003 Bremer met Bush and mentioned RAND study that said US needed 500,000 troops to

occupy Iraq Bush asked Rumsfeld who said there were enough troops

2003 Bremer cancelled Khalilzad Zalimay’s return trip to Iraq to work on an interim Iraqi

authority

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Ch 6 Lost In Transition May-July 2003)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Decided On A Long Term Occupation Of Iraq)

2003 Under Sec Def Feith gave Bremer draft of deBaathification and disbanding Iraqi

military Feith would later deny he drafted orders Feith said he was going to give order to Garner but Bremer wanted to issue it

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)

(Musings On Iraq The Baathist Purge In Post-Saddam Iraq, A Short History Of DeBaathification)

(Musings On Iraq Review Lessons Of The Iraqi De-Ba’athfication Program For Iraq’s Future And The Arab Revolutions)

2003 CPA sent draft order to disband Iraqi military and build a new one to Sec Def Rumsfeld

2003 Col Hughes talked with Defense Min adviser Slocombe about bringing Iraqi army back

Slocombe didn’t mention anything about his plans to disband military

2003 DepDefSec Wolfowitz in Vanity Fair Bush admin all agreed on WMD as way to justify

Iraq war

2003 US patrol found trailer in Mosul Claimed it was a mobile WMD lab Were no labs

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2003 Gen Paul Eaton asked to head effort to train new Iraqi army

2004 Think tank estimated that Iraq would could cost $300 bil in ten years when Bush admin

was pushing low numbers

2004 Report some US officers worried winning militarily in Iraq but losing support of Iraqi

public

2004 Def Sec Rumsfeld offered to resign 2nd time over Abu Ghraib prison abuse Bush turned

him down

2006 Soldiers from 101st Airborne Div executed 3 prisoners in Salahaddin Cmdr told unit all

Iraqi men were enemies and could be killed without identifying whether they were a threat or not

2008 Government and Sadr signed ceasefire to end Charge of Knights Allowed ISF to

conduct arrests and raids in Sadr City

2008 Baghdad Operations Command said they found Iranian weapons with Mahdi Army in

capital

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

2008 Report ISI regrouped in Mosul 14 of top 30 ISI operatives killed or captured had been

in Mosul Had supply lines from Syria to city

2009 US general said Iran continued to train Iraqi militias but at lower levels than before

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2009 PM Maliki called for anti-corruption campaign Did nothing afterward

2010 Protests in front of KRG parliament over murder of journalist Zardasht Osman

2011 PM Maliki released insulting letter to Allawi

2011 Former Health Minister and MP on health committee warned that Iraq had become part

of drug trafficking networks between Middle East and Europe

2011 ISI gave allegiance to Al Qaeda’s Zawahiri and promised revenge for bin Laden’s death

(Musings On Iraq In Light Of Bin Laden’s Death Al Qaeda In Iraq Pledges Allegiance To His No. 2 Ayman Zawahiri)

2012 Report Electricity Min inspector general found $5 mil stolen a month from

contract for Turkish ships to provide electricity to Basra

2012 PM Maliki said Peshmerga should leave Kirkuk while Kurds criticized PMs visit to city

(Musings On Iraq Maliki’s Visit To Kirkuk Meant To Divide Iraqi National Movement And Kurdish Coalition)

2012 Turkey said it would not arrest former VP Hashemi who was residing there after

Interpol warrant for him

2013 PM Barzani said KRG was training Kurds to fight in Syrian war

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Iraqi Kurdistan’s Policy Towards Syria, Interview With Wladimir van Wilgenburg)

2013 Report Sinjar dist in Ninewa controlled by KDP Created fake Yazidi parties to draw off

voters during elections Used patronage to secure votes Apr Kurdish security arrested Yazidi MP head of Yazidi Movement for Reform and Progress that opposed KDP claims to Sinjar Peshmerga tried to divide Yazidis from Arabs

2013 State of Law got most votes in provincial elections Lost 1/3 of its seats from 2009

Didn’t get majority in any province ISCI came in second Sadrists third

2013 Report Turkey wanted to become Iraq’s largest trade partner Was 2nd in trade after

Germany 70% of Turkish exports went to KRG 1/3-1/2 of goods then sold to rest of Iraq About 1,000 Turkish companies worked in KRG Dispute between PM Maliki and Turkey holding up more business

2014 Anti terror police claimed 90% of Ramadi cleared of ISIS when insurgents still

occupied large areas of city

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Government Admits To Losing Control Of Parts Of Ramadi)

2014 PM Maliki ordered launch of op to free Fallujah from insurgents Failed

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Western Front Is Anbar Next To Fall?)

2015 Report 1000 new tribal fighters in Anbar undergoing training Anbar made deal with PM

Abadi to allow 6000 fighters total Would become part of Hashd Was clash between tribal fighters and police vs Kataib Hezbollah who tried to seize a mill

2015 Report Hashd and soldiers stopped convoy of Pres Masum’s bodyguards in Salahaddin

Took their weapons and taunted them Said didn’t recognize the authority of the president 1 bodyguard beaten Protest by Kurds in Tuz Kharmato over incident Blocked highway Confronted by Hashd who then retaliated by beating up Kurds Badr and PUK with Iranian official as mediator tried to defuse situation

2016 Masrour Barzani claimed KRG consulted with Iran and Turkey about independence

referendum Iran and Turkey both against vote

(Musings On Iraq Iran Says No To Kurds’ Independence From Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Is Kurdistan Serious About Independence From Iraq?)

2016 Feeling backlash from taking over Green Zone Sadrists denied they were responsible

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

2017 Report Didn’t think Hashd would become like Hezbollah Too many factions Iran broke

off parts of Sadrists and Badr Few breakaway groups provided social services nor created large political base Hashd could become like Iranian Revolutionary Guard Part of ISF Had own budget Hashd commission Wanted to expand into Iraqi society

2017 7 student anti-corruption activists kidnapped and tortured in Baghdad before released

2018 Board of Supreme Audit warned Iraq Election Comm that Korean voting machines had

problems and Commission had not responded to its concerns earlier

2018 Head of Integrity Comm resigned Said only 15% of corruption cases investigated and

sent to court

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2020 Iran’s Iraq policy adrift after death of Gen Suleimani New Quds Force cmdr Gen Qaani

didn’t speak Arabic Was in Afghanistan 12 yrs Didn’t have connections to Iraqis

2020 PM Kazemi said he would release all protesters arrested Said he would deliver justice

and compensation for 550 protesters killed

(Musings On Iraq Will Iraq’s PM Follow Through With Promise To Punish Those That Attacked Protests?)

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2021 Protesters burned front gate of Iranian consulate in Karbala after assassination of

Karbala activist Wazni Demonstrations also in Karbala Diwaniya Baghdad Activists in Dhi Qar said they would boycott 2021 election Cmdr 13th Hashd Bgd later accused of killing Wazni

(Musings On Iraq Protest Parties Withdraw From 2021 Election After Activist Assassinated)

(Musings On Iraq New Wave of Protests In Iraq Over Executions Of Activists)

2023 Report Feb 2023 Iran shipped military aid to Syria with help of Iraq using humanitarian aid after

earthquake in Syria as cover Trucked equipment across Iraq using pro-Iran Hashd units and Quds Force Arms shipments started day after earthquake Included Chief of Staff of Hashd Commission Abu Fadak

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

  1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under British influence