Thursday, September 9, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 9


1914 India Viceroy requested 3rd ship to be sent to Shatt al-Arab and to seize Basra vilayet

before start of WWI

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In World War I, From Ottoman Rule to British Conquest)

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1915 UK cmdr Gen Nixon wrote India that Baghdad should be occupied

1940 Mufti of Jerusalem who was living in Baghdad sent proposal to Italy In return for supporting

Arab nationalism Iraq would block UK and give concessions Proposal was also sent to German ambassador in Rome Amb said Germany willing to give money and weapons if Italy agreed Italians had given money to Mufti before and gotten little in return so didn’t believe he could deliver on anything but agreed to give small amount of money

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

1944 Iraq and Soviet Union established diplomatic relations

1961 Gen Qasim sent army brigade from Darbendikhan to Sulaymaniya to provoke Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1965 PM Razzaq announced Revolutionary Command Council disbanded Powers transferred

to cabinet and National Defense Council created under Pres Arif

1980 Iranian F-5 Tiger II jet shot down by an Iraqi MiG-21

1989 Elections held for 50 member Legislative Council in Kurdistan  

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1990 Joint US-Soviet statement said that Iraq’s aggression in Kuwait would not stand

1991 UN reported clashes between Kurds and Iraqi army in Kurdistan 16 dead

1996 KDP captured Sulaymaniya from PUK

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1997 New inspector head Butler arrived in Baghdad Was more confrontational and worked closely

            with US

1998 UN Resolution 1194 condemned Iraq’s halting of cooperation with weapons inspectors

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1998 PUK sent delegation to Turkey to try to improve relations Ankara backed KDP in civil war

2002 UK intel report Iraq probably wouldn’t use WMD without being attacked beforehand

2002 State Dept spokesman mentioned that Iraq tried to buy aluminum tubes for centrifuges for nuke

program to reporters Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The WMD Mirage, Iraq’s Decade of Deception and America’s False Premise for War)

2002 French Pres Chirac told NYTimes needed to be 2 UN resolutions 1 on inspectors 2nd if Iraq didn’t

comply and that he didn’t support regime change

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

2002 Iran’s SupNatlSecCouncil met over impending US invasion of Iraq Decided on short and long term

policy to protect Tehran’s interests 

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

2002 Iraqi-American doctor from Cleveland went to Iraq for CIA to talk to her brother who worked on

Iraq’s nuke program Brother said program ended in 1991 Doctor one of dozens that talked with relatives in Iraq working on WMD-nuclear programs Info never used in any major reports CIA thought it was part of Iraqi disinformation campaign

(Musings On Iraq review State of War, The Secret History of the CIA and the Bush Administration)

2003 Zarqawi hit US intel base in Irbil with suicide car bomb killing 3 wounding 54

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2003 Under Sec Def Feith said Pentagon prepared for all kinds of contingencies for postwar Iraq but

they never happened

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2004 Dep Natl Sec Adv Hadley said White House had to come up with measurements to determine success

in Iraq Ended with 140

2004 Army inquiry found CIA hid up to 100 ghost detainees in Iraqi prisons in Baghdad

2004 Major fighting broke out between US forces and insurgents in Tal Afar 57 insurgents killed along

with 27 civilians and another 70 wounded

2004 Turkmen claimed 50,000 fled Tal Afar due to fighting Turksh media claimed Kurds were replacing

Turkmen in town Turkmen politicians claimed Iraqi National Guard were mostly Kurdish and carrying out ethnic cleansing in Tal Afar

2004 US made deal with local leaders in Samarra to start reconstruction projects and return city council to


2006 Sheikh Abu Risha and 50 other sheikhs announced formation of Anbar Awakening

(Musings On Iraq Demise, But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, the Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

2008 Maliki govt denied deal with Kurds to withdraw army and Peshmerga from

            Khanaqin dist Diyala leaving Kurds still in political control of district

(Musings On Iraq Cold War Between and Kurds Turns Hot)

2008 PM Maliki said govt would integrate 20% of Sahwa into ISF and rest would receive govt jobs

when became available PM spokesman said govt would go after bad elements within Sahwa

(Musings On Iraq Will Baghdad Pay For The Sons Of Iraq Update)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2008 US and Iraqi military officials met and said govt not going after Sahwa It was

2008 Report Iraqi army little logistics Full of corruption Funds rarely trickled down from Def Min down to

the units

2008 Report $75 bil in investment from US Europe Gulf States stuck in red tape Only one project started

2009 Iraq and Syria agreed to stop media attacks upon each other return ambassadors after PM Maliki

accused Baathists and Syria for Aug bombings in Baghdad Was actually done by ISI

(Musings On Iraq Baghdad Can’t Get Its Story Straight On Aug 18 Bombings)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq-Syria Dispute Update)

2009 Iraq-Russia signed deal to build 2 natural gas pipelines Never happened

2011 Head of Integrity Comm Judge Ugaili resigned under pressure from PM Maliki

2012 ISI carried out 21 car bombs along with ten other attacks across 18 cities killing more than 100

2012 Court sentenced former VP Hashemi to death for alleged killing of two people in terrorist attacks

2014 Peshmerga found 14 Yazidi bodies in a mass grave in Ninewa Early sign of IS massacres to come

2015 PM Abadi removed 123 dep ministers and director generals to cut costs as part of his reforms

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

2018 Ammar Hakim’s Hikma said it was against 2nd term for PM Abadi

2018 Hashd Dep Cmdr Muhandis accused US consulate in Basra being behind protests and threatened

retaliation after several Hashd group offices burned in province

2018 Protests in Muthanna and Dhi Qar over services

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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