Wednesday, March 17, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 17


1639 Treaty of Zuhab ended Ottoman-Safavid War and gave Ottomans most of Mesopotamia

(Musings On Iraq review An Analysis of Hanna Batatu’s The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements of Iraq)

1917 British forces captured Baquba from Ottomans

1935 Yasin al-Hashemi became PM of Iraq 2nd time 1922-58 were 59 cabinets Called in sheikhs

from Diwaniya and negotiated end of revolt

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1941 After consulting with UK Foreign Min Suwaidi convinced PM Hashemi and Regent to move

against Golden Square officers Golden Square called on army to overthrow Hashemi

(Musings On Iraq review of Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review of Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1975 Iraq and Iran Foreign Ministers signed agreement to create three committees to resolve outstanding


1975 US Sec State Kissinger responded to Barzani pleas for help saying that US understood struggle

Kurds were facing

(Musings On Iraq review Killing Hope, U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II)

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurds, A Modern History)

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq review The Great Betrayal, How America Abandoned The Kurds And Lost The Middle East)

(Musings On Iraq When The Shah and Nixon Manipulated The Kurds)

1979 Arab foreign and finance ministers met in Iraq over signing of Camp David Agreement Decided to

expel Egypt from Arab League

1982 Iran launched Operation Fath with diversionary attack towards Hoveyzah and Hamid across from

Maysan Worked as Iraq sent reserves there

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 Belgian labs confirmed mustard gas used by Iraq from samples taken from two wounded Iranians

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1985 Iran captured section of Basra-Baghdad highway for first time

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Iraqi army began assault to retake Karbala from Shiite rebels

1991 Refugee claimed govt killed 250-300 people in Najaf after uprising

1991 Kurds began fleeing Tuz Kharmato in face of govt offensive to retake it

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1991 Baghdad held 1st tribal loyalty ceremony to shore up support during uprising

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

1991 Saddam said he would introduce democracy and create a new constitution

1992 Report in 91 Bush admin tried to block release of information about White House support for Iraq

before Kuwait invasion

1994 English scientists est 57% of southern marshes had been drained by Saddam to drive out displaced

and rebels

1996 UN inspectors said work was moving forward and Iraq was not hiding WMD as some suggested

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

1999 Uprising in Basra after Saddam killed Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between Occupations, Perspectives from 1920 to the Present)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2002 Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz and PM Blair’s adv Manning talked about building intl support for military

action vs Iraq

2002 UK Amb to US Meyer told Dep Sec Def Wolowitz that if US wanted military action against Iraq it

needed to go through UN

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2002 Dep Sec of Def Wolfowitz told UK Amb to US Meyer that Iraq was linked with terrorism and

harboring member of 1993 World Trade Center bombing Was based upon conspiracy theories of Laurie Mylroie

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Convoluted Iraq-Terrorism Conspiracy Theory)

(Musings On Iraq Laurie Mylroie’s Iraq Conspiracy Theory Was Debunked By Captured Baath Documents)

2002 Times of London article quoted Iraqi defector provided by INC that Iraq had WMD programs

2002 Bahrain Foreign Minister Salamn ibn Hamda al-Khalifa told press Arab world did not see Iraq as

the threat but Israel for its actions against Palestinians

2003 UN Draft resolution saying Iraq in non compliance and open to military action withdrawn by US

because couldn’t be passed

2003 Bush met with Congressional leaders telling them UN route with Iraq was dead Blamed France Sen

Byrd only one who said he opposed war

2003 Bush in TV speech said Iraq had WMD and was hiding them Gave Saddam and sons 48 hours to

leave office or face invasion

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 PM Blair gave Saddam ultimatum to comply with UN resolutions

2003 UK Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith gave legal advice that war with Iraq was legal

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2003 UN Sec Gen Annan announced he would order withdrawal of weapons inspectors due to impending


2003 ORHA head Garner met with his oil team Said concerned Sec Def Rumsfeld picked ex-Shell CEO

Carroll to join group Oil team told Garner if Iraq oil sector destroyed by war would need someone with standing of Carroll to deal with situation

2004 Bombing of Mount Lebanon hotel in Baghdad killed 27 wounded 40 

2004 Iraqi Governing Council asked UN to return to Baghdad and advise the creation of interim govt

2007 Report Education Ministry run by Shiite United Iraqi Alliance refused to give any aid or support to

schools in Sunni areas of Baghdad

2007 Gen Odierno said Baghdad belts key to securing Baghdad

2007 Report captured ISI docs said 06 decided to move into Baghdad to fight militias and wanted to

force Shiites from west Baghdad and attack Shiites in Anbar Diyala Salahaddin Mahdi Army took initiative and pushed insurgents out of large parts of Baghdad Insurgents now operating out of Baghdad belts more than Baghdad itself

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

2008 Clashes between Mahdi Army and police spread to Karbala 35 killed 130 wounded Before was

fighting in Diyala and Wasit Sadr blamed PM Maliki for violence 

2008 Female suicide bomber hit crowd of Shiites in Karbala 40 killed 65 wounded

(Musings On Iraq The Rise of Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq Motivations Behind Female Suicide Bombers)

(Musings On Iraq review The ISIS Reader, Milestone Texts of the Islamic State Movement)

(Musings On Iraq review Suicide Bombers In Iraq, The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom)

2008 ISCI and Dawa delegation made deal with Sadrists to end week’s worth of fighting between ISF

and Mahdi Army in Kut Govt agreed to release Sadrist prisoners and only conduct raids with warrants

2008 BBC ABC NK ARD poll found 55% of Iraqis said lives were good vs 39% in Aug 07 62% said

security better vs 43% in Aug 07 45% said next year would be better vs 29% in Aug 07

2009 Report Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction believed 15-20% of $21 bil from

Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund wasted

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2012 Baghdad claimed KRG-Exxon oil deal was frozen but wasn’t

2020 Nasr MP and former governor of Najaf Adnan Zurfi named candidate for

            interim premier

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Names Another Candidate For Interim Premier)

View the Iraq History Timelines 

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