Saturday, March 27, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Mar 27

 

1918 British took Haditha

1922 General Haldane commander of UK forces compared Iraqis to children

1979 Saddam told Baath meeting that Iraq was going to get a nuclear weapon with help of Soviets so he

could go to war with Israel 

1979 Saddam believed having a nuclear bomb would allow a conventional war of attrition with Israel

that could cost 50,000 Iraqi casualties

1979 Saddam discussed with advisers how to punish countries that backed Sadat’s peace treaty with

Israel

1981 Start of second attempt by Islamic Conference to negotiate ceasefire in Iran-Iraq War

1982 3rd phase of Iranian Op Fath began to take Fakkeh strategic crossroads to Maysan Saddam ordered

4th Corps to retreat from Shush in face of Iranian attack

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1984 Iraq used French Super Etendard jets for 1st time to attack Iranian shipping Hit a Greek ship in

Persian Gulf carrying Kuwaiti oil that was helping Iraq pay for the war

(Musings On Iraq review Iraqi Mirages, The Dassault Mirage Family In Service With The Iraqi Air Force, 1981-1988)

1988 Iran Op Bait al-Moqaddas 4 in Kurdistan started

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1988 Iraq dropped chemical bombs for 2nd day on Karadagh Kurdistan 64 killed 210 wounded total

during Anfal Campaign

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Anfal Campaign And The Destruction Of The Kurdish Opposition)

1991 2nd day fighting between Iraqi forces and peshmerga on Khanaqin-Jalawla road Diyala

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1991 White House spokesman said that US had made no promises to Shiites or Kurds and US public not

interested in getting involved in an Iraqi civil war

(Musings On Iraq review Out Of The Ashes, The Resurrection of Saddam Hussein)

(Musings On Iraq When The US Helped Start A Rebellion In Iraq That It Didn’t Want)

(Musings On Iraq interview with National Univ of Singapore’s Fanar Haddad on the Impact of the 1991 Uprising)

(Musings On Iraq Remembering The 1991 Uprising In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Saddam’s View of Iraq’s 1991 Uprising)

1995 Fighting between KDP and PUK killed 100 in Irbil

(Musings On Iraq review Kurds of Iraq, Tragedy and Hope)

1996 UN Resolution 1051 set up monitoring system for Iraqi imports-exports under Oil for Food

program

2003 Coalition ground forces commander Gen McKiernan ordered halt to operations to regroup forces

2003 U.S. forces entered Samawa, Muthanna and encountered fierce fighting by Fedayeen Saddam

(Musings On Iraq review Voices From Iraq, A People’s History, 2003-2009)

2003 Iraqi forces began withdrawing in Kirkuk Looting started

(Musings On Iraq interview with Petit of 173rd Airborne Bgd on operations in Kirkuk)

(Musings On Iraq How Did Kirkuk Become Such A Divisive Issue? A Portrait of The City In

2003)

2003 Iraq Def Min reviewed war Told US capturing transportation hubs attacking multiple targets at

same time Report ignored by Saddam

2003 ORHA had meeting of all 4 postwar planning groups to come up with unified plan for Iraq Didn’t

happen Groups had all been created separately within Bush admin with no coordination between them

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq Special Inspector General For Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 4 Staging in Kuwait)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq’s Dysfunctional Democracy)

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Dep Sec Def Wolfowitz told House of Reps committee Iraq oil would pay for reconstruction

(Musings On Iraq Irqi Oil Would Pay For Reconstruction)

2003 USAID disaster response team entered Um Qasr, Basra to assess humanitarian situation in city

2003 Pres Assad called on Arab countries to stand up against US invasion

2003 Iraqi govt claimed 350 civilians killed in Coalition air strikes during invasion

2004 Report sent to Washington that after examination 2 trailers found during invasion were not mobile

WMD labs as originally thought

(Musings On Iraq How Iraqi Defector CURVEBALL Became Basis For US Claims That Iraq Had WMD)

2004 Marine patrol hit by IED leading to 36 hr gunfight in Fallujah Prelude to 1st Battle of Fallujah

(Musings On Iraq review The Battle for Fallujah, Occupation, Resistance and Stalemate in the War in Iraq)

2007 Anbar council said no oversight of border crossings and 40% of tariffs stolen due to corruption

(Musings On Iraq interview with Special Inspector Gen for Iraq Reconstruction Bowen on corruption in Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq interview with fmr anti-graft official Vincent Foulk on corruption in Iraq)

2007 1920 Revolution Brigade leader killed by ISI for refusing to join it and talking with govt

2007 ISI tried to assassinate nephew of Harith al-Dari head of Association of Muslim Scholars

2007 2 car bombs killed 152 wounded 200 in Tal Afar Ninewa

2007 Report fighting between Islamic Army and 1920 Revolution Brigades vs ISI in Anbar and Abu

Ghraib and Taji areas of Baghdad over tactics and ISI trying to dominate insurgency Also splits in Diyala

(Musings On Iraq The Demise But Not Death of Al Qaeda In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq review The Caliphate At War, Operational Realities and Innovations of the Islamic State)

2007 US Mil intel report that Iranian intelligence working with Badr and Mahdi Army to assassinate

Industry Ministry officials

(Musings On Iraq Badr Organization A View Into Iraq’s Violent Past And Present)

2007 Report 1st EFP attack Aug 2003 Aug 05 Natl Sec Adv Hadley said Iran probably behind EFP attacks

Oct 05 UK Amb to Iraq said Iran giving aid to militias to attack UK forces Apr 06 EFP attacks began increasing then dropped start of 07 Bush admin struggled over what to do about attacks Decided upon raids and media briefings EFPs supplied by Iran and Hezbollah

(Musings On Iraq interview with Galen Wright of Arkenstone blog on Iranian arms shipments to Iraqi militias) 

(Musings On Iraq on Iran training Iraqi militias)

(Musings On Iraq Overview of Iran’s Influence In Iraq)

(Musings On Iraq Hezbollah’s Role In Iraq)

2008 UK reported ISF suffered bad intelligence and bad planning and had to change Charge of Knights

op Also reported Iraqi Special Forces had failed to take any of their targets and had to withdraw Mahdi Army controlled most of Basra

2008 Fighting between ISF and Mahdi Army continued in Basra Kut Diwaniya Amara Spread to Dhi

Qar Mahdi Army fired mortars at 2 neighborhoods in Baghdad and Green Zone Fighting in 2 of Baghdad’s neighborhoods Basra police chief escaped suicide car bomb Mahdi Army kidnapped spokesman for Baghdad Ops Command

2008 Electricity Min said most power plants in south stopped working after attacked by mortars and

gunfire

2008 Report Basra Ops Commander Gen Mohan wanted to wait 3 months to build up forces and strategy

to take on Mahdi Army but PM Maliki started early Warnings about fighting spreading throughout south Iraq were ignored by Maliki

2008 Sadr called for talks to end Charge of Knights PM Maliki said no publicly but talks were going on

in Najaf Iran mediating

2008 US told that PM Maliki did not want US advisers in Charge of Knights just US firepower

2008 Pipeline in Basra blown up cutting exports by 1/3

2008 Presidential Council approved General Amnesty Law as part of reconciliation Allowed release of

thousands of prisoners

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Amnesty Law)

2009 US Cmdr in Iraq Gen Austin said Iraqi would ask US forces to stay in Baquba, Mosul and

Basra to help with security after deadline for US troops to leave cities PM Maliki didn’t ask

2009 Study US occupation and insurgency destroyed education in Fallujah 35% of children were

illiterate and couldn’t write Only 20% passed school exams in 08

2010 Kurdish Alliance said wanted assurances on Kirkuk and Article 140 before it joined any new govt

2011 Iraq parliament cancelled deal with Chinese National Petroleum Corp for Ahdab field in Wasit

2012 Baghdad hosted Arab Summit marking major move back into Arab politics

2014 Islamic Party accused ISF of being involved in killing civilians in Buhriz, Diyala

2015 Tikrit operation re-started after US airstrikes requested by PM Abadi

2015 Asaib Ahl Al-Haq accused US of trying to save IS in Tikrit

(Musings On Iraq Asaib Ahl Al-Haq From A Breakaway Sadr Militia To Defenders Of Iraq)

2016 Supreme Council complained that PM Abadi not consulted with them over his reforms

2016 Sadr went into Green Zone to start his own sit in protests

(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

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