Tuesday, March 30, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 30

 

1921 Cairo Conference decided on indirect rule in Iraq Would make Faisal King of a pro-British

Iraqi govt allowing withdrawal of British forces 

1921 Cairo Conference decided to keep UK High Commissioner for Iraq British advisers in govt naval

presence in Basra and RAF squadrons in rest of country

(Musings On Iraq How England Chose Feisal As 1st King Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

(Musings On Iraq review The Chatham House Version and other Middle-Eastern Studies)

1939 King Ghazi gave pan-Arab speech saying he was interested in Arab brothers in Syria Palestine

Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review Imagining The Nation, Nationalism, Sectarianism and Socio-Political Conflict in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Unholy Babylon, The Secret History of Saddam’s War)

1940 Fmr PM Said put together new govt with Rashid Gaylani becoming PM Said became Foreign

Minister Had backing of British

1940 Regent had one of the Golden Square officers ordered to Diwaniya He refused

order Was pushed by UK to try to break up pan-Arab officers in army

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq And Syria 1941, The Politics and Strategy of the Second World War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Modern History of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1945 UK Ambassador to Iraq Sir Cornwallis wrote he was afraid old Iraqi elite were never going to change

and that would lead to violence between haves and have nots

1963 Kurdish delegation headed by Talabani arrived in Baghdad for more talks about

Kurdish rights Govt refused to meet with Talabani

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

1980 Baath made membership in Dawa punishable by death

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Lowy Institution’s Shanahan on history of the Dawa Party)

(Musings On Iraq review The Shi’ite Movement in Iraq)

1982 Saddam admitted that Iraqi forces retreated from southern Iran

1984 UN condemned use of chemical weapons in Iran-Iraq War but didn’t mention Iraq as perpetrator

due to US and Soviet objections

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1984 US banned export of 5 chemicals to Iraq that could be used to make chemical weapons

(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

1990 Report Iraq trying to challenge Israeli military superiority in Middle East by developing nuclear

bomb Dec 89 Iraq launched new long range missile Mar 90 3 people arrested in England trying to smuggle equipment for program to Iraq Intl Institute for Strategic Studies said program only in theoretical stage Was actually far more advanced than anyone knew

1991 Saddam’s troops re-entered Dohuk and Irbil to put down Kurdish rebellion

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

1991 Majid al-Khoei son of Grand Ayatollah al-Khoei met with Saudi intelligence and was turned down

for aid because US objected

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

1995 INC and PUK attacked Iraqi forces in Kirkuk district destroying 2 brigades hoping to create a revolt

against Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq In The Eye of the Storm)

2002 Gen Franks presented new revised Iraq war plan to Bush

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2003 British began 2nd attack to take Basra city with 600 commandos

(Musings On Iraq review Target Basra, The High Octane Story of the Royal Marine Commandos In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 UK Defense Minister Hoon told US didn't think taking Basra City important US wanted UK to hold

south oil fields and Um Qasr port

2003 US intensified air strikes on Republican Guard units with 800 sorties

2003 Saddam believed U.S. invasion was stalemated

2003 Saddam’s secretary told Iraqi Foreign Ministry to tell France and Russia Iraq would only accept an

unconditional withdrawal by U.S.

2003 Iraqi TV aired footage of Saddam Qusay and Uday handing out medals and money to soldiers

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld told ABC that US knew exactly where Iraq’s WMD were Claimed they were

around Tikrit and Baghdad

(Musings On Iraq How The Administration Reversed Itself On Finding Iraq’s WMD)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

2003 Sec Def Rumsfeld accused Syria of giving military aid to Iraq Syria claimed US committed crimes

vs Iraqi civilians

2003 Dep Sec of Def Wolfowtiz said Iraq war about WMD and that they would eventually be found

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 PM Blair foreign policy adv Sir Manning worried that Baghdad when attacked could turn into

drawn out urban battle

2003 Pentagon memo on creating an Iraqi authority after war Said had to be friendly to the US Had to

end Sunni rule Wanted rule of law individual liberty representative govt private enterprise Didn’t say how that was to be achieved

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review The Endgame, The Inside Story of the Struggle for Iraq, from

George W. Bush to Barack Obama)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 SCIRI head Ayatollah Hakim told followers in south Iraq that they shouldn’t support Coalition invasion Demanded foreign troops leave Iraq as soon as possible Warned of armed struggle if they turned into occupiers 

2004 New Iraq Survey Group head Duelfer testified to Congress Said most important work not done Said

still looking for critical Iraqis involved in WMD program Said found equipment to make biological and checmial agents Couldn’t rule out what aluminum tubes were for Contradicted much of what Survey Gorup discovered 3 top inspectors quit to protest Duelfer’s remarks

2006 Report Albu Mahal tribe went from insurgency to fighting Al Qaeda in Iraq after objected to Islamic

law being imposed Tribe entered into months of fighting with Salmani and Karabila tribes allied with Al Qaeda in Iraq in WAnbar Qaim dist Was expelled Albu Mahal went to US formed Desert Protectors Got help to have tribesmen join Iraqi army

(Musings On Iraq Anbar Before And After The Awakening Pt IX: Sheikh Sabah Aziz Of The Albu Mahal)

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq How A Change In Perceptions Led To The Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Carter Malkasian on Anbar Awakening)

(Musings On Iraq review Confronting Al Qaeda, The Sunni Awakening and American Strategy In Al Anbar)

(Musings On Iraq review The Marines Take Anbar, The Four-Year Fight Against Al Qaeda)

(Musings On Iraq review Illusions of Victory, The Anbar Awakening And The Rise Of The Islamic State)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2007 Op Call to Freedom ended effectively clearing Ramadi of insurgents

2007 Report Ali Salah WBaghdad only had 3 Sunni families left after militias forced out rest in March

despite US and Iraqi units in area during Surge

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

(Musings On Iraq Columbia University Charts Sectarian Cleansing Of Baghdad)

2008 Sadr announced ceasefire in fight vs ISF Mahdi Army handed over weapons to ISF in 2 Baghdad

neighborhoods Deal worked out between Dawa ISCI Badr and Sadr with Iran Rev Guards Quds Force cmdr Gen Suleimani as moderator

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2008 Fighting continued in Babil and Karbala between ISF and Mahdi Army Green Zone hit by

rockets

2008 UK report situation in Basra unchanged during Charge of Knights Said ISF had no coherent

            plan and morale low

2008 Report PM Maliki was shocked that his offensive in Basra caused fighting throughout south and

Baghdad Was actually warned by ISF that would happen beforehand but he ignored it

2008 Tribes in Dhi Qar and Dulaim in Wasit joined govt in crackdown against Mahdi Army

(Musings On Iraq Argument For Maliki Being Iraq’s Next Strongman)

(Musings On Iraq Disputes Over Tribal Support Councils)

2008 ISCI held pro-govt demonstration in Karbala against Sadr

2009 Report 200 Sadrists broke away from Moqtada PM Maliki giving amnesty to Sadrists and

Special Groups Supposed to be for reconciliation but was Maliki trying to split Sadrists

2009 PUK co-founder and media mogul Mustafa said his Change party would run in KRG

elections

2009 Report PM Maliki had sahwa leaders in Baghdad and Diyala arrested

2010 Allawi complained about Iran’s interference in forming new Iraqi government

2010 VP Hashemi said Iran trying to unite Shiite parties behind 2nd Maliki term

2011 Accountability and Justice Comm ruled 2 nominees for Interior and Defense Ministers made by PM

Maliki were disqualified for Baathist past

2011 Turkey’s Erdogan went on tour of Iraq to Baghdad 1st Sunni leader to go to Najaf shrine 1st Turkish

leader to go to Irbil

2012 Pres Barzani said PM Maliki becoming authoritarian

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq From War To A New Authoritarianism)

2016 Kurdish Alliance said they would not give up any of their ministers

2016 Supreme Council MP complained that PM Abadi didn’t consult with others about his reforms

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