Monday, September 6, 2021

Islamic State’s Summer Offensive In Iraq Ends In August


The Islamic State’s summer offensive in Iraq came to an end in August as incidents decreased each week of the month. Pro-Iran groups on the other hand picked up their operations to carry out the most attacks of the year so far.

 

There were a total of 133 incidents recorded in Iraq in August. That was up from 110 in July and the highest monthly figure in 2021.

 

A total of 54 people were killed and 82 wounded during the month. 11 Hashd al-Shaabi, 15 civilians and 25 members of the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) died while 3 Fijians, 16 Hashd, 32 ISF and 34 civilians were injured. Salahaddin had the most casualties with 48.


 

Pro-Iran groups carried out 30 incidents during the month. 27 of those were IEDs on supply convoys working for the U.S. in Anbar, Babil, Baghdad, Basra, Dhi Qar, Diwaniya, Muthanna, and Salahaddin. Another two bombs were dismantled in Diwaniya. Rockets were also fired at Kuwait. This was not the first time these groups have attacked neighboring countries. The 28 incidents were the most by these factions in 2021 and second only to the 30 recorded in September 2020.

 

130 incidents were by the Islamic State. Those happened in Anbar (5), Babil (3), Baghdad (6), Diyala (17), Irbil (7). Kirkuk (20), Ninewa (14) and Salahaddin (31).

 

IS attacks declined each week from 39 the first week to 25 the second to 17 the third to 12 the fourth and 10 the last three days of August. That showed that the insurgents’ summer campaign which started in June had ended.

 

The major target during August was Iraq’s electricity grid. Power towers were blown up in Babil, Baghdad, Diyala, Kirkuk, Ninewa, and Salahaddin. IEDs were also dismantled twice in Anbar. There were electricity outages throughout the country as a result. This was aimed at undermining the government during the summer heat.


 

Anbar went from 12 incidents in July to 5 in August. The biggest incident was an attack upon the Akashat border crossing which led to one border policeman being killed, another wounded, and a third being kidnapped who was then beheaded by IS. That was likely to intimidate the guards to allow IS smuggling.


 

Violence in Babil remained steady from 4 incidents in July to 3 in August. At the start of the month IS killed a Hashd commander south of Hilla. There were actually far more attacks by Pro-Iran groups during August.


 

Attacks were cut more than 50% in Baghdad from July to August. IS was most active in the Tarmiya district in the north. That included an attack upon a Hashd brigade headquarters that left 12 casualties including a dead regiment commander. The government responded with security operations in the district but it’s yet to be seen whether those were effective.


 

During the summer IS moved away from Diyala which is regularly the most violent area of the country. There were 17 incidents each in July and August. On the other hand, IS was spreading out from its bases in the Muqdadiya and Khanaqin districts to hit the north in the Buhriz area. That included an attack upon a village where a factory was also burned. Insurgents already regularly traverse the district to go back and forth to Salahaddin. Perhaps they are attempted to establish de facto military control of the area as well now.




 

Kirkuk, Ninewa and Salahaddin were the main targets during the month. Incidents went from 14 to 20 in Kirkuk, 13 to 14 in Ninewa and 14 to 31 in Salahaddin from July to August. Most of those were attacks upon the power grid, especially in Salahaddin where 14 electrical towers were taken down in just one night. An army base was also assaulted at the start of the month. Three villages were attacked in Kirkuk including one at the end of the month where insurgents burned cars, tractors and killed the livestock. These were meant to either force locals to pay taxes to the Islamic State or drive them out. Ninewa is usually very quiet because it’s used as a logistics hub by IS so the increase in violence there was a sign of the group’s campaign. Still, more than half of the incidents were IEDs.

 

Last, IS hit Irbil once a week during August. That included shootings, kidnappings, attacks upon checkpoints and two villages that were hit. These all took place in the Makhmour district in the south which is a disputed area. The insurgents were taking advantage in the gaps in security between the Iraqi forces and the Peshmerga.

 

Security Incidents In Iraq By Province

Province

Aug 1-7

Aug 8-14

Aug 15-21

Aug 22-28

Aug 29-31

Totals

Anbar

3

1

1 Pro-Iran

-

1

6/1 Pro-Iran

Babil

3/2 Pro-Iran

3 Pro-Iran

2/1 Pro-Iran

2 Pro-Iran

2/1 Pro-Iran

12/9 Pro-Iran

Baghdad

3

3/1 Pro-Iran

3/2 Pro-Iran

1 Pro-Iran

-

10/4 Pro-Iran

Basra

-

-

-

1 Pro-Iran

-

1 Pro-Iran

Dhi Qar

1 Pro-Iran

1 Pro-Iran

1 Pro-Iran

1 Pro-Iran

-

4 Pro-Iran

Diwaniya

2 Pro-Iran

1 Pro-Iran

2 Pro-Iran

2 Pro-Iran

1 Pro-Iran

8 Pro-Iran

Diyala

4

2

8

2

1

17

Irbil

1

3

1

2

-

7

Kirkuk

9

3

3

-

5

20

Muthanna

-

-

-

1 Pro-Iran

-

1 Pro-Iran

Ninewa

2

5

1

4

2

14

Salahaddin

16

9

3/1 Pro-Iran

4

-

32/1 Pro-Iran

Kuwait

-

-

-

1 Pro-Iran

-

1 Pro-Iran

TOTAL

44/5 Pro-Iran

31/6 Pro-Iran

25/8 Pro-Iran

21/9 Pro-Iran

12/2 Pro-Iran

133/30 Pro-Iran

 

Casualties In Iraq By Province

Province

Aug 1-7

Aug 8-14

Aug 15-21

Aug 22-28

Aug 29-31

Totals

Anbar

-

3 (1K, 2W)

-

-

2 (1K, 1W)

5 (2K, 3W)

Babil

5 (4K, 1W)

 

-

-

1 (1W)

6 (4K, 2W)

Baghdad

5 (5W)

2 (2K)

12 (6K, 6W)

-

-

19 (8K, 11W)

Diyala

1 (1W)

2 (1K, 1W)

13 (6K, 7W)

2 (2K)

-

18 (9K, 9W)

Irbil

3 (3W)

3 (1K, 2W)

-

-

-

6 (1K, 5W)

Kirkuk

6 (4K, 2W)

3 (2K, 1W)

1 (1W)

-

13 (3K, 10W)

23 (9K, 14W)

Ninewa

2 (1K, 1W)

4 (4W)

2 (2W)

2 (2K)

1 (1K)

11 (4K, 7W)

Salahaddin

9 (3K, 6W)

23 (10K, 13W)

2 (2W)

14 (4K, 10W)

-

48 (17K, 31W)

TOTAL

31 (12K, 19W)

40 (17K, 23W)

30 (12K, 18W)

18 (8K, 10W)

17 (5K, 12W)

136 (54K, 82W)

 

Attacks by Pro-Iran Groups July-August 2021

7/2/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Babil, Salahaddin

 

Rockets dismantled - Baghdad

7/4/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US - Baghdad

7/5/21

Rockets – Anbar’s Ain Al-Asad Base

 

Drone shot down - Baghdad

7/6/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Anbar, Diwaniya

 

Rockets – Irbil Airport

7/7/21

Rockets – Anbar’s Ain Al-Asad Base – 2 US wounded

7/8/21

Rockets – Baghdad’s Green Zone

7/10/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Anbar

7/11/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Basra

 

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Diwaniya

7/15/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Dhi Qar

7/24/21

Drone strike – Irbil’s Al-Harir Base

7/29/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Babil, Dhi Qar x2

 

Rockets – Baghdad’s Green Zone

7/30/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Dhi Qar

 

July Totals – 17 (2) – 2 U.S. Soldiers wounded

8/1/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Babil 3 Fijians killed, Diwaniya

8/4/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Dhi Qar

8/5/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Babil, Diwaniya

8/8/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Babil, Baghdad, Dhi Qar

8/10/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Babil

8/13/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Babil, Diwaniya

8/15/21

IED dismantled - Diwaniya

8/16/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Baghdad

8/17/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Anbar, Baghdad, Dhi Qar, Salahaddin

8/19/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Babil,

 

IEDs dismantled – Babil, Diwaniya

8/24/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Babil x2, Baghdad, Dhi Qar, Diwaniya x2, Muthanna

8/27/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Basra

8/28/21

Rockets – Kuwait

8/31/21

IED on convoy carrying supplies to US – Babil, Diwaniya

 

August Totals – 28 (2) – 3 Fijians killed

 

Security In Iraq 2021

Week

Security

Incidents

(Total/By IS)

Dead

(Total/By IS)

Wounded

(Total/By IS)

Jan 1-7

21/2

13

19

Jan 8-14

17/3

12

6

Jan 15-21

20/3

52

133

Jan 22-28

10/3

13

12

Jan 29-31

9/1

2

6

JAN

77/13

92

176

Feb 1-7

19/2

11

23

Feb 8-14

11/3

4

8

Feb 15-21

20/7

11

23

Feb 22-28

13/4

13

23

FEB

63/16

39

77

Mar 1-7

19/5

5

8

Mar 8-14

12/2

13

15

Mar 15-21

24/6

8

7

Mar 22-28

14/2

8

13

Mar 29-31

9/5

2

1

MAR

79/20

39

44

Apr 1-7

16/10

3

5

Apr 8-14

15/6

6

18

Apr 15-21

32/4

19

44

Apr 22-28

31/6

15

42

Apr 29-30

12/1

11

23

APR

107/27

54

132

May 1-7

36/8

33

37

May 8-14

31/5

14

25

May 15-21

15/2

3

3

May 22-28

20/9

3

24

May 29-31

11

6

11

MAY

113/24

59

100

Jun 1-7

12/5

6

29

Jun 8-14

22/10

7

7

Jun 15-21

24/4

14

14

Jun 22-28

19/2

10

17

Jun 29-30

5

-

21

JUN

83/21

36

87

Jul 1-7

38/9

11

35

Jul 8-14

25/4

7

17

Jul 15-21

20/1

48

75

Jul 22-28

10/1

10

7

Jul 29-31

16/5

30

30

JUL

110/20

106

164

Aug 1-7

44/5

12

19

Aug 8-14

31/6

17

23

Aug 15-21

25/8

12

18

Aug 22-28

21/9

8

10

Aug 29-31

12/2

5

12

AUG

133/30

54

82

 

Violence By Province Aug 2021

Province

Violence

Anbar

6/1 Pro-Iran Incidents

2 Killed

1 Civilian

1 ISF

3 Wounded

1 ISF

2 Civilians

 

2 Shootings

7 IEDs

Babil

12/9 Pro-Iran Incidents

4 Killed

1 Hashd

3 Fijians

2 Wounded

2 Hashd

 

1 Shooting

11 IEDs

Baghdad

10/4 Pro-Iran Incidents

8 Killed

2 ISF

6 Hashd

11 Wounded

2 Civilians

3 ISF

6 Hashd

 

2 Shootings

7 IEDs

1 Sticky Bomb

2 Suicide Bombers Killed

Basra

1 Pro-Iran Incident

 

1 IED

Dhi Qar

4 Pro-Iran Incidents

 

4 IEDs

Diwaniya

8 Pro-Iran Incidents

 

9 IEDs

Diyala

17 Incidents

9 Killed

2 Civilians

2 Hashd

5 ISF

9 Wounded

2 ISF

3 Civilians

4 Hashd

 

13 Shootings

5 IEDs

1 Sticky Bomb

Irbil

7 Incidents

1 Killed

1 Hashd

5 Wounded

2 Hashd

3 Civilians

 

5 Shootings

1 Mortar

Kirkuk

20 Incidents

9 Killed

3 Civilians

6 ISF

14 Wounded

5 ISF

9 Civilians

 

9 Shootings

14 IEDs

Muthanna

1 Pro-Iran Incident

 

1 IED

Ninewa

14 Incidents

4 Killed

1 ISF

3 Civilians

7 Wounded

7 Civilians

 

3 Shootings

11 IEDs

1 Mortar

1 Rocket

Salahaddin

32/1 Pro-Iran Incidents

17 Killed

1 Hashd

6 Civilians

10 ISF

31 Wounded

2 Hashd

8 Civilians

21 ISF

 

10 Shootings

20 IEDs

1 Truck Bomb

1 Mortar

Kuwait

1 Pro-Iran Incident

 

1 Rocket

 

SOURCES

 

Bas News, "IS Executes a Civilian, Kidnaps Another in Disputed Kurdish Areas," 8/9/21

 

NINA, "The Commander Of The 9th Brigade In The Popular Mobilization Forces, Martyred South Of Hilla," 8/2/21

- "ISIS Kills A Worker Of Digging Wells West Of Kirkuk," 8/9/21

- "ISIS Targets A Village South Of Kirkuk," 8/31/21

- "Unidentified Gunmen Burn A Brick Factory And Attack A Military Patrol With An IED In Diyala," 8/19/21

 

Rudaw, "ISIS attacks Kirkuk village, killing livestock," 8/31/21

 

Shafaq News, "Two days after his kidnapping, ISIS beheads an Iraqi soldier on the Syrian border," 9/1/21

- "A victim and injured in a double attack targeting the Iraqi border guards," 8/30/21

 

Sotaliraq, "Iraq..Darkness descends on Salahaddin after 14 electricity towers were targeted with explosive devices," 8/5/21

 

Xinhua, "2 killed in Islamic State attacks on security forces in Iraq," 8/8/21

 

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