Sunday, September 5, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 5


1920 Gertrude Bell wrote that Iraq was in the middle of a jihad during 1920 revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1922 UK PM George told Colonial Sec Churchill England was going to stay in Iraq because of its oil

potential George had thought about complete withdrawal

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1939 PM Said broke relations with Germany as WWII started Didn’t consult with Golden Square

officers that wanted concessions from UK first Also arrested all Germans in Iraq and deported them to India

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1964 Baathist plot against Pres Arif led by Ali Salah Sadi discovered and 3,000 Baathists

arrested Gen Bakr Gen Tikrit Col Latif accused of involvement and removed

1965 Imam Khomeini arrived in Najaf from Turkey spending next 13 years there He gained support of cleric

Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim

1965 Pres Arif announced new govt with air force chief of staff Gen Razzaq as prime minister and Defense

Minister to placate Nasserites mad at end of Iraq-Egypt unity talks Razzaq began plotting coup

1975 Saddam went to Paris to finalize terms of nuclear deal for a reactor and uranium

1986 Iraqi air force carried out 880 km raid on Lavan Island oil terminal hitting 1 tanker

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 Saddam called for overthrowing Saudi and Egyptian govts for their opposition to Kuwait invasion Said

that Muslims should rise up in the name of Islam

(Musings On Iraq review Saddam’s Word, Political Discourse In Iraq)

1993 Ahmad al-Samarraie became premier of Iraq

2002 PM Blair officials met over draft of WMD dossier Said Iraq had capability to produce WMD Not sure it

had made any Said Iraq had nuclear program but couldn't make weapon with sanctions

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 Sec State Powell called CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks saying he was worried not enough troops

planned for invasion Franks told Powell thanks for the advice but US military different from when he served

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2002 Arab League rejected any attack upon Iraq

2004 Start of 2 days of protests in Najaf against Mahdi Army telling them to leave city

2006 Bush speech said US had to stay the course in Iraq or would regret it later

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

2007 US GAO report US military not consistent in reporting Iraqi deaths Used different methodologies

resulting in different numbers Each US news agency also gave its own death counts all of which were different

2007 Report Attacks in Anbar dropped from around 2,000 in March to 450 in August ISF grown from

24,000 to 40,000 in province US changed reconstruction policy to only paying for projects that both Awakening sheikhs and provincial govt agree upon to connect Awakening with local govt

2007 Report US providing services to Sunni areas because Maliki govt was not US officers said Maliki

made sectarian decisions Gave water to Shiite areas in south Baghdad and not Sunni ones US officials worried Iraqis becoming dependent upon US aid

2007 Reports White House shifting terms of Surge success Maliki govt was not reconciling so US

emphasizing local progress like Anbar Awakening

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2007 Report Sunni cleansing of Baghdad continuing despite drop in violence ISF and Mahdi Army working

to expel Sunnis from Sadiya Displacement increased during Surge

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2008 Pres Barzani said Kurds not treated fairly in govt Being cut out of key decisions Baghdad not fulfilling

promises made to KRG Called PM Maliki an autocrat Claimed Arabs were out to get Kurds and asked whether Kurds should continue to support Maliki govt

(Musings On Iraq Kurds Come Out Swinging)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq After America, Strongmen, Sectarians, Resistance)

2008 PM Maliki govt spokesman said no deal with KRG over Khanaqin, Diyala after one announced day


(Musings On Iraq Khanaqin Deal Off?)

2009 500 demonstrated in Hawija against joint Iraq-Peshmerga-U.S. patrols in town Said only army should

be doing security in district

2009 PM Maliki sent 1000s of ISF to Syrian border Accused Syria of supporting Baathists and Aug

Baghdad bombings Was actually done by ISI

2009 During ceremony for martyrs of Saddam’s regime PM Maliki claimed Baathist-Takfiri plot to

destroy his govt

2014 Germany sent first shipment of military supplies to Peshmerga

2018 Protests in northern southern Basra and Basra city More govt buildings set on fire 1 demonstrator

killed by ISF Solidarity protests in Dhi Qar and Baghdad

2019 Dep Head Hashd Comm Abu Muhandis said Hashd going to form own air force Hashd

Comm then denied order

 View the Iraq History Timelines 

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