Saturday, March 20, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 20


1933 Rashid al-Gaylani became premier of Iraq, would hold office 3 times 1922-58 were 59 cabinets

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1971 Ex-Def Min and VP Tikriti assassinated in Kuwait by Bakr govt

1973 Kuwait sent troops to try to expel Iraq building base on its territory leading to gunfight 3 killed US

thought part of Soviet plot in Persian Gulf

1981 Iraqi attack on Susangard in south failed after 1 day Turning point in war Iraq couldn't capture

anymore Iranian land

1982 Saddam ordered 3rd attack upon Bostan Khuzistan and failed again

1983 Saddam executed 6 members of the Hakim family including 3 brothers of Ayatollah Hakim

1985 Iran made 2nd attack upon South Majnoon Island in Basra Gained little

1986 US condemned Iraq at UN for violating international law by using chemical weapons in Iran-Iraq


(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1987 Saddam held march in Baghdad for not being defeated in Iran-Iraq War

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Kirkuk fell to Kurdish rebels Began executing Baathists and security officials

1991 Kurdish leaders said that all of Iraqi Kurdistan had been liberated from Iraqi forces

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1991 Ayatollah Khoei made to appear with Saddam on TV to denounce Shiite uprising Ayatollah Khoei

then placed under house arrest in Najaf

1991 Report Kuwait and many other Arab govts all believed Iran behind 91 uprising

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

1995 Op Steel 35,000 Turkish troops invaded Kurdistan to attack PKK who withdrew forces from border

before op

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

1996 UN and Iraq signed agreement to allow for Oil for Food program

2003 US Amb to UN Negroponte letter to Security Council said Iraq failed to comply with weapons

inspectors since end of Gulf War justifying use of force

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 State Dept legal adviser Taft said Iraq hadn’t complied with UN resolutions since 1990s justifying

use of force

2003 Gen Franks said Special Forces were in control of Anbar desert to prevent SCUD missiles

(Musings On Iraq review Special Operations Forces in Iraq)

2003 U.S. forces crossed into Iraq and attacked Um Qasr port in Basra

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 British commandos attacked Faw Peninsula in Basra

(Musings On Iraq review Target Basra, The High Octane Story of the Royal Marine Commandos In Iraq)

2003 British received reports Iraqi forces disintegrating in south

2003 Iraq fired missiles at Camp Commando, Camp Doha and assembly area of 101st Airborne Division

in Kuwait but none did damage

2003 Saddam speech said war “shameful crime” Said US would give up out of fear of Iraqi soldiers

2003 Iraq halted oil flows due to start of war

2003 China France and Russia criticized the Iraq invasion

2003 Bush signed executive order freezing all Iraq funds in US and allow money to be shipped to Iraq to

pay pensions and salaries of Iraqi public workers

2003 PM Blair thought Iraq wanted to draw Coalition into cities for street fighting and afraid of WMD


2003 Bush and PM Blair discussed sudden collapse of Iraqi forces during start of invasion

2003 ORHA staff went to CENTCOM in Qatar and found military had parallel post-war admin set up

isolated from ORHA

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 4 Staging in Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 UN Sec Gen Annan called on Security Council to change Oil for Food program so he instead of

Iraqi govt could run it

2003 Turkey asked for written guarantee from US it would allow Turkish troops into Iraq US said no

2004 Bombings against Shiite pilgrims in Karbala during Ashura left 165 dead more than 230 wounded

Suicide bombers attacked Shiite pilgrims at Khadmiya shrine Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2004 Protest in Khadimiya Baghdad against attacks aimed at pilgrims in Baghdad and Karbala

2004 Ayatollah Sistani blamed US occupation for not securing borders for bombings of pilgrims in

Baghdad and Karbala

2004 6 US soldiers charged with prisoner abuse for Abu Ghraib scandal

2005 Sec Def Rumsfeld blamed Turkey for not letting 4th Inf Div to invade Iraq from north for violence

in Iraq Claimed if Turkey let US forces in would have captured more Baathists and lessoned insurgency

2005 Sec Def Rumsfeld said that CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Franks didn’t want more troops in Iraq after


2006 Bush talked about successful counterinsurgency in Tal Afar by US Claimed showed US strategy

working Tal Afar counterinsurgency was by US unit stationed there and not part of larger US strategy in Iraq

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2006 Report 2002 Iraq’s Foreign Min Sabri agreed to work with US Told US intel Iraq had no biological

weapons Had cache of chemical weapons Sabri said Saddam wanted a nuclear bomb

2007 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq’s leader Qais Khazali along with his brother Laith and Hezbollah commander Ali

Musa Daqduq were captured by British in Basra Documents captured with Khazalis showed that Iran funding Asaib Ahl Al-Haq $750,000-$3 mil per month Showed Iranian Rev Guard Quds Force helped provide intelligence for Jan 07 Karbala raid by Asaib Documents showed that Hezbollah’s Daqduq planned Jan 07 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq raid on Karbala command center 

(Musings On Iraq Iranians Planned Kidnapping And Held British Captives Taken In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq A Divided Sadr Trend)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Iran’s Policy Towards Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2007 ISI launched 2nd large attack upon Amiriya Fallujah in two weeks to battle Awakening forces

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

2008 Report Gen Furayji in charge of Basra said militias had to be defeated in province before

            provincial elections

2008 Fighting restarted between Mahdi Army and police in Kut after ceasefire negotiated Mar 17

Clashes began Mar 11

2012 Pres Barzani gave speech attacking PM Maliki’s misrule

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2013 Sadrists ended boycott of parliament over postponement of provincial voting in Anbar and Ninewa

2014 ISIS held parade in Fallujah


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