Saturday, January 9, 2021

This Day In Iraqi History - Jan 9

 

1916 Battle of Sheikh Saad ended with British beating the Ottomans

1917 Battle of Mohammed Abdul Hassan between Ottomans and British

1917 British began assault upon Khadairi Bend fort

1921 Foreign Secretary Lord Curzon wrote Churchill supporting Faisal for Iraq’s monarch

(Musings On Iraq review Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation Building and a History Denied)

1960 Communists applied for govt recognition Qasim accepted party with exact same name to

shut Communists out Communists didn’t know Qasim behind move and blamed other party

(Musings On Iraq review The Making of Iraq 1900-1963, Capital, Power and Ideology)

(Musings On Iraq review Red Star Over Iraq, Iraqi Communism Before Saddam)

(Musings On Iraq Interview with Prof Johan Franzen on the history of the Iraqi Communist Party)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Western Kentucky’s Prof Romero on the Qasim govt)

1987 Iran Op Karbala 5 began attacking Fish Lake defensive line before Basra City

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

1990 Iraq opened 2nd oil pipeline with Saudi Arabia Was hoping to boost oil exports to pay off debts of

            Iran-Iraq War

1991 Sec of State Baker met with Iraq For Min Aziz and failed to end Kuwait crisis Bush sent

Baker to Baghdad to convince people he was trying all options to resolve Kuwait crisis Baker warned Iraq not use to use WMD in upcoming Gulf War Baker tried to give Aziz a letter from Bush to Saddam but Aziz refused to take it

1991 Iraq said that if it was attacked it would strike Israel

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq in Wartime, Soldiering, Martyrdom, and Remembrance)

1991 Bush sent request to Congress to use force against Iraq in Kuwait

(Musings On Iraq review from storm to Freedom, America’s Long War with Iraq)

1992 Report Est 70,000-90,000 Iraqis died in aftermath of Gulf War due to damage to infrastructure

done by bombing 2,500-3,000 Iraqis est to have died during war from bombings Est 30,000 died in 1991 uprising

1999 Iraq’s parliament said Iraq-Kuwait border was illegal and savage and called for reparations from

Kuwait and Saudi Arabia for hosting air strikes on Iraq

1999 Saudi Arabia said Saddam had killed and tortured 1000s and called for Iraqi people to rise up

and overthrow him

2002 CENTCOM commander Gen Franks briefed Sec Def Rumsfeld on latest war plan

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

2002 Sec State Powell called Gen Franks concerned that Sec Def Rumsfeld was trying to push as small

an Iraq invasion force as possible

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

2003 Head UN weapons inspector Blix said no smoking gun found in Iraq but didn’t mean there

were no WMD Said Iraq’s Dec weapons declaration was incomplete

(Musings On Iraq UN Inspectors Were Right Iraq Was Not A Threat)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Rejection of UN Inspectors Led To Mistrust Over WMD and 2003 Invasion)

(Musings On Iraq Chilcot Inquiry Section 3.6 Development of UK Strategy and Options, November 2002 to January 2003)

2003 IAEA head El Baradei said aluminum tubes Iraq tried to buy were probably for rockets not

nuclear program

(Musings On Iraq How A Contested Aluminum Tubes Story Became The Basis For War With Iraq)

2003 White House responded to IAEA Said Iraq spinning it over aluminum tubes Said knew for

a fact that Iraq had WMD

(Musings On Iraq Iraq One Of The Worst Intelligence Failures In US History)

2003 Pentagon asked Jay Garner to head ORHA to run postwar Iraq 2 months before invasion He

initially said no

(Musings On Iraq review Hard Lessons, The Iraq Reconstruction Experience)

2003 Gen Franks briefed Bush on war plan Talked about Turkey’s refusal to allow in US troops

Franks worried about Jordan and Saudi Arabia staying on board for war Franks said he’d be ready for invasion by Feb 03 but March would be better

(Musings On Iraq review Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom, The Role of Military Intelligence Assessment)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy

Tragedy)

(Musings On Iraq review Losing Iraq, Inside The Post War Reconstruction Fiasco)

2004 Maysan governor’s security fired into crowd protesting job program Killed 3 British army

took over security and killed 2 more Govt building looted

2006 Foreign Min Zebari told Amb Khalilzad Ayatollah Sistani and Iran’s Gen Suleimani would

likely pick next candidate for premier after 05 vote

(Musings On Iraq Iranian Revolutionary Guards’ Commander General Suleimani And His Role In Iraq, An Interview With The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins)

2008 World Health Org released study on est deaths in Iraq Found 151,000 deaths from Mar 03-Jun 06

Compared to Lancet study that had 600,000 deaths Mar 03-Jul 06 WHO study had larger sample size than Lancet which was widely criticized for being inaccurate

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part I)

(Musings On Iraq Major Flaws With The Lancet Reports On Iraqi Deaths Part II)

(Musings On Iraq New Survey On Estimated Deaths In Iraq Refutes Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Mark Van Der Laan on Lancet Reports)

(Musings On Iraq interview with Prof Michael Spagat on Lancet reports)

2009 US general said violence in Iraq down 93% in last quarter of 2008

2009 UN report 2.8 mil displaced, 1.2 mil were displaced before 06 1.6 mil displaced 06-08

2011 Parliament passed VP law taking away their power

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Parliament Approves Creation Of Three Vice Presidencies)

2020 Retired PM Abdul Mahdi called Sec State Pompeo Said US should send delegation to

set up withdrawal timeline

(Musings On Iraq US Increases Threats Against Iraq If It Forces US Troops To Leave)

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This Day In Iraqi History - Jul 23

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