Saturday, March 13, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 13


1917 British started Samarra offensive against Ottomans after taking Baghdad

1933 UK Amb to Iraq told King Faisal that trying to control opposition by including it in govt only

created dysfunctional govts and opposition were opposed to Iraq’s alliance with UK and should be excluded

1935 PM Midfai sent army unit from Hilla to Diwaniya to crush tribal uprising Head of army

Hashemi said army too weak to deal with uprising Revolt instigated by politicians opposed to Midfai

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1959 Nasser gave 3rd speech attacking Iraqi Communists Said Communists wanted to spread their ideas

            across the Arab world

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

1975 KDP announced ceasefire with govt after Iran said it would stop giving it aid following Algiers

Agreement ended border dispute with Iraq

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1984 UN team arrived in Iraq to investigate use of chemical weapons while Iran made new claims its

forces hit with mustard gas in Manjoon Islands

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1985 Iraqi commandos airlifted into Hoveyzah marshes to try to cut off Iranian Op Badr forces

1986 Iraqi counterattack to retake Faw in Basra stopped in middle of island Iraqis dug in Iran 10,000

dead 25,000 wounded Iraq 3,000 dead 9,000 wounded 1,500 captured Iran still in control of Faw

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

1988 Iran launched Op Zafar 7 in Khurmal Op Bait al-Moqaddas 3 in Sulaymaniya Op Wa al-Fajr 10

in Halabja Goal was to capture two dams Captured 7 Kurdish villages

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Pres Bush said Iraqi helicopters should not be used to put down Shiite and Kurdish uprisings

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

1991 Kurdish uprising spread to Zakho

1991 Kurdistan Front announced council to run Kurdish areas during uprising

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1991 325 Iraqi opposition leaders from 23 factions met in Beirut to discuss uprising in Iraq Led to Free

Iraqi Council led by Saad Salih Jabr

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s Ethnosectarian Quota System)

1991 Was anti-govt protest in Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

1995 UN Security Council reviewed sanctions US argued Iraq violating human rights missing

Kuwaiti nationals and Iraq not fully disclosed WMD programs to maintain embargo

2002 PM Blair Foreign Pol Adv Manning met with Natl Sec Adv Rice’s staff Manning said US not

considered problems with going to war with Iraq

2003 UK Foreign Office legal adv Brummell wrote Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith saying didn’t need 2nd UN

resolution to go to war with Iraq

2003 Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith changed his opinion saying 2nd UN resolution not needed for action

against Iraq

2003 PM Blair told Bush not to give ultimatum to Saddam until he had dealt with parliament Bush said


2003 PM Blair told still hope that 2nd resolution authorizing force against Iraq could be passed in UN

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 USAID official told aid groups Iraq war would be quick Needs would be met Iraqis would regain

control US would be out in a year

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 2 The Agencies Engage)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2005 Dep Industry Min said there was systematic looting of factories and weapons sites after 03 invasion

2006 Bush said Iraqi forces would take over most security jobs by end of 2006 and that way forward

would continue to be difficult

(Musings On Iraq Did the US Ever Have A Strategy To Win In Iraq Before the Surge?)

(Musings On Iraq review The War Within, A Secret White House History 2006-2008)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

2007 PM Maliki and Gen Petraeus went to military base in Ramadi met Awakening sheikhs Petraeus said

city example of successful counterinsurgency Maliki promised services and reconstruction for city Awakening sheikhs asked for new Anbar provincial elections so they could gain seats in govt

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Sheriff of Ramadi, Navy SEALS and the Winning of Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review Surge, My Journey with General David Petraeus and the Remaking of the Iraq War)

2007 ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi released tape refuting criticism of his group

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval War College’s Prof Whiteside on ISI leader Abu Omar al-Baghdadi)

2007 Report CURVEBALL source of claim Iraq had mobile WMD was still under German intel

protection living outside Munch Fmr CIA’s Europe ops chief Drumheller claimed he tried to remove CURVEBALL info from Sec State Powell’s Feb 03 UN speech Drumheller claimed he met with Dep CIA Dir McLaughlin to complain about including CURVEBALL in Powell’s speech McLaughlin denied that Powell said he never heard any questions about CURVEBALL before his speech Labs didn’t exist

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claim That Iraq Had WMD)

(Musings On Iraq Look Who The LA Times Dug Up – CURVEBALL)

(Musings On Iraq Story of CURVEBALL And Iraq’s Mobile Biological Weapons Labs)

2008 Dep PM Salah said strong military presence needed in Basra to get rid of militias Natl Sec Adv

Rubaie said Basra Gov Waeli had ultimatum to fight militias or lose backing of Baghdad Waeli replied Baghdad didn’t understand situation and neglected province Lead up to PM Maliki’s attack upon Mahdi Army

2008 Army and US Special Forces deployed to take Kut back from Mahdi Army after it had expelled

police following raid on Sadrists areas of city Was 3rd day of fighting

2008 Gen Petraeus complained that Iraqi leaders were not taking advantage of  improved security in Iraq

to move forward on reconciliation

2008 US military said that ISI could be reduced but would not go away because it was so adaptable

2008 Head of Baghdad Operations Command Gen Qanbar said sectarian violence down 90% in capital

2008 Body of Chaldean Archbishop of Iraq Raho found outside of Mosul after being kidnapped

2009 Report PM Maliki transferring Kurdish officers and units out of north Replaced army’s 4th

Div with 12th in Kirkuk Transferred Kurdish officers out of 2nd Div in Ninewa Welcomed by al-Hadbaa who complained 2nd Div mostly Kurds

2009 Pres Barzani said as long as Oil Min had a bad policy KRG could follow its own

2012 Oil Ministry said KRG not meeting its export quota

2018 Pres Masum sent 2018 budget back to parliament saying parts violated constitution Had no power

to veto law

2018 Kirkuk city municipal workers protested over not getting paid for several months

2020 U.S. struck Kataib Hezbollah targets in Babil Anbar and Karbala in

retaliation for the death of 2 American soldiers on Mar 11 Killed 5 ISF

(Musings On Iraq As Talk Of Expelling US Forces From Iraq Dies Down Attacks Upon Americans Pick Up)

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