Sunday, May 19, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - May 19 Gen Maude said UK came to Iraq during WWI as liberators not conquerors


869 Adv to Abbasid Caliph Mutazz confronted ministers accusing them of hoarding money Were

tortured and imprisoned but had no money


1917 Gen Sir Stanley Maude commander of British forces in Iraq said they had come as liberators

not conquerors

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

(Musings On Iraq review U.S. Policy In Post-Saddam Iraq)

1920 1st joint Sunni-Shiite independence event in Baghdad held at Sunni mosque organized by

nationalist Haras al-Istiqlal

1924 Sir Percy Cox told Constantinople Conference Assyrians would be settled in northern Iraq

by govt

(Musings On Iraq review The Tragedy of the Assyrian Minority in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review State and Society in Iraq)

1927 PM Askari asked British 3rd time to form Royal Iraqi Air Force London agreed

(Musings On Iraq review Wings of Iraq, Volume 1: The Iraqi Air Force, 1931-1970)

1931 PM Said got Local Languages Law passed as concession to Kurds

1941 British took Fallujah from Iraqi forces after heavy bombing Was necessary to cross Euphrates

to move onto Baghdad 300 Iraqis captured

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s First Battle Of Fallujah 1941)

(Musings On Iraq interview World War II In Iraq and Syria Interview With Case Western’s Prof Broich)

1941 Iraqi command found out about loss of Fallujah and decided to launch counterattack

1941 Iraq Def Min Shawkat returned from Turkey Was accused of being a traitor by Golden Square

officers for talking about mediation with England Fled to Turkey

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1941 Mullah Mustafa Barzani arrived in Sulaymaniya after escaping Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

1958 Ahmad Baban became PM Was a Kurd Nuri al-Said became PM of Hashemite Union with


1982 Iranian Op Bait al-Moqaddas Began shelling Khorramshahr in south

Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982

1986 Iraq counterattack to retake Mangesh in Kurdistan Repulsed by KDP 800 Iraqi prisoners taken

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1992 Kurds held election for 105 seat regional parliament and president 7 parties ran 4 candidates for

leader KDP won 51 seats PUK 49 in new Kurdish parliament Barzani gave 1 seat to PUK to maintain Kurdish unity Was voter fraud and rules meant only KDP and PUK could win seats

(Musings On Iraq review Sanctioning Saddam, The Politics Of Intervention In Iraq)

1997 KDP attacked PKK in Irbil with support of Turkey 53 KDP and 58 PKK killed

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1999 Clinton admin sent letter to Congress saying US would support Kurds as long as they remained


2003 ORHA head Garner told Congress ORHA was ad hoc and didn't have enough time to plan for

postwar Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 10,000 Sadrists protested in Baghdad against US occupation

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq review The Triumph of the Martyrs, A Reporter’s Journey into Occupied Iraq)

2003 500 Iraqis protested outside Green Zone over pending disbandment of army

2003 CPA head Bremer sent Sec Def Rumsfeld final draft of order to disband Iraqi military

(Musings On Iraq Review Lessons Of The Iraqi De-Ba’athfication Program For Iraq’s Future And The Arab Revolutions)

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Ch 6 Lost In Transition May-July 2003)

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld sent memo to Bremer about creating new Iraqi military Said would be 3

battalions of 800 troops under new Def Min Would take 6 months to create Would eventually grow to 3 divisions with 40,000 troops

2003 US intel paper to White House said captured Iraq trailers were mobile WMD labs Didn’t exist

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2004 US soldiers involved in Abu Ghraib prison abuse sentenced one year in prison

2005 Report that US attempt to push ISF into lead in war failing because Iraqi forces not ready yet

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2005 Harith al-Dhari head of Association of Muslim Scholars accused Badr of assassinating Sunni


(Musings On Iraq Spiritual Leader To Iraq’s Insurgency Harith Dhari Dies In Exile)

2007 US killed Asaibh Al Ahl-Haq’s Karbala commander Dulaimi in raid

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2008 Fmr Dep Sec Def Feith claimed Iraq’s WMD was a threat Said Iraq had WMD programs and

could have produced WMD in 3-5 wks Claimed he believed Iraqi army and police would maintain security after invasion Feith wrote order disbanding military

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2008 ISI emir for Salahaddin captured in Mosul op

2009 Pentagon said foreign fighters still coming to Iraq from Syria and Iranian weapons still being


(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of Iranian Weapons Shipments To Iraq Interview With Arkenstone Blog’s Galen Wright)

2009 US organized meeting between Sahwa and govt after 17 Sahwa leaders arrested

(Musings On Iraq Sons of Iraq Integration Update)

2009 Iraqi govt survey found 23% of Iraqis living in poverty Poverty highest in Muthanna 49% Babil

41% Salahaddin 40% lowest in Dohuk 10% Irbil 3% Sulaymaniya 3%

(Musings On Iraq Survey Finds 23% of Iraqis Live In Poverty)

2011 Twin bombs in Kirkuk killed 30 wounded 90

2012 Sadr called conference with Kurds Speaker Nujafi Ahmed Chalabi about PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq Why The Talk Of A No Confidence Vote Against Iraq’s Premier Maliki Remains Just Talk)

(Musings On Iraq What Does Iraq’s Sadr Want?)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Sadrist Back Off Attacks Upon Prime Minister Maliki For Now)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2012 Ayatollah Haeri called on Sadr to stop trying to divide Shiites showing Iran’s displeasure with

moves against PM Maliki

(Musings On Iraq Why The Talk Of A No Confidence Vote Against Iraq’s Premier Maliki Remains Just Talk)

(Musings On Iraq Iran Tries To Mediate Iraq’s Political Crisis, But Can They Overcome The Deep Divisions In The Country?)

2012 France’s Total announced talks with KRG about oil deals there over objections of Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq The State Of The Kurdish Regional Government In Iraq, An Interview With National Defense Univ’s Dr Denise Natali)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2012 Protest in Basra against Turkey hosting wanted ex-VP Hashemi

2013 Provincial election results finalized State of Law won 112 seats Down from 126 in 2009

2013 PM Maliki responded to protest movement Said provinces could become regions if followed

constitution Maliki was actively working to undermine those attempts

2013 Sheikh Saadi spiritual leader Ramadi protests said he gave up on his initiative to hold talks with


(Musings On Iraq Understanding Iraq’s Protest Movements, An Interview With Kirk Sowell, Editor of Inside Iraqi Politics)

(Musings On Iraq Rising Tensions In Iraq’s Anbar Province, Raids, Kidnapped Soldiers, Collapse of Talks Offer)

2014 Election results announced PM Maliki’s State of Law won 92 seats Increase from 89 in 2010

Came in 1st in 10 provinces

2014 Sulaymaniya Educ dept went on strike over not getting paid and protests in 2 towns over lack of

services in KRG

2014 ISF went on rampage in Khalis, Diyala after checkpoint attacked Burned mosque fields 2 houses

2015 State of Law MP said Iraq should rely on Iran not US for military aid Claimed fall of Ramadi

proved US helping IS

2015 Hashd spokesman claimed retaking Ramadi would be easier than Tikrit Hashd failed to take


(Musings On Iraq interview The Political Fallout From The Loss Of Iraq’s Ramadi Interview With EPIC’s Ahmed Ali)

2015 Report IS went door to door in Ramadi looking for police and sahwa to kill Said to have hit

lists Singled out Albu Alwan tribe as well Looted and burned homes

2015 NSC discussed whether Op Inherent resolve vs IS still working or not Questioned Iraqi

resolve to fight and whether Iraq could be saved Obama agreed to increase US role and send advisors to Anbar base so they could be closer to the front and give more direct support Obama wanted PM Abadi to arm Sunni tribes and rein in Hashd Natl Sec Adv Rice asked to come up with policy paper on how to work with Sunnis

2016 ISF freed Rutba Anbar from IS opening road from Baghdad to Jordan

2016 Iraq got $5.4 bil from IMF to help with economic crisis due to collapse of oil prices and war

vs IS Expected to have $17 bil budget deficit

2016 Report Ninewa Gov Nujafi’s militia attempted to take Bashiqa from IS and failed Was

supported by Turkish advisers

2016 Report Khorasani Brigade threatened to fight Sadrists if they attempted to take over the

Green Zone again Accused Sadr of sedition

(Musings On Iraq Khorasani Brigade Another Iraq Militia That Returned Home From Syria To Fight The Insurgency)

2017 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq claimed it had better capabilities than US or NATO to train ISF after

Mosul freed Said Iraq didn’t need foreign trainers State of Law MP said decision on trainers would be made by PM Abadi not Hashd

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2017 Nawshirwan Mustafa founder of Gorran died Fmr KDP Was 1 of founders of PUK Gorran

1st large opposition party in KRG Gorran came in 2nd in 2013 elections Then joined ruling parties

2018 Kirkuk governor said voting irregularities in province Accused PUK of cheating Gorran said it would boycott parliament over fraud

(Musings On Iraq Growing Crisis Over Elections In Kirkuk and Kurdistan)

2019 Rocket fired at Baghdad’s Green Zone by pro-Iran group 1st attack on Green Zone

since Sep 2018

(Musings On Iraq Pro-Iran Hashd Brigades And Now Israeli Strikes Making A Joke Of PM Mahdi’s Claims Iraq Neutral In Regional Conflicts)

2019 Trade Minister said IS burning farms in Diyala and Ninewa Burned 500 acres of

wheat and barely Trying to extort money from farmers

(Musings On Iraq Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 1? Interview With Washington Institute for Near East Policy’s Michael Knights)

(Musings On Iraq Can The Islamic State Make A Comeback In Iraq Part 2? Interview With Il Foglio’s Daniele Raineri)

2019 Report 14 villages in NWDiyala emptied of people due to IS Fires in Salahaddin and

Kirkuk set by IS

2020 Pro-Iran group fired rockets at Green Zone

2022 Oil Ministry told energy companies in KRG had to sign new contracts with state marketing

office Part of Baghdad’s attempt to enforce Feb Supreme Court ruling that KRG oil law and contracts unconstitutional

(Musings On Iraq Kurdistan Continues To Defy Iraq’s Central Govt Over Oil Industry)

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

  1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under British influence