Monday, February 20, 2023

This Day In Iraqi History - Feb 21 Govt killed 20 protesting assassination of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr 3000 followers would be arrested and 450 executed



1916 UK made 2nd attack on Hanna Surprise attack worked but no reinforcements to exploit gains

1922 UK Sec of War Evans told Foreign Office it should back King Faisal because that would allow

UK to exit Iraq and escape expenses of running country

(Musings On Iraq review Supremacy And Oil, Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order, 1918-1930)

1934 PM Midfai announced new cabinet and govt Was weak and couldn’t do much

1974 Kurdish residents of Kifri in Kirkuk forced out and houses bulldozed by army

1984 Iranian Op Al Fajr 6 began in Maysan Aimed at taking Ali al-Gharbi Wanted to cut Baghdad-Basra


1984 Iraq warned that it could use chemical weapons against next Iranian offensive

1986 Iraq counterattack to retake Faw began on 3 fronts Iraq used poison gas but bad weather dissipated


(Musings On Iraq Origins Of Iraq’s WMD Programs)

(Musings On Iraq Iraq’s Use Of Chemical Weapons In Iran-Iraq War And Their Western Origin)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Anthony Tucker-Jones on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq interview with author Tom Cooper on Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review Iran-Iraq War, The Lion of Babylon, 1980-1988)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War)

(Musings On Iraq review The Longest War, The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 1: The Battle for Khuzestan, September 1980-May 1982)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 2: Iran Strikes back, June 1982-December 1986)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 3: Iraq’s Triumph)

(Musings On Iraq review The Iran-Iraq War Volume 4: The Forgotten Fronts)

1990 State Dept report went into human rights abuses under Saddam

1991 Foreign Minister Aziz went to Moscow Told Gorbachev Iraq wouldn't accept UN resolution to

recognize Kuwait independence and pay reparations

1991 Russia announced proposal for Iraq withdrawal from Kuwait in return for lifting of sanctions US

rejected offer

1999 Govt killed 20 protesting assassination of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr by Saddam and arrested

            250 across Iraq In total 3,000 followers would be arrested 450 executed

(Musings On Iraq interview with Univ of Haifa’s Prof Baram on legacy of Ayatollah Sadiq al-Sadr)

(Musings On Iraq review Iraq Between Occupations, Perspectives from 1920 to the Present)

(Musings On Iraq review Muqtada, Muqtada Al-Sadr, The Shia Revival, And The Struggle For Iraq)

2002 Fmr Amb Joseph Wilson left for Niger to investigate Iraq buying uranium from it Story fake

(Musings On Iraq How US Intelligence Failed The Iraq-Niger Uranium Story)

(Musings On Iraq Review Hubris, The Inside Story of Spin, Scandal, And The Selling Of The Iraq War)

2003 ORHA staff met in DC to run through their Iraq postwar plans

(Musings On Iraq on Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction Hard Lessons Chapter 3 The Department of Defense Takes Charge)

(Musings On Iraq review Leap of Faith, Hubris Negligence, and America’s Greatest Foreign Policy


2003 PM Blair met Bush at Camp David to reaffirm their alliance to remove Saddam

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2004 Report US did not brief UN inspectors on 21 of 105 WMD sites in Iraq US claimed it gave info on

all sites

2004 UN Secretary General Annan said UN was ready to assist Iraq with elections but couldn’t happen

before end of June 2004

2006 PBS Frontline show “The Insurgency” said Iraqi insurgency expanded and Islamists replaced

former regime members as leaders

2006 Report Iran moved in their men and allies into south Iraq right after 2003 invasion Set up

military political diplomatic economic humanitarian forces Used front companies Tried to move into southern Iraqi economy Backed mosques and universities Wanted to bog down US occupation

2007 PM Blair announced England would begin withdrawing 1,500 troops from Basra

2007 Report British lost politically and militarily in Basra by 2005 when Shiite religious parties won

provincial election and took control of security forces and economy

(Musings On Iraq Review The Report of the Iraq Inquiry, Executive Summary)

2008 Mahdi Army fought army unit controlled by Supreme Council in Baquba Diyala

2008 In Op Sun 800 Turkish troops moved 10 mil into Kurdistan to attack PKK Also moved out of base

inside KRG and stopped by Peshmerga who surrounded camp

2008 Report Maliki govt agreed to 12000 sahwa joining ISF Only 490 finished training Were 25000 sahwa

in Baghdad 10000 were to joint ISF By Dec 07 635 sahwa had joined police 2000 okayed to join Interior Min Fewer joined army US wanted more sahwa integrated Maliki never followed promise of full integration

2009 Report Gens Petraeus and Odierno thought US would be involved in Iraq for years Joint

Chiefs thought Iraq strain on troops and resources

2010 Report US military got tip $4 mil in counterfeit US dollars sent to Maysan to buy votes in

2010 election Another report interviewed man in Sadr City who organized 100 people in his neighborhood to control their votes

(Musings On Iraq Vote Buying In Iraq’s 2010 Election)

2011 Group of men attacked protesters in Baghdad’s Tahrir Square while police looked on

2011 Speaker Nujafi said $40 bil from Development Fund for Iraq could not be found

(Musings On Iraq New Example Of Financial Mismanagement In Iraq)

2011 Protesters in Sulaymaniya threw stones at security forces who fired into crowd 1 killed

(Musings On Iraq interview with journalist Wladimir Van Wilgenburg on 2011 KRG protests)

2011 Report People in Karbala said they had to pay bribes to govt officials to get paperwork through

bureaucracy Teacher said paid $1300 to get his job Person said had to pay $100 to get ID papers after 2 months One claimed govt purposefully delayed work to get bribes Teachers pushed students to pay for tutoring

2012 Report Counterfeit dinars spreading throughout Iraq Some think gangs involved Many blamed Iran

One analyst blamed ISI

2012 Iraq and consortium led by Russia’s Gazprom gave $329.7 mil deal to UK’s Petrofac to

develop Badra field Later revealed Petrofac paid bribes to get contracts

2012 Report Pres Talabani submitted draft to redraw borders of 17 of Iraq’s 18 provinces Would re-do

borders changed by Saddam KRG hoped it would give it control of disputed areas Didn’t happen

2015 Report 1000s of ISF and Hashd massing for Tikrit op Iran’s Gen Suleimani was going to lead

op Kataib Hezbollah cmdr said would only take 10 days Op failed

2015 National Alliance MPs complained that Abadi didn’t consult with them about his reforms

2015 Sadrists said Abadi missed great chance to reform country Sadrists had been PM Abadi’s main


(Musings On Iraq interview with Cambridge’s Michael Clark on Sadr, protests and PM Abadi’s reforms)

2016 Rosneft signed $2.1 bil deal with KRG Provided KRG with cash to settle lawsuits which

Dana Gas and Crescent Petroleum won against region Paid companies $1 bil and restructured other $1.24 bil it owed them

2017 Report KRG looked for $500 mil loan to help oil sector and deal with economic crisis New

biometric registration for govt workers led to 30,000 being fired 1600 were senior officials

2017 Report Planning Min said 1.2 mil people almost 50% of population 15 or over was not working

or not looking for work Only 187,000 aged 15-64 were unemployed and looking for work In KRG est 1.2 mil were not participating in workforce Women most likely not to work due to tradition and discrimination

2018 Report IMF thought Iraq could come up with $77 bil over 5 yrs for rebuilding war damage

via bonds loans investments and oil revenues Didn’t happen

(Musings On Iraq Iraq Fails To Allocate Adequate Funds For Rebuilding War Damage)

2018 Transparency Intl ranked Iraq 169 out of 180 countries on its Corruption Index Score hadn’t

changed much over last 6 yrs

2020 Pro-Iran groups fired mortars at Makhmour base Ninewa

(Musings On Iraq Tit For Tat Between U.S. and Pro-Iran Hashd Continues)

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This Day In Iraqi History - May 25 Turkey launched 1st raid into Iraq to fight PKK under Iraq-Turkey security agreement

  1918 11 leaders of Najaf revolt executed in Kufa by British