Tuesday, February 23, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 23


1935 PM Ayubi gave resignation to King Ghazi King asked Yashin al-Hashemi to form new govt

but exclude Rashid Ali al-Gaylani and Hikmat Sulaiman because they were agitating mid-Euphrates tribes Hashemi became disillusioned with Ghazi and proposed someone else from Hashemite family to take his place Hashemi dissolved political parties Spied on rivals Pushed authoritarianism 1922-58 were 59 cabinets

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1946 Tawfiq Suwaidi became PM for 2nd time Was supposed to carry out Regent’s

reform program Ended martial law allowed limited political parties freed political prisoners lifted censorship 1922-58 were 59 cabinets

(Musings On Iraq review ‘Independent Iraq’ The Monarchy & British Influence, 1941-1958)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1959 Communists called for march in Mosul to counter rumors of military revolt against Gen Qasim


(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1980 Start of major military operation against Kurds

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1985 Iraqi military intel warned Iranian offensive would happen in Basra’s Fish Lake Was wrong

1986 Iraq’s southern front to retake Faw in Basra stopped by Iranian anti-tank missiles

1986 KDP launched preparatory attacks in Sulaymaniya to support Iranian offensive starting next

day in area

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1988 1st Anfal Campaign targeted PUK HQ in Jafati Valley, Sulaymaniya Yakhsamar Sergalou Bergalou


(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1991 Iraq said it agreed to Soviet peace plan and would withdraw from Kuwait unconditionally

1991 UN Security Council met Western countries said they weren’t interested in Soviet

            peace plan

1991 Bush ordered Gen Schwarzkopf to expel Iraq from Kuwait

1992 Report when Bush elected senior officials pushed Agriculture Dept to give billions in loans to Iraq

to buy US farm products Agriculture was afraid Iraq could not pay back money and that some of it was being used for weapons Oct 89 Bush signed NSD 26 saying US had to maintain good relations with Iraq to secure Persian Gulf Nov 89 Bush okayed $1 bil aid package to Iraq Apr and Jun 90 White House rejected call to limit high tech sales to Iraq that could be used for weapons programs

1994 Saddam diverted Tigris into southern marshes to put down rebels there

1996 Hussein and Saddam Kamal killed by uncle Ali Hassan al-Majid and members of tribe after talked

into returning to Iraq

1998 UN negotiated Iraq working with UN inspectors again including unrestricted visits but didn’t work

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Charles Duelfer’s Account Of The End Of The 1990s U.N. Inspections)

1998 Bin Laden issued fatwa against US sanctions on Iraq and called for attacks against it

1999 State Dept denied that US was using UN inspectors to spy on Iraq but it was

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors and CIA Spying On Iraq In The 90s)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

2004 UN Rep Brahimi report said earliest Iraq could hold elections was late 2004-early 2005

2004 US killed Nidhal Mohammed Arabiyat Al Qaeda in Iraq’s top bombmaker Developed early car


2006 Iraqi govt ordered curfew in Baghdad Salahaddin Diyala Babil after Samarra bombing

2006 US report Sadr changed order to kill all Sunnis in east Baghdad Were to be taken to Sadr City to be

executed instead

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2006 US report Iraqi army and police assisting Mahdi Army to kill Sunnis in east Baghdad

2006 Insurgents stopped vehicles in Baquba and executed 47 people who were heading to protest against

Samarra bombing

2006 Sunnis withdrew from talks with United Iraqi Alliance over new govt saying authorities were not

preventing revenge attacks after Samarra bombing

2006 Sec Gen of Iraqi National Dialogue Front Hayan said revenge attacks after Samarra bombing were

how a civil war started

2006 Assoc of Muslim Scholars said 168 Sunni mosques attacked 10 imams killed 15 abducted after

Samarra bombing

2006 Interior Min said 18 Sunnis mosques in Baghdad attacked 1 imam killed 1 kidnapped

2007 US Special Forces arrested Ammar Hakim on trip back from Tehran Was only released upon

protest of Gen Petraeus

2008 Sadr said he failed because US still occupying Iraq and many of his followers had left his


2008 2 suicide bombers killed Sheikh Mutairi of Anbar Salvation Council in Fallujah Part of ISI

campaign against Awakening/Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 US general in charge of Baghdad said attacks down 75% since June 07 90% drop in civilian deaths

85% drop in murders

2008 Report Basra beset by violence between militias Professionals politicians officials all subjected to

assassinations and kidnappings Many times police carried out murders Interior Min issued warrant for head of Basra Serious Crime Unit connected to Sadrists accused of running death squads but nothing done

2009 Report Ex-Salafi insurgent leader said Saudis funded his group from 03-06

(Musings On Iraq The Saudi Role In The Iraqi Insurgency)

2011 National Reconciliation Min announced that 5 insurgent groups had agreed to join politics

2014 ISIS sent 2 suicide bombers to kill Al Qaeda representative Abu Khald al-Suri who was supposed to

moderate differences between ISIS and Al Nusra Front

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2016 Kurdish Alliance said they didn’t support Abadi’s reform program and wanted their quota of

positions in his new cabinet

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

2018 Pro-Iran Hashd criticized US Said it had no right to demand that Abrams tanks Hashd had be

turned back over to Iraqi army

(Musings On Iraq Iraqi Army Supplied Pro-Iran Hashd With US Abrams Tanks)

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