Sunday, September 19, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Sep 19

 

1914 UK sent 3 gunboats to Shatt al-Arab to protect Persian oil fields

(Musings On Iraq review When God Made Hell, The British Invasion of Mesopotamia and the Creation of Iraq, 1914-1921)

1920 Gertrude Bell said 1920 Revolt was result of British not fulfilling promises to give Iraqis

their own govt Said UK was about to give Iraqis freedoms that no one in London ever thought of a result of revolt

(Musings On Iraq review Enemy On The Euphrates, The Battle For Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Reclaiming Iraq, The 1920 Revolution and the Founding of the Modern State)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell And Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Gertrude Bell, Explorer of the Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq movie review Letters from Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Desert Queen, The Extraordinary Life of Gertrude Bell: Adventurer, Adviser to Kings, Ally of Lawrence of Arabia)

1925 Turks went to Permanent Court of Intl Justice to try to keep Mosul province after League of

Nations said it should go to Iraq

(Musings On Iraq How The Ottoman Province Of Mosul Became Part Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Creation of Iraq 1914-1921)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1929 Abd Muhsin Sadoun became PM for 4th time Were 14 govts under Mandate

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1936 UK officials met Nuri al-Said in Paris to discuss him mediating Palestine dispute Turned out he

just wanted to promote Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

1961 KDP decided to join Barzani’s revolt against Gen Qasim Barzani criticized KDP for not

fighting

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1980 Iran began heavy shelling of Shatt al-Arab Basra and attacked ships in waterway

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1983 Iran said if major powers kept backing Iraq they would have oil cut off to them

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 UN Resolution 712 offered oil for food program rejected by Iraq 2nd time

1996 CIA Dir Deutch told Senate Intel Comm that after Saddam sent troops into Kurdistan he was in

stronger position and unlikely to be deposed

2001 Iraq intel paper said Afghan source claimed bin Laden Taliban and Iraq worked together to target

America Never confirmed

2001 Bush asked CIA Dir Tenet to look into Iraq-Al Qaeda ties and said VP Cheney had info on links

(Musings On Iraq review The Next Attack, The Failure of the War on Terror and a Strategy for Getting it Right)

(Musings On Iraq review Plan of Attack: The Definitive Account Of The Decision To Invade

Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The One Percent Doctrine, Deep Inside America’s Pursuit Of Its Enemies Since 9/11)

(Musings On Iraq review To Start A War: How The Bush Administration Took America Into Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Was Iraq An Imminent Threat To The West?)

2001 Dep Sec of Def Wolfowitz sent ex-CIA Dir Woolsey to England to look into Iraq 9/11 and 1993

World Trade Center connections

2001 Pentagon’s Defense Policy Board held meeting on 9/11 Bernard Lewis and Ahmad Chalabi

presented at meeting Chalabi said US should invade Iraq not Afghanistan

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2001 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Bush routine air strikes on Iraq about to happen as part of No Fly Zone

Bush said had to make sure they were not perceived to be in response to 9/11

(Musings On Iraq Iraq, 9/11 And The Bush Administration)

(Musings On Iraq From 9/11 To The Invasion of Iraq: Analysis of Bush Administration Decision Making)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2001 Article in Jane’s Defense Weekly’s Foreign Report claimed Israeli military intel Aman

thought Iraq behind 9/11

2002 Pentagon’s Def Policy Board met Argued for removing Saddam

2002 Saddam sent letter to UN saying it had no WMD or nuclear weapons

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Created An Iraqi Nuclear Threat In 2002)

2002 Def Sec Rumsfeld told Senate that UN weapons inspections were weak and weren’t going to find

anything Described Iraq’s two nuclear devices programs in 90s Didn’t mention they were too heavy to ever be used Rumsfeld denied US helped Iraq develop WMD during Iran-Iraq War which was false

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

2002 CIA released report on Iraq’s ties to terrorism

2002 New intel said Iraq might have offered training to Al Qaeda and safe haven to bin Laden in 1990s

Later proved false

2002 Bush met with 11 Congressmen to lobby them on Iraq policy Said war on terror going well but real

threat was Iraq and WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2002 White House released language it would use in Congressional resolution to use force vs Iraq

2002 Institute for Science and Intl Sec said Bush admin was suppressing dissent on aluminum tubes Iraq

tried to buy Institute said tubes not proof of centrifuge program by Iraq Were for rockets

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2003 CPA issued new rules for banking in Iraq to reform finances and to open up country to foreign

investment Was opposed by Iraqi business

2003 Saddam’s Def Min Gen Hashim Ahmad surrendered to US in Kirkuk after negotiations

2004 PM Blair said Iraq was center of global war on terror

2004 Sadr faction said it kidnapped 15 Iraqi National Guardsmen Threatened to kill them if Sadr aide not

released by US Sadrists denounced kidnapping

2005 2 SAS arrested by Basra police at checkpoint after firefight killed 1 Iraqi police Wounded 2 Iraqi

soldiers SAS surveilling head of Basra Serious Crimes Unit for various crimes SAS were beaten Had photos released to media Accused of being spies Led to rioting outside UK base in Basra Governor chief of police Interior Min ordered SAS released but ignored UK negotiations failed SAS raided police station but soldiers not there Found them in house run by police and Mahdi Army and freed Operation resulted in 6 hour gun battle with Basra police 4-9 killed and 44 wounded Led to major re-evaluation of UK policy in Basra

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1- Chapter 18 – Defeated By Democracy, Winter 2005-2006)

(Musings On Iraq review Task Force Black, The Explosive True Story Of The SAS And the Secret War In Iraq)

2005 Report Most of $1bil arms deals with Poland and Pakistan under PM Allawi stolen Were no bid contracts with money paid upfront Bought helicopters and armored cars that were in operable Overpaid for guns

(Musings On Iraq review The Occupation of Iraq, Winning The War, Losing The Peace)

(Musings On Iraq US Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 17 Innovation In The Face Of War, Summer-Fall 2005)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Stuart Bowen on Iraq’s fight with corruption) 

(Musings On Iraq interview with former anti-corruption official Vincent Foulk)

2005 Bremer denied knowing Ziyad Cattan who he asked to stay on as procurement officer at Defense

Min when Allawi became PM Cattan involved in $1.2 bil in missing funds in Defense Min contracts

2005 UK official warned that Coalition strategy not working Said Coalition goals were to stick to

timetable for constitution referendum and 2005 elections for sovereign Iraqi govt Was based upon idea that insurgency could be contained and Sunnis won over by promise to withdraw in 2006 Official warned counterinsurgency policy not working and Coalition lacked resources to achieve its goal and may not withdraw until 2008

2005 Frm police adv Steele memo to Sec Def Rumsfeld Said ISCI and Badr trying to take control

of elite Interior Min units Protected death squads Extorted prisoners Were corrupt Recruiting only Shiites into commandos Warned could start civil war

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

(Musings On Iraq U.S. Army History of Iraq War Vol 1 – Chapter 16 – Going West, April-August 2005)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Jerry Burke police and Interior Min adviser on how Badr took over Interior Ministry)

2006 Bush speech at UN said that Maliki govt had to rise to the challenges and make difficult choices in

Iraq to ensure future

2006 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Abizaid said US found weaponry in Iraq that probably came from Iran 

including RPG-29s and rockets Said Hezbollah were training Iraqi militias in Iran

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

2006 Rep Lee Hamilton of Iraq Study Group said that Maliki govt needed to make decisive action in next

3 months situation so critical in Iraq

2006 US commander in Ramadi got Marine division commander in Anbar to back Awakening

(Musings On Iraq Demise, But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

2006 Fmr Vice Army chief of staff Ret Gen Keane told Def Sec Rumsfeld US close to strategic failure in

Iraq Keane said US strategy was to withdraw not defeat insurgency Said US needed more troops in Iraq to protect population otherwise change impossible

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

2006 Pres Talabani told Bush security problem was US not arming ISF sufficiently and needed less US

troops in Iraq

2007 Report Red Crescent and Intl Org for Migration report displacement increased during Surge Over 1

mil fled Baghdad Sunnis moved west and south Iraq Shiites to the south Christians moved to Kurdistan Syria and Jordan started kicking out Iraqi refugees

(Musings On Iraq review Children of War, Voices Of Iraqi Refugees)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2007 Iraqi Lawyers Association sent letter to parliament Said govt held prisoners incommunicado Said

some held for up to 3 yrs with no info released about them Many tortured

2008 Sadrist cleric Sheikh Ajrish assassinated in Basra Had been wave of assassinations of Sadrist officials

since start of year

(Musings On Iraq Sadrist Cleric Assassinated In Basra)

2008 Study argued Sunni cleansing of Baghdad not Surge led to reduction of violence in Baghdad based

upon electricity use in city using satellite photos taken at night

2012 Irbil and Baghdad made agreement for KRG to deliver 200,000 bar/day of oil by end of 2012 for Oil

Ministry

2014 France carried out first air strikes against IS hitting Zummar Ninewa

2017 Rihana in Ana district in northwest Anbar freed from IS

2020 1 activist shot another kidnapped in Dhi Qar Pro-Iran groups blamed PM Kazemi sent

Counter Terror Service to province to find him leading to criticisms by tribes and Hashd factions

(Musings On Iraq Another Activist’s Kidnapping Offers Opponents Of Iraq’s PM Opportunity To Criticize Him)

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