Wednesday, May 22, 2024

This Day In Iraqi History - May 22 Sheikh Barzanji led revolt against British


 

1919 Sheikh Mahmoud Barzinji started rebellion against British in Sulaymaniya

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Kurdish Nationalism Interview With Teen Tech Univ Prof Michael Gunter)

 

1941 Iraq attempt to recapture Fallujah failed

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s First Battle Of Fallujah 1941)

(Musings On Iraq interview World War II In Iraq and Syria Interview With Case Western’s Prof Broich)

1941 Regent of Iraq along with Nuri al-Said arrived at British base at Habaniya, Anbar Said sent letter

to Iraqi commander in Ramadi who agreed to switch sides

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Blood, Oil and the Axis: The Allied Resistance Against A Fascist State In Iraq and the Levant, 1941)

1948 Iraqi army defeated in Battle of Gesher and retreated 1st Arab-Israeli War

1948 Iraqi forces moved to Shechem area to make up for lack of Jordanian advances 1st Arab-Israeli

War

1951 Two Zionists arrested who revealed underground group in Baghdad By end of 1951 almost

100 had been arrested and accused of bombing Jewish community

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Jews, A History of Mass Exodus)

1959 National Democratic Party Economic Min said that party suspended its activities and called

on others to do same Aimed at reducing power of Communists

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq A History Of The Iraqi Communist Party Interview With Univ of East Anglia’s Johan Franzen)

(Musings On Iraq Revolutionary Times, Gen. Qasim And Iraq’s 1958 Coup, Interview With Western Kentucky’s Prof. Juan Romero)

1973 Kurdish villages in Sheikhan forced to cede land to Arabs and population expelled

1975 PUK formed when Maosit Komala led by Nirshurwan Mustafa social democratic Bezutnawa

led by Ali Askari and KDP’s Talabani joined

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1979 Start of 9 days of protests against Bakr govt led by Dawa

(Musings On Iraq Interview A History of Iraq’s Islamic Dawa Party, Interview With Lowy Inst for Intl Policy’s Dr. Rodger Shanahan)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

1981 Iraq counterattack against Iran Op Imam Ali in Susangard Khuzistan in south failed

1984 Reagan briefed on study that said there should be a military embargo on both Iran and Iraq

Reagan agreed to policy

1986 US Amb to Iraq asked Eximbank to open up new lines of credit to Iraq to help it through Iran-

Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq review Spider’s Web, The secret history of how the White House illegally armed Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Review The Twilight War, The Secret History Of America’s Thirty-Year Conflict With Iran)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

2003 UN Res 1483 made US and England occupying powers of Iraq and ended sanctions on Iraq

Also created Development Fund for Iraq to help pay for rebuilding using oil revenue

2003 Bremer told Bush Iraq needed new constitution then elections then sovereignty Also

proposed disbanding Iraqi military Bush approved Bremer also told NSC and no one objected Reversed Pentagon-ORHA plan to recall army for security and rebuilding

(Musings On Iraq review Days Of Fire, Bush and Cheney in the White House)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq Review Lessons Of The Iraqi De-Ba’athfication Program For Iraq’s Future And The Arab Revolutions)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review My Year in Iraq, The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review Squandered Victory, The American Occupation And the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 6 Charting A New Course)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction’s Hard Lessons Chapter 11

Restoring Iraq’s Capacity to Govern)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History Of Iraq War Vol 1 – Ch 6 Lost In Transition May-July 2003)

2003 CPA and official from Def Sec Rumsfeld’s office drafted CPA Order 2 to disband Iraq’s

military

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

2003 Report CIA started internal review of its pre-war Iraq intelligence

2003 CPA security adviser Slocombe met with ORHA’s Col Torgler Said CPA was going to disband

Iraqi military Slocombe said the military was all Baathists Torgler said wasn’t true Slocombe asked why bring back military if it was defeated Torgler said Iraqis followed US calls not to fight during invasion

2004 Neocon supporters of INC’s Chalabi told NatlSecAdv Rice that US needed to stop harassing

him Came after US forces raided Chalabi’s house claiming he had passed intel to Iran

(Musings On Iraq review America at the Crossroads, Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Road to Iraq, The Making of a Neoconservative War)

2004 INC met with Nat Sec Adv Rice complaining US had abandoned Chalabi

2005 Joint US-Iraqi operation started to clear Abu Ghraib in west Baghdad

2005 Sadr sent delegation to meet Sunni clerics in an attempt to stop sectarian violence

2006 Bush said Iraq at a turning point and heading in right direction towards democracy Said PM

Maliki govt turning point for Middle East

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review Overreach, Delusions of Regime Change In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of America’s Policy Towards Iraq: From The Clinton Years To The

Sectarian War of 2006)

2006 Report US failure to adequately plan for Iraqi police led to militia and criminal take over 2004

US military took over police training and still inadequate Gen Eaton put in charge of effort in March 2004 and his budget was cut 20% Said that showed not priority in Washington Summer 2005 Gen Petraeus took over program and claimed he began meaningful reforms Audit found 5,000 Iraqi police had criminal records including taking part in insurgency Pre-war Bush admin thought Iraqi police not an issue Rejected Justice Dept plan to use 1000s of police advisers US initially hoped Basra police would be early success because back on duty in 03 and no insurgency but quickly taken over by gangs political parties militias Politicians appointed police chiefs in Basra who hired friends relatives tribesmen Came to be dominated by Badr and Mahdi Army Carried out sectarian violence Enforced religious rules of militias Demanded kickbacks to join force Helped smugglers Summer 05 Basra police chief Gen Sawadi said he didn’t trust his own force and couldn’t control them Interior Min tried to reform Basra police but failed Started with Internal Affairs which turned into crime ring Trials failed against corrupt officers UK Gen Mackay warned that unless Coalition regulated Iraqi police commandos they would become personal army for Interior Min Fmr Interior Min Nakib warned Sec Def Rumsfeld in Apr 2005 that Shiite parties were going to take over commandos with their militias Fmr Interior Min Jabr denied any abuses by police and blamed other ministries Jabr let his Badr Brigade take over police and commandos US military played down sectarian killings and abuses by commandos

(Musings On Iraq interview with Col Ted Spain on how US struggled to establish law and order in post-invasion Iraq) 

(Musings On Iraq American Negligence In Iraq Or How The United States Failed To Plan For Security The Country Part One Of A Two Part Interview With Jerry Burke Former Advisor To The Baghdad Police And Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq From Bad To Worse How Military Moved Into The Iraqi Police Force And The United States Failed At Nation Building Part Two Of An Interview With Jerry Burke Former Advisor To The Baghdad Police And Interior Ministry)

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2006 Report corruption endemic in Iraq Transportation Min bought 2 planes for $3 mil each that

should have been less than $1 mil Def Min made $1 bil in questionable arms purchases Interior Min had at least 1100 ghost employees costing $1.3 mil a month

(Musings On Iraq Corruption In Iraq An Interview With Stuart Bowen Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Trouble Fighting Corruption Interview With Vincent Foulk Former US Anti-Graft Official)

2006 Report of 3000 corruption cases in Iraq only 780 went to court Only few dozen got verdict

2006 Of 40 corruption cases against high ranking Iraqi officials only 1 got verdict for Interior Ministry

official

2008 US got ISF to arrest Gen Zamel head of prisons for abuse torture extortion of prisoners extra

judicial killings and providing weapons to Mahdi Army

2008 Govt gained control of Khor al-Zubayr port Fired guards that belonged to Mahdi Army Used to

extort money from shipping trucks

2009 Report Iraqi army auditing forces 24% not qualified 15% illiterate Only had 50% of needed

officers and 60% of NCOs

2009 China National Petroleum Company started work at Wasit oil field 1st foreign company to get

deal since 03

2010 Report ISF in Basra accused Iranian Revolutionary Guard of drug smuggling

through city

2011 Red Cross interviewed people held by ISF at Camp Honor in Baghdad Said they were tortured

2011 Report South Gas Company wanted to move ahead with natural gas plan in Basra whether Shell

joined project or not Basra oil fields produce 1.1 bil cubic ft of natural gas/day Most burned off Iraq needed gas to fuel power plants

2011 Report Illegal trade in kidneys for transplants thriving in Irbil Police did nothing because no laws

against donor trafficking in KRG

2012 Integrity Comm found 5000 forged certificates and diplomas used by govt officials

2012 Dep PM Shahristani ended order to stop fuel supplies to KRG after met with Pres Talabani Was

threat to KRG after signed oil deal with Turkey Iraq told Turkey to halt pipeline deal with KRG

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Government Tries To Punish Kurdistan For Independent Energy Policy)

2012 Report 4 electricity generators found in Khor Zubayr port in Basra 1 had been there since 1988

Other 3 had been there since 2005 Had capacity of over 2000 megawatts

2012 Report Pres Barzani Allawi Speaker Nujafi demanded PM Maliki be replaced National Alliance

said supported Maliki

(Musings On Iraq How The No Confidence Move Against Iraq’s Premier Split The Kurdish Parties)

2013 Pres Barzani attacked PYD for arresting KDP affiliated group in Syria

(Musings On Iraq Explaining Iraqi Kurdistan’s Policy Towards Syria, Interview With Wladimir van Wilgenburg)

2013 ISF broke up Jabhat al-Nusra cell operating in Qaim Anbar Smuggled weapons into Syria

2013 Report KRG was exporting around 40,000 bar/day of oil through Turkey Supposed to reach

60,000 bar/day by end of Jun Iraq sent letters warning buyers not to purchase oil Govt said it would sue companies exporting oil from KRG

2014 KRG provincial election results released Gorran won most seats in Sulaymaniya

2014 Oil Ministry warned potential buyers not to buy 1st shipment of independent KRG oil

2014 Mutahidun and Sadrists rejected 3rd term for PM Maliki

2014 Report 100s of govt workers protesting since Jan in Sulaymaniya Dohuk Hawler over not

being paid KRG in debt and financial crisis due to dispute with Baghdad over oil and budget

2015 Joint Chiefs Head Gen Dempsey said would take 3 years or more to defeat IS Blamed Iraqi

commander in Ramadi for fall of city

2015 Report Some claimed Baathists within IS made it more of a Sunni national group than

Salafi one Disagreed Baathists that joined IS were Salafis Baathists added military know how not ideology

(Musings On Iraq Behind The Revival Of The Islamic State in Iraq, Interview With Naval War College Prof Craig Whiteside)

2015 IS took Husaiba and Albu Fahad in Anbar Attacked Khalidiya and Baghdadi

(Musings On Iraq Fight For Iraq’s Anbar And Salahaddin, 4th Week of May 2015)

2016 PM Abadi announced start of attack upon Fallujah to free it from IS US said it would

support operation if Hashd stayed on perimeter Were already US air strikes

(Musings On Iraq New Effort To Liberate Iraq’s Fallujah Underway)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Gains Big Victory Over Islamic State In Fallujah In Record Time)

(Musings On Iraq How Did Fallujah Fall So Quickly To Iraq’s Forces?)

2016 Report Iranian Revolutionary Guards and Hezbollah supporting Hashd in Fallujah op Iran

said Basij cmdr killed by a car bomb southeast of city

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

2017 Report 2009 Iraq bought 88 armored personnel carriers from Ukraine for $475.7 mil Only 34

worked Engines broken cracks in armor broken weapons 2014 Iraq returned 42 of the APCs Head of Ukrainian company that sold APCs under investigation for stealing $30 mil from deal

2017 Human Rights Watch Report Apr Hashd arrested 100 men in Ninewa Some were tortured

(Musings On Iraq Mosul Campaign Day 218 May 22 2017)

2017 Report 1800 soldiers from 82nd Airborne advising ISF in Mosul battle Joint Chiefs head Gen

Dunford said 980 ISF killed 6000 wounded in Mosul

2017 Sinjar council asked Hashd to leave district Hashd were supposed to stay out of Kurdish

areas during clearing op in Ninewa but ignored deal

(Musings On Iraq Sinjar Dispute Between The Hashd and Kurdistan Democratic Party Interview With Journalist Wladimir van Wilgenburg)

2017 Sadr accused Hashd of kidnapping and killing civilians

2017 Shabak Hashd blamed for kidnapping director of Nimrod dist and two of his staff 4 Hashd

arrested for beating MP at checkpoint outside of Mosul

2017 Diyala MP said IS rebuilding in center of province

2018 75 bodies pulled from Old City Mosul

2018 Protest in Babil over electricity shortages

2018 Interviewed displaced woman Hashd demanded bribe to allow her to return to her home Day of election Asayesh told people they could only vote if picked PUK 2 other men said Asayesh and election workers offered bribes for people to vote for PUK

2019 Electricity Min said couldn’t find alternatives to importing Iranian electricity and

natural gas for power plants

2019 Speaker Halbousi called for reconciliation and settle tribal disputes with IS families

Families had been attacked forced out blocked from returning home

2021 Iraqi Resistance Coordination Comm said it would increase attacks upon US for not

withdrawing from Iraq

2021 Report Gulf Keystone paid kickbacks to KDP politburo member to get oil deal in KRG

Politician got 10% of company’s revenue for 25 yrs

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Kurdistan’s Failed Independent Oil Strategy)

2021 Report KRG changed payments to oil companies without telling them beforehand Oil

executive said that would hurt future investment Extended payments from 15 days to 60 days after end of month Overdue invoices would be paid at slower rate Companies had to reduce production as a result of slow payments in 2020 Due to KRG financial crisis caused by budget dispute with Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Kurdistan Can’t Pay Its Bills)

2021 Dhi Qar activist wounded by sticky bomb Led protests in Nasiriya

(Musings On Iraq UN Report On Violence Against Iraqi Protesters)

(Musings On Iraq United Nations Faults Iraq For Failing To Protect Protesters)

2023 KDP said vote took place to re-activate KRG Election Comm for Nov voting PUK

said there was no vote after speaker of KRG parliament from PUK cancelled session Was reversed by her deputy Led to fight between MPs

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jun 16 Iraq protested border treaty with Iran by sending troops into Khuzistan province Led to 88 Iraqi soldiers being killed

  1920 UK govt decided to cancel proposed UK run provisional govt in Iraq for an Arab govt under British influence