Sunday, March 21, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 21

 

1921 Colonial Sec Churchill wrote PM George lobbying for Faisal to be approved as new ruler of

Mesopotamia

(Musings On Iraq Churchill In His Own Words On Mesopotamia/Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Churchill’s Folly, How Winston Churchill Created Modern Iraq)

1925 King Faisal signed new election law constitution and Organic Law that gave him right to

convene/adjourn parliament appoint ministers and PM designate members of Senate

1935 UK report Baghdad afraid to deploy army because didn’t trust it especially because much of the

rank and file were Shiites

1941 Regent told UK Amb that he would dismiss PM Hashemi govt if it didn’t deal with Golden Square

officers

(Musings On Iraq review Persian Gulf Command, A History of the Second World War In Iran and Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Rashid Ali al-Gailani, The National Movement in Iraq 1939-1941)

(Musings On Iraq review The Role of the Military In Politics, A case study of Iraq to 1941)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq 1941, The Battles for Basra, Habbaniya, Fallujah and Baghdad)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between the Two World Wars, The Militarist Origins of Tyranny)

1963 Army burned Kurdish village in Kirkuk district and National Guard attacked another

during talks between govt and Barzani

(Musings On Iraq review The Kurdish Revolt 1961-1970)

(Musings On Iraq review Journey Among Brave Men, Travels in Kurdistan)

1980 Ayatollah Khomeini’s son Ahmad said that Iran had to use all means necessary to spread its

revolution to other countries

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1982 Iran attacked Fakkeh Shush and Naderi and took Ein Kosh in central front in 1st phase of Op Fatah

1st time Basij used with Revolutionary Guard in human wave attacks as diversionary operation continued

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

1985 State Dept spokesman claimed US thought Iraq had defeated Iran and said Tehran should accept

negotiated settlement

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1991 Govt offensive to retake Kirkuk from Peshmerga began day after Kurds took it

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1991 Govt announced state of emergency in Baghdad due to uprising

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

1991 UN diplomat Martti Ahtussari issued report that sanctions had hurt ability of Iraq to

feed its people Said conditions in Iraq were “near apocalyptic” Said Coalition bombing had taken Iraq back to “pre-industrial age”

2002 VP Cheney told NSC Arab leaders not interested in Iraq because of Intifada in Palestine

2002 Gen Franks met with US commanders in Germany to go over war plans Said war was going to

happen and they needed to be ready

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2003 Shock and Awe bombing campaign started Only lasted 9 hours

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 US commanders reported that Iraqi soldiers were abandoning their units

2003 Parts of Um Qasr port seized by US forces Sec Def Rumsfeld declared Um Qasr taken It wasn’t

2003 British and US forces began seizing oil fields in Basra 15 oil fields set on fire by Iraqis

(Musings On Iraq review Target Basra, The High Octane Story of the Royal Marine Commandos In

Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Special Operations Forces in Iraq)

2003 British reached Basra and started fighting Fedayeen

2003 MI6 was trying to incite a popular uprising in Basra against Saddam

2003 Op Viking Hammer launched to destroy Ansar al-Islam camps in Kurdistan

(Musings On Iraq Why Didn’t Bush Strike Zarqawi And Ansar al-Islam In 2002?)

2003 1st Coalition casualties of Iraq war 8 UK 4 US soldiers die in Kuwait helicopter accident 1 US

Marine killed in fighting in Um Qasr

2003 Natl Sec Adv Rice briefed Bush and NSC and all agreed on war goals democracy and put Iraqi face

on occupation

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

(Musings On Iraq review State of Denial, Bush At War, Part III)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Future The aftermath of regime change)

(Musings On Iraq review Wanting War: Why the Bush Administration Invaded Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review Fiasco: The American Military Adventure In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Assassins’ Gate, America In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review What Happened, Inside the Bush White House and Washington’s Culture of Deception)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction’s “Hard Lessons” – Part I: Planning for Postwar Iraq September 2001 to May 2003)

2003 UK Gen suggested revising postwar plans for Iraq Needed to improve lives of Iraqis Balance

withdrawal with forces necessary for stability

2003 White House press secretary said no question Iraq’s WMD would be found

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 INC’s Chalabi told NBC that Iraqis would welcome US as liberators

(Musings On Iraq review The Man Who Pushed America To War, The Extraordinary Life, Adventures, and Obsessions of Ahmad Chalabi)

(Musings On Iraq review Arrows of the Night: Ahmad Chalabi and the Selling of the Iraq War)

2004 11 U.S. soldiers suspended for prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib

2005 State Dept’s Jeffrey told Bush Allawi trying to drag out govt formation process and he should stop

because was not going to retain premiership

2006 PM Blair said that Iraq war was part of the struggle between spreading democracy vs violence in

world

2006 Bush said there was sectarian fighting in Iraq but it was not a civil war after Allawi said it was

2006 Insurgents took police station and courthouse in Baghdad Killed 17 police Freed 20 prisoners 200

insurgents from different groups took Muqdadiya police station Executed 19 police Freed 33 prisoners

2006 Report insurgents infiltrated into Tal Afar after successful counterinsurgency program by 3rd

Armored Cav Reg ended and unit left

2006 CIA report Insurgency undermining political and economic development in Iraq Said even if

Sunnis given larger role in Iraq govt Al Qaeda in Iraq would not stop attacks

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Sunni Insurgency)

2007 Report 2 Mahdi Army commanders said Iran had been paying militiamen since 2005 to break away

from Sadr Said Iran trying to get Sadrists to join Asaib Ahl Al-Haq Said Iranian backed groups tried to assassinate Sadr City mayor Said militia receiving training from Hezbollah and Iranian Rev Guard in Iran Many militiamen also went to Iran to escape Surge

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Naval Postgraduate School’s Ostovar on history of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard)

(Musings On Iraq review Vanguard of the Imam, Religion, Politics, and Iran’s Revolutionary Guard)

2008 Gen Petraeus met with Natl Sec Adv Rubaie to go over proposed op in Basra Was to use Surge

tactics and be launched in the summer PM Maliki wanted to start immediately

2008 4 sahwa units quit 38 threatening to go on strike 2 on strike for not being paid by govt

2008 Fighting continued between Mahdi Army and police in Kut Clashes began Mar 11 Sadrists

claimed PM Maliki and ISCI were trying to attack party before provincial elections

2009 Mustafa formerly of PUK said KDP and PUK take $35 mil/yr from KRG’s budget payments

from Baghdad

2009 Report Oct 08 Baghdad began taking over Sahwa Now controlled Sahwa in Diyala Kirkuk

Ninewa Wasit Babil Qadisiya Anbar Education and Health Ministries only ones offering non-ISF jobs to Sahwa

2009 Fmr UK secretary to UN Ross told parliament there was pre-war intel that showed Saddam

not a threat Said told members of Blair’s cabinet no threat

2013 Sheikh Abu Risha demanded cabinet reverse delayed provincial elections in Anbar

2013 Sadr called cabinet decision to postpone provincial vote in Anbar unconstitutional

2013 Sadr cleric gave Friday sermon calling on PM Maliki to step down

2016 Sadr said quotas in govt should be ended

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

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