Sunday, February 28, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 28

 

1941 Mufti of Jerusalem Pan-Arab Golden Square officers Rashid al-Gaylani had secret

meeting Decided to remove PM Hashemi if he insisted on ending relations with Italy Golden Square decided to replace PM Hashemi with Gaylani if he would not change policy on Italy Agreed on no concessions to UK Refused to break relations with Italy Would expel pro-British politicians

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1963 Mulla Mustafa Barzani said Kurds would go back to fighting government if didn’t commit to

Kurdish autonomy

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1972 Iraq Petroleum Company came to terms with Baghdad over nationalization including compensation

1979 Ayatollah Baqir al-Sadr congratulated Ayatollah Khomeini for the Iranian revolution

and said some tyrants hadn’t seen their day of reckoning yet

1981 Iran told Islamic Conference Org that it wanted Iraq found aggressor and punished for Iran-Iraq

War and withdrawal from territory

1981 Speaker Rafsanjani later told Islamic Conf Org Iran sure it would win war so didn’t want to

negotiate

1984 Iraqi counterattack against Iranian Op Kheibar retook Beida Iranian Revolutionary Guard

began retreating in disarray Iran lost 3,000 dead

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

1986 Iran Op Wa al-Fajr 9 in Penjwin and Halabja stopped by Iraqi counterattack

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1987 Iraq ended 3rd War of Cities after Soviet appealed and new arms deal

1987 During war of cities 1984-87 35 Iranian cities hit 3,000 dead 9,000 injured Baghdad and Basra

hit 300 dead 1,000 wounded

1987 Iran attacked and broke through Iraqi lines Iraq counterattacks regained lost territory in 12 hrs

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

1988 Iran fired SCUD missiles at Baghdad and Tikrit Tehran was trying to lure Iraq into another war

of cities to decrease attacks upon its economic infrastructure

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1987 Ali Hassan al-Majid made governor of northern Iraq provinces and told to end Kurdish insurgency

Would start Anfal Campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1990 Saddam warned of Israeli aggression backed by US at Arab Cooperation Council meeting

(Musings On Iraq Why Did Saddam Threaten Israel Before The 1990 Invasion of Kuwait?)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

(Musings On Iraq review the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1990 At Arab Cooperation Council Saddam demanded moratorium on loans from Gulf States and $30 bil

investment by them to help Iraq rebuild

1990 Saddam said that if Gulf States did not provide money and help with debt he knew how to get it

1991 Bush announced that Kuwait was liberated and Iraq defeated in Gulf War Started ceasefire in war

1991 Saddam said that Iraq had succeeded in defeating the United States

1991 Jalal Talabani tried to tell State Dept of impending Kurdish revolt but was turned away

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

1992 Iraqi army attacked Peshmerga in Kalak

1999 General uprising in southern Iraq planned following Saddam’s killing of Ayatollah Sadiq al-

Sadr

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between Occupations, Perspectives from 1920 to the Present)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2002 PM Blair told Australian TV Iraq was a threat because it had WMD

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 Gen Franks delivered target list for air strikes in Iraq to Sec Def Rumsfeld

2003 Iraq agreed to destroy Samud II ballistic missiles that violated UN restrictions

2003 US attacked Iraq agreement to destroy Samud II missiles claiming it was just propaganda not real

disarmament

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld said Iraq never cooperated with UN inspectors

2003 UN said found no evidence of active WMD programs in Iraq

2003 UN inspectors went to site CURVEBALL claimed was secret WMD facility for second time for

samples Found nothing

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

2003 UN inspectors found small stock of mustard gas and some old WMD warheads and Iraq built 2

banned missiles Inspectors said Iraq had not provided any new information to answer questions from 90s inspections

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2003 State Dept said Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for its nuke program Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2003 UK Def Min report said Coalition had to prevent security vacuum after invasion of Iraq and stop Al

Qaeda from expanding into country

2003 UK Def Min note to PM Blair’s office said UK failed to influence US postwar Iraq planning and

UK would have to deal with US decisions made for it

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 ORHA head Garner made 1st brief of postwar Iraq plans to Bush 1 month before war

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

2003 Defense Policy Board warned by peacekeeping expert Perito could be breakdown in law order right

after invasion if Iraqi police didn’t go back to work Board told that US troops could not take over police duties after invasion because not trained

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2004 Iraqi Governing Council said it would draft and approve an interim constitution Couldn’t agree on

role of Islam

2004 Women’s delegation visited Iraqi Governing Council demanding interim constitution protect

women’s rights

2005 Al Qaeda in Iraq suicide truck bomb on police and National Guard recruits in Hillah killed 127

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2005 Annual State Department human rights report accused Iraqi security forces of rape torture and

illegal arrests

2006 Prosecution presented Saddam’s order to executed 148 people in Dujail in 1982 at his trial

2006 Report US warned about growing insurgency mid-03 and was largely Iraqi not foreigners Ignored

by Bush admin

2006 DIA Dir Gen Maples told Senate Armed Services Comm as long as Sunnis were disenfranchised

insurgency would continue

2008 Report attacks on Sahwa went from 26 in Oct 07 to 100 in Jan 08 as part of ISI campaign

2008 Report Interior Min investigation found 15-20% of police or 11,000 officers didn’t exist Anbar

25% of police didn’t exist

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