Saturday, September 4, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 4

 

1921 Colonial Secretary Churchill memo said he supported Iraqi govt and independence to

maintain British influence in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1945 Iraqi forces along with anti-Barzani tribes launched new assault upon Kurdish forces in Barzan

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1980 Iran shelled Khanaqin and Mandali in Diyala and bombed two other towns Saddam accused Iran of

starting hostilities

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1980 Saddam ordered army to seize disputed areas with Iran Would take 201 sq miles of territory

including small islands in Shatt al-Arab Iraqis lost 100 soldiers while Iran 50

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1980 Iraq mobilized its armed forces to prepare for invasion of Iran

1990 Sec State Baker told Congress Kuwait crisis wasn’t about oil from that country but Saddam being

            able to dictate future of global economy

1991 UN investigation of impact of sanctions on Iraq suggested oil for food program

1994 Iraq accused Iran of arming Shiite opposition groups in southern marshes

1995 UN chief inspector Ekeus said Iraq had admitted to biological artillery shells bombs and warheads

Had larger quantities of anthrax (8,500 liters) and botulinum (19,000 liters) than previously declared Iraq also had crash program in Aug 90 to build nuclear bomb within a year but didn’t have triggers

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Sec 1.1 UK Iraq Strategy 1990 To 2000)

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq review The Saddam Tapes)

1996 US fired 17 more cruise missiles at Iraqi air defense sites in response to Saddam’s moves against

PUK

2001 1st major NSC meeting on Al Qaeda by Bush admin Def Sec Rumsfeld said Iraq was more important

(Musings On Iraq review Against All Enemies, Inside America’s War on Terror)

2002 Bush sent letter to Speaker of House saying US had to deal with disarming Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2002 Rep Ike Skelton wrote letter to Pres Bush “To win victory is easy, to preserve its fruits, difficult”

2002 Bush met with Congressional leaders to lobby for resolution on use of force vs Iraq Many were

receptive to idea House majority leader Dick Armey told Bush if he invaded Iraq US would be stuck in a guagmire

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review The Bush Administrations and Saddam Hussein, Deciding on Conflict)

2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld briefed large number of Congressmen on Iraq He wasn’t prepared and wouldn’t

divulge any info on threat

2002 UK Defense Ministry paper said that US had no clear postwar strategy for Iraq and that meant no

winning plan

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

2002 PM Blair told Foreign Sec Cook Iraq’s army depleted so he was trying to get nuclear weapons

2002 UK Foreign Office memo Would be very hard to get UN to vote on any resolution setting

            ultimatum for Iraq to comply with weapons inspections or face consequences

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.4 Development of UK Iraq Strategy and Options, Late July to 14 September 2002)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Report Section 3.5 Development of UK Strategy and Options September to November 2002 – Negotiation of Resolution 1441)

2002 Report on whether Iraq working on its nuclear program Quoted INC defector ex-nuke scientist

Hamza who claimed Iraq could have bomb by 2005 Iraq took reporters to suspected nuke site at Al Qaim and was destroyed 

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

(Musings On Iraq review Hoodwinked, The Documents That Reveal How Bush Sold Us a War)

2002 Germany’s Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder ruled out German participation in any Iraq war even with

UN and EU approval

2003 Fmr CENCTOM Cmdr Gen Zinni said US had no strategy in Iraq and danger of failing

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld said US speeding up creation of new Iraqi security forces in face of growing

attacks

2003 Def Sec Rumsfeld talked with Iraq commanders about troop withdrawal Pentagon plan was to

            have 25,000-30,000 troops in Iraq by Sep 03 but US had 130,000 instead because of violence

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The U.S. Army In The Iraq War: Volume 1, Invasion, Insurgency, Civil

War, 2003-2006)

2004 US op to clear Tal Afar Ninewa began to secure it before Jan 05 elections

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 14 Fighting To The Elections, August-December 2004)

2006 Report Dora south Baghdad 1st area Op Together Forward II started in Deaths down dramatically

Question of whether area could be held by Iraqi forces National Police brigade to take control but had little to no training

2007 US signed more than 1000 into Sahwa in Abu Ghraib Attacks in area dropped 2/3 Local Iraqi army

tried to arrest Sahwa in Apr US had to intervene US tried to enroll 2400 sahwa into Inter Min Only accepted 1700 but changed the names of 23% of them

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2007 Report US shifting from national to local reconciliation because PM Maliki govt not making

changes US started directly paying Awakening because Baghdad refused to do so Trying sahwa amongst Shiite tribes to counter militias Still hoped govt would eventually start reconciliation

2007 Report number of Iraqi divisions operating independently dropped from 10 to 6 Congressional report

found couldn’t determine capabilities of ISF Inter and Def Mins didn’t know how many personnel they had Didn’t know how many employees showed up each day Pentagon claimed 65% of ISF showed up each day Analysts believed it was around 50% ISF paid in cash and got days off to go home and deliver money

2007 After draft of book released that said Bush didn’t know the Iraqi army was going to be disbanded

Bremer released letter from May 03 he sent to Bush saying the military was going to be disbanded

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

2008 Report Sahwa leader in Baquba Diyala said govt warrants out for Sahwa were meant to break them up

before 09 elections US paying Sahwa in Diyala to stay home to avoid confrontations with govt US officer said no govt jobs for Diyala Sahwa Interior Min general said Sahwa in Baquba were over

2009 3rd British guard kidnapped and murdered by Asaib Ahl Al-Haq had body released

(Musings On Iraq League Of Righteous Breaks Off talks With Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2009 Iraq Turkey Syria signed agreement to monitor water levels on the Euphrates and Tigris Did

nothing for Iraq

2015 Allawi condemned PM Abadi saying his reforms were unconstitutional

(Musings On Iraq interview with Reidar Visser on PM Abadi’s reform program)

2018 Protest in Zubayr and Basra City over water crisis In Basra city 7 killed dozens wounded when

security forces fired into crowd to break up demonstration Provincial council building burned Basra Ops Cmdr building attacked

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